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P.L. 103-322


--H.R.3355--

H.R.3355

One Hundred Third Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-four

An Act

To control and prevent crime.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994'.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The following is the table of contents for this Act:

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

TITLE I--PUBLIC SAFETY AND POLICING

Sec. 10001. Short title.

Sec. 10002. Purposes.

Sec. 10003. Community policing; `Cops on the Beat'.

TITLE II--PRISONS

Subtitle A--Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants

Sec. 20101. Grants for correctional facilities.

Sec. 20102. Truth in sentencing incentive grants.

Sec. 20103. Violent offender incarceration grants.

Sec. 20104. Matching requirement.

Sec. 20105. Rules and regulations.

Sec. 20106. Technical assistance and training.

Sec. 20107. Evaluation.

Sec. 20108. Definitions.

Sec. 20109. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle B--Punishment for Young Offenders

Sec. 20201. Certain punishment for young offenders.

Subtitle C--Alien Incarceration

Sec. 20301. Incarceration of undocumented criminal aliens.

Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 20401. Prisoner's place of imprisonment.

Sec. 20402. Prison impact assessments.

Sec. 20403. Sentences to account for costs to the Government of imprisonment, release, and probation.

Sec. 20404. Application to prisoners to which prior law applies.

Sec. 20405. Crediting of `good time'.

Sec. 20406. Task force on prison construction standardization and techniques.

Sec. 20407. Efficiency in law enforcement and corrections.

Sec. 20408. Amendments to the Department of Education Organization Act and the National Literacy Act of 1991.

Sec. 20409. Appropriate remedies for prison overcrowding.

Sec. 20410. Congressional approval of any expansion at Lorton and congressional hearings on future needs.

Sec. 20411. Awards of Pell Grants to prisoners prohibited.

Sec. 20412. Education requirement for early release.

Sec. 20413. Conversion of closed military installations into Federal prison facilities.

Sec. 20414. Post-conviction release drug testing--Federal offenders.

Sec. 20415. Reporting of cash received by criminal court clerks.

Sec. 20416. Civil rights of institutionalized persons.

Sec. 20417. Notification of release of prisoners.

Sec. 20418. Correctional job training and placement.

TITLE III--CRIME PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Ounce of Prevention Council

Sec. 30101. Ounce of Prevention Council.

Sec. 30102. Ounce of prevention grant program.

Sec. 30103. Definition.

Sec. 30104. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle B--Local Crime Prevention Block Grant Program

Sec. 30201. Payments to local governments.

Sec. 30202. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 30203. Qualification for payment.

Sec. 30204. Allocation and distribution of funds.

Sec. 30205. Utilization of private sector.

Sec. 30206. Public participation.

Sec. 30207. Administrative provisions.

Sec. 30208. Definitions.

Subtitle C--Model Intensive Grant Programs

Sec. 30301. Grant authorization.

      Sec. 30302. Uses of funds.

Sec. 30303. Program requirements.

Sec. 30304. Applications.

Sec. 30305. Reports.

Sec. 30306. Definitions.

Sec. 30307. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle D--Family and Community Endeavor Schools Grant Program

Sec. 30401. Community schools youth services and supervision grant program.

Sec. 30402. Family and community endeavor schools grant program.

Sec. 30403. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle G--Assistance for Delinquent and At-Risk Youth

Sec. 30701. Grant authority.

Sec. 30702. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle H--Police Recruitment

Sec. 30801. Grant authority.

Sec. 30802. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle J--Local Partnership Act

Sec. 31001. Establishment of payment program.

Sec. 31002. Technical amendment.

Subtitle K--National Community Economic Partnership

Sec. 31101. Short title.

Chapter 1--Community Economic Partnership Investment Funds

Sec. 31111. Purpose.

Sec. 31112. Provision of assistance.

Sec. 31113. Approval of applications.

Sec. 31114. Availability of lines of credit and use.

Sec. 31115. Limitations on use of funds.

Sec. 31116. Program priority for special emphasis programs.

Chapter 2--Emerging Community Development Corporations

Sec. 31121. Community development corporation improvement grants.

Sec. 31122. Emerging community development corporation revolving loan funds.

Chapter 3--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 31131. Definitions.

Sec. 31132. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 31133. Prohibition.

Subtitle O--Urban Recreation and At-Risk Youth

Sec. 31501. Purpose of assistance.

Sec. 31502. Definitions.

Sec. 31503. Criteria for selection.

Sec. 31504. Park and recreation action recovery programs.

Sec. 31505. Miscellaneous and technical amendments.

Subtitle Q--Community-Based Justice Grants for Prosecutors

Sec. 31701. Grant authorization.

Sec. 31702. Use of funds.

Sec. 31703. Applications.

Sec. 31704. Allocation of funds; limitations on grants.

Sec. 31705. Award of grants.

Sec. 31706. Reports.

Sec. 31707. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 31708. Definitions.

Subtitle S--Family Unity Demonstration Project

Sec. 31901. Short title.

Sec. 31902. Purpose.

Sec. 31903. Definitions.

Sec. 31904. Authorization of appropriations.

Chapter 1--Grants To States

Sec. 31911. Authority to make grants.

Sec. 31912. Eligibility to receive grants.

Sec. 31913. Reports.

Chapter 2--Family Unity Demonstration Project for Federal Prisoners

Sec. 31921. Authority of the Attorney General.

Sec. 31922. Requirements.

Subtitle T--Substance Abuse Treatment in Federal Prisons

Sec. 32001. Substance abuse treatment in Federal prisons.

Subtitle U--Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners

Sec. 32101. Residential substance abuse treatment for State prisoners.

Subtitle V--Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Tuberculosis in Correctional Institutions

Sec. 32201. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of tuberculosis in correctional institutions.

Subtitle X--Gang Resistance Education and Training

Sec. 32401. Gang resistance education and training projects.

TITLE IV--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Sec. 40001. Short title.

Subtitle A--Safe Streets for Women

Sec. 40101. Short title.

Chapter 1--Federal Penalties for Sex Crimes

Sec. 40111. Repeat offenders.

Sec. 40112. Federal penalties.

Sec. 40113. Mandatory restitution for sex crimes.

Sec. 40114. Authorization for Federal victim's counselors.

Chapter 2--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Reduce Violent Crimes Against Women

Sec. 40121. Grants to combat violent crimes against women.

Chapter 3--Safety for Women in Public Transit and Public Parks

Sec. 40131. Grants for capital improvements to prevent crime in public transportation.

Sec. 40132. Grants for capital improvements to prevent crime in national parks.

Sec. 40133. Grants for capital improvements to prevent crime in public parks.

Chapter 4--New Evidentiary Rules

Sec. 40141. Sexual history in criminal and civil cases.

Chapter 5--Assistance to Victims of Sexual Assault

Sec. 40151. Education and prevention grants to reduce sexual assaults against women.

Sec. 40152. Training programs.

Sec. 40153. Confidentiality of communications between sexual assault or domestic violence victims and their counselors.

Sec. 40154. Information programs.

Sec. 40155. Education and prevention grants to reduce sexual abuse of runaway, homeless, and street youth.

Sec. 40156. Victims of child abuse programs.

Subtitle B--Safe Homes for Women

Sec. 40201. Short title.

Chapter 1--National Domestic Violence Hotline

Sec. 40211. Grant for a national domestic violence hotline.

Chapter 2--Interstate Enforcement

Sec. 40221. Interstate enforcement.

Chapter 3--Arrest Policies in Domestic Violence Cases

Sec. 40231. Encouraging arrest policies.

Chapter 4--Shelter Grants

Sec. 40241. Grants for battered women's shelters.

Chapter 5--Youth Education

Sec. 40251. Youth education and domestic violence.

Chapter 6--Community Programs on Domestic Violence

Sec. 40261. Establishment of community programs on domestic violence.

Chapter 7--Family Violence Prevention and Services Act Amendments

Sec. 40271. Grantee reporting.

Sec. 40272. Technical amendments.

Chapter 8--Confidentiality for Abused Persons

Sec. 40281. Confidentiality of abused person's address.

Chapter 9--Data and Research

Sec. 40291. Research agenda.

Sec. 40292. State databases.

Sec. 40293. Number and cost of injuries.

Chapter 10--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

Sec. 40295. Rural domestic violence and child abuse enforcement assistance.

Subtitle C--Civil Rights for Women

Sec. 40301. Short title.

Sec. 40302. Civil rights.

Sec. 40303. Attorney's fees.

Sec. 40304. Sense of the Senate concerning protection of the privacy of rape victims.

Subtitle D--Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act

Sec. 40401. Short title.

Chapter 1--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel in State Courts

Sec. 40411. Grants authorized.

Sec. 40412. Training provided by grants.

Sec. 40413. Cooperation in developing programs in making grants under this title.

Sec. 40414. Authorization of appropriations.

Chapter 2--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel in Federal Courts

Sec. 40421. Authorizations of circuit studies; education and training grants.

Sec. 40422. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle E--Violence Against Women Act Improvements

Sec. 40501. Pre-trial detention in sex offense cases.

Sec. 40502. Increased penalties for sex offenses against victims below the age of 16.

Sec. 40503. Payment of cost of testing for sexually transmitted diseases.

Sec. 40504. Extension and strengthening of restitution.

Sec. 40505. Enforcement of restitution orders through suspension of Federal benefits.

Sec. 40506. National baseline study on campus sexual assault.

Sec. 40507. Report on battered women's syndrome.

Sec. 40508. Report on confidentiality of addresses for victims of domestic violence.

Sec. 40509. Report on recordkeeping relating to domestic violence.

Subtitle F--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

Sec. 40601. Authorizing access to Federal criminal information databases.

Sec. 40602. Grant program.

Sec. 40603. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 40604. Application requirements.

Sec. 40605. Disbursement.

Sec. 40606. Technical assistance, training, and evaluations.

Sec. 40607. Training programs for judges.

Sec. 40608. Recommendations on intrastate communication.

Sec. 40609. Inclusion in national incident-based reporting system.

Sec. 40610. Report to Congress.

Sec. 40611. Definitions.

Subtitle G--Protections for Battered Immigrant Women and Children

Sec. 40701. Alien petitioning rights for immediate relative or second preference status.

Sec. 40702. Use of credible evidence in spousal waiver applications.

Sec. 40703. Suspension of deportation.

TITLE V--DRUG COURTS

Sec. 50001. Drug courts.

Sec. 50002. Study by the General Accounting Office.

TITLE VI--DEATH PENALTY

Sec. 60001. Short title.

Sec. 60002. Constitutional procedures for the imposition of the sentence of death.

Sec. 60003. Specific offenses for which death penalty is authorized.

Sec. 60004. Applicability to Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Sec. 60005. Death penalty for murder by a Federal prisoner.

Sec. 60006. Death penalty for civil rights murders.

Sec. 60007. Death penalty for the murder of Federal law enforcement officials.

Sec. 60008. New offense for the indiscriminate use of weapons to further drug conspiracies.

Sec. 60009. Foreign murder of United States nationals.

Sec. 60010. Death penalty for rape and child molestation murders.

Sec. 60011. Death penalty for sexual exploitation of children.

Sec. 60012. Murder by escaped prisoners.

Sec. 60013. Death penalty for gun murders during Federal crimes of violence and drug trafficking crimes.

Sec. 60014. Homicides and attempted homicides involving firearms in Federal facilities.

Sec. 60015. Death penalty for the murder of State or local officials assisting Federal law enforcement officials and State correctional officers.

Sec. 60016. Protection of court officers and jurors.

Sec. 60017. Prohibition of retaliatory killings of witnesses, victims, and informants.

Sec. 60018. Death penalty for murder of Federal witnesses.

Sec. 60019. Offenses of violence against maritime navigation or fixed platforms.

Sec. 60020. Torture.

Sec. 60021. Violence at airports serving international civil aviation.

Sec. 60022. Terrorist Death Penalty Act.

Sec. 60023. Weapons of mass destruction.

Sec. 60024. Enhanced penalties for alien smuggling.

Sec. 60025. Protection of jurors and witnesses in capital cases.

Sec. 60026. Appointment of Counsel.

TITLE VII--MANDATORY LIFE IMPRISONMENT FOR PERSONS CONVICTED OF CERTAIN FELONIES

Sec. 70001. Mandatory life imprisonment for persons convicted of certain felonies.

Sec. 70002. Limited grant of authority to Bureau of Prisons.

TITLE VIII--APPLICABILITY OF MANDATORY MINIMUM PENALTIES IN CERTAIN CASES

Sec. 80001. Limitation on applicability of mandatory minimum penalties in certain cases.

TITLE IX--DRUG CONTROL

Subtitle A--Enhanced Penalties and General Provisions

Sec. 90101. Enhancement of penalties for drug trafficking in prisons.

Sec. 90102. Increased penalties for drug-dealing in `drug-free' zones.

Sec. 90103. Enhanced penalties for illegal drug use in Federal prisons and for smuggling drugs into Federal prisons.

Sec. 90104. Clarification of narcotic or other dangerous drugs under RICO.

Sec. 90105. Conforming amendments to recidivist penalty provisions of the Controlled Substances Act and the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act.

Sec. 90106. Advertising.

Sec. 90107. Violent crime and drug emergency areas.

Subtitle B--National Narcotics Leadership Act Amendments

Sec. 90201. Implementation of National Drug Control Strategy.

Sec. 90202. Report on reprogramming; office personnel restriction.

Sec. 90203. National Drug Control Strategy outcome measures.

Sec. 90204. Counter-Drug Technology Assessment Center.

Sec. 90205. Special Forfeiture Fund amendments.

Sec. 90206. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 90207. Adequate staffing of the Office of National Drug Control Policy.

Sec. 90208. Termination of Office of National Drug Control Policy.

TITLE X--DRUNK DRIVING PROVISIONS

Sec. 100001. Short title.

Sec. 100002. State laws applied in areas of Federal jurisdiction.

Sec. 100003. Driving while intoxicated prosecution program.

TITLE XI--FIREARMS

Subtitle A--Assault Weapons

Sec. 110101. Short title.

Sec. 110102. Restriction on manufacture, transfer, and possession of certain semiautomatic assault weapons.

Sec. 110103. Ban of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

Sec. 110104. Study by Attorney General.

Sec. 110105. Effective date.

Sec. 110106. Appendix A to section 922 of title 18.

Subtitle B--Youth Handgun Safety

Sec. 110201. Prohibition of the possession of a handgun or ammunition by, or the private transfer of a handgun or ammunition to, a juvenile.

Subtitle C--Licensure

Sec. 110301. Firearms licensure and registration to require a photograph and fingerprints.

Sec. 110302. Compliance with State and local law as a condition to license.

Sec. 110303. Action on firearms license application.

Sec. 110304. Inspection of firearms licensees' inventory and records.

Sec. 110305. Reports of theft or loss of firearms.

Sec. 110306. Responses to requests for information.

Sec. 110307. Notification of names and addresses of firearms licensees.

Subtitle D--Domestic Violence

Sec. 110401. Prohibition against disposal of firearms to, or receipt of firearms by, persons who have committed domestic abuse.

Subtitle E--Gun Crime Penalties

Sec. 110501. Enhanced penalty for use of a semiautomatic firearm during a crime of violence or a drug trafficking crime.

Sec. 110502. Enhanced penalty for second offense of using an explosive to commit a felony.

Sec. 110503. Smuggling firearms in aid of drug trafficking.

Sec. 110504. Theft of firearms and explosives.

Sec. 110505. Revocation of supervised release after imprisonment.

Sec. 110506. Revocation of probation.

Sec. 110507. Increased penalty for knowingly making false, material Statement in connection with the acquisition of a firearm from a licensed dealer.

Sec. 110508. Possession of explosives by felons and others.

Sec. 110509. Summary destruction of explosives subject to forfeiture.

Sec. 110510. Elimination of outmoded language relating to parole.

Sec. 110511. Prohibition against transactions involving stolen firearms which have moved in interstate or foreign commerce.

Sec. 110512. Using a firearm in the commission of counterfeiting or forgery.

Sec. 110513. Enhanced penalties for firearms possession by violent felons and serious drug offenders.

Sec. 110514. Receipt of firearms by nonresident.

Sec. 110515. Theft of firearms or explosives from licensee.

Sec. 110516. Disposing of explosives to prohibited persons.

Sec. 110517. Increased penalty for interstate gun trafficking.

Sec. 110518. Firearms and explosives conspiracy.

Sec. 110519. Definition of armor piercing ammunition.

TITLE XII--TERRORISM

Sec. 120001. Extension of the statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses.

Sec. 120002. Jurisdiction over crimes against United States nationals on certain foreign ships.

Sec. 120003. Counterfeiting United States currency abroad.

Sec. 120004. Sentencing guidelines increase for terrorist crimes.

Sec. 120005. Providing material support to terrorists.

TITLE XIII--CRIMINAL ALIENS AND IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 130001. Enhancement of penalties for failing to depart, or reentering, after final order of deportation.

Sec. 130002. Criminal alien tracking center.

Sec. 130003. Alien witness cooperation and counterterrorism information.

Sec. 130004. Deportation procedures for certain criminal aliens who are not permanent residents.

Sec. 130005. Expeditious deportation for denied asylum applicants.

Sec. 130006. Improving border controls.

Sec. 130007. Expanded special deportation proceedings.

Sec. 130008. Authority to accept certain assistance.

Sec. 130009. Passport and visa offenses penalties improvement.

Sec. 130010. Asylum.

TITLE XIV--YOUTH VIOLENCE

Sec. 140001. Prosecution as adults of certain juveniles for crimes of violence.

Sec. 140002. Commencement of juvenile proceeding.

Sec. 140003. Separation of juvenile from adult offenders.

Sec. 140004. Bindover system for certain violent juveniles

Sec. 140005. Amendment concerning records of crimes committed by juveniles.

Sec. 140006. Increased penalties for employing children to distribute drugs near schools and playgrounds.

Sec. 140007. Increased penalties for Travel Act crimes involving violence and conspiracy to commit contract killings.

Sec. 140008. Solicitation of minor to commit crime.

TITLE XV--CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

Sec. 150001. Criminal street gangs.

Sec. 150002. Adult prosecution of serious juvenile offenders.

Sec. 150003. Addition of anti-gang Byrne grant funding objective.

Sec. 150006. Mentoring program.

Sec. 150007. Juvenile anti-drug and anti-gang grants in federally assisted low-income housing.

Sec. 150008. Gang investigation coordination and information collection.

Sec. 150009. Multijurisdictional gang task forces.

TITLE XVI--CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

Sec. 160001. Penalties for international trafficking in child pornography.

Sec. 160002. Sense of Congress concerning State legislation regarding child pornography.

Sec. 160003. Confirmation of intent of Congress in enacting sections 2252 and 2256 of title 18, United States Code.

TITLE XVII--CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN

Subtitle A--Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act

Sec. 170101. Establishment of program.

Subtitle B--Assaults Against Children

Sec. 170201. Assaults against children.

Subtitle C--Missing and Exploited Children

Sec. 170301. Short title.

Sec. 170302. Purpose.

Sec. 170303. Establishment of task force.

TITLE XVIII--RURAL CRIME

Subtitle A--Drug Trafficking in Rural Areas

Sec. 180101. Authorizations for rural law enforcement agencies.

Sec. 180102. Rural crime and drug enforcement task forces.

Sec. 180103. Rural drug enforcement training.

Sec. 180104. More agents for the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Subtitle B--Drug Free Truck Stops and Safety Rest Areas

Sec. 180201. Drug free truck stops and safety rest areas.

Subtitle C--Sense of Congress Regarding Funding for Rural Areas

Sec. 180301. Funding for rural areas.

TITLE XIX--FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 190001. Federal judiciary and Federal law enforcement.

TITLE XX--POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS TRAINING AND EDUCATION

Subtitle A--Police Corps

Sec. 200101. Short title.

Sec. 200102. Purposes.

Sec. 200103. Definitions.

Sec. 200104. Establishment of office of the police corps and law enforcement education.

Sec. 200105. Designation of lead agency and submission of State plan.

Sec. 200106. Scholarship assistance.

Sec. 200107. Selection of participants.

Sec. 200108. Police corps training.

Sec. 200109. Service obligation.

Sec. 200110. State plan requirements.

Sec. 200111. Assistance to States and localities employing police corps officers.

Sec. 200112. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 200113. Reports to congress.

Subtitle B--Law Enforcement Scholarship Program

Sec. 200201. Short title.

Sec. 200202. Definitions.

Sec. 200203. Allotment.

Sec. 200204. Establishment of program.

Sec. 200205. Scholarships.

Sec. 200206. Eligibility.

Sec. 200207. State application.

Sec. 200208. Local application.

Sec. 200209. Scholarship agreement.

Sec. 200210. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE XXI--STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

Subtitle A--Byrne Program

Sec. 210101. Extension of Byrne Grant funding.

Subtitle B--Law Enforcement Family Support

Sec. 210201. Law enforcement family support.

Subtitle C--DNA Identification

Sec. 210301. Short title.

Sec. 210302. Funding to improve the quality and availability of DNA analyses for law enforcement identification purposes.

Sec. 210303. Quality assurance and proficiency testing standards.

Sec. 210304. Index to facilitate law enforcement exchange of DNA identification information.

Sec. 210305. Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Sec. 210306. Authorization of appropriations.

Subtitle D--Police Pattern or Practice

Sec. 210401. Cause of action.

Sec. 210402. Data on use of excessive force.

Subtitle E--Improved Training and Technical Automation

Sec. 210501. Improved training and technical automation.

Subtitle F--Other State and Local Aid

Sec. 210601. Reauthorization of Office of Justice Programs.

Sec. 210602. Federal assistance to ease the increased burdens on State court systems resulting from enactment of this Act.

Sec. 210603. Availability of violent crime reduction trust fund to fund activities authorized by the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act and the National Child Protection Act of 1993.

TITLE XXII--MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION

Sec. 220001. Short title.

Sec. 220002. Motor vehicle theft prevention program.

Sec. 220003. Altering or removing motor vehicle identification numbers.

TITLE XXIII--VICTIMS OF CRIME

Subtitle A--Victims of Crime

Sec. 230101. Victim's right of allocution in sentencing.

Sec. 230102. Sense of the Senate concerning the right of a victim of a violent crime or sexual abuse to speak at an offender's sentencing hearing and any parole hearing.

Subtitle B--Crime Victims' Fund

Sec. 230201. Allocation of funds for costs and grants.

Sec. 230202. Relationship of crime victim compensation to certain Federal programs.

Sec. 230203. Administrative costs for crime victim compensation.

Sec. 230204. Grants for demonstration projects.

Sec. 230205. Administrative costs for crime victim assistance.

Sec. 230206. Maintenance of effort.

Sec. 230207. Change of due date for required report.

Sec. 230208. Amendment of the Victims of Crime Act.

TITLE XXIV--PROTECTIONS FOR THE ELDERLY

Sec. 240001. Missing Alzheimer's Disease Patient Alert Program.

Sec. 240002. Crimes against the elderly.

TITLE XXV--SENIOR CITIZENS AGAINST MARKETING SCAMS

Sec. 250001. Short title.

Sec. 250002. Enhanced penalties for telemarketing fraud.

Sec. 250003. Increased penalties for fraud against older victims.

Sec. 250004. Rewards for information leading to prosecution and conviction.

Sec. 250005. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 250006. Broadening application of mail fraud statute.

Sec. 250007. Fraud and related activity in connection with access devices.

Sec. 250008. Information network.

TITLE XXVI--COMMISSION MEMBERSHIP AND APPOINTMENT

Sec. 260001. Commission membership and appointment.

Sec. 260002. Conforming amendment.

TITLE XXVII--PRESIDENTIAL SUMMIT ON VIOLENCE AND NATIONAL COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL

Sec. 270001. Presidential summit.

Sec. 270002. Establishment; committees and task forces; representation.

Sec. 270003. Purposes.

Sec. 270004. Responsibilities of the Commission.

Sec. 270005. Administrative matters.

Sec. 270006. Staff and support services.

Sec. 270007. Powers.

Sec. 270008. Report; termination.

Sec. 270009. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE XXVIII--SENTENCING PROVISIONS

Sec. 280001. Imposition of sentence.

Sec. 280002. Technical amendment to mandatory conditions of probation.

Sec. 280003. Direction to United States Sentencing Commission regarding sentencing enhancements for hate crimes.

Sec. 280004. Authorization of probation for petty offenses in certain cases.

Sec. 280005. Full-time vice chairs of the United States Sentencing Commission.

Sec. 280006. Cocaine penalty study.

TITLE XXIX--COMPUTER CRIME

Sec. 290001. Computer Abuse Amendments Act of 1994.

TITLE XXX--PROTECTION OF PRIVACY OF INFORMATION IN STATE MOTOR VEHICLE RECORDS

Sec. 300001. Short title.

Sec. 300002. Prohibition on release and use of certain personal information from State motor vehicle records.

Sec. 300003. Effective date.

TITLE XXXI--VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND

Sec. 310001. Creation of Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.

Sec. 310002. Conforming reduction in discretionary spending limits.

Sec. 310003. Extension of authorizations of appropriations for fiscal years for which the full amount authorized is not appropriated.

Sec. 310004. Flexibility in making of appropriations.

TITLE XXXII--MISCELLANEOUS

Subtitle A--Increases in Penalties

Sec. 320101. Increased penalties for assault.

Sec. 320102. Increased penalties for manslaughter.

Sec. 320103. Increased penalties for civil rights violations.

Sec. 320104. Penalties for trafficking in counterfeit goods and services.

Sec. 320105. Increased penalty for conspiracy to commit murder for hire.

Sec. 320106. Increased penalties for arson.

Sec. 320107. Increased penalties for drug trafficking near public housing.

Sec. 320108. Task force and criminal penalties relating to the introduction of nonindigenous species.

Sec. 320109. Military medals and decorations.

Subtitle B--Extension of Protection of Civil Rights Statutes

Sec. 320201. Extension of protection of civil rights statutes.

Subtitle C--Audit and Report

Sec. 320301. Audit requirement for State and local law enforcement agencies receiving Federal asset forfeiture funds.

Sec. 320302. Report to Congress on administrative and contracting expenses.

Subtitle D--Coordination

Sec. 320401. Coordination of substance abuse treatment and prevention programs.

Subtitle E--Gambling

Sec. 320501. Clarifying amendment regarding scope of prohibition against gambling on ships in international waters.

Subtitle F--White Collar Crime Amendments

Sec. 320601. Receiving the proceeds of extortion or kidnapping.

Sec. 320602. Receiving the proceeds of a postal robbery.

Sec. 320603. Crimes by or affecting persons engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce.

Sec. 320604. Miscellaneous amendments to title 18, United States Code.

Sec. 320605. Federal Deposit Insurance Act amendment.

Sec. 320606. Federal Credit Union Act amendments.

Sec. 320607. Addition of predicate offenses to financial institutions rewards statute.

Sec. 320608. Definition of `savings and loan association' for purposes of the offense of bank robbery and related offenses.

Sec. 320609. Definition of 1-year period for purposes of the offense of obstruction of a Federal audit.

Subtitle G--Safer Streets and Neighborhoods

Sec. 320701. Short title.

Sec. 320702. Limitation on grant distribution.

Subtitle H--Recreational Hunting Safety

Sec. 320801. Short title.

Sec. 320802. Obstruction of a lawful hunt.

Sec. 320803. Civil penalties.

Sec. 320804. Other relief.

Sec. 320805. Relationship to State and local law and civil actions.

Sec. 320806. Regulations.

Sec. 320807. Rule of construction.

Sec. 320808. Definitions.

Subtitle I--Other Provisions

Sec. 320901. Wiretaps.

Sec. 320902. Theft of major artwork.

Sec. 320903. Addition of attempted robbery, kidnapping, smuggling, and property damage offenses to eliminate inconsistencies and gaps in coverage.

Sec. 320904. Gun-free school zones.

Sec. 320905. Interstate wagering.

Sec. 320906. Sense of Congress with respect to violence against truckers.

Sec. 320907. Sense of the Senate regarding a study on out-of-wedlock births.

Sec. 320908. Sense of the Senate regarding the role of the United Nations in international organized crime control.

Sec. 320909. Optional venue for espionage and related offenses.

Sec. 320910. Undercover operations.

Sec. 320911. Misuse of initials `DEA'.

Sec. 320912. Definition of livestock.

Sec. 320913. Asset forfeiture.

Sec. 320914. Clarification of definition of a `court of the United States' to include the district courts for Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands.

Sec. 320915. Law enforcement personnel.

Sec. 320916. Authority to investigate violent crimes against travelers.

Sec. 320917. Extension of statute of limitations for arson.

Sec. 320918. Sense of Congress concerning child custody and visitation rights.

Sec. 320919. Edward Byrne Memorial Formula Grant Program.

Sec. 320920. Sense of the Senate regarding Law Day, U.S.A.

Sec. 320921. First time domestic violence offender rehabilitation program.

Sec. 320922. Display of flags at halfstaff.

Sec. 320923. Financial institution fraud.

Sec. 320924. Definition of parent for the purposes of the offense of kidnapping.

Sec. 320926. Hate Crime Statistics Act.

Sec. 320927. Exemption from Brady background check requirement of return of handgun to owner.

Sec. 320928. Amendment of the National Child Protection Act of 1993.

Sec. 320929. Tennessee Valley Authority law enforcement personnel.

Sec. 320932. Assistant United States attorney residency.

Sec. 320933. Labels on products.

Sec. 320934. Non-dischargeability of payment of restitution order.

Sec. 320935. Admissability of evidence of similar crimes in sex offense cases.

TITLE XXXIII--TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS

Sec. 330001. Amendments relating to Federal financial assistance for law enforcement.

Sec. 330002. General title 18 corrections.

Sec. 330003. Corrections of erroneous cross references and misdesignations.

Sec. 330004. Repeal of obsolete provisions in title 18.

Sec. 330005. Correction of drafting error in the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

Sec. 330006. Elimination of redundant penalty provision in 18 U.S.C. 1116.

