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2007 - 2006
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CRS Report on Asylum and Gang Violence
(864 KB - 9/16/2014)
As a result of the increase in unaccompanied alien children apprehended at the southwest border, this Congressional Research Service report discusses the role that gang-related violence in Central America may play in determining whether these children are eligible for refugee status and asylum.
AILA Doc. No. 14091653.
CRS Report on Special Immigrant Juveniles
(758 KB - 9/16/2014)
Congressional Research Service report on special immigrant juveniles (SIJs), including the evolving criteria for SIJ status, expedited processing of these petitioners, eligibility for federal assistance, and issues involving unaccompanied children.
AILA Doc. No. 14091652.
CGRS Practice Advisory on Domestic Violence-Based Asylum Claims
(1068 KB - 9/15/2014)
The Center for Gender & Refugee Studies (CGRS) practice advisory on domestic violence-based asylum claims, including an overview, guidance on asylum claims based on membership in a particular social group, and guidance on withholding of removal and CAT claims.
AILA Doc. No. 14091541.
TRAC Report Finds Immigration Offenses Account for 80% of Deportation Orders
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that only 16,375 out of 82,878 removal orders were based on criminal offenses and the remainder involved various immigration charges. The backlog of cases awaiting hearing has increased to 408,307 as of the end of August 2014.
AILA Doc. No. 14091141.
TRAC Report Finds Immigration Court Backlog Nears 400,000
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that the number of cases awaiting resolution in the immigration courts has grown to 396,552 by the end of July 2014. The California Immigration Courts continue to have the greatest backlog, followed by Texas and New York.
AILA Doc. No. 14090549.
TRAC Immigration Court Backlog Online Resource Tool
Online resource tool from Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) which provides sortable national data on pending cases and length of wait times in immigration courts.
AILA Doc. No. 12071949.
CRS Report on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion
(748 KB - 8/21/2014)
A Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on health-related grounds for exclusion and medical examinations required for visa issuance, as well as port of entry procedures.
AILA Doc. No. 14082141.
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies Resource on Gender, Child, and LGBTI Asylum Guidelines and Case Law
The Center for Gender & Refugee Studies study of gender, child, and LGBTI asylum guidelines and case law in foreign jurisdictions, intended for use by U.S. attorneys representing asylees involving claims of gender-based persecution and sexual orientation, and gender identity-related persecution.
AILA Doc. No. 14081566.
CRS Report on Asylum and Expedited Removal Policies for Unaccompanied Children and Families
(807 KB - 8/13/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on how unaccompanied children are treated in comparison to unauthorized adults and families with children in the specific contexts of asylum and expedited removal.
AILA Doc. No. 14081363.
TRAC Report Finding Rise in Asylum Denial Rates
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that the odds of an asylum claim being denied in immigration court has risen to 50.2 percent during the first nine months of 2014. Report includes 270 accounts on each immigration judge with at least 100 asylum decisions since FY2009.
AILA Doc. No. 14080443.
CRS Memo on Current Laws Governing Removal of UACs
(897 KB - 8/1/2014)
A Congressional Research Service (CRS) memo on the current laws governing the removal of unaccompanied alien children (UACs) from the U.S. Included is a chart comparing current law with three legislative proposed introduced in June/July 2014 that would significantly modify treatment of UACs.
AILA Doc. No. 14080144.
CRS Flow Chart on Unaccompanied Children
(533 KB - 7/30/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) flow chart on the different agencies that are involved in apprehending, processing, placing, and repatriating unaccompanied alien children.
AILA Doc. No. 14073042.
CRS Report on Legal Issues Surrounding Unaccompanied Alien Children
(832 KB - 7/29/2014)
CRS report including FAQs on the legal issues concerning unaccompanied alien children including the interpretation and interplay of various federal statutes and regulations, administrative and judicial decisions, and settlement agreements pertaining to these immigrant minors.
AILA Doc. No. 14072940.
CRS Report on DREAMers, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid
(781 KB - 7/24/2014)
CRS report with a legal analysis of unlawfully present individuals’ eligibility for higher education, in-state tuition, and financial aid. Report includes summary of legal protections and information on state restrictions as well as state measures granting access.
