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2008

  • GAO Study Forecasts Ramifications of Changes to the Visa Waiver Program(2425 KB - 6/23/2008)
    This GAO report on the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) examines how the implementation of ESTA, as well as either the VWP’s expansion, or suspension and elimination, could affect visa demand, resource needs and revenues. GAO recommends that DOS develop contingency plans in case of VWP elimination. AILA Doc. No. 08062373.
    AILA Doc. No. 08062373.
  • Vera Institute’s Evaluation Report of EOIR’s Legal Orientation Program (5/16/2008)
    EOIR released Vera Institute of Justice’s Evaluation, Performance and Outcome Measurement Report of the Legal Orientation Program, which seeks to provide individuals in removal proceedings information on forms of relief, how to represent themselves pro se, and how to obtain legal representation.
    AILA Doc. No. 08051666.
  • TRAC Report on Immigration Convictions (6/08) (7/17/2008)
    A 6/17/08 Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report on immigration prosecutions, noting that prosecutions have reached an all-time high. AILA Doc. No. 08071763
    AILA Doc. No. 08071763.
  • TRAC Report on Implementation of Improvement Measures for BIA & Immigration Courts (9/8/2008)
    TRAC released a report on the implementation status of former Attorney General Gonzales’s 22 Measures to Improve the Immigration Courts and the Board of Immigration Appeals. AILA Doc. No. 08090864.
    AILA Doc. No. 08090864.
  • Task Force on New Americans Releases Final Report(817 KB - 12/22/2008)
    The Task Force on New Americans released its final report, entitled "Building an Americanization Movement for the Twenty-first Century." AILA Doc. No. 08122231.
    AILA Doc. No. 08122231.
  • GAO Review of DHS Expenditure Plan for US-VISIT (12/15/2008)
    In a 12/08 report, the GAO found that the DHS fiscal year 2008 US-VISIT expenditure plan does not fully satisfy any of the eleven conditions required of DHS by the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008. AILA Doc. No. 08121564.
    AILA Doc. No. 08121564.
  • Human Rights First Blueprint on How to Repair the U.S. Asylum System (12/9/2008)
    The December 2008 Human Rights First Report "How to Repair the Asylum System: Blueprint for the Next Administration" includes recommendations on detention, gender-based persecution, the one-year filing deadline for filing an asylum application and more. AILA Doc. No. 08120971.
    AILA Doc. No. 08120971.
  • GAO Review of DHS Report on Northern Border Vulnerabilities (11/25/2008)
    The Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Act of 2007 required the Secretary of Homeland Security to submit a report to Congress that addressed the vulnerabilities along the northern border. The act also required the GAO to review and comment on the report. AILA Doc. No. 08112538.
    AILA Doc. No. 08112538.
  • GAO Report on Public Health and Border Security Addresses Tuberculosis (11/13/2008)
    GAO released a report on DHS and HHS procedures to interdict individuals with drug-resistant infectious tuberculosis (TB) to prevent them from crossing U.S. borders and direct them to treatment. Measures include a watch list for airlines and a revised border inspection process. AILA Doc. No. 08111378.
    AILA Doc. No. 08111378.
  • MPI on the Difficulties of Asylum Claims Based on Sexual Orientation (11/3/2008)
    The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) highlights prevailing issues in asylum claims based on sexual orientation, and looks ahead to important decisions that have been remanded to the BIA for reconsideration. AILA Doc. No. 08110368.
    AILA Doc. No. 08110368.
  • Commerce Report on Easing Foreign Direct Investment to Enhance U.S. Global Competitiveness (10/30/2008)
    On 10/29/08 the Department of Commerce announced the release of a report on the U.S. litigation environment and trends in foreign direct investment (FDI, which aims to inform policymakers of ways to enhance U.S. global competitiveness by reducing the legal costs and uncertainty that both domestic and foreign investors face in the United States. AILA Doc. No. 08103068.
    AILA Doc. No. 08103068.
  • MPI/PRB Pocket Guide on Best Sources for Immigration Data (10/16/2008)
    The Migration Policy Institute and the Population Reference Bureau released a pocket guide in an effort to point users to the best and most accessible data on immigration. AILA Doc. No. 08101670.
    AILA Doc. No. 08101670.
  • CBO Report Predicts Lifting of the HIV Travel/Immigration Ban will Result in a Budget Surplus Over Time(41 KB - 10/9/2008)
    A 10/8/08 Congressional Budget Office report on the H.R. 5501 Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde U.S. Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008 predicts a budget surplus over time, as a result of an increase in visa fees. AILA Doc. No. 08100968.
    AILA Doc. No. 08100968.