Sec. 330007. Elimination of redundant penalty.

Sec. 330008. Corrections of misspellings and grammatical errors.

Sec. 330009. Other technical amendments.

Sec. 330010. Correction of errors found during codification.

Sec. 330011. Problems related to execution of prior amendments.

Sec. 330012. Amendment to section 1956 of title 18 to eliminate duplicate predicate crimes.

Sec. 330013. Amendments to part V of title 18.

Sec. 330014. Update of cross reference.

Sec. 330015. Correction of error in amendatory language.

Sec. 330016. Correction of misleading and outmoded fine amounts in offenses under title 18.

Sec. 330017. Technical corrections to title 31 crimes.

Sec. 330018. Repeal of superfluous statute of limitation and transfer of child abuse statute of limitation.

Sec. 330019. Technical errors in section 1956.

Sec. 330020. Technical error.

Sec. 330021. Conforming spelling of variants of `kidnap'.

Sec. 330022. Margin error.

Sec. 330023. Technical corrections relating to section 248 of title 18, United States Code.

Sec. 330024. Technical amendments necessitated by the enactment of the Domestic Chemical Diversion Control Act of 1993.

Sec. 330025. Victims of Crime Act.

TITLE I--PUBLIC SAFETY AND POLICING

SEC. 10001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Public Safety Partnership and Community Policing Act of 1994'.

SEC. 10002. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this title are to--

      (1) substantially increase the number of law enforcement officers interacting directly with members of the community (`cops on the beat');

      (2) provide additional and more effective training to law enforcement officers to enhance their problem solving, service, and other skills needed in interacting with members of the community;

      (3) encourage the development and implementation of innovative programs to permit members of the community to assist State, Indian tribal government, and local law enforcement agencies in the prevention of crime in the community; and

      (4) encourage the development of new technologies to assist State, Indian tribal government, and local law enforcement agencies in reorienting the emphasis of their activities from reacting to crime to preventing crime,

    by establishing a program of grants and assistance in furtherance of these objectives, including the authorization for a period of 6 years of grants for the hiring and rehiring of additional career law enforcement officers.

SEC. 10003. COMMUNITY POLICING; `COPS ON THE BEAT'.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part Q as part R;

      (2) by redesignating section 1701 as section 1801; and

      (3) by inserting after part P the following new part:

`PART Q--PUBLIC SAFETY AND COMMUNITY POLICING; `COPS ON THE BEAT'

`SEC. 1701. AUTHORITY TO MAKE PUBLIC SAFETY AND COMMUNITY POLICING GRANTS.

    `(a) GRANT AUTHORIZATION- The Attorney General may make grants to States, units of local government, Indian tribal governments, other public and private entities, and multi-jurisdictional or regional consortia thereof to increase police presence, to expand and improve cooperative efforts between law enforcement agencies and members of the community to address crime and disorder problems, and otherwise to enhance public safety.

    `(b) REHIRING, HIRING, AND INITIAL REDEPLOYMENT GRANT PROJECTS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Grants made under subsection (a) may be used for programs, projects, and other activities to--

        `(A) rehire law enforcement officers who have been laid off as a result of State and local budget reductions for deployment in community-oriented policing;

        `(B) hire and train new, additional career law enforcement officers for deployment in community-oriented policing across the Nation; and

        `(C) procure equipment, technology, or support systems, or pay overtime, if the applicant for such a grant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that expenditures for such purposes would result in an increase in the number of officers deployed in community-oriented policing equal to or greater than the increase in the number of officers that would result from a grant for a like amount for the purposes specified in subparagraph (A) or (B).

      `(2) GRANTS FOR EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, AND SUPPORT SYSTEMS- Grants pursuant to paragraph (1)(C)--

        `(A) may not exceed--

          `(i) 20 percent of the funds available for grants pursuant to this subsection in fiscal year 1995;

          `(ii) 20 percent of the funds available for grants pursuant to this subsection in fiscal year 1996; or

          `(iii) 10 percent of the funds available for grants pursuant to this subsection in fiscal years 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000; and

        `(B) may not be awarded in fiscal years 1998, 1999, or 2000 unless the Attorney General has certified that grants awarded in fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997 pursuant to subparagraph (1)(C) have resulted in an increase in the number of officers deployed in community-oriented policing equal to or greater than the increase in the number of officers that have resulted from the grants in like amounts awarded in fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997 pursuant to paragraph (1) (A) and (B).

    `(c) TROOPS-TO-COPS PROGRAMS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Grants made under subsection (a) may be used to hire former members of the Armed Forces to serve as career law enforcement officers for deployment in community-oriented policing, particularly in communities that are adversely affected by a recent military base closing.

      `(2) DEFINITION- In this subsection, `former member of the Armed Forces' means a member of the Armed Forces of the United States who is involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces within the meaning of section 1141 of title 10, United States Code.

    `(d) ADDITIONAL GRANT PROJECTS- Grants made under subsection (a) may include programs, projects, and other activities to--

      `(1) increase the number of law enforcement officers involved in activities that are focused on interaction with members of the community on proactive crime control and prevention by redeploying officers to such activities;

      `(2) provide specialized training to law enforcement officers to enhance their conflict resolution, mediation, problem solving, service, and other skills needed to work in partnership with members of the community;

      `(3) increase police participation in multidisciplinary early intervention teams;

      `(4) develop new technologies to assist State and local law enforcement agencies in reorienting the emphasis of their activities from reacting to crime to preventing crime;

      `(5) develop and implement innovative programs to permit members of the community to assist State and local law enforcement agencies in the prevention of crime in the community, such as a citizens' police academy, including programs designed to increase the level of access to the criminal justice system enjoyed by victims, witnesses, and ordinary citizens by establishing decentralized satellite offices (including video facilities) of principal criminal courts buildings;

      `(6) establish innovative programs to reduce, and keep to a minimum, the amount of time that law enforcement officers must be away from the community while awaiting court appearances;

      `(7) establish and implement innovative programs to increase and enhance proactive crime control and prevention programs involving law enforcement officers and young persons in the community;

      `(8) develop and establish new administrative and managerial systems to facilitate the adoption of community-oriented policing as an organization-wide philosophy;

      `(9) establish, implement, and coordinate crime prevention and control programs (involving law enforcement officers working with community members) with other Federal programs that serve the community and community members to better address the comprehensive needs of the community and its members; and

      `(10) support the purchase by a law enforcement agency of no more than 1 service weapon per officer, upon hiring for deployment in community-oriented policing or, if necessary, upon existing officers' initial redeployment to community-oriented policing.

    `(e) PREFERENTIAL CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATIONS FOR CERTAIN GRANTS- In awarding grants under this part, the Attorney General may give preferential consideration, where feasible, to applications for hiring and rehiring additional career law enforcement officers that involve a non-Federal contribution exceeding the 25 percent minimum under subsection (i).

    `(f) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may provide technical assistance to States, units of local government, Indian tribal governments, and to other public and private entities, in furtherance of the purposes of the Public Safety Partnership and Community Policing Act of 1994.

      `(2) MODEL- The technical assistance provided by the Attorney General may include the development of a flexible model that will define for State and local governments, and other public and private entities, definitions and strategies associated with community or problem-oriented policing and methodologies for its implementation.

      `(3) TRAINING CENTERS AND FACILITIES- The technical assistance provided by the Attorney General may include the establishment and operation of training centers or facilities, either directly or by contracting or cooperative arrangements. The functions of the centers or facilities established under this paragraph may include instruction and seminars for police executives, managers, trainers, supervisors, and such others as the Attorney General considers to be appropriate concerning community or problem-oriented policing and improvements in police-community interaction and cooperation that further the purposes of the Public Safety Partnership and Community Policing Act of 1994.

    `(g) UTILIZATION OF COMPONENTS- The Attorney General may utilize any component or components of the Department of Justice in carrying out this part.

    `(h) MINIMUM AMOUNT- Unless all applications submitted by any State and grantee within the State pursuant to subsection (a) have been funded, each qualifying State, together with grantees within the State, shall receive in each fiscal year pursuant to subsection (a) not less than 0.5 percent of the total amount appropriated in the fiscal year for grants pursuant to that subsection. In this subsection, `qualifying State' means any State which has submitted an application for a grant, or in which an eligible entity has submitted an application for a grant, which meets the requirements prescribed by the Attorney General and the conditions set out in this part.

    `(i) MATCHING FUNDS- The portion of the costs of a program, project, or activity provided by a grant under subsection (a) may not exceed 75 percent, unless the Attorney General waives, wholly or in part, the requirement under this subsection of a non-Federal contribution to the costs of a program, project, or activity. In relation to a grant for a period exceeding 1 year for hiring or rehiring career law enforcement officers, the Federal share shall decrease from year to year for up to 5 years, looking toward the continuation of the increased hiring level using State or local sources of funding following the conclusion of Federal support, as provided in an approved plan pursuant to section 1702(c)(8).

    `(j) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- The funds available under this part shall be allocated as provided in section 1001(a)(11)(B).

    `(k) TERMINATION OF GRANTS FOR HIRING OFFICERS- The authority under subsection (a) of this section to make grants for the hiring and rehiring of additional career law enforcement officers shall lapse at the conclusion of 6 years from the date of enactment of this part. Prior to the expiration of this grant authority, the Attorney General shall submit a report to Congress concerning the experience with and effects of such grants. The report may include any recommendations the Attorney General may have for amendments to this part and related provisions of law in light of the termination of the authority to make grants for the hiring and rehiring of additional career law enforcement officers.

`SEC. 1702. APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- No grant may be made under this part unless an application has been submitted to, and approved by, the Attorney General.

    `(b) APPLICATION- An application for a grant under this part shall be submitted in such form, and contain such information, as the Attorney General may prescribe by regulation or guidelines.

    `(c) CONTENTS- In accordance with the regulations or guidelines established by the Attorney General, each application for a grant under this part shall--

      `(1) include a long-term strategy and detailed implementation plan that reflects consultation with community groups and appropriate private and public agencies and reflects consideration of the statewide strategy under section 503(a)(1);

      `(2) demonstrate a specific public safety need;

      `(3) explain the applicant's inability to address the need without Federal assistance;

      `(4) identify related governmental and community initiatives which complement or will be coordinated with the proposal;

      `(5) certify that there has been appropriate coordination with all affected agencies;

      `(6) outline the initial and ongoing level of community support for implementing the proposal including financial and in-kind contributions or other tangible commitments;

      `(7) specify plans for obtaining necessary support and continuing the proposed program, project, or activity following the conclusion of Federal support;

      `(8) if the application is for a grant for hiring or rehiring additional career law enforcement officers, specify plans for the assumption by the applicant of a progressively larger share of the cost in the course of time, looking toward the continuation of the increased hiring level using State or local sources of funding following the conclusion of Federal support;

      `(9) assess the impact, if any, of the increase in police resources on other components of the criminal justice system;

      `(10) explain how the grant will be utilized to reorient the affected law enforcement agency's mission toward community-oriented policing or enhance its involvement in or commitment to community-oriented policing; and

      `(11) provide assurances that the applicant will, to the extent practicable, seek, recruit, and hire members of racial and ethnic minority groups and women in order to increase their ranks within the sworn positions in the law enforcement agency.

    `(d) SPECIAL PROVISIONS-

      `(1) SMALL JURISDICTIONS- Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, in relation to applications under this part of units of local government or law enforcement agencies having jurisdiction over areas with populations of less than 50,000, the Attorney General may waive 1 or more of the requirements of subsection (c) and may otherwise make special provisions to facilitate the expedited submission, processing, and approval of such applications.

      `(2) SMALL GRANT AMOUNT- Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, in relation to applications under section 1701(d) for grants of less than $1,000,000, the Attorney General may waive 1 or more of the requirements of subsection (c) and may otherwise make special provisions to facilitate the expedited submission, processing, and approval of such applications.

`SEC. 1703. RENEWAL OF GRANTS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Except for grants made for hiring or rehiring additional career law enforcement officers, a grant under this part may be renewed for up to 2 additional years after the first fiscal year during which a recipient receives its initial grant, if the Attorney General determines that the funds made available to the recipient were used in a manner required under an approved application and if the recipient can demonstrate significant progress in achieving the objectives of the initial application.

    `(b) GRANTS FOR HIRING- Grants made for hiring or rehiring additional career law enforcement officers may be renewed for up to 5 years, subject to the requirements of subsection (a), but notwithstanding the limitation in that subsection concerning the number of years for which grants may be renewed.

    `(c) MULTIYEAR GRANTS- A grant for a period exceeding 1 year may be renewed as provided in this section, except that the total duration of such a grant including any renewals may not exceed 3 years, or 5 years if it is a grant made for hiring or rehiring additional career law enforcement officers.

`SEC. 1704. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS.

    `(a) NONSUPPLANTING REQUIREMENT- Funds made available under this part to States or units of local government shall not be used to supplant State or local funds, or, in the case of Indian tribal governments, funds supplied by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, but shall be used to increase the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Federal funds received under this part, be made available from State or local sources, or in the case of Indian tribal governments, from funds supplied by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

    `(b) NON-FEDERAL COSTS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- States and units of local government may use assets received through the Assets Forfeiture equitable sharing program to provide the non-Federal share of the cost of programs, projects, and activities funded under this part.

      `(2) INDIAN TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS- Funds appropriated by the Congress for the activities of any agency of an Indian tribal government or the Bureau of Indian Affairs performing law enforcement functions on any Indian lands may be used to provide the non-Federal share of the cost of programs or projects funded under this part.

    `(c) HIRING COSTS- Funding provided under this part for hiring or rehiring a career law enforcement officer may not exceed $75,000, unless the Attorney General grants a waiver from this limitation.

`SEC. 1705. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION.

    `(a) MONITORING COMPONENTS- Each program, project, or activity funded under this part shall contain a monitoring component, developed pursuant to guidelines established by the Attorney General. The monitoring required by this subsection shall include systematic identification and collection of data about activities, accomplishments, and programs throughout the life of the program, project, or activity and presentation of such data in a usable form.

    `(b) EVALUATION COMPONENTS- Selected grant recipients shall be evaluated on the local level or as part of a national evaluation, pursuant to guidelines established by the Attorney General. Such evaluations may include assessments of individual program implementations. In selected jurisdictions that are able to support outcome evaluations, the effectiveness of funded programs, projects, and activities may be required. Outcome measures may include crime and victimization indicators, quality of life measures, community perceptions, and police perceptions of their own work.

    `(c) PERIODIC REVIEW AND REPORTS- The Attorney General may require a grant recipient to submit to the Attorney General the results of the monitoring and evaluations required under subsections (a) and (b) and such other data and information as the Attorney General deems reasonably necessary.

`SEC. 1706. REVOCATION OR SUSPENSION OF FUNDING.

    `If the Attorney General determines, as a result of the reviews required by section 1705, or otherwise, that a grant recipient under this part is not in substantial compliance with the terms and requirements of an approved grant application submitted under section 1702, the Attorney General may revoke or suspend funding of that grant, in whole or in part.

`SEC. 1707. ACCESS TO DOCUMENTS.

    `(a) BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL- The Attorney General shall have access for the purpose of audit and examination to any pertinent books, documents, papers, or records of a grant recipient under this part and to the pertinent books, documents, papers, or records of State and local governments, persons, businesses, and other entities that are involved in programs, projects, or activities for which assistance is provided under this part.

    `(b) BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL- Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to audits and examinations conducted by the Comptroller General of the United States or by an authorized representative of the Comptroller General.

`SEC. 1708. GENERAL REGULATORY AUTHORITY.

    `The Attorney General may promulgate regulations and guidelines to carry out this part.

`SEC. 1709. DEFINITIONS.

    `In this part--

      `career law enforcement officer' means a person hired on a permanent basis who is authorized by law or by a State or local public agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, or investigation of violations of criminal laws.

      `citizens' police academy' means a program by local law enforcement agencies or private nonprofit organizations in which citizens, especially those who participate in neighborhood watch programs, are trained in ways of facilitating communication between the community and local law enforcement in the prevention of crime.

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.'.

d10

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711, et seq.) is amended by striking the item relating to part Q and inserting the following:

`Part Q--Public Safety and Community Policing; `Cops on the Beat'

`Sec. 1701. Authority to make public safety and community policing grants.

`Sec. 1702. Applications.

`Sec. 1703. Renewal of grants.

`Sec. 1704. Limitation on use of funds.

`Sec. 1705. Performance evaluation.

`Sec. 1706. Revocation or suspension of funding.

`Sec. 1707. Access to documents.

`Sec. 1708. General regulatory authority.

`Sec. 1709. Definitions.

`Part R--Transition; Effective Date; Repealer

`Sec. 1801. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and O' and inserting `O, P, and Q'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(11)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part Q, to remain available until expended--

      `(i) $1,332,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      `(ii) $1,850,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(iii) $1,950,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(iv) $1,700,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(v) $1,700,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(vi) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    `(B) Of funds available under part Q in any fiscal year, up to 3 percent may be used for technical assistance under section 1701(f) or for evaluations or studies carried out or commissioned by the Attorney General in furtherance of the purposes of part Q. Of the remaining funds, 50 percent shall be allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by units of local government or law enforcement agencies having jurisdiction over areas with populations exceeding 150,000 or by public and private entities that serve areas with populations exceeding 150,000, and 50 percent shall be allocated for grants pursuant to applications submitted by units of local government or law enforcement agencies having jurisdiction over areas with populations 150,000 or less or by public and private entities that serve areas with populations 150,000 or less. Of the funds available in relation to grants under part Q, at least 85 percent shall be applied to grants for the purposes specified in section 1701(b), and no more than 15 percent may be applied to other grants in furtherance of the purposes of part Q. In view of the extraordinary need for law enforcement assistance in Indian country, an appropriate amount of funds available under part Q shall be made available for grants to Indian tribal governments or tribal law enforcement agencies.'.

TITLE II--PRISONS

Subtitle A--Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants

SEC. 20101. GRANTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.

    (a) GRANT AUTHORIZATION- The Attorney General may make grants to individual States and to States organized as multi-State compacts to construct, develop, expand, modify, operate, or improve correctional facilities, including boot camp facilities and other alternative correctional facilities that can free conventional prison space for the confinement of violent offenders, to ensure that prison cell space is available for the confinement of violent offenders and to implement truth in sentencing laws for sentencing violent offenders.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive a grant under this subtitle, a State or States organized as multi-State compacts shall submit an application to the Attorney General which includes--

      (1) assurances that the State or States have implemented, or will implement, correctional policies and programs, including truth in sentencing laws that ensure that violent offenders serve a substantial portion of the sentences imposed, that are designed to provide sufficiently severe punishment for violent offenders, including violent juvenile offenders, and that the prison time served is appropriately related to the determination that the inmate is a violent offender and for a period of time deemed necessary to protect the public;

      (2) assurances that the State or States have implemented policies that provide for the recognition of the rights and needs of crime victims;

      (3) assurances that funds received under this section will be used to construct, develop, expand, modify, operate, or improve correctional facilities to ensure that prison cell space is available for the confinement of violent offenders;

      (4) assurances that the State or States have a comprehensive correctional plan which represents an integrated approach to the management and operation of correctional facilities and programs and which includes diversion programs, particularly drug diversion programs, community corrections programs, a prisoner screening and security classification system, appropriate professional training for corrections officers in dealing with violent offenders, prisoner rehabilitation and treatment programs, prisoner work activities (including, to the extent practicable, activities relating to the development, expansion, modification, or improvement of correctional facilities) and job skills programs, educational programs, a pre-release prisoner assessment to provide risk reduction management, post-release assistance, and an assessment of recidivism rates;

      (5) assurances that the State or States have involved counties and other units of local government, when appropriate, in the construction, development, expansion, modification, operation or improvement of correctional facilities designed to ensure the incarceration of violent offenders, and that the State or States will share funds received under this section with counties and other units of local government, taking into account the burden placed on these units of government when they are required to confine sentenced prisoners because of overcrowding in State prison facilities;

      (6) assurances that funds received under this section will be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal, State, and local funds;

      (7) assurances that the State or States have implemented, or will implement within 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, policies to determine the veteran status of inmates and to ensure that incarcerated veterans receive the veterans benefits to which they are entitled;

      (8) if applicable, documentation of the multi-State compact agreement that specifies the construction, development, expansion, modification, operation, or improvement of correctional facilities; and

      (9) if applicable, a description of the eligibility criteria for prisoner participation in any boot camp that is to be funded.

    (c) CONSIDERATION- The Attorney General, in making such grants, shall give consideration to the special burden placed on States which incarcerate a substantial number of inmates who are in the United States illegally.

SEC. 20102. TRUTH IN SENTENCING INCENTIVE GRANTS.

    (a) TRUTH IN SENTENCING GRANT PROGRAM- Fifty percent of the total amount of funds appropriated to carry out this subtitle for each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 shall be made available for Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants. To be eligible to receive such a grant, a State must meet the requirements of section 20101(b) and shall demonstrate that the State--

      (1) has in effect laws which require that persons convicted of violent crimes serve not less than 85 percent of the sentence imposed; or

      (2) since 1993--

        (A) has increased the percentage of convicted violent offenders sentenced to prison;

        (B) has increased the average prison time which will be served in prison by convicted violent offenders sentenced to prison;

        (C) has increased the percentage of sentence which will be served in prison by violent offenders sentenced to prison; and

        (D) has in effect at the time of application laws requiring that a person who is convicted of a violent crime shall serve not less than 85 percent of the sentence imposed if--

          (i) the person has been convicted on 1 or more prior occasions in a court of the United States or of a State of a violent crime or a serious drug offense; and

          (ii) each violent crime or serious drug offense was committed after the defendant's conviction of the preceding violent crime or serious drug offense.

    (b) ALLOCATION OF TRUTH IN SENTENCING INCENTIVE FUNDS-

      (1) FORMULA ALLOCATION- The amount available to carry out this section for any fiscal year under subsection (a) shall be allocated to each eligible State in the ratio that the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by such State to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 bears to the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by all States to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993.

      (2) TRANSFER OF UNUSED FUNDS- On September 30 of each of fiscal years 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2000, the Attorney General shall transfer to the funds to be allocated under section 20103(b)(1) any funds made available to carry out this section that are not allocated to an eligible State under paragraph (1).

SEC. 20103. VIOLENT OFFENDER INCARCERATION GRANTS.

    (a) VIOLENT OFFENDER INCARCERATION GRANT PROGRAM- Fifty percent of the total amount of funds appropriated to carry out this subtitle for each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 shall be made available for Violent Offender Incarceration Grants. To be eligible to receive such a grant, a State or States must meet the requirements of section 20101(b).

    (b) ALLOCATION OF VIOLENT OFFENDER INCARCERATION FUNDS-

      (1) FORMULA ALLOCATION- Eighty-five percent of the sum of the amount available for Violent Offender Incarceration Grants for any fiscal year under subsection (a) and any amount transferred under section 20102(b)(2) for that fiscal year shall be allocated as follows:

        (A) 0.25 percent shall be allocated to each eligible State except that the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands each shall be allocated 0.05 percent.

        (B) The amount remaining after application of subparagraph (A) shall be allocated to each eligible State in the ratio that the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by such State to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 bears to the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by all States to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993.

      (2) DISCRETIONARY ALLOCATION- Fifteen percent of the sum of the amount available for Violent Offender Incarceration Grants for any fiscal year under subsection (a) and any amount transferred under section 20103(b)(3) for that fiscal year shall be allocated at the discretion of the Attorney General to States that have demonstrated the greatest need for such grants and the ability to best utilize the funds to meet the objectives of the grant program and ensure that prison cell space is available for the confinement of violent offenders.

      (3) TRANSFER OF UNUSED FORMULA FUNDS- On September 30 of each of fiscal years 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000, the Attorney General shall transfer to the discretionary program under paragraph (2) any funds made available for allocation under paragraph (1) that are not allocated to an eligible State under paragraph (1).

SEC. 20104. MATCHING REQUIREMENT.

    The Federal share of a grant received under this subtitle may not exceed 75 percent of the costs of a proposal described in an application approved under this subtitle.

SEC. 20105. RULES AND REGULATIONS.

    (a) The Attorney General shall issue rules and regulations regarding the uses of grant funds received under this subtitle not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) If data regarding part 1 violent crimes in any State for 1993 is unavailable or substantially inaccurate, the Attorney General shall utilize the best available comparable data regarding the number of violent crimes for 1993 for that State for the purposes of allocation of any funds under this subtitle.

SEC. 20106. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING.

    The Attorney General may request that the Director of the National Institute of Corrections and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons provide technical assistance and training to a State or States that receive a grant under this subtitle to achieve the purposes of this subtitle.

SEC. 20107. EVALUATION.

    The Attorney General may request the Director of the National Institute of Corrections to assist with an evaluation of programs established with funds under this subtitle.

SEC. 20108. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `boot camp' means a correctional program of not more than 6 months' incarceration involving--

        (A) assignment for participation in the program, in conformity with State law, by prisoners other than prisoners who have been convicted at any time of a violent felony;

        (B) adherence by inmates to a highly regimented schedule that involves strict discipline, physical training, and work;

        (C) participation by inmates in appropriate education, job training, and substance abuse counseling or treatment; and

        (D) post-incarceration aftercare services for participants that are coordinated with the program carried out during the period of imprisonment.

      `part 1 violent crimes' means murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault as reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for purposes of the Uniform Crime Reports.

      `State' or `States' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 20109. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $175,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $750,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (4) $1,900,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (5) $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (6) $2,070,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle B--Punishment for Young Offenders

SEC. 20201. CERTAIN PUNISHMENT FOR YOUNG OFFENDERS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 10003(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part R as part S;

      (2) by redesignating section 1801 as section 1901; and

      (3) by inserting after part Q the following new part:

`PART R--CERTAIN PUNISHMENT FOR YOUNG OFFENDERS

`SEC. 1801. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may make grants under this part to States, for the use by States and units of local government, for the purpose of developing alternative methods of punishment for young offenders to traditional forms of incarceration and probation.

    `(b) ALTERNATIVE METHODS- The alternative methods of punishment referred to in subsection (a) should ensure certain punishment for young offenders and promote reduced recidivism, crime prevention, and assistance to victims, particularly for young offenders who can be punished more effectively in an environment other than a traditional correctional facility, including--

      `(1) alternative sanctions that create accountability and certain punishment for young offenders;

      `(2) restitution programs for young offenders;

      `(3) innovative projects, such as projects consisting of education and job training activities for incarcerated young offenders, modeled, to the extent practicable, after activities carried out under part B of title IV of the Job Training Partnership Act (relating to Job Corps) (29 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.) and projects that provide family counseling;

      `(4) correctional options, such as community-based incarceration, weekend incarceration, and electronic monitoring of offenders;

      `(5) community service programs that provide work service placement for young offenders at non-profit, private organizations and community organizations;

      `(6) innovative methods that address the problems of young offenders convicted of serious substance abuse (including alcohol abuse) and gang-related offenses; and

      `(7) adequate and appropriate after care programs for young offenders, such as substance abuse treatment, education programs, vocational training, job placement counseling, family counseling and other support programs upon release.

`SEC. 1802. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL-

      `(1) SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION- To request a grant under this part, the chief executive of a State shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.

      `(2) ASSURANCES- An application under paragraph (1) shall include assurances that Federal funds received under this part shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this part.

    `(b) STATE OFFICE- The office designated under section 507--

      `(1) shall prepare the application as required under subsection (a); and

      `(2) shall administer grant funds received under this part, including review of spending, processing, progress, financial reporting, technical assistance, grant adjustments, accounting, auditing, and fund disbursement.

`SEC. 1803. REVIEW OF STATE APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall make a grant under section 1801(a) to carry out the projects described in the application submitted by such applicant under section 1802 upon determining that--

      `(1) the application is consistent with the requirements of this part; and

      `(2) before the approval of the application, the Attorney General has made an affirmative finding in writing that the proposed project has been reviewed in accordance with this part.

    `(b) APPROVAL- Each application submitted under section 1802 shall be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Attorney General not later than 45 days after first received unless the Attorney General informs the applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.

    `(c) RESTRICTION- Grant funds received under this part shall not be used for land acquisition or construction projects, other than alternative facilities described in section 1801(b).

    `(d) DISAPPROVAL NOTICE AND RECONSIDERATION- The Attorney General shall not disapprove any application without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

`SEC. 1804. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL-

      `(1) SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION- To request funds under this part from a State, the chief executive of a unit of local government shall submit an application to the office designated under section 1802(b).

      `(2) APPROVAL- An application under paragraph (1) shall be considered to have been approved, in whole or in part, by the State not later than 45 days after such application is first received unless the State informs the applicant in writing of specific reasons for disapproval.

      `(3) DISAPPROVAL- The State shall not disapprove any application submitted to the State without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

      `(4) EFFECT OF APPROVAL- If an application under subsection (a) is approved, the unit of local government is eligible to receive funds under this part.

    `(b) DISTRIBUTION TO UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT- A State that receives funds under section 1801 in a fiscal year shall make such funds available to units of local government with an application that has been submitted and approved by the State within 45 days after the Attorney General has approved the application submitted by the State and has made funds available to the State. The Attorney General may waive the 45-day requirement in this section upon a finding that the State is unable to satisfy such requirement under State statutes.

`SEC. 1805. ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    `(a) STATE DISTRIBUTION- Of the total amount appropriated under this part in any fiscal year--

      `(1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the participating States; and

      `(2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each of the participating States an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds described in this paragraph as the number of young offenders of such State bears to the number of young offenders in all the participating States.

    `(b) LOCAL DISTRIBUTION-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A State that receives funds under this part in a fiscal year shall distribute to units of local government in such State for the purposes specified under section 1801 that portion of such funds which bears the same ratio to the aggregate amount of such funds as the amount of funds expended by all units of local government for correctional programs in the preceding fiscal year bears to the aggregate amount of funds expended by the State and all units of local government in such State for correctional programs in such preceding fiscal year.