AILA Doc. No. 14072452.
CRS Report with FAQs on Legal Issues of UACs
(820 KB - 7/16/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report with FAQs on the legal issues surrounding the unaccompanied alien children (UAC) crisis, including difference between UACs and special immigrant juvenile status, the Flores settlement, custody issues, and rights of UACs.
AILA Doc. No. 14071648.
CRS Report on Potential Factors Contributing to Recent UAC Humanitarian Crisis
(932 KB - 7/16/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on potential factors, including conditions in Central America and factors within the U.S., that are contributing to the recent unaccompanied child humanitarian crisis.
AILA Doc. No. 14071647.
TRAC Report on New Data on Unaccompanied Children in Immigration Court
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that the more than 100,000 case records obtained show almost half of the unaccompanied alien children (UAC) appeared in court without an attorney. Report includes new tool for UAC cases as well as data on representation of UACs.
AILA Doc. No. 14071548.
TRAC Report Finding Juvenile Cases Help Push Immigration Court Backlog to New High
TRAC report finding that as of June 2014, the number of pending cases before Immigration Courts reached an all-time high of 375,503, with over 41,000 cases involving juveniles and of that, 12,841 involving Guatemalan juveniles. Report includes court location, nationality, and wait time information.
AILA Doc. No. 14071046.
CRS Report on Noncitizens’ Right to Counsel in Removal Proceedings
(730 KB - 7/8/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report providing an overview of the various legal authorities governing noncitizens’ right to counsel, as that term is broadly understood, in removal proceedings. Report includes analysis of right to counsel at noncitizens’ expense and at government’s expense.
AILA Doc. No. 14070852.
GAO Report on Strengthening Collaborative Mechanisms Along the Southwest Border
(1256 KB - 7/2/2014)
GAO report to the Chairman, House Committee on Homeland Security, on border security and opportunities to strengthen collaborative agency mechanisms along the southwest border. Report includes background information, recommendations on executive action, and agency comments.
AILA Doc. No. 14070257.
No Childhood Here: Why Central American Children Are Fleeing Their Homes
An American Immigration Council report based on interviews with children recently returned to El Salvador, as well as conversations with journalists and local, regional, and government officials, sheds light on what is compelling minors to migrate to the U.S. or other countries in the region.
AILA Doc. No. 14070240.
TRAC Report Reveals Recent Trends in Naturalization Application Lawsuits
TRAC report finds that the latest available data from the federal courts show that during the first eight months of FY2014, the government reported 195 new civil filings in the category of immigration naturalization disputes. Report also provides a five-year timeline and top district rankings.
AILA Doc. No. 14063042.
TRAC Report Finds Despite Rise in Felony Charges, Most Immigration Convictions Remain Misdemeanors
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report that during the first six months of FY2014, there was a surge of people charged with the more serious felony offense of illegal re-entry under INA §276; yet half of these cases were pled down to a petty misdemeanor for simple illegal entry.
AILA Doc. No. 14062647.
CRS Report on Unaccompanied Alien Children
(771 KB - 6/26/2014)
CRS report on the recent surge in unaccompanied alien children (UAC) crossing the southern U.S. border, current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, Administrative and Congressional action to deal with the crisis, and unanswered questions.
AILA Doc. No. 14062644.
CRS Report on Immigration Visa Security Policies
(857 KB - 6/26/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on visa issuance policy, key provisions guiding the documentary requirements and approval/disapproval process, consular screening procedures with an analysis of trends in denying visas, as well as visa revocation, and the visa security program.
AILA Doc. No. 14062643.
PRRI/Brookings Report on What Americans Want from Immigration Reform in 2014
The Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) and Brookings released a report based on a survey of American adults, finding that 62% of Americans favor providing a way for immigrants who are currently living in the U.S. illegally to become citizens provided they meet certain requirements.
AILA Doc. No. 14061241.
CRS Report on Treatment of Noncitizens Under the Affordable Care Act
(793 KB - 6/10/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on the treatment of noncitizens under the Affordable Care Act including how the Act defines “lawfully present”, the health insurance mandate, healthcare exchanges, verification of status, and current legislation.