  • Policy Brief: Immigration Enforcement's Strategy of Prosecution for Federal Crimes and Swift Deportation(2099 KB - 10/8/2008)
    A policy brief from the DHS-NGO Enforcement Working Group reviews ICE's recent enforcement actions in Postville, Iowa and Laurel Mississippi, and pinpoints the human rights violations inherent in ICE's latest strategies. AILA Doc. No. 08100862.
    AILA Doc. No. 08100862.
  • Pew Hispanic Center Report Finds Inflow of Undocumented Immigrants Fell Below that of LPRs (10/2/2008)
    The Pew Hispanic Center released a report which found that inflows of unauthorized immigrants have fallen in recent years, while the inflow of legal permanent residents has been relatively steady. AILA Doc. No. 08100266.
    AILA Doc. No. 08100266.
  • GAO Makes Recommendations on Performance Standards and Penalties in USCIS Service Center Contracts (9/29/2008)
    GAO believes that improvements could be made to USCIS Service Center Contracts for mail operations, fee collection, data collection and file collection. The contracts are expiring and USCIS will have the option of extending them in December 2008. AILA Doc. No. 08092961.
    AILA Doc. No. 08092961.
  • GAO Study on Quality Assurance in U.S. Asylum System (9/29/2008)
    GAO released a report that addresses the extent to which quality assurance mechanisms have been designed to ensure adjudication integrity, as well as the key factors that affect asylum officer and immigration judge adjudications. AILA Doc. No. 08092960.
    AILA Doc. No. 08092960.
  • GAO Reports on Factors Affecting Variability in Asylum Outcomes(2872 KB - 9/26/2008)
    A September 2008 GAO report found significant variation in asylum outcomes across immigration courts and judges. AILA Doc. No. 08092665.
    AILA Doc. No. 08092665.
  • GAO Report on SBInet Implementation (9/22/2008)
    GAO found that SBInet does not have a master schedule to guide its execution and that DHS lacks a clear definition of the approach that is being used to define, acquire, test and deploy the program, thus making it difficult for Congress to provide oversight and for DHS to measure progress. AILA Doc. No. 08092270.
    AILA Doc. No. 08092270.
  • GAO Report on DHS Visa Waiver Program Expansion (9/15/2008)
    GAO released a report recommending that DHS establish a transparent process for Visa Waiver Program expansion, and improve and monitor overstay rates for current and aspiring program countries. AILA Doc. No. 08091569.
    AILA Doc. No. 08091569.
  • Stana Explains End of U.S.-Canada Shared Border Management Project(1281 KB - 9/4/2008)
    A letter from Richard Stana, Director, Homeland Security and Justice Issues, GAO, to Senators Byrd and Clinton, and Representative Price, explains the termination of the U.S.-Canada shared border management pilot project. AILA Doc. No. 08090468.
    AILA Doc. No. 08090468.
  • Urban Institute Releases Report on Immigrant Integration in MD (8/29/2008)
    On 8/26/08 the Urban Institute released a report on the contributions of immigrant workers to the economy in Maryland. Researchers found that rapid growth in the number of immigrant workers in the state did not appear to have come at the expense of native-born workers, who saw their labor force participation grow over the six year study period. AILA Doc. No. 08082961.
    AILA Doc. No. 08082961.
  • TRAC Update on Immigration Judge Asylum Decisions (8/28/2008)
    A 7/21/08 update from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University announces that new reports on immigration judge asylum decisions are now available. AILA Doc. No. 08082865.
    AILA Doc. No. 08082865.
  • AP Report that ICE Terminated Scheduled Departure Program (8/22/2008)
    The 8/21/08 Associated Press report that ICE will terminate its Scheduled Departure program after only eight people participated in the program. AILA Doc. No. 08082266.
    AILA Doc. No. 08082266.
  • WOLA Central American Gang-Related Asylum Guide (8/19/2008)
    In May 2008 the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) published a resource guide on gang-related asylum cases, focusing on El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. AILA Doc. No. 08081970.
    AILA Doc. No. 08081970.
  • GAO Report on the Surge in Demand for Visas and Passports in Mexico(789 KB - 8/12/2008)
    A July 2008 GAO report on the surge in demand for visas and passports at consulates in Mexico, recommends that DOS evaluate fraud and security risks in a pilot program to outsource part of the NIV application process. AILA Doc. No. 08081262.
    AILA Doc. No. 08081262.
  • GAO Report on Implementation of IMBRA Provisions(859 KB - 8/11/2008)
    An August 2008 GAO report finds that five key International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA) provisions have yet to be implemented by USCIS. IMBRA was enacted to address issues of domestic violence and abuse against K visa beneficiaries. AILA Doc. No. 08081137.
    AILA Doc. No. 08081137.