      `(2) UNDISTRIBUTED FUNDS- Any funds not distributed to units of local government under paragraph (1) shall be available for expenditure by such State for purposes specified under section 1801.

      `(3) UNUSED FUNDS- If the Attorney General determines, on the basis of information available during any fiscal year, that a portion of the funds allocated to a State for such fiscal year will not be used by such State or that a State is not eligible to receive funds under section 1801, the Attorney General shall award such funds to units of local government in such State giving priority to the units of local government that the Attorney General considers to have the greatest need.

    `(c) GENERAL REQUIREMENT- Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), not less than two-thirds of funds received by a State under this part shall be distributed to units of local government unless the State applies for and receives a waiver from the Attorney General.

    `(d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of a grant made under this part may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the projects described in the application submitted under section 1802(a) for the fiscal year for which the projects receive assistance under this part.

    `(e) CONSIDERATION- Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), in awarding grants under this part, the Attorney General shall consider as a factor whether a State has in effect throughout such State a law or policy that requires that a juvenile who is in possession of a firearm or other weapon on school property or convicted of a crime involving the use of a firearm or weapon on school property--

      `(1) be suspended from school for a reasonable period of time; and

      `(2) lose driving license privileges for a reasonable period of time.

    `(f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this part, `juvenile' means a person 18 years of age or younger.

`SEC. 1806. EVALUATION.

    `(a) IN GENERAL-

      `(1) SUBMISSION TO THE DIRECTOR- Each State and unit of local government that receives a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General an evaluation not later than March 1 of each year in accordance with guidelines issued by the Attorney General. Such evaluation shall include an appraisal by representatives of the community of the programs funded by the grant.

      `(2) WAIVER- The Attorney General may waive the requirement specified in paragraph (1) if the Attorney General determines that such evaluation is not warranted in the case of the State or unit of local government involved.

    `(b) DISTRIBUTION- The Attorney General shall make available to the public on a timely basis evaluations received under subsection (a).

    `(c) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- A State or unit of local government may use not more than 5 percent of funds it receives under this part to develop an evaluation program under this section.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 10003(a), is amended by striking the matter relating to part R and inserting the following:

`Part R--Certain Punishments for Young Offenders

      `Sec. 1801. Grant authorization.

      `Sec. 1802. State applications.

      `Sec. 1803. Review of State applications.

      `Sec. 1804. Local applications.

      `Sec. 1805. Allocation and distribution of funds.

      `Sec. 1806. Evaluation.

`Part S--Transition--Effective Date--Repealer

      `Sec. 1901. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) DEFINITION- Section 901(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791(a)), is amended--

      (1) by adding a semicolon at the end of paragraph (21);

      (2) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (22);

      (3) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (23) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (4) by adding after paragraph (23) the following:

      `(24) the term `young offender' means a non-violent first-time offender or a non-violent offender with a minor criminal record who is 22 years of age or younger (including juveniles).'.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 10003(c), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and Q' and inserting `Q, or R'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(16) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out projects under part R--

      `(A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(B) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(C) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(D) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(E) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

Subtitle C--Alien Incarceration

SEC. 20301. INCARCERATION OF UNDOCUMENTED CRIMINAL ALIENS.

    (a) INCARCERATION- Section 242 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1252) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(j) INCARCERATION-

      `(1) If the chief executive officer of a State (or, if appropriate, a political subdivision of the State) exercising authority with respect to the incarceration of an undocumented criminal alien submits a written request to the Attorney General, the Attorney General shall, as determined by the Attorney General--

        `(A) enter into a contractual arrangement which provides for compensation to the State or a political subdivision of the State, as may be appropriate, with respect to the incarceration of the undocumented criminal alien; or

        `(B) take the undocumented criminal alien into the custody of the Federal Government and incarcerate the alien.

      `(2) Compensation under paragraph (1)(A) shall be the average cost of incarceration of a prisoner in the relevant State as determined by the Attorney General.

      `(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `undocumented criminal alien' means an alien who--

        `(A) has been convicted of a felony and sentenced to a term of imprisonment; and

        `(B)(i) entered the United States without inspection or at any time or place other than as designated by the Attorney General;

        `(ii) was the subject of exclusion or deportation proceedings at the time he or she was taken into custody by the State or a political subdivision of the State; or

        `(iii) was admitted as a nonimmigrant and at the time he or she was taken into custody by the State or a political subdivision of the State has failed to maintain the nonimmigrant status in which the alien was admitted or to which it was changed under section 248, or to comply with the conditions of any such status.

      `(4)(A) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Attorney General shall give priority to the Federal incarceration of undocumented criminal aliens who have committed aggravated felonies.

      `(B) The Attorney General shall ensure that undocumented criminal aliens incarcerated in Federal facilities pursuant to this subsection are held in facilities which provide a level of security appropriate to the crimes for which they were convicted.

      `(5) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection, of which the following amounts may be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund:

        `(A) $130,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

        `(B) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        `(C) $330,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        `(D) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        `(E) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        `(F) $340,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect October 1, 1994.

    (c) TERMINATION OF LIMITATION- Notwithstanding section 242(j)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a), the requirements of section 242(j) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a), shall not be subject to the availability of appropriations on and after October 1, 2004.

Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Provisions

SEC. 20401. PRISONER'S PLACE OF IMPRISONMENT.

    Paragraph (b) of section 3621 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after subsection (5) the following: `In designating the place of imprisonment or making transfers under this subsection, there shall be no favoritism given to prisoners of high social or economic status.'.

SEC. 20402. PRISON IMPACT ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 4047. Prison impact assessments

    `(a) Any submission of legislation by the Judicial or Executive branch which could increase or decrease the number of persons incarcerated in Federal penal institutions shall be accompanied by a prison impact statement (as defined in subsection (b)).

    `(b) The Attorney General shall, in consultation with the Sentencing Commission and the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, prepare and furnish prison impact assessments under subsection (c) of this section, and in response to requests from Congress for information relating to a pending measure or matter that might affect the number of defendants processed through the Federal criminal justice system. A prison impact assessment on pending legislation must be supplied within 21 days of any request. A prison impact assessment shall include--

      `(1) projections of the impact on prison, probation, and post prison supervision populations;

      `(2) an estimate of the fiscal impact of such population changes on Federal expenditures, including those for construction and operation of correctional facilities for the current fiscal year and 5 succeeding fiscal years;

      `(3) an analysis of any other significant factor affecting the cost of the measure and its impact on the operations of components of the criminal justice system; and

      `(4) a statement of the methodologies and assumptions utilized in preparing the assessment.

    `(c) The Attorney General shall prepare and transmit to the Congress, by March 1 of each year, a prison impact assessment reflecting the cumulative effect of all relevant changes in the law taking effect during the preceding calendar year.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 303 is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `4047. Prison impact assessments.'.

SEC. 20403. SENTENCES TO ACCOUNT FOR COSTS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF IMPRISONMENT, RELEASE, AND PROBATION.

    (a) IMPOSITION OF SENTENCE- Section 3572(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as paragraphs (7) and (8), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new paragraph:

      `(6) the expected costs to the government of any imprisonment, supervised release, or probation component of the sentence;'.

    (b) DUTIES OF THE SENTENCING COMMISSION- Section 994 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(y) The Commission, in promulgating guidelines pursuant to subsection (a)(1), may include, as a component of a fine, the expected costs to the Government of any imprisonment, supervised release, or probation sentence that is ordered.'.

SEC. 20404. APPLICATION TO PRISONERS TO WHICH PRIOR LAW APPLIES.

    In the case of a prisoner convicted of an offense committed prior to November 1, 1987, the reference to supervised release in section 4042(b) of title 18, United States Code, shall be deemed to be a reference to probation or parole.

SEC. 20405. CREDITING OF `GOOD TIME'.

    Section 3624 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `he' each place it appears and inserting `the prisoner';

      (2) by striking `his' each place it appears and inserting `the prisoner's';

      (3) in subsection (d) by striking `him' and inserting `the prisoner'; and

      (4) in subsection (b)--

        (A) in the first sentence by inserting `(other than a prisoner serving a sentence for a crime of violence)' after `A prisoner'; and

        (B) by inserting after the first sentence the following: `A prisoner who is serving a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year for a crime of violence, other than a term of imprisonment for the duration of the prisoner's life, may receive credit toward the service of the prisoner's sentence, beyond the time served, of up to 54 days at the end of each year of the prisoner's term of imprisonment, beginning at the end of the first year of the term, subject to determination by the Bureau of Prisons that, during that year, the prisoner has displayed exemplary compliance with such institutional disciplinary regulations.'.

SEC. 20406. TASK FORCE ON PRISON CONSTRUCTION STANDARDIZATION AND TECHNIQUES.

    (a) TASK FORCE- The Director of the National Institute of Corrections shall, subject to availability of appropriations, establish a task force composed of Federal, State, and local officials expert in prison construction, and of at least an equal number of engineers, architects, and construction experts from the private sector with expertise in prison design and construction, including the use of cost-cutting construction standardization techniques and cost-cutting new building materials and technologies.

    (b) COOPERATION- The task force shall work in close cooperation and communication with other State and local officials responsible for prison construction in their localities.

    (c) PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS- The task force shall work to--

      (1) establish and recommend standardized construction plans and techniques for prison and prison component construction; and

      (2) evaluate and recommend new construction technologies, techniques, and materials,

    to reduce prison construction costs at the Federal, State, and local levels and make such construction more efficient.

    (d) DISSEMINATION- The task force shall disseminate information described in subsection (c) to State and local officials involved in prison construction, through written reports and meetings.

    (e) PROMOTION AND EVALUATION- The task force shall--

      (1) work to promote the implementation of cost-saving efforts at the Federal, State, and local levels;

      (2) evaluate and advise on the results and effectiveness of such cost-saving efforts as adopted, broadly disseminating information on the results; and

      (3) to the extent feasible, certify the effectiveness of the cost-savings efforts.

SEC. 20407. EFFICIENCY IN LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CORRECTIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- In the administration of each grant program funded by appropriations authorized by this Act or by an amendment made by this Act, the Attorney General shall encourage--

      (1) innovative methods for the low-cost construction of facilities to be constructed, converted, or expanded and the low-cost operation of such facilities and the reduction of administrative costs and overhead expenses; and

      (2) the use of surplus Federal property.

    (b) ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COMPONENTS AND DESIGNS- The Attorney General may make an assessment of the cost efficiency and utility of using modular, prefabricated, precast, and pre-engineered construction components and designs for housing nonviolent criminals.

SEC. 20408. AMENDMENTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ORGANIZATION ACT AND THE NATIONAL LITERACY ACT OF 1991.

    (a) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The matter preceding paragraph (1) of section 214(d) of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3423a(d)) is amended by striking `under subsection (a)' and inserting `under subsection (c)'.

    (b) ESTABLISHMENT OF A PANEL AND USE OF FUNDS- Section 601 of the National Literacy Act of 1991 (20 U.S.C. 1211-2) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (i); and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new subsections:

    `(g) PANEL- The Secretary is authorized to consult with and convene a panel of experts in correctional education, including program administrators and field-based professionals in adult corrections, juvenile services, jails, and community corrections programs, to--

      `(1) develop measures for evaluating the effectiveness of the programs funded under this section; and

      `(2) evaluate the effectiveness of such programs.

    `(h) USE OF FUNDS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may use not more than five percent of funds appropriated under subsection (i) in any fiscal year to carry out grant-related activities such as monitoring, technical assistance, and replication and dissemination.'.

SEC. 20409. APPROPRIATE REMEDIES FOR PRISON OVERCROWDING.

    (a) AMENDMENT OF TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE- Subchapter C of chapter 229 of part 2 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 3626. Appropriate remedies with respect to prison crowding

    `(a) REQUIREMENT OF SHOWING WITH RESPECT TO THE PLAINTIFF IN PARTICULAR-

      `(1) HOLDING- A Federal court shall not hold prison or jail crowding unconstitutional under the eighth amendment except to the extent that an individual plaintiff inmate proves that the crowding causes the infliction of cruel and unusual punishment of that inmate.

      `(2) RELIEF- The relief in a case described in paragraph (1) shall extend no further than necessary to remove the conditions that are causing the cruel and unusual punishment of the plaintiff inmate.

    `(b) INMATE POPULATION CEILINGS-

      `(1) REQUIREMENT OF SHOWING WITH RESPECT TO PARTICULAR PRISONERS- A Federal court shall not place a ceiling on the inmate population of any Federal, State, or local detention facility as an equitable remedial measure for conditions that violate the eighth amendment unless crowding is inflicting cruel and unusual punishment on particular identified prisoners.

      `(2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Paragraph (1) shall not be construed to have any effect on Federal judicial power to issue equitable relief other than that described in paragraph (1), including the requirement of improved medical or health care and the imposition of civil contempt fines or damages, where such relief is appropriate.

    `(c) PERIODIC REOPENING- Each Federal court order or consent decree seeking to remedy an eighth amendment violation shall be reopened at the behest of a defendant for recommended modification at a minimum of 2-year intervals.'.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT- Section 3626 of title 18, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply to all outstanding court orders on the date of enactment of this Act. Any State or municipality shall be entitled to seek modification of any outstanding eighth amendment decree pursuant to that section.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The subchapter analysis for subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `3626. Appropriate remedies with respect to prison crowding.'.

    (d) SUNSET PROVISION- This section and the amendments made by this section are repealed effective as of the date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 20410. CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL OF ANY EXPANSION AT LORTON AND CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS ON FUTURE NEEDS.

    (a) CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the existing prison facilities and complex at the District of Columbia Corrections Facility at Lorton, Virginia, shall not be expanded unless such expansion has been approved by the Congress under the authority provided to Congress in section 446 of the District of Columbia Self-Government and Governmental Reorganization Act.

    (b) SENATE HEARINGS- The Senate directs the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate to conduct hearings regarding expansion of the prison complex in Lorton, Virginia, prior to any approval granted pursuant to subsection (a). The subcommittee shall permit interested parties, including appropriate officials from the County of Fairfax, Virginia, to testify at such hearings.

    (c) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the terms `expanded' and `expansion' mean any alteration of the physical structure of the prison complex that is made to increase the number of inmates incarcerated at the prison.

SEC. 20411. AWARDS OF PELL GRANTS TO PRISONERS PROHIBITED.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 401(b)(8) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a(b)(8)) is amended to read as follows:

    `(8) No basic grant shall be awarded under this subpart to any individual who is incarcerated in any Federal or State penal institution.'.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT- The amendment made by this section shall apply with respect to periods of enrollment beginning on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 20412. EDUCATION REQUIREMENT FOR EARLY RELEASE.

    Section 3624(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `(1)' after `behavior- ';

      (2) by striking `Such credit toward service of sentence vests at the time that it is received. Credit that has vested may not later be withdrawn, and credit that has not been earned may not later be granted.' and inserting `Credit that has not been earned may not later be granted.'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

    `(2) Credit toward a prisoner's service of sentence shall not be vested unless the prisoner has earned or is making satisfactory progress toward a high school diploma or an equivalent degree.

    `(3) The Attorney General shall ensure that the Bureau of Prisons has in effect an optional General Educational Development program for inmates who have not earned a high school diploma or its equivalent.

    `(4) Exemptions to the General Educational Development requirement may be made as deemed appropriate by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.'.

SEC. 20413. CONVERSION OF CLOSED MILITARY INSTALLATIONS INTO FEDERAL PRISON FACILITIES.

    (a) STUDY OF SUITABLE BASES- The Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General shall jointly conduct a study of all military installations selected before the date of enactment of this Act to be closed pursuant to a base closure law for the purpose of evaluating the suitability of any of these installations, or portions of these installations, for conversion into Federal prison facilities. As part of the study, the Secretary and the Attorney General shall identify the military installations so evaluated that are most suitable for conversion into Federal prison facilities.

    (b) SUITABILITY FOR CONVERSION- In evaluating the suitability of a military installation for conversion into a Federal prison facility, the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General shall consider the estimated cost to convert the installation into a prison facility and such other factors as the Secretary and the Attorney General consider to be appropriate.

    (c) TIME FOR STUDY- The study required by subsection (a) shall be completed not later than the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (d) CONSTRUCTION OF FEDERAL PRISONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- In determining where to locate any new Federal prison facility, and in accordance with the Department of Justice's duty to review and identify a use for any portion of an installation closed pursuant to title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526) and the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510), the Attorney General shall--

        (A) consider whether using any portion of a military installation closed or scheduled to be closed in the region pursuant to a base closure law provides a cost-effective alternative to the purchase of real property or construction of new prison facilities;

        (B) consider whether such use is consistent with a reutilization and redevelopment plan; and

        (C) give consideration to any installation located in a rural area the closure of which will have a substantial adverse impact on the economy of the local communities and on the ability of the communities to sustain an economic recovery from such closure.

      (2) CONSENT- With regard to paragraph (1)(B), consent must be obtained from the local re-use authority for the military installation, recognized and funded by the Secretary of Defense, before the Attorney General may proceed with plans for the design or construction of a prison at the installation.

      (3) REPORT ON BASIS OF DECISION- Before proceeding with plans for the design or construction of a Federal prison, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report explaining the basis of the decision on where to locate the new prison facility.

      (4) REPORT ON COST-EFFECTIVENESS- If the Attorney General decides not to utilize any portion of a closed military installation or an installation scheduled to be closed for locating a prison, the report shall include an analysis of why installations in the region, the use of which as a prison would be consistent with a reutilization and redevelopment plan, does not provide a cost-effective alternative to the purchase of real property or construction of new prison facilities.

    (e) DEFINITION- In this section, `base closure law' means--

      (1) the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note); and

      (2) title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

SEC. 20414. POST-CONVICTION RELEASE DRUG TESTING--FEDERAL OFFENDERS.

    (a) DRUG TESTING PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subchapter A of chapter 229 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 3608. Drug testing of Federal offenders on post-conviction release

    `The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, establish a program of drug testing of Federal offenders on post-conviction release. The program shall include such standards and guidelines as the Director may determine necessary to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the drug testing programs. In each judicial district the chief probation officer shall arrange for the drug testing of defendants on post-conviction release pursuant to a conviction for a felony or other offense described in section 3563(a)(4).'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The subchapter analysis for subchapter A of chapter 229 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `3608. Drug testing of Federal offenders on post-conviction release.'.

    (b) CONDITIONS OF PROBATION- Section 3563(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2) by striking `and' after the semicolon;

      (2) in paragraph (3) by striking the period and inserting `; and';

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(4) for a felony, a misdemeanor, or an infraction, that the defendant refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled substance and submit to one drug test within 15 days of release on probation and at least 2 periodic drug tests thereafter (as determined by the court) for use of a controlled substance, but the condition stated in this paragraph may be ameliorated or suspended by the court for any individual defendant if the defendant's presentence report or other reliable sentencing information indicates a low risk of future substance abuse by the defendant.'; and

      (4) by adding at the end the following: `The results of a drug test administered in accordance with paragraph (4) shall be subject to confirmation only if the results are positive, the defendant is subject to possible imprisonment for such failure, and either the defendant denies the accuracy of such test or there is some other reason to question the results of the test. A defendant who tests positive may be detained pending verification of a positive drug test result. A drug test confirmation shall be a urine drug test confirmed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry techniques or such test as the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts after consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services may determine to be of equivalent accuracy. The court shall consider whether the availability of appropriate substance abuse treatment programs, or an individual's current or past participation in such programs, warrants an exception in accordance with United States Sentencing Commission guidelines from the rule of section 3565(b), when considering any action against a defendant who fails a drug test administered in accordance with paragraph (4).'.

    (c) CONDITIONS OF SUPERVISED RELEASE- Section 3583(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: `The court shall also order, as an explicit condition of supervised release, that the defendant refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled substance and submit to a drug test within 15 days of release on supervised release and at least 2 periodic drug tests thereafter (as determined by the court) for use of a controlled substance. The condition stated in the preceding sentence may be ameliorated or suspended by the court as provided in section 3563(a)(4). The results of a drug test administered in accordance with the preceding subsection shall be subject to confirmation only if the results are positive, the defendant is subject to possible imprisonment for such failure, and either the defendant denies the accuracy of such test or there is some other reason to question the results of the test. A drug test confirmation shall be a urine drug test confirmed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry techniques or such test as the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts after consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services may determine to be of equivalent accuracy. The court shall consider whether the availability of appropriate substance abuse treatment programs, or an individual's current or past participation in such programs, warrants an exception in accordance with United States Sentencing Commission guidelines from the rule of section 3583(g) when considering any action against a defendant who fails a drug test.'.

    (d) CONDITIONS OF PAROLE- Section 4209(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: `In every case, the Commission shall also impose as a condition of parole that the parolee pass a drug test prior to release and refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled substance and submit to at least 2 periodic drug tests (as determined by the Commission) for use of a controlled substance. The condition stated in the preceding sentence may be ameliorated or suspended by the Commission for any individual parolee if it determines that there is good cause for doing so. The results of a drug test administered in accordance with the provisions of the preceding sentence shall be subject to confirmation only if the results are positive, the defendant is subject to possible imprisonment for such failure, and either the defendant denies the accuracy of such test or there is some other reason to question the results of the test. A drug test confirmation shall be a urine drug test confirmed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry techniques or such test as the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts after consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services may determine to be of equivalent accuracy. The Commission shall consider whether the availability of appropriate substance abuse treatment programs, or an individual's current or past participation in such programs, warrants an exception in accordance with United States Sentencing Commission guidelines from the rule of section 4214(f) when considering any action against a defendant who fails a drug test.'.

SEC. 20415. REPORTING OF CASH RECEIVED BY CRIMINAL COURT CLERKS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 6050I of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to returns relating to cash received in trade or business) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(g) CASH RECEIVED BY CRIMINAL COURT CLERKS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Every clerk of a Federal or State criminal court who receives more than $10,000 in cash as bail for any individual charged with a specified criminal offense shall make a return described in paragraph (2) (at such time as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe) with respect to the receipt of such bail.

      `(2) RETURN- A return is described in this paragraph if such return--

        `(A) is in such form as the Secretary may prescribe, and

        `(B) contains--

          `(i) the name, address, and TIN of--

            `(I) the individual charged with the specified criminal offense, and

            `(II) each person posting the bail (other than a person licensed as a bail bondsman),

          `(ii) the amount of cash received,

          `(iii) the date the cash was received, and

          `(iv) such other information as the Secretary may prescribe.

      `(3) SPECIFIED CRIMINAL OFFENSE- For purposes of this subsection, the term `specified criminal offense' means--

        `(A) any Federal criminal offense involving a controlled substance,

        `(B) racketeering (as defined in section 1951, 1952, or 1955 of title 18, United States Code),

        `(C) money laundering (as defined in section 1956 or 1957 of such title), and

        `(D) any State criminal offense substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).

      `(4) INFORMATION TO FEDERAL PROSECUTORS- Each clerk required to include on a return under paragraph (1) the information described in paragraph (2)(B) with respect to an individual described in paragraph (2)(B)(i)(I) shall furnish (at such time as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe) a written statement showing such information to the United States Attorney for the jurisdiction in which such individual resides and the jurisdiction in which the specified criminal offense occurred.

      `(5) INFORMATION TO PAYORS OF BAIL- Each clerk required to make a return under paragraph (1) shall furnish (at such time as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe) to each person whose name is required to be set forth in such return by reason of paragraph (2)(B)(i)(II) a written statement showing--

        `(A) the name and address of the clerk's office required to make the return, and

        `(B) the aggregate amount of cash described in paragraph (1) received by such clerk.'.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) Clause (iv) of section 6724(d)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows:

          `(iv) section 6050I (a) or (g)(1) (relating to cash received in trade or business, etc.),'.

      (2) Subparagraph (K) of section 6724(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows:

        `(K) section 6050I(e) or paragraph (4) or (5) of section 6050I(g) (relating to cash received in trade or business, etc.),'.

      (3) The heading for section 6050I of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking `BUSINESS' and inserting `BUSINESS, ETC.'.

      (4) The table of sections for subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter A of chapter 61 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking `business' and inserting `business, etc.' in the item relating to section 6050I.

    (c) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary's delegate shall prescribe temporary regulations under the amendments made by this section within 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the 60th day after the date on which the temporary regulations are prescribed under subsection (c).

SEC. 20416. CIVIL RIGHTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS.

    (a) EXHAUSTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES- Section 7 of the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (42 U.S.C. 1997e) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking `ninety days' and inserting `180 days'; and

        (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period at the end the following: `or are otherwise fair and effective'; and

      (2) in subsection (c)--

        (A) in paragraph (1) by inserting before the period at the end the following: `or are otherwise fair and effective'; and

        (B) in paragraph (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: `or is no longer fair and effective'.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 20417. NOTIFICATION OF RELEASE OF PRISONERS.

    Section 4042 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `The Bureau' and inserting `(a) IN GENERAL- The Bureau';

      (2) by striking `This section' and inserting `(c) APPLICATION OF SECTION- This section';

      (3) in paragraph (4) of subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--

        (A) by striking `Provide' and inserting `provide'; and

        (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and';

      (4) by inserting after paragraph (4) of subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1), the following new paragraph:

      `(5) provide notice of release of prisoners in accordance with subsection (b).'; and

      (5) by inserting after subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1), the following new subsection:

    `(b) NOTICE OF RELEASE OF PRISONERS- (1) At least 5 days prior to the date on which a prisoner described in paragraph (3) is to be released on supervised release, or, in the case of a prisoner on supervised release, at least 5 days prior to the date on which the prisoner changes residence to a new jurisdiction, written notice of the release or change of residence shall be provided to the chief law enforcement officer of the State and of the local jurisdiction in which the prisoner will reside. Notice prior to release shall be provided by the Director of the Bureau of Prisons. Notice concerning a change of residence following release shall be provided by the probation officer responsible for the supervision of the released prisoner, or in a manner specified by the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts. The notice requirements under this subsection do not apply in relation to a prisoner being protected under chapter 224.

    `(2) A notice under paragraph (1) shall disclose--

      `(A) the prisoner's name;

      `(B) the prisoner's criminal history, including a description of the offense of which the prisoner was convicted; and

      `(C) any restrictions on conduct or other conditions to the release of the prisoner that are imposed by law, the sentencing court, or the Bureau of Prisons or any other Federal agency.

    `(3) A prisoner is described in this paragraph if the prisoner was convicted of--

      `(A) a drug trafficking crime, as that term is defined in section 924(c)(2); or

      `(B) a crime of violence (as defined in section 924(c)(3)).

    `(4) The notice provided under this section shall be used solely for law enforcement purposes.'.

SEC. 20418. CORRECTIONAL JOB TRAINING AND PLACEMENT.

    (a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to encourage and support job training programs, and job placement programs, that provide services to incarcerated persons or ex-offenders.

    (b) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section:

      (1) CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION- The term `correctional institution' means any prison, jail, reformatory, work farm, detention center, or halfway house, or any other similar institution designed for the confinement or rehabilitation of criminal offenders.

      (2) CORRECTIONAL JOB TRAINING OR PLACEMENT PROGRAM- The term `correctional job training or placement program' means an activity that provides job training or job placement services to incarcerated persons or ex-offenders, or that assists incarcerated persons or ex-offenders in obtaining such services.

      (3) EX-OFFENDER- The term `ex-offender' means any individual who has been sentenced to a term of probation by a Federal or State court, or who has been released from a Federal, State, or local correctional institution.

      (4) INCARCERATED PERSON- The term `incarcerated person' means any individual incarcerated in a Federal or State correctional institution who is charged with or convicted of any criminal offense.

    (c) ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall establish within the Department of Justice an Office of Correctional Job Training and Placement. The Office shall be headed by a Director, who shall be appointed by the Attorney General.

      (2) TIMING- The Attorney General shall carry out this subsection not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this section.

    (d) FUNCTIONS OF OFFICE- The Attorney General, acting through the Director of the Office of Correctional Job Training and Placement, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall--

      (1) assist in coordinating the activities of the Federal Bonding Program of the Department of Labor, the activities of the Department of Labor related to the certification of eligibility for targeted jobs credits under section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to ex-offenders, and any other correctional job training or placement program of the Department of Justice or Department of Labor;

      (2) provide technical assistance to State and local employment and training agencies that--

        (A) receive financial assistance under this Act; or

        (B) receive financial assistance through other programs carried out by the Department of Justice or Department of Labor, for activities related to the development of employability;

      (3) prepare and implement the use of special staff training materials, and methods, for developing the staff competencies needed by State and local agencies to assist incarcerated persons and ex-offenders in gaining marketable occupational skills and job placement;

      (4) prepare and submit to Congress an annual report on the activities of the Office of Correctional Job Training and Placement, and the status of correctional job training or placement programs in the United States;

      (5) cooperate with other Federal agencies carrying out correctional job training or placement programs to ensure coordination of such programs throughout the United States;

      (6) consult with, and provide outreach to--

        (A) State job training coordinating councils, administrative entities, and private industry councils, with respect to programs carried out under this Act; and

        (B) other State and local officials, with respect to other employment or training programs carried out by the Department of Justice or Department of Labor;

      (7) collect from States information on the training accomplishments and employment outcomes of a sample of incarcerated persons and ex-offenders who were served by employment or training programs carried out, or that receive financial assistance through programs carried out, by the Department of Justice or Department of Labor; and

      (8)(A) collect from States and local governments information on the development and implementation of correctional job training or placement programs; and

      (B) disseminate such information, as appropriate.

TITLE III--CRIME PREVENTION

Subtitle A--Ounce of Prevention Council

SEC. 30101. OUNCE OF PREVENTION COUNCIL.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There is established an Ounce of Prevention Council (referred to in this title as the `Council'), the members of which--

        (A) shall include the Attorney General, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy; and

        (B) may include other officials of the executive branch as directed by the President.

      (2) CHAIR- The President shall designate the Chair of the Council from among its members (referred to in this title as the `Chair').