AILA Doc. No. 14061042.
Partnership for a New American Economy Report Shows H-1B Visa Denials Slowed U.S. Tech Sector Growth
Partnership for a New American Economy report showing how existing H-1B visa lottery caps disproportionately hurt American-born tech workers by slowing job and wage growth in more than 200 metropolitan areas across the U.S.
AILA Doc. No. 14060547.
GAO Report on Trusted Travelers Programs
(1864 KB - 6/3/2014)
GAO report on the CBP’s four trusted traveler programs, finding the programs provide benefits but that enrollment processes could be strengthened. Enrollments have more than quadrupled over the past five fiscal years resulting in a backlog of pending applications and variance in interview rates.
AILA Doc. No. 14060341.
Police Executive Research Forum Review of CBP Agents’ Use of Force
(528 KB - 5/30/2014)
February 2013 Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) review of all CBP use of deadly force events from January 2010 through October 2012, and CBP use of force policies, equipment, tactics, and training. PERF recommendations include changes to CBP agents’ use of deadly force policies.
AILA Doc. No. 14053047.
AIC Report on the Growth of Summary Deportations
The American Immigration Council’s Immigration Policy Center released a report titled “Removal Without Recourse: The Growth of Summary Deportations from the United States,” on the increase in use of expedited removal and reinstatement of removal.
AILA Doc. No. 14052940.
CRS Fact Sheet on Apprehensions of Unauthorized Migrants Along the Southwest Border
(757 KB - 5/22/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) fact sheet finding that according to the U.S. border patrol, the number of undocumented immigrant apprehensions between southern ports of entry in the U.S. has generally declined from about 1.6 million in FY2000 to nearly 420,000 in FY2013.
AILA Doc. No. 14052206.
CRS Report on Policy Discussions on the Unauthorized Population in the U.S.
(784 KB - 5/8/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on the current policy discussions regarding the unauthorized population in the U.S., including information on demographics of the population and a summary of current laws and policy options.
AILA Doc. No. 14051445.
TRAC Report Finds Arizona Is Driving Changes in Criminal Immigration Re-entry Prosecutions
TRAC report indicates substantial changes in criminal enforcement of immigration laws, particularly in southern border states. Report found a drop in the number of criminal prosecutions for illegal entry under INA §275, but a continued rise in prosecutions for illegal re-entry under INA §276.
AILA Doc. No. 14051353.
CRS Report on Immigration Detainers
(825 KB - 5/9/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on immigration detainers, including discussions on if ICE’s detainer practices are within its statutory authority, if state and localities are required to comply, custody issues, and if detainer practices violate an individual’s constitutional rights.
AILA Doc. No. 14050947.
CRS Report on Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds of Exclusion
(771 KB - 5/9/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on health-related grounds of exclusion, including a legislative history on the exclusions, specific information on HIV/AIDS, communicable diseases, and TB, medical examinations and waivers, and port of entry procedures.
AILA Doc. No. 14050943.
AIC Report on Lack of CBP Accountability in Responding to Complaints of Abuse
The American Immigration Council released a report, No Action Taken: Lack of CBP Accountability in Responding to Complaints of Abuse, that analyzes complaints filed with U.S. Customs and Border Protection between 2009 and 2012.
AILA Doc. No. 14050652.
MPI Report on Reconciling Tough and Humane Enforcement
Migration Policy Institute (MPI) April 2014 report analyzing current pipelines for removal and key trends in border and interior apprehensions, deportations and criminal prosecutions, and examining policy levers the Obama administration has to influence deportation policies, practices, and results.
AILA Doc. No. 14042942.
TRAC Report Finds ICE Rarely Uses Prosecutorial Discretion to Close Immigration Cases
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that the use of prosecutorial discretion by ICE to close cases in the immigration courts continues to be relatively rare; only 6.7% of cases were closed on this basis between October 2012 and March 2014.
AILA Doc. No. 14042448.
CRS Report on Unlawfully Present Individuals and State-Issued IDs
(799 KB - 4/16/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on individuals who are present in the U.S. in violation of federal immigration laws and their eligibility for driver’s licenses and other forms of state-issued identification documents.
