Cite as "AILA InfoNet Doc. No. 03090840 (posted Sep. 8, 2003)"
ONE FACE AT THE BORDER:
Historically, travelers entering the United States make three stops - an
Immigration inspector, a Customs inspector and an Agriculture inspector, if they
are carrying food or plants - with three separate Homeland Security employees.
Today, the Department's U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is
following through on a commitment to unify this system to process travelers more
rapidly and conveniently while simultaneously identifying and addressing
The "One Face at the Border" initiative unifies the inspection process by
cross-training CBP inspectors to perform all three inspection functions.
Travelers will now meet a single primary inspection officer specially trained to
determine who needs to go through secondary inspections -- another significant
step for Homeland Security to create efficiencies and unity around a single
The primary inspector will quickly process law-abiding travelers. The
primary inspector will refer travelers whose information, demeanor or actions
raise questions to secondary inspectors for additional questioning to:
- Prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons and contraband from entering the
- Deny entry to people seeking to enter the U.S. illegally
- Protect U.S. agricultural and economic interests from harmful pests and
- Collect revenue
The secondary inspection consists of trained Counter-Terrorism Response (CTR)
inspectors -- recently integrated passenger rover teams and analysis units
designated to conduct follow-up examinations of questionable passengers who
could have possible ties to terrorism. These secondary, or CTR inspectors,
will be responsible for:
- Coordinating with the local Passenger Analysis Unit and National Targeting
Center to ensure that the referred travelers are researched fully.
- Conducting a thorough interview and examination of referred travelers and
documenting the results.
- Detaining travelers who they find to be in violation of the law.
By utilizing one employee to perform all three primary inspection functions,
the Department will be able to deploy additional employees into secondary
inspection thus targeting our resources towards those passengers with suspicious
Unifying three dedicated but separate workforces into one U.S. Customs and
Border Protection Officer, cross-trained to address all three inspection needs,
is another significant step toward Homeland Security's effort to make the most
effective use of the Department's assets and thus better secure our