      (3) STAFF- The Council may employ any necessary staff to carry out its functions, and may delegate any of its functions or powers to a member or members of the Council.

    (b) PROGRAM COORDINATION- For any program authorized under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, the Ounce of Prevention Council Chair, only at the request of the Council member with jurisdiction over that program, may coordinate that program, in whole or in part, through the Council.

    (c) ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES AND POWERS- In addition to the program coordination provided in subsection (b), the Council shall be responsible for such functions as coordinated planning, development of a comprehensive crime prevention program catalogue, provision of assistance to communities and community-based organizations seeking information regarding crime prevention programs and integrated program service delivery, and development of strategies for program integration and grant simplification. The Council shall have the authority to audit the expenditure of funds received by grantees under programs administered by or coordinated through the Council. In consultation with the Council, the Chair may issue regulations and guidelines to carry out this subtitle and programs administered by or coordinated through the Council.

SEC. 30102. OUNCE OF PREVENTION GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Council may make grants for--

      (1) summer and after-school (including weekend and holiday) education and recreation programs;

      (2) mentoring, tutoring, and other programs involving participation by adult role models (such as D.A.R.E. America);

      (3) programs assisting and promoting employability and job placement; and

      (4) prevention and treatment programs to reduce substance abuse, child abuse, and adolescent pregnancy, including outreach programs for at-risk families.

    (b) APPLICANTS- Applicants may be Indian tribal governments, cities, counties, or other municipalities, school boards, colleges and universities, private nonprofit entities, or consortia of eligible applicants. Applicants must show that a planning process has occurred that has involved organizations, institutions, and residents of target areas, including young people, and that there has been cooperation between neighborhood-based entities, municipality-wide bodies, and local private-sector representatives. Applicants must demonstrate the substantial involvement of neighborhood-based entities in the carrying out of the proposed activities. Proposals must demonstrate that a broad base of collaboration and coordination will occur in the implementation of the proposed activities, involving cooperation among youth-serving organizations, schools, health and social service providers, employers, law enforcement professionals, local government, and residents of target areas, including young people. Applications shall be geographically based in particular neighborhoods or sections of municipalities or particular segments of rural areas, and applications shall demonstrate how programs will serve substantial proportions of children and youth resident in the target area with activities designed to have substantial impact on their lives.

    (c) PRIORITY- In making such grants, the Council shall give preference to coalitions consisting of a broad spectrum of community-based and social service organizations that have a coordinated team approach to reducing gang membership and the effects of substance abuse, and providing alternatives to at-risk youth.

    (d) FEDERAL SHARE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Federal share of a grant made under this part may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the projects described in the applications submitted under subsection (b) for the fiscal year for which the projects receive assistance under this title.

      (2) WAIVER- The Council may waive the 25 percent matching requirement under paragraph (1) upon making a determination that a waiver is equitable in view of the financial circumstances affecting the ability of the applicant to meet that requirement.

      (3) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The non-Federal share of such costs may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, and services.

      (4) NONSUPPLANTING REQUIREMENT- Funds made available under this title to a governmental entity shall not be used to supplant State or local funds, or in the case of Indian tribal governments, funds supplied by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, but shall be used to increase the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Federal funds received under this title, be made available from State or local sources, or in the case of Indian tribal governments, from funds supplied by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

      (5) EVALUATION- The Council shall conduct a thorough evaluation of the programs assisted under this title.

SEC. 30103. DEFINITION.

    In this subtitle, `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

SEC. 30104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $14,700,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $18,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (4) $18,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (5) $18,900,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (6) $18,900,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle B--Local Crime Prevention Block Grant Program

SEC. 30201. PAYMENTS TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) PAYMENT AND USE-

      (1) PAYMENT- The Attorney General, shall pay to each unit of general local government which qualifies for a payment under this subtitle an amount equal to the sum of any amounts allocated to the government under this subtitle for each payment period. The Attorney General shall pay such amount from amounts appropriated under section 30202.

      (2) USE- Amounts paid to a unit of general local government under this section shall be used by that unit for carrying out one or more of the following purposes:

        (A) Education, training, research, prevention, diversion, treatment, and rehabilitation programs to prevent juvenile violence, juvenile gangs, and the use and sale of illegal drugs by juveniles.

        (B) Programs to prevent crimes against the elderly based on the concepts of the Triad model.

        (C) Programs that prevent young children from becoming gang involved, including the award of grants or contracts to community-based service providers that have a proven track record of providing services to children ages 5 to 18.

        (D) Saturation jobs programs, offered either separately or in conjunction with the services provided for under the Youth Fair Chance Program, that provide employment opportunities leading to permanent unsubsidized employment for disadvantaged young adults 16 through 25 years of age.

        (E) Midnight sports league programs that shall require each player in the league to attend employment counseling, job training, and other educational classes provided under the program, which shall be held in conjunction with league sports games at or near the site of the games.

        (F) Supervised sports and recreation programs, including Olympic Youth Development Centers established in cooperation with the United States Olympic Committee, that are offered--

          (i) after school and on weekends and holidays, during the school year; and

          (ii) as daily (or weeklong) full-day programs (to the extent available resources permit) or as part-day programs, during the summer months.

        (G) Prevention and enforcement programs to reduce--

          (i) the formation or continuation of juvenile gangs; and

          (ii) the use and sale of illegal drugs by juveniles.

        (H) Youth anticrime councils to give intermediate and secondary school students a structured forum through which to work with community organizations, law enforcement officials, government and media representatives, and school administrators and faculty to address issues regarding youth and violence.

        (I) Award of grants or contracts to the Boys and Girls Clubs of America, a national nonprofit youth organization, to establish Boys and Girls Clubs in public housing.

        (J) Supervised visitation centers for children who have been removed from their parents and placed outside the home as a result of abuse or neglect or other risk of harm to them and for children whose parents are separated or divorced and the children are at risk because--

          (i) there is documented sexual, physical, or emotional abuse as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction;

          (ii) there is suspected or elevated risk of sexual, physical, or emotional abuse, or there have been threats of parental abduction of the child;

          (iii) due to domestic violence, there is an ongoing risk of harm to a parent or child;

          (iv) a parent is impaired because of substance abuse or mental illness;

          (v) there are allegations that a child is at risk for any of the reasons stated in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), pending an investigation of the allegations; or

          (vi) other circumstances, as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, point to the existence of such a risk.

        (K) Family Outreach Teams which provide a youth worker, a parent worker, and a school-parent organizer to provide training in outreach, mentoring, community organizing and peer counseling and mentoring to locally recruited volunteers in a particular area.

        (L) To establish corridors of safety for senior citizens by increasing the numbers, presence, and watchfulness of law enforcement officers, community groups, and business owners and employees.

        (M) Teams or units involving both specially trained law enforcement professionals and child or family services professionals that on a 24-hour basis respond to or deal with violent incidents in which a child is involved as a perpetrator, witness, or victim.

        (N) Dwelling units to law enforcement officers without charge or at a substantially reduced rent for the purpose of providing greater security for residents of high crime areas.

    (b) TIMING OF PAYMENTS- The Attorney General shall pay each amount allocated under this subtitle to a unit of general local government for a payment period by the later of 90 days after the date the amount is available or the first day of the payment period if the unit of general local government has provided the Attorney General with the assurances required by section 30203(d).

    (c) ADJUSTMENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), the Attorney General shall adjust a payment under this subtitle to a unit of general local government to the extent that a prior payment to the government was more or less than the amount required to be paid.

      (2) CONSIDERATIONS- The Attorney General may increase or decrease under this subsection a payment to a unit of general local government only if the Attorney General determines the need for the increase or decrease, or the unit requests the increase or decrease, within one year after the end of the payment period for which the payment was made.

    (d) RESERVATION FOR ADJUSTMENTS- The Attorney General may reserve a percentage of not more than 2 percent of the amount under this section for a payment period for all units of general local government in a State if the Attorney General considers the reserve is necessary to ensure the availability of sufficient amounts to pay adjustments after the final allocation of amounts among the units of general local government in the State.

    (e) REPAYMENT OF UNEXPENDED AMOUNTS-

      (1) REPAYMENT REQUIRED- A unit of general local government shall repay to the Attorney General, by not later than 15 months after receipt from the Attorney General, any amount that is--

        (A) paid to the unit from amounts appropriated under the authority of this section; and

        (B) not expended by the unit within one year after receipt from the Attorney General.

      (2) PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO REPAY- If the amount required to be repaid is not repaid, the Attorney General shall reduce payments in future payment periods accordingly.

      (3) DEPOSIT OF AMOUNTS REPAID- Amounts received by the Attorney General as repayments under this subsection shall be deposited in a designated fund for future payments to units of general local government.

    (f) NONSUPPLANTING REQUIREMENT- Funds made available under this subtitle to units of local government shall not be used to supplant State or local funds, but will be used to increase the amount of funds that would, in the absence of funds under this subtitle, be made available from State or local sources.

SEC. 30202. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $75,940,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $75,940,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $75,940,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $75,940,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $73,240,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    Such sums are to remain available until expended.

    (b) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Up to 2.5 percent of the amount authorized to be appropriated under subsection (b) is authorized to be appropriated for the period fiscal year 1995 through fiscal year 2000 to be available for administrative costs by the Attorney General in furtherance of the purposes of the program. Such sums are to remain available until expended.

SEC. 30203. QUALIFICATION FOR PAYMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall issue regulations establishing procedures under which eligible units of general local government are required to provide notice to the Attorney General of the units' proposed use of assistance under this subtitle.

    (b) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFICATION- A unit of general local government qualifies for a payment under this subtitle for a payment period only after establishing to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that--

      (1) the government will establish a trust fund in which the government will deposit all payments received under this subtitle;

      (2) the government will use amounts in the trust fund (including interest) during a reasonable period;

      (3) the government will expend the payments so received, in accordance with the laws and procedures that are applicable to the expenditure of revenues of the government;

      (4) if at least 25 percent of the pay of individuals employed by the government in a public employee occupation is paid out of the trust fund, individuals in the occupation any part of whose pay is paid out of the trust fund will receive pay at least equal to the prevailing rate of pay for individuals employed in similar public employee occupations by the government;

      (5) the government will use accounting, audit, and fiscal procedures that conform to guidelines which shall be prescribed by the Attorney General after consultation with the Comptroller General of the United States. As applicable, amounts received under this subtitle shall be audited in compliance with the Single Audit Act of 1984;

      (6) after reasonable notice to the government, the government will make available to the Attorney General and the Comptroller General of the United States, with the right to inspect, records the Attorney General reasonably requires to review compliance with this subtitle or the Comptroller General of the United States reasonably requires to review compliance and operations;

      (7) the government will make reports the Attorney General reasonably requires, in addition to the annual reports required under this subtitle; and

      (8) the government will spend the funds only for the purposes set forth in section 30201(a)(2).

    (c) REVIEW BY GOVERNORS- A unit of general local government shall give the chief executive officer of the State in which the government is located an opportunity for review and comment before establishing compliance with subsection (d).

    (d) SANCTIONS FOR NONCOMPLIANCE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- If the Attorney General decides that a unit of general local government has not complied substantially with subsection (b) or regulations prescribed under subsection (b), the Attorney General shall notify the government. The notice shall state that if the government does not take corrective action by the 60th day after the date the government receives the notice, the Attorney General will withhold additional payments to the government for the current payment period and later payment periods until the Attorney General is satisfied that the government--

        (A) has taken the appropriate corrective action; and

        (B) will comply with subsection (b) and regulations prescribed under subsection (b).

      (2) NOTICE- Before giving notice under paragraph (1), the Attorney General shall give the chief executive officer of the unit of general local government reasonable notice and an opportunity for comment.

      (3) PAYMENT CONDITIONS- The Attorney General may make a payment to a unit of general local government notified under paragraph (1) only if the Attorney General is satisfied that the government--

        (A) has taken the appropriate corrective action; and

        (B) will comply with subsection (b) and regulations prescribed under subsection (b).

SEC. 30204. ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    (a) STATE DISTRIBUTION- For each payment period, the Attorney General shall allocate out of the amount appropriated for the period under the authority of section 30202--

      (1) 0.25 percent to each State; and

      (2) of the total amount of funds remaining after allocation under paragraph (1), an amount that is equal to the ratio that the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by such State to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 bears to the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by all States to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993.

    (b) LOCAL DISTRIBUTION- (1) The Attorney General shall allocate among the units of general local government in a State the amount allocated to the State under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).

    (2) The Attorney General shall allocate to each unit of general local government an amount which bears the ratio that the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by such unit to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 bears to the number of part 1 violent crimes reported by all units in the State in which the unit is located to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 multiplied by the ratio of the population living in all units in the State in which the unit is located that reported part 1 violent crimes to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 1993 bears to the population of the State; or if such data are not available for a unit, the ratio that the population of such unit bears to the population of all units in the State in which the unit is located for which data are not available multiplied by the ratio of the population living in units in the State in which the unit is located for which data are not available bears to the population of the State.

    (3) If under paragraph (2) a unit is allotted less than $5,000 for the payment period, the amount allotted shall be transferred to the Governor of the State who shall equitably distribute the allocation to all such units or consortia thereof.

    (4) If there is in a State a unit of general local government that has been incorporated since the date of the collection of the data used by the Attorney General in making allocations pursuant to this section, the Attorney General shall allocate to this newly incorporated local government, out of the amount allocated to the State under this section, an amount bearing the same ratio to the amount allocated to the State as the population of the newly incorporated local government bears to the population of the State. If there is in the State a unit of general local government that has been annexed since the date of the collection of the data used by the Attorney General in making allocations pursuant to this section, the Attorney General shall pay the amount that would have been allocated to this local government to the unit of general local government that annexed it.

    (c) UNAVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION- For purposes of this section, if data regarding part 1 violent crimes in any State for 1993 is unavailable or substantially inaccurate, the Attorney General shall utilize the best available comparable data regarding the number of violent crimes for 1993 for such State for the purposes of allocation of any funds under this subtitle.

SEC. 30205. UTILIZATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR.

    Funds or a portion of funds allocated under this subtitle may be utilized to contract with private, nonprofit entities or community-based organizations to carry out the uses specified under section 30201(a)(2).

SEC. 30206. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION.

    A unit of general local government expending payments under this subtitle shall hold at least one public hearing on the proposed use of the payment in relation to its entire budget. At the hearing, persons shall be given an opportunity to provide written and oral views to the governmental authority responsible for enacting the budget and to ask questions about the entire budget and the relation of the payment to the entire budget. The government shall hold the hearing at a time and a place that allows and encourages public attendance and participation.

SEC. 30207. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    The administrative provisions of part H of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, shall apply to the Attorney General for purposes of carrying out this subtitle.

SEC. 30208. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle:

      (1) The term `unit of general local government' means--

        (A) a county, township, city, or political subdivision of a county, township, or city, that is a unit of general local government as determined by the Secretary of Commerce for general statistical purposes; and

        (B) the District of Columbia and the recognized governing body of an Indian tribe or Alaskan Native village that carries out substantial governmental duties and powers.

      (2) The term `payment period' means each 1-year period beginning on October 1 of the years 1995 through 2000.

      (3) The term `State' means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands, except that American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands shall be considered as one State and that, for purposes of section 30204(a), 33 per centum of the amounts allocated shall be allocated to American Samoa, 50 per centum to Guam, and 17 per centum to the Northern Mariana Islands.

      (4) The term `children' means persons who are not younger than 5 and not older than 18 years old.

      (5) The term `part 1 violent crimes' means murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault as reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for purposes of the Uniform Crime Reports.

Subtitle C--Model Intensive Grant Programs

SEC. 30301. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may award grants to not more than 15 chronic high intensive crime areas to develop comprehensive model crime prevention programs that--

        (A) involve and utilize a broad spectrum of community resources, including nonprofit community organizations, law enforcement organizations, and appropriate State and Federal agencies, including the State educational agencies;

        (B) attempt to relieve conditions that encourage crime; and

        (C) provide meaningful and lasting alternatives to involvement in crime.

      (2) CONSULTATION WITH THE OUNCE OF PREVENTION COUNCIL- The Attorney General may consult with the Ounce of Prevention Council in awarding grants under paragraph (1).

    (b) PRIORITY- In awarding grants under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall give priority to proposals that--

      (1) are innovative in approach to the prevention of crime in a specific area;

      (2) vary in approach to ensure that comparisons of different models may be made; and

      (3) coordinate crime prevention programs funded under this program with other existing Federal programs to address the overall needs of communities that benefit from grants received under this title.

SEC. 30302. USES OF FUNDS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Funds awarded under this subtitle may be used only for purposes described in an approved application. The intent of grants under this subtitle is to fund intensively comprehensive crime prevention programs in chronic high intensive crime areas.

    (b) GUIDELINES- The Attorney General shall issue and publish in the Federal Register guidelines that describe suggested purposes for which funds under approved programs may be used.

    (c) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS- In disbursing funds under this subtitle, the Attorney General shall ensure the distribution of awards equitably on a geographic basis, including urban and rural areas of varying population and geographic size.

SEC. 30303. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) DESCRIPTION- An applicant shall include a description of the distinctive factors that contribute to chronic violent crime within the area proposed to be served by the grant. Such factors may include lack of alternative activities and programs for youth, deterioration or lack of public facilities, inadequate public services such as public transportation, street lighting, community-based substance abuse treatment facilities, or employment services offices, and inadequate police or public safety services, equipment, or facilities.

    (b) COMPREHENSIVE PLAN- An applicant shall include a comprehensive, community-based plan to attack intensively the principal factors identified in subsection (a). Such plans shall describe the specific purposes for which funds are proposed to be used and how each purpose will address specific factors. The plan also shall specify how local nonprofit organizations, government agencies, private businesses, citizens groups, volunteer organizations, and interested citizens will cooperate in carrying out the purposes of the grant.

    (c) EVALUATION- An applicant shall include an evaluation plan by which the success of the plan will be measured, including the articulation of specific, objective indicia of performance, how the indicia will be evaluated, and a projected timetable for carrying out the evaluation.

SEC. 30304. APPLICATIONS.

    To request a grant under this subtitle the chief local elected official of an area shall--

      (1) prepare and submit to the Attorney General an application in such form, at such time, and in accordance with such procedures, as the Attorney General shall establish; and

      (2) provide an assurance that funds received under this subtitle shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for programs funded under this subtitle.

SEC. 30305. REPORTS.

    Not later than December 31, 1998, the Attorney General shall prepare and submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House and Senate an evaluation of the model programs developed under this subtitle and make recommendations regarding the implementation of a national crime prevention program.

SEC. 30306. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `chief local elected official' means an official designated under regulations issued by the Attorney General. The criteria used by the Attorney General in promulgating such regulations shall ensure administrative efficiency and accountability in the expenditure of funds and execution of funded projects under this subtitle.

      `chronic high intensity crime area' means an area meeting criteria adopted by the Attorney General by regulation that, at a minimum, define areas with--

        (A) consistently high rates of violent crime as reported in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's `Uniform Crime Reports', and

        (B) chronically high rates of poverty as determined by the Bureau of the Census.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 30307. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $125,100,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $125,100,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $125,100,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $150,200,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle D--Family and Community Endeavor Schools Grant Program

SEC. 30401. COMMUNITY SCHOOLS YOUTH SERVICES AND SUPERVISION GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `Community Schools Youth Services and Supervision Grant Program Act of 1994'.

    (b) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `child' means a person who is not younger than 5 and not older than 18 years old.

      `community-based organization' means a private, locally initiated, community-based organization that--

        (A) is a nonprofit organization, as defined in section 103(23) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5603(23)); and

        (B) is operated by a consortium of service providers, consisting of representatives of 5 or more of the following categories of persons:

          (i) Residents of the community.

          (ii) Business and civic leaders actively involved in providing employment and business development opportunities in the community.

          (iii) Educators.

          (iv) Religious organizations (which shall not provide any sectarian instruction or sectarian worship in connection with an activity funded under this title).

          (v) Law enforcement agencies.

          (vi) Public housing agencies.

          (vii) Other public agencies.

          (viii) Other interested parties.

      `eligible community' means an area identified pursuant to subsection (e).

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `poverty line' means the income official poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)) applicable to a family of the size involved.

      `public school' means a public elementary school, as defined in section 1201(i) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(i)), and a public secondary school, as defined in section 1201(d) of that Act.

      `Secretary' means the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation and coordination with the Attorney General.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands.

    (c) PROGRAM AUTHORITY-

      (1) IN GENERAL-

        (A) ALLOCATIONS FOR STATES AND INDIAN COUNTRY- For any fiscal year in which the sums appropriated to carry out this section equal or exceed $20,000,000, from the sums appropriated to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall allocate, for grants under subparagraph (B) to community-based organizations in each State, an amount bearing the same ratio to such sums as the number of children in the State who are from families with incomes below the poverty line bears to the number of children in all States who are from families with incomes below the poverty line. In view of the extraordinary need for assistance in Indian country, an appropriate amount of funds available under this subtitle shall be made available for such grants in Indian country.

        (B) GRANTS TO COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS FROM ALLOCATIONS- For such a fiscal year, the Secretary may award grants from the appropriate State or Indian country allocation determined under subparagraph (A) on a competitive basis to eligible community-based organizations to pay for the Federal share of assisting eligible communities to develop and carry out programs in accordance with this section.

        (C) REALLOCATION- If, at the end of such a fiscal year, the Secretary determines that funds allocated for community-based organizations in a State or Indian country under subparagraph (B) remain unobligated, the Secretary may use such funds to award grants to eligible community-based organizations in another State or Indian country to pay for such Federal share. In awarding such grants, the Secretary shall consider the need to maintain geographic diversity among the recipients of such grants. Amounts made available through such grants shall remain available until expended.

      (2) OTHER FISCAL YEARS- For any fiscal year in which the sums appropriated to carry out this section are less than $20,000,000, the Secretary may award grants on a competitive basis to eligible community-based organizations to pay for the Federal share of assisting eligible communities to develop and carry out programs in accordance with this section.

      (3) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- The Secretary may use not more than 3 percent of the funds appropriated to carry out this section in any fiscal year for administrative costs.

    (d) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) LOCATION- A community-based organization that receives a grant under this section to assist in carrying out such a program shall ensure that the program is carried out--

        (A) when appropriate, in the facilities of a public school during nonschool hours; or

        (B) in another appropriate local facility in a State or Indian country, such as a college or university, a local or State park or recreation center, church, or military base, that is--

          (i) in a location that is easily accessible to children in the community; and

          (ii) in compliance with all applicable local ordinances.

      (2) USE OF FUNDS- Such community-based organization--

        (A) shall use funds made available through the grant to provide, to children in the eligible community, services and activities that--

          (i) shall include supervised sports programs, and extracurricular and academic programs, that are offered--

            (I) after school and on weekends and holidays, during the school year; and

            (II) as daily full-day programs (to the extent available resources permit) or as part-day programs, during the summer months;

        (B) in providing such extracurricular and academic programs, shall provide programs such as curriculum-based supervised educational, work force preparation, entrepreneurship, cultural, health programs, social activities, arts and crafts programs, dance programs, tutorial and mentoring programs, and other related activities;

        (C) may use--

          (i) such funds for minor renovation of facilities that are in existence prior to the operation of the program and that are necessary for the operation of the program for which the organization receives the grant, purchase of sporting and recreational equipment and supplies, reasonable costs for the transportation of participants in the program, hiring of staff, provision of meals for such participants, provision of health services consisting of an initial basic physical examination, provision of first aid and nutrition guidance, family counselling, parental training, and substance abuse treatment where appropriate; and

          (ii) not more than 5 percent of such funds to pay for the administrative costs of the program; and

        (D) may not use such funds to provide sectarian worship or sectarian instruction.

    (e) ELIGIBLE COMMUNITY IDENTIFICATION-

      (1) IDENTIFICATION- To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a community-based organization shall identify an eligible community to be assisted under this section.

      (2) CRITERIA- Such eligible community shall be an area that meets such criteria with respect to significant poverty and significant juvenile delinquency, and such additional criteria, as the Secretary may by regulation require.

    (f) APPLICATIONS-

      (1) APPLICATION REQUIRED- To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a community-based organization shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information, as the Secretary may reasonably require, and obtain approval of such application.

      (2) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION- Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--

        (A) describe the activities and services to be provided through the program for which the grant is sought;

        (B) contain an assurance that the community-based organization will spend grant funds received under this section in a manner that the community-based organization determines will best accomplish the objectives of this section;

        (C) contain a comprehensive plan for the program that is designed to achieve identifiable goals for children in the eligible community;

        (D) set forth measurable goals and outcomes for the program that--

          (i) will--

            (I) where appropriate, make a public school the focal point of the eligible community; or

            (II) make a local facility described in subsection (d)(1)(B) such a focal point; and

          (ii) may include reducing the percentage of children in the eligible community that enter the juvenile justice system, increasing the graduation rates, school attendance, and academic success of children in the eligible community, and improving the skills of program participants;

        (E) provide evidence of support for accomplishing such goals and outcomes from--

          (i) community leaders;

          (ii) businesses;

          (iii) local educational agencies;

          (iv) local officials;

          (v) State officials;

          (vi) Indian tribal government officials; and

          (vii) other organizations that the community-based organization determines to be appropriate;

        (F) contain an assurance that the community-based organization will use grant funds received under this section to provide children in the eligible community with activities and services that shall include supervised sports programs, and extracurricular and academic programs, in accordance with subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (d)(2);

        (G) contain a list of the activities and services that will be offered through the program for which the grant is sought and sponsored by private nonprofit organizations, individuals, and groups serving the eligible community, including--

          (i) extracurricular and academic programs, such as programs described in subsection (d)(2)(B); and

          (ii) activities that address specific needs in the community;

        (H) demonstrate the manner in which the community-based organization will make use of the resources, expertise, and commitment of private entities in carrying out the program for which the grant is sought;

        (I) include an estimate of the number of children in the eligible community expected to be served pursuant to the program;

        (J) include a description of charitable private resources, and all other resources, that will be made available to achieve the goals of the program;

        (K) contain an assurance that the community-based organization will use competitive procedures when purchasing, contracting, or otherwise providing for goods, activities, or services to carry out programs under this section;

        (L) contain an assurance that the program will maintain a staff-to-participant ratio (including volunteers) that is appropriate to the activity or services provided by the program;

        (M) contain an assurance that the program will maintain an average attendance rate of not less than 75 percent of the participants enrolled in the program, or will enroll additional participants in the program;

        (N) contain an assurance that the community-based organization will comply with any evaluation under subsection (m), any research effort authorized under Federal law, and any investigation by the Secretary;

        (O) contain an assurance that the community-based organization shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report regarding any program conducted under this section;

        (P) contain an assurance that the program for which the grant is sought will, to the maximum extent possible, incorporate services that are provided solely through non-Federal private or nonprofit sources; and

        (Q) contain an assurance that the community-based organization will maintain separate accounting records for the program.

      (3) PRIORITY- In awarding grants to carry out programs under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to community-based organizations who submit applications that demonstrate the greatest effort in generating local support for the programs.

    (g) ELIGIBILITY OF PARTICIPANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- To the extent possible, each child who resides in an eligible community shall be eligible to participate in a program carried out in such community that receives assistance under this section.

      (2) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to participate in a program that receives assistance under this section, a child shall provide the express written approval of a parent or guardian, and shall submit an official application and agree to the terms and conditions of participation in the program.

      (3) NONDISCRIMINATION- In selecting children to participate in a program that receives assistance under this section, a community-based organization shall not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, or disability.

    (h) PEER REVIEW PANEL-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary may establish a peer review panel that shall be comprised of individuals with demonstrated experience in designing and implementing community-based programs.

      (2) COMPOSITION- A peer review panel shall include at least 1 representative from each of the following:

        (A) A community-based organization.

        (B) A local government.

        (C) A school district.

        (D) The private sector.

        (E) A charitable organization.

        (F) A representative of the United States Olympic Committee, at the option of the Secretary.

      (3) FUNCTIONS- A peer review panel shall conduct the initial review of all grant applications received by the Secretary under subsection (f), make recommendations to the Secretary regarding--

        (A) grant funding under this section; and

        (B) a design for the evaluation of programs assisted under this section.

    (i) INVESTIGATIONS AND INSPECTIONS- The Secretary may conduct such investigations and inspections as may be necessary to ensure compliance with the provisions of this section.

    (j) PAYMENTS; FEDERAL SHARE; NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

      (1) PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, pay to each community-based organization having an application approved under subsection (f) the Federal share of the costs of developing and carrying out programs described in subsection (c).

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of such costs shall be no more than--

        (A) 75 percent for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996;

        (B) 70 percent for fiscal year 1997; and

        (C) 60 percent for fiscal year 1998 and thereafter.

      (3) NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The non-Federal share of such costs may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, and services (including the services described in subsection (f)(2)(P)), and funds appropriated by the Congress for the activity of any agency of an Indian tribal government or the Bureau of Indian Affairs on any Indian lands may be used to provide the non-Federal share of the costs of programs or projects funded under this subtitle.

        (B) SPECIAL RULE- At least 15 percent of the non-Federal share of such costs shall be provided from private or nonprofit sources.

    (k) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall conduct a thorough evaluation of the programs assisted under this section, which shall include an assessment of--

      (1) the number of children participating in each program assisted under this section;

      (2) the academic achievement of such children;

      (3) school attendance and graduation rates of such children; and

      (4) the number of such children being processed by the juvenile justice system.

SEC. 30402. FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENDEAVOR SCHOOLS GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `Family and Community Endeavor Schools Act'.

    (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to improve the overall development of at-risk children who reside in eligible communities as defined in subsection (l)(3).

    (c) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- The Secretary may award grants on a competitive basis to eligible local entities to pay for the Federal share of assisting eligible communities to develop and carry out programs in accordance with this section. No local entity shall receive a grant of less than $250,000 in a fiscal year. Amounts made available through such grants shall remain available until expended.