AILA Doc. No. 14041605.
CRS Report on Unlawfully Present Students and Higher Education
(778 KB - 4/15/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on unlawfully present students and a legal analysis of higher education, in-state tuition, and financial aid as it relates to DREAMers.
AILA Doc. No. 14041549.
CRS Report on Refugee Admissions and Resettlement Policy
(753 KB - 4/10/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on refugee admissions and resettlement policy, including FY2014 refugee ceiling and allocations, refugee processing priorities, admissibility of refugees, and special refugee provisions.
AILA Doc. No. 14041051.
TRAC Report on ICE Deportation Data by Gender, Age, and Country of Citizenship
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report on FY2012 and FY2013 deportation counts by gender, age, and nationality for all countries.
AILA Doc. No. 14041048.
TRAC Report Reveals Secure Communities Program Failures
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that the number of noncitizens deported by ICE who have committed crimes other than minor violations, the primary targets of the Secure Communities program, has declined over the last four years.
AILA Doc. No. 14040842.
SPLC Report on the Exploitation of J-1 Cultural Exchange Workers
Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) report focusing on exploitation in the J-1 Summer Work Travel Program and the J-1 Trainee and Intern Program and providing recommendations for reform.
AILA Doc. No. 14032455.
Pew Report on the Rise of Federal Immigration Crimes
Pew Research Center report finding that between 1992 and 2012, the number of unlawful reentry convictions increased 28-fold and the increase in unlawful reentry convictions alone accounts for nearly half (48%) the growth in the total number of offenders sentenced in federal courts over the period.
AILA Doc. No. 14031950.
TRAC Report Finds Criminal Deportation Filings Drop to 12% in FY2014
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that during the first five months of FY2014, only 12% of all filings in the Immigration Courts seeking to deport noncitizens have been based on alleged criminal activity, dropping from 14% during FY2013 and 16% in FY2012.
AILA Doc. No. 14031342.
March 2014 NFAP Report on High Denial Rates of L-1B Petitions at USCIS
National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP) March 2014 policy brief finding that the denial rate for L-1B petitions rose to 34 percent in FY2013 – a more than five-fold increase in the rate of denials since FY2006 despite no new regulation changing the adjudication standard.
AILA Doc. No. 14031299.
GAO Report on Student and Exchange Visitor Program
(1384 KB - 3/10/2014)
GAO report finding that DHS needs to assess risks and strengthen oversight of foreign students with employment authorization as collecting and monitoring this information would better position ICE to determine whether these students are maintaining legal status in the U.S.
AILA Doc. No. 14031040.
CRS Report on Statistics of Undocumented Immigrants in the U.S.
(966 KB - 3/6/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) on estimates of the number of undocumented immigrants in the U.S., indicating that the undocumented immigrant population rose from 3.2 million in 1986 to 12.4 million in 2007, before leveling off at 11.7 million in 2012.
AILA Doc. No. 14030656.
CRS Report on Visa Waiver Program
(813 KB - 2/25/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on the visa waiver program, including current policy for use of the program, debate over biometric exit capacity, adding countries to the program, information sharing, overstays, and legislation issues in the 113th Congress.
AILA Doc. No. 14022542.
CRS Report on Nonimmigrant Overstays
(703 KB - 2/18/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on nonimmigrant overstays, including summary of nonimmigrant visa controls, past legislative action, estimating the number and demographics of overstays, and DHS attempts to identify individuals who fail to depart after their visas expire.
AILA Doc. No. 14021840.
TRAC Report Finds ICE Success in Obtaining Removal Orders Drops to 50%
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that ICE has had diminishing success in convincing Immigration Judges to issue removal orders, as such orders are now being granted about 50% of the time. Results varied widely by state.
AILA Doc. No. 14021345.
TRAC Report Finds Targeting of ICE Detainers Varies Widely by State and by Facility
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finding that ICE placed detainers on approximately half a million individuals during FY2012-FY2013, half of whom had no convictions. The report also reveals wide variation by state and facility.
AILA Doc. No. 14021149.