  • ABA Journal Article on "Forgotten" Iraqi Refugees (7/29/2008)
    An article in the July 2008 issues of the ABA Journal entitled "The Forgotten" chronicles the odyssey that Iraqi refugees face in seeking visas, and describes how some U.S.-based attorneys, and AILA Members, are trying to help. AILA Doc. No. 08072961.
    AILA Doc. No. 08072961.
  • GAO Concludes Strategy is Needed to Improve Passport Operations(946 KB - 7/25/2008)
    In a July 2008 report, GAO concludes that DOS needs a comprehensive strategy to improve passport operations following the record number of passport applications it received in 2007, as a result of WHTI travel document requirements. AILA Doc. No. 08072573.
    AILA Doc. No. 08072573.
  • Border Security: Summary of Covert Tests and Security Assessments, 2003 – 2007 (6/19/2008)
    GAO report to the Senate Committee on Finance in May 2008, which investigated insecurities at US borders. Undercover US government employees attempted to be admitted to the US by submitting false identity documents at ports of entry and at land border locations. AILA Doc. No. 08061960.
    AILA Doc. No. 08061960.
  • ABA Journal Article on ICE Enforcement Tactics (6/12/2008)
    A feature article in the June 2008 ABA Journal, “Illegal Aliens on ICE,” reviews challenges in the courts to ICE’s enforcement tactics. AILA Doc. No. 08061260.
    AILA Doc. No. 08061260.
  • Vera Institute Paper on Unaccompanied Children (6/3/2008)
    The Vera Institute of Justice released a literature review on unaccompanied minors. AILA Doc. No. 08060360.
    AILA Doc. No. 08060360.
  • CRS Report on Unauthorized Immigrants’ Access to Federal Benefits(183 KB - 5/30/2008)
    On 5/21/08, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) released a report on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized immigrants’ access to federal benefits. AILA Doc. No. 08053065.
    AILA Doc. No. 08053065.
  • "The Business of Detention" (5/22/2008)
    Two Columbia University School of Journalism students were awarded for their report on the business of detaining immigrants. Renee Feltz and Stokely Baksh tell the story of the nation’s largest private prison company partnering with the federal government to detain close to a million undocumented immigrants, increasing their revenue in the process. AILA Doc. No. 08052282.
    AILA Doc. No. 08052282.
  • GAO Report on Pending Legislation to Apply U.S. Immigration Law to Mariana Islands (4/15/2008)
    A 3/08 GAO report reviews pending legislation to apply federal immigration law to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. AILA Doc. No. 08041564.
    AILA Doc. No. 08041564.
  • GAO Report on DHS Plans to Meet US-VISIT Goals(524 KB - 4/1/2008)
    A February 2008 GAO study assesses whether DHS has defined and economically justified a strategy for meeting US-VISIT goals. AILA Doc. No. 08040130.
    AILA Doc. No. 08040130.
  • Cato Study Finds E-Verify “Ineffective, Intrusive, Expensive” (3/6/2008)
    The Cato Institute released a study on E-verify, concluding that a full-fledged electronic employment verification system would be ineffective, invasive and costly. AILA Doc. No. 08030660.
    AILA Doc. No. 08030660.
  • MPI Report Examines Naturalization Application Adjudication Backlog (2/26/2008)
    A 2/08 MPI report addresses the causes of the naturalization application backlog, the scope of the problem, and related concerns. AILA Doc. No. 08022663.
    AILA Doc. No. 08022663.
  • Report Finds Immigration Not Linked to Crime (2/26/2008)
    The Public Policy Institute of California released a report entitled “Crime, Corrections and California: What Does Immigration Have to Do with It?” that finds that immigrants are far less likely to commit crimes in California than those born in the U.S. AILA Doc. No. 08022671.
    AILA Doc. No. 08022671.
  • GAO Report on REAL ID Final Rule(42 KB - 2/20/2008)
    On 2/12/08 GAO released a report on DHS’s compliance with applicable requirements in promulgating the REAL ID final rule. AILA Doc. No. 08022060.
    AILA Doc. No. 08022060.
  • GAO Report on Humanitarian Parole Adjudications(517 KB - 2/7/2008)
    The GAO released a February 2008 Report to Congressional Requesters on USCIS Humanitarian Assistance Branch internal controls in adjudications of applications for humanitarian parole.
    AILA Doc. No. 08020761.
  • GAO Report on CBP Traveler Inspections(128 KB - 1/4/2008)
    This 1/3/08 GAO report makes recommendations to enhance internal controls in the inspections process, as well as performance mechanisms for measuring training, new officer proficiency, and apprehensions. AILA Doc. No. 08010464.
    AILA Doc. No. 08010464.