    (d) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS- A local entity that receives funds under this section shall develop or expand programs that are designed to improve academic and social development by instituting a collaborative structure that trains and coordinates the efforts of teachers, administrators, social workers, guidance counselors, parents, and school volunteers to provide concurrent social services for at-risk students at selected public schools in eligible communities.

      (2) OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES- A local entity that receives funds under this section may develop a variety of programs to serve the comprehensive needs of students, including--

        (A) homework assistance and after-school programs, including educational, social, and athletic activities;

        (B) nutrition services;

        (C) mentoring programs;

        (D) family counseling; and

        (E) parental training programs.

    (e) ELIGIBLE COMMUNITY IDENTIFICATION- The Secretary through regulation shall define the criteria necessary to qualify as an eligible community as defined in subsection (l)(3).

    (f) GRANT ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a local entity shall--

      (1) identify an eligible community to be assisted;

      (2) develop a community planning process that includes--

        (A) parents and family members;

        (B) local school officials;

        (C) teachers employed at schools within the eligible community;

        (D) public housing resident organization members, where applicable; and

        (E) public and private nonprofit organizations that provide education, child protective services, or other human services to low-income, at-risk children and their families; and

      (3) develop a concentrated strategy for implementation of the community planning process developed under paragraph (2) that targets clusters of at-risk children in the eligible community.

    (g) APPLICATIONS-

      (1) APPLICATION REQUIRED- To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a local entity shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information, as the Secretary may reasonably require, and obtain approval of such application.

      (2) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION- Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall--

        (A) contain a comprehensive plan for the program that is designed to improve the academic and social development of at-risk children in schools in the eligible community;

        (B) provide evidence of support for accomplishing the objectives of such plan from--

          (i) community leaders;

          (ii) a school district;

          (iii) local officials; and

          (iv) other organizations that the local entity determines to be appropriate;

        (C) provide an assurance that the local entity will use grant funds received under this subsection to implement the program requirements listed in subsection (d);

        (D) include an estimate of the number of children in the eligible community expected to be served under the program;

        (E) provide an assurance that the local entity will comply with any evaluation requested under subsection (k), any research effort authorized under Federal law, and any investigation by the Secretary;

        (F) provide an assurance that the local entity shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report regarding any program conducted under this section;

        (G) provide an assurance that funds made available under this section shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this section; and

        (H) provide an assurance that the local entity will maintain separate accounting records for the program.

      (3) PRIORITY- In awarding grants to carry out programs under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to local entities which submit applications that demonstrate the greatest effort in generating local support for the programs.

    (h) PEER REVIEW PANEL-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a peer review panel not to exceed 8 members that shall be comprised of individuals with demonstrated experience in designing and implementing programs to improve the academic and social development of at-risk children.

      (2) FUNCTIONS- Such panel shall make recommendations to the Secretary regarding--

        (A) an illustrative model that effectively achieves the program requirements indicated in subsection (d) and a process whereby local entities can request such model; and

        (B) a design for the evaluation of programs assisted under this section.

    (i) INVESTIGATIONS AND INSPECTIONS- The Secretary may conduct such investigations and inspections as may be necessary to ensure compliance with the provisions of this section.

    (j) FEDERAL SHARE-

      (1) PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, pay to each local entity having an application approved under subsection (g) the Federal share of the costs of developing and carrying out programs referred to in subsection (d).

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of such costs shall be 70 percent.

      (3) NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The non-Federal share of such costs may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including personnel, plant, equipment, and services.

        (B) SPECIAL RULE- Not less than 15 percent of the non-Federal share of such costs shall be provided from private or nonprofit sources.

    (k) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall require a thorough evaluation of the programs assisted under this section, which shall include an assessment of the academic and social achievement of children assisted with funds provided under this section.

    (l) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--

      (1) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Department of Education;

      (2) the term `local entity' means--

        (A) a local educational agency, or

        (B) a community-based organization as defined in section 1471(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;

      (3) the term `eligible community' means an area which meets criteria with respect to significant poverty and significant violent crime, and such additional criteria, as the Secretary may by regulation require; and

      (4) the term `public school' means an elementary school (as defined in section 1471(8) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2891(8))) and a secondary school (as defined in section 1471(21) of that Act).

SEC. 30403. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $37,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $103,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $121,500,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (4) $153,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (5) $193,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (6) $201,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (b) PROGRAMS- Of the amounts appropriated under subsection (a) for any fiscal year--

      (1) 70 percent shall be made available to carry out section 30401; and

      (2) 30 percent shall be made available to carry out section 30402.

Subtitle G--Assistance for Delinquent and At-Risk Youth

SEC. 30701. GRANT AUTHORITY.

    (a) GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- In order to prevent the commission of crimes or delinquent acts by juveniles, the Attorney General may make grants to public or private nonprofit organizations to support the development and operation of projects to provide residential services to youth, aged 11 to 19, who--

        (A) have dropped out of school;

        (B) have come into contact with the juvenile justice system; or

        (C) are at risk of dropping out of school or coming into contact with the juvenile justice system.

      (2) CONSULTATION WITH THE OUNCE OF PREVENTION COUNCIL- The Attorney General may consult with the Ounce of Prevention Council in making grants under paragraph (1).

      (3) SERVICES- Such services shall include activities designed to--

        (A) increase the self-esteem of such youth;

        (B) assist such youth in making healthy and responsible choices;

        (C) improve the academic performance of such youth pursuant to a plan jointly developed by the applicant and the school which each such youth attends or should attend; and

        (D) provide such youth with vocational and life skills.

    (b) APPLICATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- A public agency or private nonprofit organization which desires a grant under this section shall submit an application at such time and in such manner as the Attorney General may prescribe.

      (2) CONTENTS- An application under paragraph (1) shall include--

        (A) a description of the program developed by the applicant, including the activities to be offered;

        (B) a detailed discussion of how such program will prevent youth from committing crimes or delinquent acts;

        (C) evidence that such program--

          (i) will be carried out in facilities which meet applicable State and local laws with regard to safety;

          (ii) will include academic instruction, approved by the State, Indian tribal government, or local educational agency, which meets or exceeds State, Indian tribal government, and local standards and curricular requirements; and

          (iii) will include instructors and other personnel who possess such qualifications as may be required by applicable State or local laws; and

        (D) specific, measurable outcomes for youth served by the program.

    (c) CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATIONS- Not later than 60 days following the submission of applications, the Attorney General shall--

      (1) approve each application and disburse the funding for each such application; or

      (2) disapprove the application and inform the applicant of such disapproval and the reasons therefor.

    (d) REPORTS- A grantee under this section shall annually submit a report to the Attorney General that describes the activities and accomplishments of such program, including the degree to which the specific youth outcomes are met.

    (e) DEFINITIONS- In this subtitle--

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 30702. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for grants under section 30701--

      (1) $5,400,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $6,300,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $7,200,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $8,100,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle H--Police Recruitment

SEC. 30801. GRANT AUTHORITY.

    (a) GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may make grants to qualified community organizations to assist in meeting the costs of qualified programs which are designed to recruit and retain applicants to police departments.

      (2) CONSULTATION WITH THE OUNCE OF PREVENTION COUNCIL- The Attorney General may consult with the Ounce of Prevention Council in making grants under paragraph (1).

    (b) QUALIFIED COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS- An organization is a qualified community organization which is eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a) if the organization--

      (1) is a nonprofit organization; and

      (2) has training and experience in--

        (A) working with a police department and with teachers, counselors, and similar personnel,

        (B) providing services to the community in which the organization is located,

        (C) developing and managing services and techniques to recruit individuals to become members of a police department and to assist such individuals in meeting the membership requirements of police departments,

        (D) developing and managing services and techniques to assist in the retention of applicants to police departments, and

        (E) developing other programs that contribute to the community.

    (c) QUALIFIED PROGRAMS- A program is a qualified program for which a grant may be made under subsection (a) if the program is designed to recruit and train individuals from underrepresented neighborhoods and localities and if--

      (1) the overall design of the program is to recruit and retain applicants to a police department;

      (2) the program provides recruiting services which include tutorial programs to enable individuals to meet police force academic requirements and to pass entrance examinations;

      (3) the program provides counseling to applicants to police departments who may encounter problems throughout the application process; and

      (4) the program provides retention services to assist in retaining individuals to stay in the application process of a police department.

    (d) APPLICATIONS- To qualify for a grant under subsection (a), a qualified organization shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form as the Attorney General may prescribe. Such application shall--

      (1) include documentation from the applicant showing--

        (A) the need for the grant;

        (B) the intended use of grant funds;

        (C) expected results from the use of grant funds; and

        (D) demographic characteristics of the population to be served, including age, disability, race, ethnicity, and languages used; and

      (2) contain assurances satisfactory to the Attorney General that the program for which a grant is made will meet the applicable requirements of the program guidelines prescribed by the Attorney General under subsection (i).

    (e) ACTION BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL- Not later than 60 days after the date that an application for a grant under subsection (a) is received, the Attorney General shall consult with the police department which will be involved with the applicant and shall--

      (1) approve the application and disburse the grant funds applied for; or

      (2) disapprove the application and inform the applicant that the application is not approved and provide the applicant with the reasons for the disapproval.

    (f) GRANT DISBURSEMENT- The Attorney General shall disburse funds under a grant under subsection (a) in accordance with regulations of the Attorney General which shall ensure--

      (1) priority is given to applications for areas and organizations with the greatest showing of need;

      (2) that grant funds are equitably distributed on a geographic basis; and

      (3) the needs of underserved populations are recognized and addressed.

    (g) GRANT PERIOD- A grant under subsection (a) shall be made for a period not longer than 3 years.

    (h) GRANTEE REPORTING- (1) For each year of a grant period for a grant under subsection (a), the recipient of the grant shall file a performance report with the Attorney General explaining the activities carried out with the funds received and assessing the effectiveness of such activities in meeting the purpose of the recipient's qualified program.

    (2) If there was more than one recipient of a grant, each recipient shall file such report.

    (3) The Attorney General shall suspend the funding of a grant, pending compliance, if the recipient of the grant does not file the report required by this subsection or uses the grant for a purpose not authorized by this section.

    (i) GUIDELINES- The Attorney General shall, by regulation, prescribe guidelines on content and results for programs receiving a grant under subsection (a). Such guidelines shall be designed to establish programs which will be effective in training individuals to enter instructional programs for police departments and shall include requirements for--

      (1) individuals providing recruiting services;

      (2) individuals providing tutorials and other academic assistance programs;

      (3) individuals providing retention services; and

      (4) the content and duration of recruitment, retention, and counseling programs and the means and devices used to publicize such programs.

SEC. 30802. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for grants under section 30801--

      (1) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle J--Local Partnership Act

SEC. 31001. ESTABLISHMENT OF PAYMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- Title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 65 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 67--FEDERAL PAYMENTS

      `Sec.

      `6701. Payments to local governments.

      `6702. Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund.

      `6703. Qualification for payment.

      `6704. State area allocations; allocations and payments to territorial governments.

      `6705. Local government allocations.

      `6706. Income gap multiplier.

      `6707. State variation of local government allocations.

      `6708. Adjustments of local government allocations.

      `6709. Information used in allocation formulas.

      `6710. Public participation.

      `6711. Prohibited discrimination.

      `6712. Discrimination proceedings.

      `6713. Suspension and termination of payments in discrimination proceedings.

      `6714. Compliance agreements.

      `6715. Enforcement by the Attorney General of prohibitions on discrimination.

      `6716. Civil action by a person adversely affected.

      `6717. Judicial review.

      `6718. Investigations and reviews.

      `6719. Reports.

      `6720. Definitions, application, and administration.

`Sec. 6701. Payments to local governments

    `(a) PAYMENT AND USE-

      `(1) PAYMENT- The Secretary shall pay to each unit of general local government which qualifies for a payment under this chapter an amount equal to the sum of any amounts allocated to the government under this chapter for each payment period. The Secretary shall pay such amount out of the Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund under section 6702.

      `(2) USE- Amounts paid to a unit of general local government under this section shall be used by that unit for carrying out one or more programs of the unit related to--

        `(A) education to prevent crime;

        `(B) substance abuse treatment to prevent crime; or

        `(C) job programs to prevent crime.

      `(3) COORDINATION- Programs funded under this title shall be coordinated with other existing Federal programs to meet the overall needs of communities that benefit from funds received under this section.

    `(b) TIMING OF PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall pay each amount allocated under this chapter to a unit of general local government for a payment period by the later of 90 days after the date the amount is available or the first day of the payment period provided that the unit of general local government has provided the Secretary with the assurances required by section 6703(d).

    `(c) ADJUSTMENTS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall adjust a payment under this chapter to a unit of general local government to the extent that a prior payment to the government was more or less than the amount required to be paid.

      `(2) CONSIDERATIONS- The Secretary may increase or decrease under this subsection a payment to a unit of local government only if the Secretary determines the need for the increase or decrease, or the unit requests the increase or decrease, within one year after the end of the payment period for which the payment was made.

    `(d) RESERVATION FOR ADJUSTMENTS- The Secretary may reserve a percentage of not more than 2 percent of the amount under this section for a payment period for all units of general local government in a State if the Secretary considers the reserve is necessary to ensure the availability of sufficient amounts to pay adjustments after the final allocation of amounts among the units of general local government in the State.

    `(e) REPAYMENT OF UNEXPENDED AMOUNTS-

      `(1) REPAYMENT REQUIRED- A unit of general local government shall repay to the Secretary, by not later than 15 months after receipt from the Secretary, any amount that is--

        `(A) paid to the unit from amounts appropriated under the authority of this section; and

        `(B) not expended by the unit within one year after receipt from the Secretary.

      `(2) PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO REPAY- If the amount required to be repaid is not repaid, the Secretary shall reduce payments in future payment periods accordingly.

      `(3) DEPOSIT OF AMOUNTS REPAID- Amounts received by the Secretary as repayments under this subsection shall be deposited in the Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund for future payments to units of general local government.

    `(f) EXPENDITURE WITH DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES-

      `(1) GENERAL RULE- Of amounts paid to a unit of general local government under this chapter for a payment period, not less than 10 percent of the total combined amounts obligated by the unit for contracts and subcontracts shall be expended with--

        `(A) small business concerns controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals and women; and

        `(B) historically Black colleges and universities and colleges and universities having a student body in which more than 20 percent of the students are Hispanic Americans or Native Americans.

      `(2) EXCEPTION- Paragraph (1) shall not apply to amounts paid to a unit of general local government to the extent the unit determines that the paragraph does not apply through a process that provides for public participation.

      `(3) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection--

        `(A) the term `small business concern' has the meaning such term has under section 3 of the Small Business Act; and

        `(B) the term `socially and economically disadvantaged individuals' has the meaning such term has under section 8(d) of the Small Business Act and relevant subcontracting regulations promulgated pursuant to that section.

    `(g) NONSUPPLANTING REQUIREMENT-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Funds made available under this chapter to units of local government shall not be used to supplant State or local funds, but will be used to increase the amount of funds that would, in the absence of funds under this chapter, be made available from State or local sources.

      `(2) BASE LEVEL AMOUNT- The total level of funding available to a unit of local government for accounts serving eligible purposes under this chapter in the fiscal year immediately preceding receipt of a grant under this chapter shall be designated the `base level account' for the fiscal year in which a grant is received. Grants under this chapter in a given fiscal year shall be reduced on a dollar for dollar basis to the extent that a unit of local government reduces its base level account in that fiscal year.

`Sec. 6702. Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund

    `(a) ADMINISTRATION OF FUND- The Department of the Treasury has a Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund, which consists of amounts appropriated to the Fund.

    `(b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund--

      `(1) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $283,500,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $355,500,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $355,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $355,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    Such sums are to remain available until expended.

    `(c) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Up to 2.5 percent of the amount authorized to be appropriated under subsection (b) is authorized to be appropriated for the period fiscal year 1995 through fiscal year 2000 to be available for administrative costs by the Secretary in furtherance of the purposes of the program. Such sums are to remain available until expended.

`Sec. 6703. Qualification for payment

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall issue regulations establishing procedures under which eligible units of general local government are required to provide notice to the Secretary of the units' proposed use of assistance under this chapter. Subject to subsection (c), the assistance provided shall be used, in amounts determined by the unit, for activities under, or for activities that are substantially similar to an activity under, 1 or more of the following programs and the notice shall identify 1 or more of the following programs for each such use:

      `(1) The Drug Abuse Resistance Education Program under section 5122 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

      `(2) The National Youth Sports Program under section 682 of the Community Services Block Grant Act (Public Law 97-35) as amended by section 205, Public Law 103-252.

      `(3) The Gang Resistance Education and Training Program under the Act entitled `An Act making appropriations for the Treasury Department, the United States Postal Service, the Executive Office of the President, and certain Independent Agencies, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1991, and for other purposes', approved November 5, 1990 (Public Law 101-509).

      `(4) Programs under title II or IV of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.).

      `(5) Programs under subtitle C of title I of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12571 et seq.), as amended.

      `(6) Programs under the School to Work Opportunities Act (Public Law 103-239).

      `(7) Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention programs authorized under title V or XIX of the Public Health Services Act (43 U.S.C. 201 et seq.).

      `(8) Programs under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.).

      `(9) Programs under part A or B of chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

      `(10) The TRIO programs under part A of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.).

      `(11) Programs under the National Literacy Act of 1991.

      `(12) Programs under the Carl Perkins Vocational Educational and Applied Technology Education Act (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.).

      `(13) The demonstration partnership programs including the community initiative targeted to minority youth under section 203 of the Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-252).

      `(14) The runaway and homeless youth program and the transitional living program for homeless youth under title III of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (Public Law 102-586).

      `(15) The family support program under subtitle F of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 1148 et seq.).

      `(16) After-school activities for school aged children under the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.).

      `(17) The community-based family resource programs under section 401 of the Human Services Reauthorization Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-252).

      `(18) The family violence programs under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Amendments of 1984.

      `(19) Job training programs administered by the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, or the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

    `(b) NOTICE TO AGENCY- Upon receipt of notice under subsection (a) from an eligible unit of general local government, the Secretary shall notify the head of the appropriate Federal agency for each program listed in subsection (a) that is identified in the notice as a program under which an activity will be conducted with assistance under this chapter. The notification shall state that the unit has elected to use some or all of its assistance under this chapter for activities under that program. The head of a Federal agency that receives such a notification shall ensure that such use is in compliance with the laws and regulations applicable to that program, except that any requirement to provide matching funds shall not apply to that use.

    `(c) ALTERNATIVE USES OF FUNDS-

      `(1) ALTERNATIVE USES AUTHORIZED- In lieu of, or in addition to, use for an activity described in subsection (a) and notice for that use under subsection (a), an eligible unit of general local government may use assistance under this chapter, and shall provide notice of that use to the Secretary under subsection (a), for any other activity that is consistent with 1 or more of the purposes described in section 6701(a)(2).

      `(2) NOTICE DEEMED TO DESCRIBE CONSISTENT USE- Notice by a unit of general local government that it intends to use assistance under this chapter for an activity other than an activity described in subsection (a) is deemed to describe an activity that is consistent with 1 or more of the purposes described in section 6701(a)(2) unless the Secretary provides to the unit, within 30 days after receipt of that notice of intent from the unit, written notice (including an explanation) that the use is not consistent with those purposes.

    `(d) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFICATION- A unit of general local government qualifies for a payment under this chapter for a payment period only after establishing to the satisfaction of the Secretary that--

      `(1) the government will establish a trust fund in which the government will deposit all payments received under this chapter;

      `(2) the government will use amounts in the trust fund (including interest) during a reasonable period;

      `(3) the government will expend the payments so received, in accordance with the laws and procedures that are applicable to the expenditure of revenues of the government;

      `(4) if at least 25 percent of the pay of individuals employed by the government in a public employee occupation is paid out of the trust fund, individuals in the occupation any part of whose pay is paid out of the trust fund will receive pay at least equal to the prevailing rate of pay for individuals employed in similar public employee occupations by the government;

      `(5) all laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors in the performance of any contract and subcontract for the repair, renovation, alteration, or construction, including painting and decorating, of any building or work that is financed in whole or in part by a grant under this title, shall be paid wages not less than those determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with the Act of March 3, 1931 (commonly known as the Davis-Bacon Act); as amended (40 U.S.C. 276a-276a-5). The Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan No. 14 of 1950 (15 FR 3176; 64 Stat. 1267) and section 2 of the Act of June 1, 1934 (commonly known as the Copeland Anti-Kickback Act), as amended (40 U.S.C. 276c, 48 Stat. 948);

      `(6) the government will use accounting, audit, and fiscal procedures that conform to guidelines which shall be prescribed by the Secretary after consultation with the Comptroller General of the United States. As applicable, amounts received under this chapter shall be audited in compliance with the Single Audit Act of 1984;

      `(7) after reasonable notice to the government, the government will make available to the Secretary and the Comptroller General of the United States, with the right to inspect, records the Secretary reasonably requires to review compliance with this chapter or the Comptroller General of the United States reasonably requires to review compliance and operations under section 6718(b);

      `(8) the government will make reports the Secretary reasonably requires, in addition to the annual reports required under section 6719(b); and

      `(9) the government will spend the funds only for the purposes set forth in section 6701(a)(2).

    `(e) REVIEW BY GOVERNORS- A unit of general local government shall give the chief executive officer of the State in which the government is located an opportunity for review and comment before establishing compliance with subsection (d).

    `(f) SANCTIONS FOR NONCOMPLIANCE-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- If the Secretary decides that a unit of general local government has not complied substantially with subsection (d) or regulations prescribed under subsection (d), the Secretary shall notify the government. The notice shall state that if the government does not take corrective action by the 60th day after the date the government receives the notice, the Secretary will withhold additional payments to the government for the current payment period and later payment periods until the Secretary is satisfied that the government--

        `(A) has taken the appropriate corrective action; and

        `(B) will comply with subsection (d) and regulations prescribed under subsection (d).

      `(2) NOTICE- Before giving notice under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give the chief executive officer of the unit of general local government reasonable notice and an opportunity for comment.

      `(3) PAYMENT CONDITIONS- The Secretary may make a payment to a unit of general local government notified under paragraph (1) only if the Secretary is satisfied that the government--

        `(A) has taken the appropriate corrective action; and

        `(B) will comply with subsection (d) and regulations prescribed under subsection (d).

`Sec. 6704. State area allocations; allocations and payments to territorial governments

    `(a) FORMULA ALLOCATION BY STATE- For each payment period, the Secretary shall allocate to each State out of the amount appropriated for the period under the authority of section 6702(b) (minus the amounts allocated to territorial governments under subsection (e) for the payment period) an amount bearing the same ratio to the amount appropriated (minus such amounts allocated under subsection (e)) as the amount allocated to the State under this section bears to the total amount allocated to all States under this section. The Secretary shall--

      `(1) determine the amount allocated to the State under subsection (b) or (c) of this section and allocate the larger amount to the State; and

      `(2) allocate the amount allocated to the State to units of general local government in the State under sections 6705 and 6706.

    `(b) GENERAL FORMULA-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- For the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, the amount allocated to a State under this subsection for a payment period is the amount bearing the same ratio to $5,300,000,000 as--

        `(A) the population of the State, multiplied by the general tax effort factor of the State (determined under paragraph (2)), multiplied by the relative income factor of the State (determined under paragraph (3)), multiplied by the relative rate of the labor force unemployed in the State (determined under paragraph (4)); bears to

        `(B) the sum of the products determined under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph for all States.

      `(2) GENERAL TAX EFFORT FACTOR- The general tax effort factor of a State for a payment period is--

        `(A) the net amount of State and local taxes of the State collected during the year 1991 as reported by the Bureau of the Census in the publication Government Finances 1990-1991; divided by

        `(B) the total income of individuals, as determined by the Secretary of Commerce for national accounts purposes for 1992 as reported in the publication Survey of Current Business (August 1993), attributed to the State for the same year.

      `(3) RELATIVE INCOME FACTOR- The relative income factor of a State is a fraction in which--

        `(A) the numerator is the per capita income of the United States; and

        `(B) the denominator is the per capita income of the State.

      `(4) RELATIVE RATE OF LABOR FORCE- The relative rate of the labor force unemployed in a State is a fraction in which--

        `(A) the numerator is the percentage of the labor force of the State that is unemployed in the calendar year preceding the payment period (as determined by the Secretary of Labor for general statistical purposes); and

        `(B) the denominator is the percentage of the labor force of the United States that is unemployed in the calendar year preceding the payment period (as determined by the Secretary of Labor for general statistical purposes).

    `(c) ALTERNATIVE FORMULA- For the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, the amount allocated to a State under this subsection for a payment period is the total amount the State would receive if--

      `(1) $1,166,666,667 were allocated among the States on the basis of population by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as the population of the State bears to the population of all States;

      `(2) $1,166,666,667 were allocated among the States on the basis of population inversely weighted for per capita income, by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as--

        `(A) the population of the State, multiplied by a fraction in which--

          `(i) the numerator is the per capita income of all States; and

          `(ii) the denominator is the per capita income of the State; bears to

        `(B) the sum of the products determined under subparagraph (A) for all States;

      `(3) $600,000,000 were allocated among the States on the basis of income tax collections by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as the income tax amount of the State (determined under subsection (d)(1)) bears to the sum of the income tax amounts of all States;

      `(4) $600,000,000 were allocated among the States on the basis of general tax effort by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as the general tax effort amount of the State (determined under subsection (d)(2)) bears to the sum of the general tax effort amounts of all States;

      `(5) $600,000,000 were allocated among the States on the basis of unemployment by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as--

        `(A) the labor force of the State, multiplied by a fraction in which--

          `(i) the numerator is the percentage of the labor force of the State that is unemployed in the calendar year preceding the payment period (as determined by the Secretary of Labor for general statistical purposes); and

          `(ii) the denominator is the percentage of the labor force of the United States that is unemployed in the calendar year preceding the payment period (as determined by the Secretary of Labor for general statistical purposes)

        bears to

        `(B) the sum of the products determined under subparagraph (A) for all States; and

      `(6) $1,166,666,667 were allocated among the States on the basis of urbanized population by allocating to each State an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under this paragraph as the urbanized population of the State bears to the urbanized population of all States. In this paragraph, the term `urbanized population' means the population of an area consisting of a central city or cities of at least 50,000 inhabitants and the surrounding closely settled area for the city or cities considered as an urbanized area as published by the Bureau of the Census for 1990 in the publication General Population Characteristics for Urbanized Areas.

    `(d) INCOME TAX AMOUNT AND TAX EFFORT AMOUNT-

      `(1) INCOME TAX AMOUNT- The income tax amount of a State for a payment period is 15 percent of the net amount collected during the calendar year ending before the beginning of the payment period from the tax imposed on the income of individuals by the State and described as a State income tax under section 164(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 164(a)(3)). The income tax amount for a payment period shall be at least 1 percent but not more than 6 percent of the United States Government individual income tax liability attributed to the State for the taxable year ending during the last calendar year ending before the beginning of the payment period. The Secretary shall determine the Government income tax liability attributed to the State by using the data published by the Secretary for 1991 in the publication Statistics of Income Bulletin (Winter 1993-1994).

      `(2) GENERAL TAX EFFORT AMOUNT- The general tax effort amount of a State for a payment period is the amount determined by multiplying--

        `(A) the net amount of State and local taxes of the State collected during the year 1991 as reported in the Bureau of Census in the publication Government Finances 1990-1991; and

        `(B) the general tax effort factor of the State determined under subsection (b)(2).

    `(e) ALLOCATION FOR PUERTO RICO, GUAM, AMERICAN SAMOA, AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- (A) For each payment period for which funds are available for allocation under this chapter, the Secretary shall allocate to each territorial government an amount equal to the product of 1 percent of the amount of funds available for allocation multiplied by the applicable territorial percentage.

      `(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, the applicable territorial percentage of a territory is equal to the quotient resulting from the division of the territorial population of such territory by the sum of the territorial population for all territories.

      `(2) PAYMENTS TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS- The governments of the territories shall make payments to local governments within their jurisdiction from sums received under this subsection as they consider appropriate.

      `(3) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection--

        `(A) the term `territorial government' means the government of a territory;

        `(B) the term `territory' means Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands; and

        `(C) the term `territorial population' means the most recent population for each territory as determined by the Bureau of Census.

`Sec. 6705. Local government allocations

    `(a) INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKAN NATIVES VILLAGES- If there is in a State an Indian tribe or Alaskan native village having a recognized governing body carrying out substantial governmental duties and powers, the Secretary shall allocate to the tribe or village, out of the amount allocated to the State under section 6704, an amount bearing the same ratio to the amount allocated to the State as the population of the tribe or village bears to the population of the State. The Secretary shall allocate amounts under this subsection to Indian tribes and Alaskan native villages in a State before allocating amounts to units of general local government in the State under subsection (c). For the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, the Secretary shall use as the population of each Indian tribe or Alaskan native village the population for 1991 as reported by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the publication Indian Service Population and Labor Force Estimates (January 1991). In addition to uses authorized under section 6701(a)(2), amounts allocated under this subsection and paid to an Indian tribe or Alaskan native village under this chapter may be used for renovating or building prisons or other correctional facilities.

    `(b) NEWLY INCORPORATED LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND ANNEXED GOVERNMENTS- If there is in a State a unit of general local government that has been incorporated since the date of the collection of the data used by the Secretary in making allocations pursuant to sections 6704 through 6706 and 6708, the Secretary shall allocate to this newly incorporated local government, out of the amount allocated to the State under section 6704, an amount bearing the same ratio to the amount allocated to the State as the population of the newly incorporated local government bears to the population of the State. If there is in the State a unit of general local government that has been annexed since the date of the collection of the data used by the Secretary in making allocations pursuant to sections 6704 through 6706 and 6708, the Secretary shall pay the amount that would have been allocated to this local government to the unit of general local government that annexed it.