CRS Report on Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and Current Immigration Policy and Issues
(692 KB - 2/11/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on how TPS or deferred enforced departure (DED) is currently provided to over 300,000 foreign nationals. TPS can be granted through the executive branch or Congress, and legislation that would grant TPS to Filipinos was introduced in the 113th Congress.
AILA Doc. No. 14021148.
CRS Report on U.S. Naturalization Policy
(964 KB - 2/4/2014)
Congressional Research Service report titled “U.S. Naturalization Policy” in the naturalization process as well as how potential congressional reforms to U.S. immigration laws could affect naturalization policy and the number of persons who naturalize each year.
AILA Doc. No. 14020442.
CRS Report on Border Security and Immigration Inspections at Port of Entry
(911 KB - 2/4/2014)
Congressional Research Service report titled “Border Security: Immigration Inspections at Port of Entry” on CBP’s Office of Field Operations enforcement and the balance between enforcement and facilitating the flow of lawful travelers, including the implementation of an entry-exit system.
AILA Doc. No. 14020441.
CRS Report on Unauthorized Student Legislation from the 109th and 110th Congress
(674 KB - 1/30/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on DREAM Act proposals from the 109th and 110th Congresses, including stand-alone measures and larger immigration reform bills, as well as background on unauthorized immigrant students.
AILA Doc. No. 14013047.
CRS Report on Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Enforcement
(831 KB - 1/28/2014)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) report on prosecutorial discretion in immigration enforcement including how it is applied and potential limits on the exercise of discretion.
AILA Doc. No. 14012842.
TRAC Report Finds Naturalization Application Lawsuits Drop 50% in Five Years
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finds that a total of 21 new lawsuits on naturalization disputes were filed against the federal government in December 2013, which is down 12.5 % from the previous month, and down 51.5% from five years ago.
AILA Doc. No. 14012454.
TRAC Report Finds Number of Detainers Issued By ICE Dropped 23% Since FY2012
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finds that ICE detainers have dropped 23% since FY2012, including a 32% drop in detainers issued against females. But there was an increase in detainers issued for some nationalities such as individuals from Laos and Haiti.
AILA Doc. No. 14012249.
National Conference of State Legislatures 2013 Immigration Report
Report from the National Conference of State Legislatures on immigration actions taken by states, with 45 states and the District of Columbia enacted 184 laws and 253 resolutions related to immigration, a 64% increase from 2012. Driver’s licenses and IDs continued to be a top issue for states.
AILA Doc. No. 13012260.
Harvard Law School Report on Canada/U.S. Border Policy and the Politics on Refugee Exclusion
The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Law Clinical Program report titled “Bordering on Failure: Canada – U.S. Border Policy and the Politics of Refugee Exclusion” explores the reforms that Canada has implemented since June 2012 to its refugee system.
AILA Doc. No. 14012140.
NFAP Policy Brief Analyzing House and Senate Plans for Legalizing the Unauthorized Immigrant Population
(597 KB - 1/15/2014)
National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP) policy brief titled, “A Path To An Agreement?: Analyzing House and Senate Plans for Legalizing the Unauthorized Immigrant Population,” looks at the demographics of the unauthorized population and how the various congressional plans would impact them.
AILA Doc. No. 14011546.
TRAC Report Finds Seven Percent of Immigration Court Cases Closed in First Quarter of FY2014
Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) report finds that seven percent of all Immigration Court cases were closed by prosecutorial discretion during the first quarter of FY2014, up from 4.7% during FY2012 (the first year of the PD program).
AILA Doc. No. 14011544.
GAO Report on DHS’s Efforts to Modernize Key Enforcement Systems
(1657 KB - 1/7/2014)
GAO December 2013 report on border security and how DHS’s efforts to modernize key enforcement systems within CBP and ICE could be strengthened.
AILA Doc. No. 14010746.
Journal on Migration and Human Security Report on Research Needs in Event of Enactment of Immigration Reform
Journal on Migration and Human Security report titled “At the Edge of U.S. Immigration’s ‘Halt of Folly:’ Data, Information, and Research Needs in the Event of Legalization,” on the potential research needs in the event of a large-scale legalization program for the unauthorized population.
AILA Doc. No. 14010745.
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