    `(c) OTHER LOCAL GOVERNMENT ALLOCATIONS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate among the units of general local government in a State (other than units receiving allocations under subsection (a)) the amount allocated to the State under section 6704 (as that amount is reduced by allocations under subsection (a)). Of the amount to be allocated, the Secretary shall allocate a portion equal to 1/2 of such amount in accordance with section 6706(1), and shall allocate a portion equal to 1/2 of such amount in accordance with section 6706(2). A unit of general local government shall receive an amount equal to the sum of amounts allocated to the unit from each portion.

      `(2) RATIO- From each portion to be allocated to units of local government in a State under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allocate to a unit an amount bearing the same ratio to the funds to be allocated as--

        `(A) the population of the unit, multiplied by the general tax effort factor of the unit (determined under paragraph (3)), multiplied by the income gap of the unit (determined under paragraph (4)), bears to

        `(B) the sum of the products determined under subparagraph (A) for all units in the State for which the income gap for that portion under paragraph (4) is greater than zero.

      `(3) GENERAL TAX EFFORT FACTOR- (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the general tax effort factor of a unit of general local government for a payment period is--

        `(i) the adjusted taxes of the unit; divided by

        `(ii) the total income attributed to the unit.

      `(B) If the amount determined under subparagraphs (A) (i) and (ii) for a unit of general local government is less than zero, the general tax effort factor of the unit is deemed to be zero.

      `(C)(i) Except as otherwise provided in this subparagraph, for the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, the adjusted taxes of a unit of general local government are the taxes imposed by the unit for public purposes (except employee and employer assessments and contributions to finance retirement and social insurance systems and other special assessments for capital outlay), as determined by the Bureau of the Census for the 1987 Census of Governments and adjusted as follows:

        `(I) Adjusted taxes equals total taxes times a fraction in which the numerator is the sum of unrestricted revenues and revenues dedicated for spending on education minus total education spending and the denominator is total unrestricted revenues.

        `(II) Total taxes is the sum of property tax; general sales tax; alcoholic beverage tax; amusement tax; insurance premium tax; motor fuels tax; parimutuels tax; public utilities tax; tobacco tax; other selective sales tax; alcoholic beverage licenses, amusement licenses; corporation licenses, hunting and fishing licenses; motor vehicle licenses; motor vehicle operator licenses; public utility licenses; occupation and business licenses, not elsewhere classified; other licenses, individual income tax; corporation net income tax; death and gift tax; documentary and stock transfer tax; severance tax; and taxes not elsewhere classified.

        `(III) Unrestricted revenues is the sum of total taxes and intergovernmental revenue from Federal Government, general revenue sharing; intergovernmental revenue from Federal Government, other general support; intergovernmental revenue from Federal Government, other; intergovernmental revenue from State government, other general support; intergovernmental revenue from State government, other; intergovernmental revenue from local governments, other general support; intergovernmental revenue from local governments, other; miscellaneous general revenue, property sale-housing and community development; miscellaneous general revenue, property sale-other property; miscellaneous general revenue, interest earnings on investments; miscellaneous general revenue, fines and forfeits; miscellaneous general revenue, rents; miscellaneous general revenues, royalties; miscellaneous general revenue, donations from private sources; miscellaneous general revenue, net lottery revenue (after prizes and administrative expenses); miscellaneous general revenue, other miscellaneous general revenue; and all other general charges, not elsewhere classified.

        `(IV) Revenues dedicated for spending on education is the sum of elementary and secondary education, school lunch; elementary and secondary education, tuition; elementary and secondary education, other; higher education, auxiliary enterprises; higher education, other; other education, not elsewhere classified; intergovernmental revenue from Federal Government, education; intergovernmental revenue from State government, education; intergovernmental revenue from local governments, interschool system revenue; intergovernmental revenue from local governments, education; interest earnings, higher education; interest earnings, elementary and secondary education; miscellaneous revenues, higher education; and miscellaneous revenues, elementary and secondary education.

        `(V) Total education spending is the sum of elementary and secondary education, current operations; elementary and secondary education, construction; elementary and secondary education, other capital outlays; elementary and secondary education, to State governments; elementary and secondary education, to local governments, not elsewhere classified; elementary and secondary education, to counties; elementary and secondary education, to municipalities; elementary and secondary education, to townships; elementary and secondary education, to school districts; elementary and secondary education, to special districts; higher education-auxiliary enterprises, current operations; higher education-auxiliary enterprises, construction; higher education, auxiliary enterprises, other capital outlays; other higher education, current operations; other higher education, construction; other higher education, other capital outlays; other higher education, to State government; other higher education, to local governments, not elsewhere classified; other higher education, to counties; other higher education, to municipalities; other higher education, to townships; other higher education, to school districts; other higher education, to special districts; education assistance and subsidies; education, not elsewhere classified, current operations; education, not elsewhere classified, construction education, not elsewhere classified, other capital outlays; education, not elsewhere classified, to State government; education, not elsewhere classified, to local governments, not elsewhere classified; education, not elsewhere classified, to counties; education, not elsewhere classified, to municipalities; education, not elsewhere classified, to townships; education, not elsewhere classified, to school districts; education, not elsewhere classified, to special districts; and education, not elsewhere classified, to Federal Government.

        `(VI) If the amount of adjusted taxes is less than zero, the amount of adjusted tax shall be deemed to be zero.

        `(VII) If the amount of adjusted taxes exceeds the amount of total taxes, the amount of adjusted taxes is deemed to equal the amount of total taxes.

      `(ii) The Secretary shall, for purposes of clause (i), include that part of sales taxes transferred to a unit of general local government that are imposed by a county government in the geographic area of which is located the unit of general local government as taxes imposed by the unit for public purposes if--

        `(I) the county government transfers any part of the revenue from the taxes to the unit of general local government without specifying the purpose for which the unit of general local government may expend the revenue; and

        `(II) the chief executive officer of the State notifies the Secretary that the taxes satisfy the requirements of this clause.

      `(iii) The adjusted taxes of a unit of general local government shall not exceed the maximum allowable adjusted taxes for that unit.

      `(iv) The maximum allowable adjusted taxes for a unit of general local government is the allowable adjusted taxes of the unit minus the excess adjusted taxes of the unit.

      `(v) The allowable adjusted taxes of a unit of general government is the greater of--

        `(I) the amount equal to 2.5, multiplied by the per capita adjusted taxes of all units of general local government of the same type in the State, multiplied by the population of the unit; or

        `(II) the amount equal to the population of the unit, multiplied by the sum of the adjusted taxes of all units of municipal local government in the State, divided by the sum of the populations of all the units of municipal local government in the State.

      `(vi) The excess adjusted taxes of a unit of general local government is the amount equal to--

        `(I) the adjusted taxes of the unit, minus

        `(II) 1.5 multiplied by the allowable adjusted taxes of the unit;

      except that if this amount is less than zero then the excess adjusted taxes of the unit is deemed to be zero.

      `(vii) For purposes of this subparagraph--

        `(I) the term `per capita adjusted taxes of all units of general local government of the same type' means the sum of the adjusted taxes of all units of general local government of the same type divided by the sum of the populations of all units of general local government of the same type; and

        `(II) the term `units of general local government of the same type' means all townships if the unit of general local government is a township, all municipalities if the unit of general local government is a municipality, all counties if the unit of general local government is a county, or all unified city/county governments if the unit of general local government is a unified city/county government.

      `(4) INCOME GAP- (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the income gap of a unit of general local government is--

        `(i) the number which applies under section 6706, multiplied by the per capita income of the State in which the unit is located; minus

        `(ii) the per capita income of the geographic area of the unit.

      `(B) If the amount determined under subparagraph (A) for a unit of general local government is less than zero, then the relative income factor of the unit is deemed to be zero.

    `(d) SMALL GOVERNMENT ALLOCATIONS- If the Secretary decides that information available for a unit of general local government with a population below a number (of not more than 500) prescribed by the Secretary is inadequate, the Secretary may allocate to the unit, in lieu of any allocation under subsection (b) for a payment period, an amount bearing the same ratio to the total amount to be allocated under subsection (b) for the period for all units of general local government in the State as the population of the unit bears to the population of all units in the State.

`Sec. 6706. Income gap multiplier

    `For purposes of determining the income gap of a unit of general local government under section 6705(b)(4)(A), the number which applies is--

      `(1) 1.6, with respect to 1/2 of any amount allocated under section 6704 to the State in which the unit is located; and

      `(2) 1.2, with respect to the remainder of such amount.

`Sec. 6707. State variation of local government allocations

    `(a) STATE FORMULA- A State government may provide by law for the allocation of amounts among units of general local government in the State on the basis of population multiplied by the general tax effort factors or income gaps of the units of general local government determined under sections 6705 (a) and (b) or a combination of those factors. A State government providing for a variation of an allocation formula provided under sections 6705 (a) and (b) shall notify the Secretary of the variation by the 30th day before the beginning of the first payment period in which the variation applies. A variation shall--

      `(1) provide for allocating the total amount allocated under sections 6705 (a) and (b); and

      `(2) apply uniformly in the State.

    `(b) CERTIFICATION- A variation by a State government under this section may apply only if the Secretary certifies that the variation complies with this section. The Secretary may certify a variation only if the Secretary is notified of the variation at least 30 days before the first payment period in which the variation applies.

`Sec. 6708. Adjustments of local government allocations

    `(a) MAXIMUM AMOUNT- The amount allocated to a unit of general local government for a payment period may not exceed the adjusted taxes imposed by the unit of general local government as determined under section 6705(b)(3). Amounts in excess of adjusted taxes shall be paid to the Governor of the State in which the unit of local government is located.

    `(b) DE MINIMIS ALLOCATIONS TO UNITS OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT- If the amount allocated to a unit of general local government (except an Indian tribe or an Alaskan native village) for a payment period would be less than $5,000 but for this subsection or is waived by the governing authority of the unit of general local government, the Secretary shall pay the amount to the Governor of the State in which the unit is located.

    `(c) USE OF PAYMENTS TO STATES- The Governor of a State shall use all amounts paid to the Governor under subsections (a) and (b) for programs described in section 6701(a)(2) in areas of the State where are located the units of general local government with respect to which amounts are paid under subsection (b).

    `(d) DE MINIMIS ALLOCATIONS TO INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKAN NATIVE VILLAGES-

      `(1) AGGREGATION OF DE MINIMIS ALLOCATIONS- If the amount allocated to an Indian tribe or an Alaskan native village for a payment period would be less than $5,000 but for this subsection or is waived by the chief elected official of the tribe or village, the amount--

        `(A) shall not be paid to the tribe or village (except under paragraph (2)); and

        `(B) shall be aggregated with other such amounts and available for use by the Attorney General under paragraph (2).

      `(2) USE OF AGGREGATED AMOUNTS- Amounts aggregated under paragraph (1) for a payment period shall be available for use by the Attorney General to make grants in the payment period on a competitive basis to Indian Tribes and Alaskan native village for--

        `(A) programs described in section 6701(a)(2); or

        `(B) renovating or building prisons or other correctional facilities.

`Sec. 6709. Information used in allocation formulas

    `(a) POPULATION DATA FOR PAYMENT PERIOD BEGINNING OCTOBER 1, 1994- For the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, the Secretary, in making allocations pursuant to sections 6704 through 6706 and 6708, shall use for the population of the States the population for 1992 as reported by the Bureau of the Census in the publication Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 1045 (July 1992) and for the population of units of general local government the Secretary shall use the population for 1990 as reported by the Bureau of the Census in the publication Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics.

    `(b) DATA FOR PAYMENT PERIODS BEGINNING AFTER SEPTEMBER 30, 1995- For any payment period beginning after September 30, 1995, the Secretary, in making allocations pursuant to sections 6704 through 6706 and 6708, shall use information more recent than the information used for the payment period beginning October 1, 1994, provided the Secretary notifies the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives at least 90 days prior to the beginning of the payment period that the Secretary has determined that the more recent information is more reliable than the information used for the payment period beginning October 1, 1994.

`Sec. 6710. Public participation

    `(a) HEARINGS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A unit of general local government expending payments under this chapter shall hold at least one public hearing on the proposed use of the payment in relation to its entire budget. At the hearing, persons shall be given an opportunity to provide written and oral views to the governmental authority responsible for enacting the budget and to ask questions about the entire budget and the relation of the payment to the entire budget. The government shall hold the hearing at a time and a place that allows and encourages public attendance and participation.

      `(2) SENIOR CITIZENS- A unit of general local government holding a hearing required under this subsection or by the budget process of the government shall try to provide senior citizens and senior citizen organizations with an opportunity to present views at the hearing before the government makes a final decision on the use of the payment.

    `(b) DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- By the 10th day before a hearing required under subsection (a)(1) is held, a unit of general local government shall--

        `(A) make available for inspection by the public at the principal office of the government a statement of the proposed use of the payment and a summary of the proposed budget of the government; and

        `(B) publish in at least one newspaper of general circulation the proposed use of the payment with the summary of the proposed budget and a notice of the time and place of the hearing.

      `(2) AVAILABILITY- By the 30th day after adoption of the budget under State or local law, the government shall--

        `(A) make available for inspection by the public at the principal office of the government a summary of the adopted budget, including the proposed use of the payment; and

        `(B) publish in at least one newspaper of general circulation a notice that the information referred to in subparagraph (A) is available for inspection.

    `(c) WAIVERS OF REQUIREMENTS- A requirement--

      `(1) under subsection (a)(1) may be waived if the budget process required under the applicable State or local law or charter provisions--

        `(A) ensures the opportunity for public attendance and participation contemplated by subsection (a); and

        `(B) includes a hearing on the proposed use of a payment received under this chapter in relation to the entire budget of the government; and

      `(2) under subsection (b)(1)(B) and paragraph (2)(B) may be waived if the cost of publishing the information would be unreasonably burdensome in relation to the amount allocated to the government from amounts available for payment under this chapter, or if publication is otherwise impracticable.

    `(d) EXCEPTION TO 10-DAY LIMITATION- If the Secretary is satisfied that a unit of general local government will provide adequate notice of the proposed use of a payment received under this chapter, the 10-day period under subsection (b)(1) may be changed to the extent necessary to comply with applicable State or local law.

`Sec. 6711. Prohibited discrimination

    `(a) GENERAL PROHIBITION- No person in the United States shall be excluded from participating in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under, a program or activity of a unit of general local government because of race, color, national origin, or sex if the government receives a payment under this chapter.

    `(b) ADDITIONAL PROHIBITIONS- The following prohibitions and exemptions also apply to a program or activity of a unit of general local government if the government receives a payment under this chapter:

      `(1) A prohibition against discrimination because of age under the Age Discrimination Act of 1975.

      `(2) A prohibition against discrimination against an otherwise qualified handicapped individual under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

      `(3) A prohibition against discrimination because of religion, or an exemption from that prohibition, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 or title VIII of the Act of April 11, 1968 (popularly known as the Civil Rights Act of 1968).

    `(c) LIMITATIONS ON APPLICABILITY OF PROHIBITIONS- Subsections (a) and (b) do not apply if the government shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that a payment received under this chapter is not used to pay for any part of the program or activity with respect to which the allegation of discrimination is made.

    `(d) INVESTIGATION AGREEMENTS- The Secretary shall try to make agreements with heads of agencies of the United States Government and State agencies to investigate noncompliance with this section. An agreement shall--

      `(1) describe the cooperative efforts to be taken (including sharing civil rights enforcement personnel and resources) to obtain compliance with this section; and

      `(2) provide for notifying immediately the Secretary of actions brought by the United States Government or State agencies against a unit of general local government alleging a violation of a civil rights law or a regulation prescribed under a civil rights law.

`Sec. 6712. Discrimination proceedings

    `(a) NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE- By the 10th day after the Secretary makes a finding of discrimination or receives a holding of discrimination about a unit of general local government, the Secretary shall submit a notice of noncompliance to the government. The notice shall state the basis of the finding or holding.

    `(b) INFORMAL PRESENTATION OF EVIDENCE- A unit of general local government may present evidence informally to the Secretary within 30 days after the government receives a notice of noncompliance from the Secretary. Except as provided in subsection (e), the government may present evidence on whether--

      `(1) a person in the United States has been excluded or denied benefits of, or discriminated against under, the program or activity of the government, in violation of section 6711(a);

      `(2) the program or activity of the government violated a prohibition described in section 6711(b); and

      `(3) any part of that program or activity has been paid for with a payment received under this chapter.

    `(c) TEMPORARY SUSPENSION OF PAYMENTS- By the end of the 30-day period under subsection (b), the Secretary shall decide whether the unit of general local government has not complied with section 6711 (a) or (b), unless the government has entered into a compliance agreement under section 6714. If the Secretary decides that the government has not complied, the Secretary shall notify the government of the decision and shall suspend payments to the government under this chapter unless, within 10 days after the government receives notice of the decision, the government--

      `(1) enters into a compliance agreement under section 6714; or

      `(2) requests a proceeding under subsection (d)(1).

    `(d) ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF SUSPENSIONS-

      `(1) PROCEEDING- A proceeding requested under subsection (c)(2) shall begin by the 30th day after the Secretary receives a request for the proceeding. The proceeding shall be before an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105 of title 5, United States Code. By the 30th day after the beginning of the proceeding, the judge shall issue a preliminary decision based on the record at the time on whether the unit of general local government is likely to prevail in showing compliance with section 6711 (a) or (b).

      `(2) DECISION- If the administrative law judge decides at the end of a proceeding under paragraph (1) that the unit of general local government has--

        `(A) not complied with section 6711 (a) or (b), the judge may order payments to the government under this chapter terminated; or

        `(B) complied with section 6711 (a) or (b), a suspension under section 6713(a)(1)(A) shall be discontinued promptly.

      `(3) LIKELIHOOD OF PREVAILING- An administrative law judge may not issue a preliminary decision that the government is not likely to prevail if the judge has issued a decision described in paragraph (2)(A).

    `(e) BASIS FOR REVIEW- In a proceeding under subsections (b) through (d) on a program or activity of a unit of general local government about which a holding of discrimination has been made, the Secretary or administrative law judge may consider only whether a payment under this chapter was used to pay for any part of the program or activity. The holding of discrimination is conclusive. If the holding is reversed by an appellate court, the Secretary or judge shall end the proceeding.

`Sec. 6713. Suspension and termination of payments in discrimination proceedings

    `(a) IMPOSITION AND CONTINUATION OF SUSPENSIONS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall suspend payment under this chapter to a unit of general local government--

        `(A) if an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105 of title 5, United States Code, issues a preliminary decision in a proceeding under section 6712(d)(1) that the government is not likely to prevail in showing compliance with section 6711 (a) and (b);

        `(B) if the administrative law judge decides at the end of the proceeding that the government has not complied with section 6711 (a) or (b), unless the government makes a compliance agreement under section 6714 by the 30th day after the decision; or

        `(C) if required under section 6712(c).

      `(2) EFFECTIVENESS- A suspension already ordered under paragraph (1)(A) continues in effect if the administrative law judge makes a decision under paragraph (1)(B).

    `(b) LIFTING OF SUSPENSIONS AND TERMINATIONS- If a holding of discrimination is reversed by an appellate court, a suspension or termination of payments in a proceeding based on the holding shall be discontinued.

    `(c) RESUMPTION OF PAYMENTS UPON ATTAINING COMPLIANCE- The Secretary may resume payment to a unit of general local government of payments suspended by the Secretary only--

      `(1) as of the time of, and under the conditions stated in--

        `(A) the approval by the Secretary of a compliance agreement under section 6714(a)(1); or

        `(B) a compliance agreement entered into by the Secretary under section 6714(a)(2);

      `(2) if the government complies completely with an order of a United States court, a State court, or administrative law judge that covers all matters raised in a notice of noncompliance submitted by the Secretary under section 6712(a);

      `(3) if a United States court, a State court, or an administrative law judge decides (including a judge in a proceeding under section 6712(d)(1)), that the government has complied with sections 6711 (a) and (b); or

      `(4) if a suspension is discontinued under subsection (b).

    `(d) PAYMENT OF DAMAGES AS COMPLIANCE- For purposes of subsection (c)(2), compliance by a government may consist of the payment of restitution to a person injured because the government did not comply with section 6711 (a) or (b).

    `(e) RESUMPTION OF PAYMENTS UPON REVERSAL BY COURT- The Secretary may resume payment to a unit of general local government of payments terminated under section 6712(d)(2)(A) only if the decision resulting in the termination is reversed by an appellate court.

`Sec. 6714. Compliance agreements

    `(a) TYPES OF COMPLIANCE AGREEMENTS- A compliance agreement is an agreement--

      `(1) approved by the Secretary, between the governmental authority responsible for prosecuting a claim or complaint that is the basis of a holding of discrimination and the chief executive officer of the unit of general local government that has not complied with section 6711 (a) or (b); or

      `(2) between the Secretary and the chief executive officer.

    `(b) CONTENTS OF AGREEMENTS- A compliance agreement--

      `(1) shall state the conditions the unit of general local government has agreed to comply with that would satisfy the obligations of the government under sections 6711 (a) and (b);

      `(2) shall cover each matter that has been found not to comply, or would not comply, with section 6711 (a) or (b); and

      `(3) may be a series of agreements that dispose of those matters.

    `(c) AVAILABILITY OF AGREEMENTS TO PARTIES- The Secretary shall submit a copy of a compliance agreement to each person who filed a complaint referred to in section 6716(b), or, if an agreement under subsection (a)(1), each person who filed a complaint with a governmental authority, about a failure to comply with section 6711 (a) or (b). The Secretary shall submit the copy by the 15th day after an agreement is made. However, if the Secretary approves an agreement under subsection (a)(1) after the agreement is made, the Secretary may submit the copy by the 15th day after approval of the agreement.

`Sec. 6715. Enforcement by the Attorney General of prohibitions on discrimination

    `The Attorney General may bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States against a unit of general local government that the Attorney General has reason to believe has engaged or is engaging in a pattern or practice in violation of section 6711 (a) or (b). The court may grant--

      `(1) a temporary restraining order;

      `(2) an injunction; or

      `(3) an appropriate order to ensure enjoyment of rights under section 6711 (a) or (b), including an order suspending, terminating, or requiring repayment of, payments under this chapter or placing additional payments under this chapter in escrow pending the outcome of the action.

`Sec. 6716. Civil action by a person adversely affected

    `(a) AUTHORITY FOR PRIVATE SUITS IN FEDERAL OR STATE COURT- If a unit of general local government, or an officer or employee of a unit of general local government acting in an official capacity, engages in a practice prohibited by this chapter, a person adversely affected by the practice may bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States or a State court of general jurisdiction. Before bringing an action under this section, the person must exhaust administrative remedies under subsection (b).

    `(b) ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES REQUIRED TO BE EXHAUSTED- A person adversely affected shall file an administrative complaint with the Secretary or the head of another agency of the United States Government or the State agency with which the Secretary has an agreement under section 6711(d). Administrative remedies are deemed to be exhausted by the person after the 90th day after the complaint was filed if the Secretary, the head of the Government agency, or the State agency--

      `(1) issues a decision that the government has not failed to comply with this chapter; or

      `(2) does not issue a decision on the complaint.

    `(c) AUTHORITY OF COURT- In an action under this section, the court--

      `(1) may grant--

        `(A) a temporary restraining order;

        `(B) an injunction; or

        `(C) another order, including suspension, termination, or repayment of, payments under this chapter or placement of additional payments under this chapter in escrow pending the outcome of the action; and

      `(2) to enforce compliance with section 6711 (a) or (b), may allow a prevailing party (except the United States Government) a reasonable attorney's fee.

    `(d) INTERVENTION BY ATTORNEY GENERAL- In an action under this section to enforce compliance with section 6711 (a) or (b), the Attorney General may intervene in the action if the Attorney General certifies that the action is of general public importance. The United States Government is entitled to the same relief as if the Government had brought the action and is liable for the same fees and costs as a private person.

`Sec. 6717. Judicial review

    `(a) APPEALS IN FEDERAL COURT OF APPEALS- A unit of general local government which receives notice from the Secretary about withholding payments under section 6703(f), suspending payments under section 6713(a)(1)(B), or terminating payments under section 6712(d)(2)(A), may apply for review of the action of the Secretary by filing a petition for review with the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which the government is located. The petition shall be filed by the 60th day after the date the notice is received. The clerk of the court shall immediately send a copy of the petition to the Secretary.

    `(b) FILING OF RECORD OF ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDING- The Secretary shall file with the court a record of the proceeding on which the Secretary based the action. The court may consider only objections to the action of the Secretary that were presented before the Secretary.

    `(c) COURT ACTION- The court may affirm, change, or set aside any part of the action of the Secretary. The findings of fact by the Secretary are conclusive if supported by substantial evidence in the record. If a finding is not supported by substantial evidence in the record, the court may remand the case to the Secretary to take additional evidence. Upon such a remand, the Secretary may make new or modified findings and shall certify additional proceedings to the court.

    `(d) REVIEW ONLY BY SUPREME COURT- A judgment of a court under this section may be reviewed only by the Supreme Court under section 1254 of title 28, United States Code.

`Sec. 6718. Investigations and reviews

    `(a) INVESTIGATIONS BY SECRETARY-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall within a reasonable time limit--

        `(A) carry out an investigation and make a finding after receiving a complaint referred to in section 6716(b), a determination by a State or local administrative agency, or other information about a possible violation of this chapter;

        `(B) carry out audits and reviews (including investigations of allegations) about possible violations of this chapter; and

        `(C) advise a complainant of the status of an audit, investigation, or review of an allegation by the complainant of a violation of section 6711 (a) or (b) or other provision of this chapter.

      `(2) TIME LIMIT- The maximum time limit under paragraph (1)(A) is 120 days.

    `(b) REVIEWS BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall carry out reviews of the activities of the Secretary, State governments, and units of general local government necessary for the Congress to evaluate compliance and operations under this chapter. These reviews shall include a comparison of the waste and inefficiency of local governments using funds under this chapter compared to waste and inefficiency with other comparable Federal programs.

`Sec. 6719. Reports

    `(a) REPORTS BY SECRETARY TO CONGRESS- Before June 2 of each year prior to 2002, the Secretary personally shall report to the Congress on--

      `(1) the status and operation of the Local Government Fiscal Assistance Fund during the prior fiscal year; and

      `(2) the administration of this chapter, including a complete and detailed analysis of--

        `(A) actions taken to comply with sections 6711 through 6715, including a description of the kind and extent of noncompliance and the status of pending complaints;

        `(B) the extent to which units of general local government receiving payments under this chapter have complied with the requirements of this chapter;

        `(C) the way in which payments under this chapter have been distributed in the jurisdictions receiving payments; and

        `(D) significant problems in carrying out this chapter and recommendations for legislation to remedy the problems.

    `(b) REPORTS BY UNITS OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO SECRETARY-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- At the end of each fiscal year, each unit of general local government which received a payment under this chapter for the fiscal year shall submit a report to the Secretary. The report shall be submitted in the form and at a time prescribed by the Secretary and shall be available to the public for inspection. The report shall state--

        `(A) the amounts and purposes for which the payment has been appropriated, expended, or obligated in the fiscal year;

        `(B) the relationship of the payment to the relevant functional items in the budget of the government; and

        `(C) the differences between the actual and proposed use of the payment.

      `(2) AVAILABILITY OF REPORT- The Secretary shall provide a copy of a report submitted under paragraph (1) by a unit of general local government to the chief executive officer of the State in which the government is located. The Secretary shall provide the report in the manner and form prescribed by the Secretary.

`Sec. 6720. Definitions, application, and administration

    `(a) DEFINITIONS- In this chapter--

      `(1) `unit of general local government' means--

        `(A) a county, township, city, or political subdivision of a county, township, or city, that is a unit of general local government as determined by the Secretary of Commerce for general statistical purposes; and

        `(B) the District of Columbia and the recognized governing body of an Indian tribe or Alaskan Native village that carries out substantial governmental duties and powers;

      `(2) `payment period' means each 1-year period beginning on October 1 of the years 1994 through 2000;

      `(3) `State and local taxes' means taxes imposed by a State government or unit of general local government or other political subdivision of a State government for public purposes (except employee and employer assessments and contributions to finance retirement and social insurance systems and other special assessments for capital outlay) as determined by the Secretary of Commerce for general statistical purposes;

      `(4) `State' means any of the several States and the District of Columbia;

      `(5) `income' means the total money income received from all sources as determined by the Secretary of Commerce for general statistical purposes, which for units of general local government is reported by the Bureau of the Census for 1990 in the publication Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics;

      `(6) `per capita income' means--

        `(A) in the case of the United States, the income of the United States divided by the population of the United States;

        `(B) in the case of a State, the income of that State, divided by the population of that State; and

        `(C) in the case of a unit of general local government, the income of that unit of general local government divided by the population of the unit of general local government;

      `(7) `finding of discrimination' means a decision by the Secretary about a complaint described in section 6716(b), a decision by a State or local administrative agency, or other information (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) that it is more likely than not that a unit of general local government has not complied with section 6711 (a) or (b);

      `(8) `holding of discrimination' means a holding by a United States court, a State court, or an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105 of title 5, United States Code, that a unit of general local government expending amounts received under this chapter has--

        `(A) excluded a person in the United States from participating in, denied the person the benefits of, or subjected the person to discrimination under, a program or activity because of race, color, national origin, or sex; or

        `(B) violated a prohibition against discrimination described in section 6711(b); and

      `(9) `Secretary' means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

    `(b) DELEGATION OF ADMINISTRATION- The Secretary may enter into agreements with other executive branch departments and agencies to delegate to that department or agency all or part of the Secretary's responsibility for administering this chapter.

    `(c) TREATMENT OF SUBSUMED AREAS- If the entire geographic area of a unit of general local government is located in a larger entity, the unit of general local government is deemed to be located in the larger entity. If only part of the geographic area of a unit is located in a larger entity, each part is deemed to be located in the larger entity and to be a separate unit of general local government in determining allocations under this chapter. Except as provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the Secretary shall make all data computations based on the ratio of the estimated population of the part to the population of the entire unit of general local government.

    `(d) BOUNDARY AND OTHER CHANGES- If a boundary line change, a State statutory or constitutional change, annexation, a governmental reorganization, or other circumstance results in the application of sections 6704 through 6708 in a way that does not carry out the purposes of sections 6701 through 6708, the Secretary shall apply sections 6701 through 6708 under regulations of the Secretary in a way that is consistent with those purposes.'.

    (b) ISSUANCE OF REGULATIONS- Within 90 days of the date of enactment of this Act the Secretary shall issue regulations, which may be interim regulations, to implement subsection (a), modifying the regulations for carrying into effect the Revenue Sharing Act that were in effect as of July 1, 1987, and that were published in 31 C.F.R. part 51. The Secretary need not hold a public hearing before issuing these regulations.

    (c) DEFICIT NEUTRALITY- Any appropriation to carry out the amendment made by this subtitle to title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 1995 or 1996 shall be offset by cuts elsewhere in appropriations for that fiscal year.

SEC. 31002. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

    The table of chapters at the beginning of subtitle V of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to chapter 65 the following:

6701'.

Subtitle K--National Community Economic Partnership

SEC. 31101. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `National Community Economic Partnership Act of 1994'.

CHAPTER 1--COMMUNITY ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP INVESTMENT FUNDS

SEC. 31111. PURPOSE.

    It is the purpose of this chapter to increase private investment in distressed local communities and to build and expand the capacity of local institutions to better serve the economic needs of local residents through the provision of financial and technical assistance to community development corporations.

SEC. 31112. PROVISION OF ASSISTANCE.

    (a) AUTHORITY- The Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this subtitle as the `Secretary') may, in accordance with this chapter, provide nonrefundable lines of credit to community development corporations for the establishment, maintenance or expansion of revolving loan funds to be utilized to finance projects intended to provide business and employment opportunities for low-income, unemployed, or underemployed individuals and to improve the quality of life in urban and rural areas.

    (b) REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS-

      (1) COMPETITIVE ASSESSMENT OF APPLICATIONS- In providing assistance under subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish and implement a competitive process for the solicitation and consideration of applications from eligible entities for lines of credit for the capitalization of revolving funds.

      (2) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- To be eligible to receive a line of credit under this chapter an applicant shall--

        (A) be a community development corporation;

        (B) prepare and submit an application to the Secretary that shall include a strategic investment plan that identifies and describes the economic characteristics of the target area to be served, the types of business to be assisted and the impact of such assistance on low-income, underemployed, and unemployed individuals in the target area;

        (C) demonstrate previous experience in the development of low-income housing or community or business development projects in a low-income community and provide a record of achievement with respect to such projects; and

        (D) have secured one or more commitments from local sources for contributions (either in cash or in kind, letters of credit or letters of commitment) in an amount that is at least equal to the amount requested in the application submitted under subparagraph (B).

      (3) EXCEPTION- Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2)(D), the Secretary may reduce local contributions to not less than 25 percent of the amount of the line of credit requested by the community development corporation if the Secretary determines such to be appropriate in accordance with section 31116.

SEC. 31113. APPROVAL OF APPLICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- In evaluating applications submitted under section 31112(b)(2)(B), the Secretary shall ensure that--

      (1) the residents of the target area to be served (as identified under the strategic development plan) would have an income that is less than the median income for the area (as determined by the Secretary);

      (2) the applicant community development corporation possesses the technical and managerial capability necessary to administer a revolving loan fund and has past experience in the development and management of housing, community and economic development programs;

      (3) the applicant community development corporation has provided sufficient evidence of the existence of good working relationships with--

        (A) local businesses and financial institutions, as well as with the community the corporation proposes to serve; and

        (B) local and regional job training programs;

      (4) the applicant community development corporation will target job opportunities that arise from revolving loan fund investments under this chapter so that 75 percent of the jobs retained or created under such investments are provided to--

        (A) individuals with--

          (i) incomes that do not exceed the Federal poverty line; or

          (ii) incomes that do not exceed 80 percent of the median income of the area;

        (B) individuals who are unemployed or underemployed;

        (C) individuals who are participating or have participated in job training programs authorized under the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) or the Family Support Act of 1988 (Public Law 100-485);

        (D) individuals whose jobs may be retained as a result of the provision of financing available under this chapter; or

        (E) individuals who have historically been underrepresented in the local economy; and

      (5) a representative cross section of applicants are approved, including large and small community development corporations, urban and rural community development corporations and community development corporations representing diverse populations.

    (b) PRIORITY- In determining which application to approve under this chapter the Secretary shall give priority to those applicants proposing to serve a target area--

      (1) with a median income that does not exceed 80 percent of the median for the area (as determined by the Secretary); and

      (2) with a high rate of unemployment, as determined by the Secretary or in which the population loss is at least 7 percent from April 1, 1980, to April 1, 1990, as reported by the Bureau of the Census.

SEC. 31114. AVAILABILITY OF LINES OF CREDIT AND USE.

    (a) APPROVAL OF APPLICATION- The Secretary shall provide a community development corporation that has an application approved under section 31113 with a line of credit in an amount determined appropriate by the Secretary, subject to the limitations contained in subsection (b).

    (b) LIMITATIONS ON AVAILABILITY OF AMOUNTS-

      (1) MAXIMUM AMOUNT- The Secretary shall not provide in excess of $2,000,000 in lines of credit under this chapter to a single applicant.

      (2) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- A line of credit provided under this chapter shall remain available over a period of time established by the Secretary, but in no event shall any such period of time be in excess of 3 years from the date on which such line of credit is made available.

      (3) EXCEPTION- Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), if a recipient of a line of credit under this chapter has made full and productive use of such line of credit, can demonstrate the need and demand for additional assistance, and can meet the requirements of section 31112(b)(2), the amount of such line of credit may be increased by not more than $1,500,000.

    (c) AMOUNTS DRAWN FROM LINE OF CREDIT- Amounts drawn from each line of credit under this chapter shall be used solely for the purposes described in section 31111 and shall only be drawn down as needed to provide loans, investments, or to defray administrative costs related to the establishment of a revolving loan fund.

    (d) USE OF REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS- Revolving loan funds established with lines of credit provided under this chapter may be used to provide technical assistance to private business enterprises and to provide financial assistance in the form of loans, loan guarantees, interest reduction assistance, equity shares, and other such forms of assistance to business enterprises in target areas and who are in compliance with section 31113(a)(4).

SEC. 31115. LIMITATIONS ON USE OF FUNDS.

    (a) MATCHING REQUIREMENT- Not to exceed 50 percent of the total amount to be invested by an entity under this chapter may be derived from funds made available from a line of credit under this chapter.

    (b) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND ADMINISTRATION- Not to exceed 10 percent of the amounts available from a line of credit under this chapter shall be used for the provision of training or technical assistance and for the planning, development, and management of economic development projects. Community development corporations shall be encouraged by the Secretary to seek technical assistance from other community development corporations, with expertise in the planning, development and management of economic development projects. The Secretary shall assist in the identification and facilitation of such technical assistance.

    (c) LOCAL AND PRIVATE SECTOR CONTRIBUTIONS- To receive funds available under a line of credit provided under this chapter, an entity, using procedures established by the Secretary, shall demonstrate to the community development corporation that such entity agrees to provide local and private sector contributions in accordance with section 31112(b)(2)(D), will participate with such community development corporation in a loan, guarantee or investment program for a designated business enterprise, and that the total financial commitment to be provided by such entity is at least equal to the amount to be drawn from the line of credit.

    (d) USE OF PROCEEDS FROM INVESTMENTS- Proceeds derived from investments made using funds made available under this chapter may be used only for the purposes described in section 31111 and shall be reinvested in the community in which they were generated.

SEC. 31116. PROGRAM PRIORITY FOR SPECIAL EMPHASIS PROGRAMS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall give priority in providing lines of credit under this chapter to community development corporations that propose to undertake economic development activities in distressed communities that target women, Native Americans, at risk youth, farmworkers, population-losing communities, very low-income communities, single mothers, veterans, and refugees; or that expand employee ownership of private enterprises and small businesses, and to programs providing loans of not more than $35,000 to very small business enterprises.

    (b) RESERVATION OF FUNDS- Not less than 5 percent of the amounts made available under section 31112(a)(2)(A) may be reserved to carry out the activities described in subsection (a).

CHAPTER 2--EMERGING COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS

SEC. 31121. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION IMPROVEMENT GRANTS.

    (a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to provide assistance to community development corporations to upgrade the management and operating capacity of such corporations and to enhance the resources available to enable such corporations to increase their community economic development activities.

    (b) SKILL ENHANCEMENT GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to community development corporations to enable such corporations to attain or enhance the business management and development skills of the individuals that manage such corporations to enable such corporations to seek the public and private resources necessary to develop community economic development projects.

      (2) USE OF FUNDS- A recipient of a grant under paragraph (1) may use amounts received under such grant--

        (A) to acquire training and technical assistance from agencies or institutions that have extensive experience in the development and management of low-income community economic development projects; or

        (B) to acquire such assistance from other highly successful community development corporations.

    (c) OPERATING GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to community development corporations to enable such corporations to support an administrative capacity for the planning, development, and management of low-income community economic development projects.

      (2) USE OF FUNDS- A recipient of a grant under paragraph (1) may use amounts received under such grant--

        (A) to conduct evaluations of the feasibility of potential low-income community economic development projects that address identified needs in the low-income community and that conform to those projects and activities permitted under subtitle A;

        (B) to develop a business plan related to such a potential project; or

        (C) to mobilize resources to be contributed to a planned low-income community economic development project or strategy.

    (d) APPLICATIONS- A community development corporation that desires to receive a grant under this section shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

    (e) AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR A COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION- Amounts provided under this section to a community development corporation shall not exceed $75,000 per year. Such corporations may apply for grants under this section for up to 3 consecutive years, except that such corporations shall be required to submit a new application for each grant for which such corporation desires to receive and compete on the basis of such applications in the selection process.

SEC. 31122. EMERGING COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REVOLVING LOAN FUNDS.

    (a) AUTHORITY- The Secretary may award grants to emerging community development corporations to enable such corporations to establish, maintain or expand revolving loan funds, to make or guarantee loans, or to make capital investments in new or expanding local businesses.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), an entity shall--

      (1) be a community development corporation;

      (2) have completed not less than one nor more than two community economic development projects or related projects that improve or provide job and employment opportunities to low-income individuals;

      (3) prepare and submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require, including a strategic investment plan that identifies and describes the economic characteristics of the target area to be served, the types of business to be assisted using amounts received under the grant and the impact of such assistance on low-income individuals; and

      (4) have secured one or more commitments from local sources for contributions (either in cash or in kind, letters of credit, or letters of commitment) in an amount that is equal to at least 10 percent of the amounts requested in the application submitted under paragraph (2).

    (c) USE OF THE REVOLVING LOAN FUND-

      (1) IN GENERAL- A revolving loan fund established or maintained with amounts received under this section may be utilized to provide financial and technical assistance, loans, loan guarantees or investments to private business enterprises to--

        (A) finance projects intended to provide business and employment opportunities for low-income individuals and to improve the quality of life in urban and rural areas; and

        (B) build and expand the capacity of emerging community development corporations and serve the economic needs of local residents.

      (2) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall encourage emerging community development corporations that receive grants under this section to seek technical assistance from established community development corporations, with expertise in the planning, development and management of economic development projects and shall facilitate the receipt of such assistance.

      (3) LIMITATION- Not to exceed 10 percent of the amounts received under this section by a grantee shall be used for training, technical assistance and administrative purposes.

    (d) USE OF PROCEEDS FROM INVESTMENTS- Proceeds derived from investments made with amounts provided under this section may be utilized only for the purposes described in this subtitle and shall be reinvested in the community in which they were generated.

    (e) AMOUNTS AVAILABLE- Amounts provided under this section to a community development corporation shall not exceed $500,000 per year.

CHAPTER 3--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 31131. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this subtitle:

      (1) COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION- The term `community development corporation' means a private, nonprofit corporation whose board of directors is comprised of business, civic and community leaders, and whose principal purpose includes the provision of low-income housing or community economic development projects that primarily benefit low-income individuals and communities.

      (2) LOCAL AND PRIVATE SECTOR CONTRIBUTION- The term `local and private sector contribution' means the funds available at the local level (by private financial institutions, State and local governments) or by any private philanthropic organization and private, nonprofit organizations that will be committed and used solely for the purpose of financing private business enterprises in conjunction with amounts provided under this subtitle.

      (3) POPULATION-LOSING COMMUNITY- The term `population-losing community' means any county in which the net population loss is at least 7 percent from April 1, 1980 to April 1, 1990, as reported by the Bureau of the Census.

      (4) PRIVATE BUSINESS ENTERPRISE- The term `private business enterprise' means any business enterprise that is engaged in the manufacture of a product, provision of a service, construction or development of a facility, or that is involved in some other commercial, manufacturing or industrial activity, and that agrees to target job opportunities stemming from investments authorized under this subtitle to certain individuals.

      (5) TARGET AREA- The term `target area' means any area defined in an application for assistance under this subtitle that has a population whose income does not exceed the median for the area within which the target area is located.

      (6) VERY LOW-INCOME COMMUNITY- The term `very low-income community' means a community in which the median income of the residents of such community does not exceed 50 percent of the median income of the area.

SEC. 31132. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out chapters 1 and 2--

      (1) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $76,500,000 for fiscal year 1998; and

      (4) $76,500,000 for fiscal year 1999.

    (b) EARMARKS- Of the aggregate amount appropriated under subsection (a) for each fiscal year--

      (1) 60 percent shall be available to carry out chapter 1; and

      (2) 40 percent shall be available to carry out chapter 2.

    (c) AMOUNTS- Amounts appropriated under subsection (a) shall remain available for expenditure without fiscal year limitation.

SEC. 31133. PROHIBITION.

    None of the funds authorized under this subtitle shall be used to finance the construction of housing.

Subtitle O--Urban Recreation and At-Risk Youth

SEC. 31501. PURPOSE OF ASSISTANCE.

    Section 1003 of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by adding the following at the end: `It is further the purpose of this title to improve recreation facilities and expand recreation services in urban areas with a high incidence of crime and to help deter crime through the expansion of recreation opportunities for at-risk youth. It is the further purpose of this section to increase the security of urban parks and to promote collaboration between local agencies involved in parks and recreation, law enforcement, youth social services, and juvenile justice system.'.

SEC. 31502. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1004 of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by inserting the following new subsection after subsection (c) and by redesignating subsections (d) through (j) as (e) through (k), respectively:

    `(d) `at-risk youth recreation grants' means--

      `(1) rehabilitation grants,

      `(2) innovation grants, or

      `(3) matching grants for continuing program support for programs of demonstrated value or success in providing constructive alternatives to youth at risk for engaging in criminal behavior, including grants for operating, or coordinating recreation programs and services;

    in neighborhoods and communities with a high prevalence of crime, particularly violent crime or crime committed by youthful offenders; in addition to the purposes specified in subsection (b), rehabilitation grants referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection may be used for the provision of lighting, emergency phones or other capital improvements which will improve the security of urban parks;'.

SEC. 31503. CRITERIA FOR SELECTION.

    Section 1005 of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and inserting `; and' and by adding the following at the end:

      `(8) in the case of at-risk youth recreation grants, the Secretary shall give a priority to each of the following criteria:

        `(A) Programs which are targeted to youth who are at the greatest risk of becoming involved in violence and crime.

        `(B) Programs which teach important values and life skills, including teamwork, respect, leadership, and self-esteem.

        `(C) Programs which offer tutoring, remedial education, mentoring, and counseling in addition to recreation opportunities.

        `(D) Programs which offer services during late night or other nonschool hours.

        `(E) Programs which demonstrate collaboration between local park and recreation, juvenile justice, law enforcement, and youth social service agencies and nongovernmental entities, including the private sector and community and nonprofit organizations.

        `(F) Programs which leverage public or private recreation investments in the form of services, materials, or cash.

        `(G) Programs which show the greatest potential of being continued with non-Federal funds or which can serve as models for other communities.'.

SEC. 31504. PARK AND RECREATION ACTION RECOVERY PROGRAMS.

    Section 1007(b) of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by adding the following at the end: `In order to be eligible to receive `at-risk youth recreation grants' a local government shall amend its 5-year action program to incorporate the goal of reducing crime and juvenile delinquency and to provide a description of the implementation strategies to achieve this goal. The plan shall also address how the local government is coordinating its recreation programs with crime prevention efforts of law enforcement, juvenile corrections, and youth social service agencies.'.

SEC. 31505. MISCELLANEOUS AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) PROGRAM SUPPORT- Section 1013 of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by inserting `(a) IN GENERAL- ' after `1013' and by adding the following new subsection at the end:

    `(b) PROGRAM SUPPORT- Not more than 25 percent of the amounts made available under this title to any local government may be used for program support.'.

    (b) EXTENSION- Section 1003 of the Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act of 1978 is amended by striking `for a period of five years' and by striking `short-term'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $2,700,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $450,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $450,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $450,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $450,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle Q--Community-Based Justice Grants for Prosecutors

SEC. 31701. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may make grants to State, Indian tribal, or local prosecutors for the purpose of supporting the creation or expansion of community-based justice programs.

    (b) CONSULTATION- The Attorney General may consult with the Ounce of Prevention Council in making grants under subsection (a).

SEC. 31702. USE OF FUNDS.

    Grants made by the Attorney General under this section shall be used--

      (1) to fund programs that require the cooperation and coordination of prosecutors, school officials, police, probation officers, youth and social service professionals, and community members in the effort to reduce the incidence of, and increase the successful identification and speed of prosecution of, young violent offenders;

      (2) to fund programs in which prosecutors focus on the offender, not simply the specific offense, and impose individualized sanctions, designed to deter that offender from further antisocial conduct, and impose increasingly serious sanctions on a young offender who continues to commit offenses;

      (3) to fund programs that coordinate criminal justice resources with educational, social service, and community resources to develop and deliver violence prevention programs, including mediation and other conflict resolution methods, treatment, counseling, educational, and recreational programs that create alternatives to criminal activity; and

      (4) in rural States (as defined in section 1501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796bb(B)), to fund cooperative efforts between State and local prosecutors, victim advocacy and assistance groups, social and community service providers, and law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute child abuse cases, treat youthful victims of child abuse, and work in cooperation with the community to develop education and prevention strategies directed toward the issues with which such entities are concerned.

SEC. 31703. APPLICATIONS.

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- In order to be eligible to receive a grant under this part for any fiscal year, a State, Indian tribal, or local prosecutor, in conjunction with the chief executive officer of the jurisdiction in which the program will be placed, shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS- Each applicant shall include--

      (1) a request for funds for the purposes described in section 31702;

      (2) a description of the communities to be served by the grant, including the nature of the youth crime, youth violence, and child abuse problems within such communities;

      (3) assurances that Federal funds received under this part shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this section; and

      (4) statistical information in such form and containing such information that the Attorney General may require.

    (c) COMPREHENSIVE PLAN- Each applicant shall include a comprehensive plan that shall contain--

      (1) a description of the youth violence or child abuse crime problem;

      (2) an action plan outlining how the applicant will achieve the purposes as described in section 31702;

      (3) a description of the resources available in the community to implement the plan together with a description of the gaps in the plan that cannot be filled with existing resources; and

      (4) a description of how the requested grant will be used to fill gaps.

SEC. 31704. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS; LIMITATIONS ON GRANTS.

    (a) ADMINISTRATIVE COST LIMITATION- The Attorney General shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under this program for the purposes of administration and technical assistance.

    (b) RENEWAL OF GRANTS- A grant under this part may be renewed for up to 2 additional years after the first fiscal year during which the recipient receives its initial grant under this part, subject to the availability of funds, if--

      (1) the Attorney General determines that the funds made available to the recipient during the previous years were used in a manner required under the approved application; and

      (2) the Attorney General determines that an additional grant is necessary to implement the community prosecution program described in the comprehensive plan required by section 31703.

SEC. 31705. AWARD OF GRANTS.

    The Attorney General shall consider the following facts in awarding grants:

      (1) Demonstrated need and evidence of the ability to provide the services described in the plan required under section 31703.

      (2) The Attorney General shall attempt, to the extent practicable, to achieve an equitable geographic distribution of grant awards.

SEC. 31706. REPORTS.

    (a) REPORT TO ATTORNEY GENERAL- State and local prosecutors that receive funds under this subtitle shall submit to the Attorney General a report not later than March 1 of each year that describes progress achieved in carrying out the plan described under section 31703(c).

    (b) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Attorney General shall submit to the Congress a report by October 1 of each year in which grants are made available under this subtitle which shall contain a detailed statement regarding grant awards, activities of grant recipients, a compilation of statistical information submitted by applicants, and an evaluation of programs established under this subtitle.

SEC. 31707. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 31708. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands.

      `young violent offenders' means individuals, ages 7 through 22, who have committed crimes of violence, weapons offenses, drug distribution, hate crimes and civil rights violations, and offenses against personal property of another.

Subtitle S--Family Unity Demonstration Project

SEC. 31901. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Family Unity Demonstration Project Act'.

SEC. 31902. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to evaluate the effectiveness of certain demonstration projects in helping to--

      (1) alleviate the harm to children and primary caretaker parents caused by separation due to the incarceration of the parents;

      (2) reduce recidivism rates of prisoners by encouraging strong and supportive family relationships; and

      (3) explore the cost effectiveness of community correctional facilities.

SEC. 31903. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `child' means a person who is less than 7 years of age.

      `community correctional facility' means a residential facility that--

        (A) is used only for eligible offenders and their children under 7 years of age;

        (B) is not within the confines of a jail or prison;

        (C) houses no more than 50 prisoners in addition to their children; and

        (D) provides to inmates and their children--

          (i) a safe, stable, environment for children;

          (ii) pediatric and adult medical care consistent with medical standards for correctional facilities;

          (iii) programs to improve the stability of the parent-child relationship, including educating parents regarding--

            (I) child development; and

            (II) household management;

          (iv) alcoholism and drug addiction treatment for prisoners; and

          (v) programs and support services to help inmates--

            (I) to improve and maintain mental and physical health, including access to counseling;

            (II) to obtain adequate housing upon release from State incarceration;

            (III) to obtain suitable education, employment, or training for employment; and

            (IV) to obtain suitable child care.

      `eligible offender' means a primary caretaker parent who--

        (A) has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not more than 7 years or is awaiting sentencing for a conviction punishable by such a term of imprisonment; and

        (B) has not engaged in conduct that--

          (i) knowingly resulted in death or serious bodily injury;

          (ii) is a felony for a crime of violence against a person; or

          (iii) constitutes child neglect or mental, physical, or sexual abuse of a child.

      `primary caretaker parent' means--

        (A) a parent who has consistently assumed responsibility for the housing, health, and safety of a child prior to incarceration; or

        (B) a woman who has given birth to a child after or while awaiting her sentencing hearing and who expresses a willingness to assume responsibility for the housing, health, and safety of that child,

      a parent who, in the best interest of a child, has arranged for the temporary care of the child in the home of a relative or other responsible adult shall not for that reason be excluded from the category `primary caretaker'.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 31904. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $3,600,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $3,600,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $3,600,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $3,600,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $5,400,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (b) AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS- Of the amount appropriated under subsection (a) for any fiscal year--

      (1) 90 percent shall be available to carry out chapter 1; and

      (2) 10 percent shall be available to carry out chapter 2.

CHAPTER 1--GRANTS TO STATES

SEC. 31911. AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS.

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make grants, on a competitive basis, to States to carry out in accordance with this subtitle family unity demonstration projects that enable eligible offenders to live in community correctional facilities with their children.

    (b) PREFERENCES- For the purpose of making grants under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall give preference to a State that includes in the application required by section 31912 assurances that if the State receives a grant--

      (1) both the State corrections agency and the State health and human services agency will participate substantially in, and cooperate closely in all aspects of, the development and operation of the family unity demonstration project for which such a grant is requested;

      (2) boards made up of community members, including residents, local businesses, corrections officials, former prisoners, child development professionals, educators, and maternal and child health professionals will be established to advise the State regarding the operation of such project;

      (3) the State has in effect a policy that provides for the placement of all prisoners, whenever possible, in correctional facilities for which they qualify that are located closest to their respective family homes;

      (4) unless the Attorney General determines that a longer timeline is appropriate in a particular case, the State will implement the project not later than 180 days after receiving a grant under subsection (a) and will expend all of the grant during a 1-year period;

      (5) the State has the capacity to continue implementing a community correctional facility beyond the funding period to ensure the continuity of the work;

      (6) unless the Attorney General determines that a different process for selecting participants in a project is desirable, the State will--

        (A) give written notice to a prisoner, not later than 30 days after the State first receives a grant under subsection (a) or 30 days after the prisoner is sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not more than 7 years (whichever is later), of the proposed or current operation of the project;

        (B) accept at any time at which the project is in operation an application by a prisoner to participate in the project if, at the time of application, the remainder of the prisoner's sentence exceeds 180 days;

        (C) review applications by prisoners in the sequence in which the State receives such applications; and

        (D) not more than 50 days after reviewing such applications approve or disapprove the application; and

      (7) for the purposes of selecting eligible offenders to participate in such project, the State has authorized State courts to sentence an eligible offender directly to a community correctional facility, provided that the court gives assurances that the offender would have otherwise served a term of imprisonment.

    (c) SELECTION OF GRANTEES- The Attorney General shall make grants under subsection (a) on a competitive basis, based on such criteria as the Attorney General shall issue by rule and taking into account the preferences described in subsection (b).

SEC. 31912. ELIGIBILITY TO RECEIVE GRANTS.

    To be eligible to receive a grant under section 31911, a State shall submit to the Attorney General an application at such time, in such form, and containing such information as the Attorney General reasonably may require by rule.

SEC. 31913. REPORT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- A State that receives a grant under this title shall, not later than 90 days after the 1-year period in which the grant is required to be expended, submit a report to the Attorney General regarding the family unity demonstration project for which the grant was expended.

    (b) CONTENTS- A report under subsection (a) shall--

      (1) state the number of prisoners who submitted applications to participate in the project and the number of prisoners who were placed in community correctional facilities;

      (2) state, with respect to prisoners placed in the project, the number of prisoners who are returned to that jurisdiction and custody and the reasons for such return;

      (3) describe the nature and scope of educational and training activities provided to prisoners participating in the project;

      (4) state the number, and describe the scope of, contracts made with public and nonprofit private community-based organizations to carry out such project; and

      (5) evaluate the effectiveness of the project in accomplishing the purposes described in section 31902.

CHAPTER 2--FAMILY UNITY DEMONSTRATION PROJECT FOR FEDERAL PRISONERS

SEC. 31921. AUTHORITY OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL.

    (a) IN GENERAL- With the funds available to carry out this subtitle for the benefit of Federal prisoners, the Attorney General, acting through the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, shall select eligible prisoners to live in community correctional facilities with their children.

    (b) GENERAL CONTRACTING AUTHORITY- In implementing this title, the Attorney General may enter into contracts with appropriate public or private agencies to provide housing, sustenance, services, and supervision of inmates eligible for placement in community correctional facilities under this title.

    (c) USE OF STATE FACILITIES- At the discretion of the Attorney General, Federal participants may be placed in State projects as defined in chapter 1. For such participants, the Attorney General shall, with funds available under section 31904(b)(2), reimburse the State for all project costs related to the Federal participant's placement, including administrative costs.

SEC. 31922. REQUIREMENTS.

    For the purpose of placing Federal participants in a family unity demonstration project under section 31921, the Attorney General shall consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services regarding the development and operation of the project.

Subtitle T--Substance Abuse Treatment in Federal Prisons

SEC. 32001. SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT IN FEDERAL PRISONS.

    Section 3621 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the last sentence of subsection (b), by striking `, to the extent practicable,'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(e) Substance Abuse Treatment-

      `(1) PHASE-IN- In order to carry out the requirement of the last sentence of subsection (b) of this section, that every prisoner with a substance abuse problem have the opportunity to participate in appropriate substance abuse treatment, the Bureau of Prisons shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, provide residential substance abuse treatment (and make arrangements for appropriate aftercare)--

        `(A) for not less than 50 percent of eligible prisoners by the end of fiscal year 1995, with priority for such treatment accorded based on an eligible prisoner's proximity to release date;

        `(B) for not less than 75 percent of eligible prisoners by the end of fiscal year 1996, with priority for such treatment accorded based on an eligible prisoner's proximity to release date; and

        `(C) for all eligible prisoners by the end of fiscal year 1997 and thereafter, with priority for such treatment accorded based on an eligible prisoner's proximity to release date.

      `(2) Incentive for prisoners' successful completion of treatment program-

        `(A) GENERALLY- Any prisoner who, in the judgment of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, has successfully completed a program of residential substance abuse treatment provided under paragraph (1) of this subsection, shall remain in the custody of the Bureau under such conditions as the Bureau deems appropriate. If the conditions of confinement are different from those the prisoner would have experienced absent the successful completion of the treatment, the Bureau shall periodically test the prisoner for substance abuse and discontinue such conditions on determining that substance abuse has recurred.

        `(B) PERIOD OF CUSTODY- The period a prisoner convicted of a nonviolent offense remains in custody after successfully completing a treatment program may be reduced by the Bureau of Prisons, but such reduction may not be more than one year from the term the prisoner must otherwise serve.

      `(3) REPORT- The Bureau of Prisons shall transmit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives on January 1, 1995, and on January 1 of each year thereafter, a report. Such report shall contain--

        `(A) a detailed quantitative and qualitative description of each substance abuse treatment program, residential or not, operated by the Bureau;

        `(B) a full explanation of how eligibility for such programs is determined, with complete information on what proportion of prisoners with substance abuse problems are eligible; and

        `(C) a complete statement of to what extent the Bureau has achieved compliance with the requirements of this title.

      `(4) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection--

        `(A) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        `(B) $18,900,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        `(C) $25,200,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        `(D) $27,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        `(E) $27,900,000 for fiscal year 2000.

      `(5) DEFINITIONS- As used in this subsection--

        `(A) the term `residential substance abuse treatment' means a course of individual and group activities, lasting between 6 and 12 months, in residential treatment facilities set apart from the general prison population--

          `(i) directed at the substance abuse problems of the prisoner; and

          `(ii) intended to develop the prisoner's cognitive, behavioral, social, vocational, and other skills so as to solve the prisoner's substance abuse and related problems;

        `(B) the term `eligible prisoner' means a prisoner who is--

          `(i) determined by the Bureau of Prisons to have a substance abuse problem; and

          `(ii) willing to participate in a residential substance abuse treatment program; and

        `(C) the term `aftercare' means placement, case management and monitoring of the participant in a community-based substance abuse treatment program when the participant leaves the custody of the Bureau of Prisons.

      `(6) COORDINATION OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE- The Bureau of Prisons shall consult with the Department of Health and Human Services concerning substance abuse treatment and related services and the incorporation of applicable components of existing comprehensive approaches including relapse prevention and aftercare services.'.

Subtitle U--Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners

SEC. 32101. RESIDENTIAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT FOR STATE PRISONERS.

    (a) RESIDENTIAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT FOR PRISONERS- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 20201(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part S as part T;

      (2) by redesignating section 1901 as section 2001; and

      (3) by inserting after part R the following new part:

`PART S--RESIDENTIAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT FOR STATE PRISONERS

`SEC. 1901. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    `(a) The Attorney General may make grants under this part to States, for use by States and units of local government for the purpose of developing and implementing residential substance abuse treatment programs within State correctional facilities, as well as within local correctional and detention facilities in which inmates are incarcerated for a period of time sufficient to permit substance abuse treatment.

`(b) CONSULTATION- The Attorney General shall consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to ensure that projects of substance abuse treatment and related services for State prisoners incorporate applicable components of existing comprehensive approaches including relapse prevention and aftercare services.

`SEC. 1902. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- (1) To request a grant under this part the chief executive of a State shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.

    `(2) Such application shall include assurances that Federal funds received under this part shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this part.

    `(3) Such application shall coordinate the design and implementation of treatment programs between State correctional representatives and the State Alcohol and Drug Abuse agency (and, if appropriate, between representatives of local correctional agencies and representatives of either the State alcohol and drug abuse agency or any appropriate local alcohol and drug abuse agency).

    `(b) SUBSTANCE ABUSE TESTING REQUIREMENT- To be eligible to receive funds under this part, a State must agree to implement or continue to require urinalysis or other proven reliable forms of testing of individuals in correctional residential substance abuse treatment programs. Such testing shall include individuals released from residential substance abuse treatment programs who remain in the custody of the State.

    `(c) ELIGIBILITY FOR PREFERENCE WITH AFTER CARE COMPONENT-

      `(1) To be eligible for a preference under this part, a State must ensure that individuals who participate in the substance abuse treatment program established or implemented with assistance provided under this part will be provided with aftercare services.

      `(2) State aftercare services must involve the coordination of the correctional facility treatment program with other human service and rehabilitation programs, such as educational and job training programs, parole supervision programs, half-way house programs, and participation in self-help and peer group programs, that may aid in the rehabilitation of individuals in the substance abuse treatment program.

      `(3) To qualify as an aftercare program, the head of the substance abuse treatment program, in conjunction with State and local authorities and organizations involved in substance abuse treatment, shall assist in placement of substance abuse treatment program participants with appropriate community substance abuse treatment facilities when such individuals leave the correctional facility at the end of a sentence or on parole.

`(d) COORDINATION OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE- Each application submitted for a grant under this section shall include a description of how the funds made available under this section will be coordinated with Federal assistance for substance abuse treatment and aftercare services currently provided by the Department of Health and Human Services' Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

    `(e) STATE OFFICE- The Office designated under section 507--

      `(1) shall prepare the application as required under this section; and

      `(2) shall administer grant funds received under this part, including review of spending, processing, progress, financial reporting, technical assistance, grant adjustments, accounting, auditing, and fund disbursement.

`SEC. 1903. REVIEW OF STATE APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall make a grant under section 1901 to carry out the projects described in the application submitted under section 1902 upon determining that--

      `(1) the application is consistent with the requirements of this part; and

      `(2) before the approval of the application the Attorney General has made an affirmative finding in writing that the proposed project has been reviewed in accordance with this part.

    `(b) APPROVAL- Each application submitted under section 1902 shall be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Attorney General not later than 90 days after first received unless the Attorney General informs the applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.

    `(c) RESTRICTION- Grant funds received under this part shall not be used for land acquisition or construction projects.

    `(d) DISAPPROVAL NOTICE AND RECONSIDERATION- The Attorney General shall not disapprove any application without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

`SEC. 1904. ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    `(a) ALLOCATION- Of the total amount appropriated under this part in any fiscal year--

      `(1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the participating States; and

      `(2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each of the participating States an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds described in this paragraph as the State prison population of such State bears to the total prison population of all the participating States.

    `(b) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of a grant made under this part may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the projects described in the application submitted under section 1902 for the fiscal year for which the projects receive assistance under this part.

`SEC. 1905. EVALUATION.

    `Each State that receives a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General an evaluation not later than March 1 of each year in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 20201(b), is amended by inserting after the matter relating to part R the following new part:

`Part S--Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners

      `Sec. 1901. Grant authorization.

      `Sec. 1902. State applications.

      `Sec. 1903. Review of State applications.

      `Sec. 1904. Allocation and distribution of funds.

      `Sec. 1905. Evaluation.

`Part T--Transition-Effective Date-Repealer

      `Sec. 2001. Confirmation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) DEFINITIONS- Section 901(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791(a)), as amended by section 20201(c), is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (23);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (24) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(25) the term `residential substance abuse treatment program' means a course of individual and group activities, lasting between 6 and 12 months, in residential treatment facilities set apart from the general prison population--

        `(A) directed at the substance abuse problems of the prisoner; and

        `(B) intended to develop the prisoner's cognitive, behavioral, social, vocational, and other skills so as to solve the prisoner's substance abuse and related problems.'.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 20201(d), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and R' and inserting `R, or S'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(17) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the projects under part S--

      `(A) $27,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(B) $36,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(C) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(D) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(E) $72,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

Subtitle V--Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Tuberculosis in Correctional Institutions

SEC. 32201. PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) GUIDELINES- The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Director of the National Institute of Corrections, shall develop and disseminate to appropriate entities, including State, Indian tribal, and local correctional institutions and the Immigration and Naturalization Service, guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and followup care of tuberculosis among inmates of correctional institutions and persons held in holding facilities operated by or under contract with the Immigration and Naturalization Service.

    (b) COMPLIANCE- The Attorney General shall ensure that prisons in the Federal prison system and holding facilities operated by or under contract with the Immigration and Naturalization Service comply with the guidelines described in subsection (a).

    (c) GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall make grants to State, Indian tribal, and local correction authorities and public health authorities to assist in establishing and operating programs for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and followup care of tuberculosis among inmates of correctional institutions.

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of funding of a program funded with a grant under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 50 percent.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

        (A) $700,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $1,100,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $1,200,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (d) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands.

Subtitle X--Gang Resistance Education and Training

SEC. 32401. GANG RESISTANCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROJECTS.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROJECTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish not less than 50 Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) projects, to be located in communities across the country, in addition to the number of projects currently funded.

      (2) SELECTION OF COMMUNITIES- Communities identified for such GREAT projects shall be selected by the Secretary of the Treasury on the basis of gang-related activity in that particular community.

      (3) AMOUNT OF ASSISTANCE PER PROJECT; ALLOCATION- The Secretary of the Treasury shall make available not less than $800,000 per project, subject to the availability of appropriations, and such funds shall be allocated--

        (A) 50 percent to the affected State and local law enforcement and prevention organizations participating in such projects; and

        (B) 50 percent to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms for salaries, expenses, and associated administrative costs for operating and overseeing such projects.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $7,200,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $7,200,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (4) $7,200,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (5) $7,200,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (6) $7,720,000 for fiscal year 2000.

TITLE IV--VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 40001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Violence Against Women Act of 1994'.

Subtitle A--Safe Streets for Women

SEC. 40101. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Safe Streets for Women Act of 1994'.

CHAPTER 1--FEDERAL PENALTIES FOR SEX CRIMES

SEC. 40111. REPEAT OFFENDERS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 2247. Repeat offenders

    `Any person who violates a provision of this chapter, after one or more prior convictions for an offense punishable under this chapter, or after one or more prior convictions under the laws of any State relating to aggravated sexual abuse, sexual abuse, or abusive sexual contact have become final, is punishable by a term of imprisonment up to twice that otherwise authorized.'.

    (b) AMENDMENT OF SENTENCING GUIDELINES- The Sentencing Commission shall implement the amendment made by subsection (a) by promulgating amendments, if appropriate, in the sentencing guidelines applicable to chapter 109A offenses.

    (c) CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The chapter analysis for chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `2247. Repeat offenders.'.

SEC. 40112. FEDERAL PENALTIES.

    (a) AMENDMENT OF SENTENCING GUIDELINES- Pursuant to its authority under section 994(p) of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall review and amend, where necessary, its sentencing guidelines on aggravated sexual abuse under section 2241 of title 18, United States Code, or sexual abuse under section 2242 of title 18, United States Code, as follows:

      (1) The Commission shall review and promulgate amendments to the guidelines, if appropriate, to enhance penalties if more than 1 offender is involved in the offense.

      (2) The Commission shall review and promulgate amendments to the guidelines, if appropriate, to reduce unwarranted disparities between the sentences for sex offenders who are known to the victim and sentences for sex offenders who are not known to the victim.

      (3) The Commission shall review and promulgate amendments to the guidelines to enhance penalties, if appropriate, to render Federal penalties on Federal territory commensurate with penalties for similar offenses in the States.

      (4) The Commission shall review and promulgate amendments to the guidelines, if appropriate, to account for the general problem of recidivism in cases of sex offenses, the severity of the offense, and its devastating effects on survivors.

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the United States Sentencing Commission shall review and submit to Congress a report containing an analysis of Federal rape sentencing, accompanied by comment from independent experts in the field, describing--

      (1) comparative Federal sentences for cases in which the rape victim is known to the defendant and cases in which the rape victim is not known to the defendant;

      (2) comparative Federal sentences for cases on Federal territory and sentences in surrounding States; and

      (3) an analysis of the effect of rape sentences on populations residing primarily on Federal territory relative to the impact of other Federal offenses in which the existence of Federal jurisdiction depends upon the offense's being committed on Federal territory.

SEC. 40113. MANDATORY RESTITUTION FOR SEX CRIMES.

    (a) SEXUAL ABUSE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 2248. Mandatory restitution

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 3663, and in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty authorized by law, the court shall order restitution for any offense under this chapter.

    `(b) SCOPE AND NATURE OF ORDER-

      `(1) DIRECTIONS- The order of restitution under this section shall direct that--

        `(A) the defendant pay to the victim (through the appropriate court mechanism) the full amount of the victim's losses as determined by the court, pursuant to paragraph (3); and

        `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution order by all available and reasonable means.

      `(2) ENFORCEMENT BY VICTIM- An order of restitution also may be enforced by a victim named in the order to receive the restitution in the same manner as a judgment in a civil action.

      `(3) DEFINITION- For purposes of this subsection, the term `full amount of the victim's losses' includes any costs incurred by the victim for--

        `(A) medical services relating to physical, psychiatric, or psychological care;

        `(B) physical and occupational therapy or rehabilitation;

        `(C) necessary transportation, temporary housing, and child care expenses;

        `(D) lost income;

        `(E) attorneys' fees, plus any costs incurred in obtaining a civil protection order; and

        `(F) any other losses suffered by the victim as a proximate result of the offense.

      `(4) ORDER MANDATORY- (A) The issuance of a restitution order under this section is mandatory.

      `(B) A court may not decline to issue an order under this section because of--

        `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or

        `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to, receive compensation for his or her injuries from the proceeds of insurance or any other source.

      `(C)(i) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the court may take into account the economic circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid.

      `(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `economic circumstances' includes--

        `(I) the financial resources and other assets of the defendant;

        `(II) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other income of the defendant; and

        `(III) any financial obligations of the defendant, including obligations to dependents.

      `(D) Subparagraph (A) does not apply if--

        `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for the payment of any or some portion of the amount of a restitution order in the foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of payments); and

        `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the victim's losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.

      `(5) MORE THAN 1 OFFENDER- When the court finds that more than 1 offender has contributed to the loss of a victim, the court may make each offender liable for payment of the full amount of restitution or may apportion liability among the offenders to reflect the level of contribution and economic circumstances of each offender.

      `(6) MORE THAN 1 VICTIM- When the court finds that more than 1 victim has sustained a loss requiring restitution by an offender, the court shall order full restitution of each victim but may provide for different payment schedules to reflect the economic circumstances of each victim.

      `(7) PAYMENT SCHEDULE- An order under this section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment or partial payments at specified intervals.

      `(8) SETOFF- Any amount paid to a victim under this section shall be set off against any amount later recovered as compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in--

        `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and

        `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided by the law of the State.

      `(9) EFFECT ON OTHER SOURCES OF COMPENSATION- The issuance of a restitution order shall not affect the entitlement of a victim to receive compensation with respect to a loss from insurance or any other source until the payments actually received by the victim under the restitution order fully compensate the victim for the loss.

      `(10) CONDITION OF PROBATION OR SUPERVISED RELEASE- Compliance with a restitution order issued under this section shall be a condition of any probation or supervised release of a defendant. If an offender fails to comply with a restitution order, the court may, after a hearing, revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or a term of supervised release, or hold the defendant in contempt pursuant to section 3583(e). In determining whether to revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or supervised release or hold a defendant serving a term of supervised release in contempt, the court shall consider the defendant's employment status, earning ability and financial resources, the willfulness of the defendant's failure to comply, and any other circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant's ability to comply.

    `(c) PROOF OF CLAIM-

      `(1) AFFIDAVIT- Within 60 days after conviction and, in any event, not later than 10 days prior to sentencing, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee), after consulting with the victim, shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court listing the amounts subject to restitution under this section. The affidavit shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) and the victim. Should the victim object to any of the information included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall advise the victim that the victim may file a separate affidavit and shall provide the victim with an affidavit form which may be used to do so.

      `(2) OBJECTION- If, after the defendant has been notified of the affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be entered in the court's restitution order. If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) to submit further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the victim's losses.

      `(3) ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION AND TESTIMONY- If the court concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and considering the defendant's objections, that there is a substantial reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear testimony on those questions. The privacy of any records filed, or testimony heard, pursuant to this section shall be maintained to the greatest extent possible, and such records may be filed or testimony heard in camera.

      `(4) FINAL DETERMINATION OF LOSSES- If the victim's losses are not ascertainable by the date that is 10 days prior to sentencing as provided in paragraph (1), the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall so inform the court, and the court shall set a date for the final determination of the victim's losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing. If the victim subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have 60 days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the court for an amended restitution order. Such order may be granted only upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such losses in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.

    `(d) MODIFICATION OF ORDER- A victim or the offender may petition the court at any time to modify a restitution order as appropriate in view of a change in the economic circumstances of the offender.

    `(e) REFERENCE TO MAGISTRATE OR SPECIAL MASTER- The court may refer any issue arising in connection with a proposed order of restitution to a magistrate or special master for proposed findings of fact and recommendations as to disposition, subject to a de novo determination of the issue by the court.

    `(f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `victim' means the individual harmed as a result of a commission of a crime under this chapter, including, in the case of a victim who is under 18 years of age, incompetent, incapacitated, or deceased, the legal guardian of the victim or representative of the victim's estate, another family member, or any other person appointed as suitable by the court, but in no event shall the defendant be named as such representative or guardian.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `2248. Mandatory restitution.'.

    (b) SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND OTHER ABUSE OF CHILDREN-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 2259. Mandatory restitution

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 3663, and in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty authorized by law, the court shall order restitution for any offense under this chapter.

    `(b) SCOPE AND NATURE OF ORDER-

      `(1) DIRECTIONS- The order of restitution under this section shall direct that--

        `(A) the defendant pay to the victim (through the appropriate court mechanism) the full amount of the victim's losses as determined by the court, pursuant to paragraph (3); and

        `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution order by all available and reasonable means.

      `(2) ENFORCEMENT BY VICTIM- An order of restitution may also be enforced by a victim named in the order to receive the restitution in the same manner as a judgment in a civil action.

      `(3) DEFINITION- For purposes of this subsection, the term `full amount of the victim's losses' includes any costs incurred by the victim for--

        `(A) medical services relating to physical, psychiatric, or psychological care;

        `(B) physical and occupational therapy or rehabilitation;

        `(C) necessary transportation, temporary housing, and child care expenses;

        `(D) lost income;

        `(E) attorneys' fees, as well as other costs incurred; and

        `(F) any other losses suffered by the victim as a proximate result of the offense.

      `(4) ORDER MANDATORY- (A) The issuance of a restitution order under this section is mandatory.

      `(B) A court may not decline to issue an order under this section because of--

        `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or

        `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to, receive compensation for his or her injuries from the proceeds of insurance or any other source.

      `(C)(i) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the court may take into account the economic circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid.

      `(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `economic circumstances' includes--

        `(I) the financial resources and other assets of the defendant;

        `(II) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other income of the defendant; and

        `(III) any financial obligations of the defendant, including obligations to dependents.

      `(D) Subparagraph (A) does not apply if--

        `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for the payment of any or some portion of the amount of a restitution order in the foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of payments); and

        `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the victim's losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.

      `(5) MORE THAN 1 OFFENDER- When the court finds that more than 1 offender has contributed to the loss of a victim, the court may make each offender liable for payment of the full amount of restitution or may apportion liability among the offenders to reflect the level of contribution and economic circumstances of each offender.

      `(6) MORE THAN 1 VICTIM- When the court finds that more than 1 victim has sustained a loss requiring restitution by an offender, the court shall order full restitution of each victim but may provide for different payment schedules to reflect the economic circumstances of each victim.

      `(7) PAYMENT SCHEDULE- An order under this section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment or partial payments at specified intervals.

      `(8) SETOFF- Any amount paid to a victim under this section shall be set off against any amount later recovered as compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in--

        `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and

        `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided by the law of the State.

      `(9) EFFECT ON OTHER SOURCES OF COMPENSATION- The issuance of a restitution order shall not affect the entitlement of a victim to receive compensation with respect to a loss from insurance or any other source until the payments actually received by the victim under the restitution order fully compensate the victim for the loss.

      `(10) CONDITION OF PROBATION OR SUPERVISED RELEASE- Compliance with a restitution order issued under this section shall be a condition of any probation or supervised release of a defendant. If an offender fails to comply with a restitution order, the court may, after a hearing, revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or a term of supervised release, or hold the defendant in contempt pursuant to section 3583(e). In determining whether to revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or supervised release or hold a defendant serving a term of supervised release in contempt, the court shall consider the defendant's employment status, earning ability and financial resources, the willfulness of the defendant's failure to comply, and any other circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant's ability to comply.

    `(c) PROOF OF CLAIM-

      `(1) AFFIDAVIT- Within 60 days after conviction and, in any event, not later than 10 days prior to sentencing, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee), after consulting with the victim, shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court listing the amounts subject to restitution under this section. The affidavit shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) and the victim. Should the victim object to any of the information included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall advise the victim that the victim may file a separate affidavit and shall provide the victim with an affidavit form which may be used to do so.

      `(2) OBJECTION- If, after the defendant has been notified of the affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be entered in the court's restitution order. If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) to submit further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the victim's losses.

      `(3) ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION AND TESTIMONY- If the court concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and considering the defendant's objections, that there is a substantial reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear testimony on those questions. The privacy of any records filed, or testimony heard, pursuant to this section shall be maintained to the greatest extent possible, and such records may be filed or testimony heard in camera.

      `(4) FINAL DETERMINATION OF LOSSES- If the victim's losses are not ascertainable by the date that is 10 days prior to sentencing as provided in paragraph (1), the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall so inform the court, and the court shall set a date for the final determination of the victim's losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing. If the victim subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have 60 days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the court for an amended restitution order. Such order may be granted only upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such losses in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.

    `(d) MODIFICATION OF ORDER- A victim or the offender may petition the court at any time to modify a restitution order as appropriate in view of a change in the economic circumstances of the offender.

    `(e) REFERENCE TO MAGISTRATE OR SPECIAL MASTER- The court may refer any issue arising in connection with a proposed order of restitution to a magistrate or special master for proposed findings of fact and recommendations as to disposition, subject to a de novo determination of the issue by the court.

    `(f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `victim' means the individual harmed as a result of a commission of a crime under this chapter, including, in the case of a victim who is under 18 years of age, incompetent, incapacitated, or deceased, the legal guardian of the victim or representative of the victim's estate, another family member, or any other person appointed as suitable by the court, but in no event shall the defendant be named as such representative or guardian.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `2259. Mandatory restitution.'.

SEC. 40114. AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL VICTIM'S COUNSELORS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States Attorneys for the purpose of appointing Victim/Witness Counselors for the prosecution of sex crimes and domestic violence crimes where applicable (such as the District of Columbia)--

      (1) $500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $500,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (3) $500,000 for fiscal year 1998.

CHAPTER 2--LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PROSECUTION GRANTS TO REDUCE VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN

SEC. 40121. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 32101(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part T as part U;

      (2) by redesignating section 2001 as section 2101; and

      (3) by inserting after part S the following new part:

`Part T--Grants To Combat Violent Crimes Against Women

`SEC. 2001. PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM AND GRANTS.

    `(a) GENERAL PROGRAM PURPOSE- The purpose of this part is to assist States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violent crimes against women, and to develop and strengthen victim services in cases involving violent crimes against women.

    `(b) PURPOSES FOR WHICH GRANTS MAY BE USED- Grants under this part shall provide personnel, training, technical assistance, data collection and other equipment for the more widespread apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women, and specifically, for the purposes of--

      `(1) training law enforcement officers and prosecutors to more effectively identify and respond to violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;

      `(2) developing, training, or expanding units of law enforcement officers and prosecutors specifically targeting violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;

      `(3) developing and implementing more effective police and prosecution policies, protocols, orders, and services specifically devoted to preventing, identifying, and responding to violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;

      `(4) developing, installing, or expanding data collection and communication systems, including computerized systems, linking police, prosecutors, and courts or for the purpose of identifying and tracking arrests, protection orders, violations of protection orders, prosecutions, and convictions for violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;

      `(5) developing, enlarging, or strengthening victim services programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence programs, developing or improving delivery of victim services to racial, cultural, ethnic, and language minorities, providing specialized domestic violence court advocates in courts where a significant number of protection orders are granted, and increasing reporting and reducing attrition rates for cases involving violent crimes against women, including crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;

      `(6) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs addressing stalking; and

      `(7) developing, enlarging, or strengthening programs addressing the needs and circumstances of Indian tribes in dealing with violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence.

`SEC. 2002. STATE GRANTS.

    `(a) GENERAL GRANTS- The Attorney General may make grants to States, for use by States, units of local government, nonprofit nongovernmental victim services programs, and Indian tribal governments for the purposes described in section 2001(b).

    `(b) AMOUNTS- Of the amounts appropriated for the purposes of this part--

      `(1) 4 percent shall be available for grants to Indian tribal governments;

      `(2) $500,000 shall be available for grants to applicants in each State; and

      `(3) the remaining funds shall be available for grants to applicants in each State in an amount that bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds as the population of the State bears to the population of all of the States that results from a distribution among the States on the basis of each State's population in relation to the population of all States (not including populations of Indian tribes).

    `(c) QUALIFICATION- Upon satisfying the terms of subsection (d), any State shall be qualified for funds provided under this part upon certification that--

      `(1) the funds shall be used for any of the purposes described in section 2001(b);

      `(2) grantees and subgrantees shall develop a plan for implementation and shall consult and coordinate with nonprofit, nongovernmental victim services programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs;

      `(3) at least 25 percent of the amount granted shall be allocated, without duplication, to each of the following 3 areas: prosecution, law enforcement, and victim services; and

      `(4) any Federal funds received under this part shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this subtitle.

    `(d) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS- The application requirements provided in section 513 shall apply to grants made under this part. In addition, each application shall include the certifications of qualification required by subsection (c), including documentation from nonprofit, nongovernmental victim services programs, describing their participation in developing the plan required by subsection (c)(2). An application shall include--

      `(1) documentation from the prosecution, law enforcement, and victim services programs to be assisted, demonstrating--

        `(A) need for the grant funds;

        `(B) intended use of the grant funds;

        `(C) expected results from the use of grant funds; and

        `(D) demographic characteristics of the populations to be served, including age, marital status, disability, race, ethnicity and language background;

      `(2) proof of compliance with the requirements for the payment of forensic medical exams provided in section 2005; and

      `(3) proof of compliance with the requirements for paying filing and service fees for domestic violence cases provided in section 2006.

    `(e) DISBURSEMENT-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 60 days after the receipt of an application under this part, the Attorney General shall--

        `(A) disburse the appropriate sums provided for under this part; or

        `(B) inform the applicant why the application does not conform to the terms of section 513 or to the requirements of this section.

      `(2) REGULATIONS- In disbursing monies under this part, the Attorney General shall issue regulations to ensure that States will--

        `(A) give priority to areas of varying geographic size with the greatest showing of need based on the availability of existing domestic violence and sexual assault programs in the population and geographic area to be served in relation to the availability of such programs in other such populations and geographic areas;

        `(B) determine the amount of subgrants based on the population and geographic area to be served;

        `(C) equitably distribute monies on a geographic basis including nonurban and rural areas of various geographic sizes; and

        `(D) recognize and address the needs of underserved populations.

    `(f) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of a grant made under this subtitle may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the projects described in the application submitted.

    `(g) INDIAN TRIBES- Funds appropriated by the Congress for the activities of any agency of an Indian tribal government or of the Bureau of Indian Affairs performing law enforcement functions on any Indian lands may be used to provide the non-Federal share of the cost of programs or projects funded under this part.

    `(h) GRANTEE REPORTING-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Upon completion of the grant period under this part, a State or Indian tribal grantee shall file a performance report with the Attorney General explaining the activities carried out, which report shall include an assessment of the effectiveness of those activities in achieving the purposes of this part.

      `(2) CERTIFICATION BY GRANTEE AND SUBGRANTEES- A section of the performance report shall be completed by each grantee and subgrantee that performed the direct services contemplated in the application, certifying performance of direct services under the grant.

      `(3) SUSPENSION OF FUNDING- The Attorney General shall suspend funding for an approved application if--

        `(A) an applicant fails to submit an annual performance report;

        `(B) funds are expended for purposes other than those described in this part; or

        `(C) a report under paragraph (1) or accompanying assessments demonstrate to the Attorney General that the program is ineffective or financially unsound.

`SEC. 2003. DEFINITIONS.

    `In this part--

      `(1) the term `domestic violence' includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any other adult person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies;

      `(2) the term `Indian country' has the meaning stated in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code;

      `(3) the term `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including any Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation (as defined in, or established pursuant to, the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians;

      `(4) the term `law enforcement' means a public agency charged with policing functions, including any of its component bureaus (such as governmental victim services programs);

      `(5) the term `prosecution' means any public agency charged with direct responsibility for prosecuting criminal offenders, including such agency's component bureaus (such as governmental victim services programs);

      `(6) the term `sexual assault' means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known or related by blood or marriage to the victim;

      `(7) the term `underserved populations' includes populations underserved because of geographic location (such as rural isolation), underserved racial or ethnic populations, and populations underserved because of special needs, such as language barriers or physical disabilities; and

      `(8) the term `victim services' means a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that assists domestic violence or sexual assault victims, including rape crisis centers, battered women's shelters, and other sexual assault or domestic violence programs, including nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations assisting domestic violence or sexual assault victims through the legal process.

`SEC. 2004. GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.

    `(a) NONMONETARY ASSISTANCE- In addition to the assistance provided under this part, the Attorney General may request any Federal agency to use its authorities and the resources granted to it under Federal law (including personnel, equipment, supplies, facilities, and managerial, technical, and advisory services) in support of State, tribal, and local assistance efforts.

    `(b) REPORTING- Not later than 180 days after the end of each fiscal year for which grants are made under this part, the Attorney General shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report that includes, for each State and for each grantee Indian tribe--

      `(1) the number of grants made and funds distributed under this part;

      `(2) a summary of the purposes for which those grants were provided and an evaluation of their progress;

      `(3) a statistical summary of persons served, detailing the nature of victimization, and providing data on age, sex, relationship of victim to offender, geographic distribution, race, ethnicity, language, and disability; and

      `(4) an evaluation of the effectiveness of programs funded under this part.

    `(c) REGULATIONS OR GUIDELINES- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this part, the Attorney General shall publish proposed regulations or guidelines implementing this part. Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment, the Attorney General shall publish final regulations or guidelines implementing this part.

`SEC. 2005. RAPE EXAM PAYMENTS.

    `(a) RESTRICTION OF FUNDS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government, shall not be entitled to funds under this part unless the State, Indian tribal government, unit of local government, or another governmental entity incurs the full out-of-pocket cost of forensic medical exams described in subsection (b) for victims of sexual assault.

      `(2) REDISTRIBUTION- Funds withheld from a State or unit of local government under paragraph (1) shall be distributed to other States or units of local government pro rata. Funds withheld from an Indian tribal government under paragraph (1) shall be distributed to other Indian tribal governments pro rata.

    `(b) MEDICAL COSTS- A State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government shall be deemed to incur the full out-of-pocket cost of forensic medical exams for victims of sexual assault if any government entity--

      `(1) provides such exams to victims free of charge to the victim;

      `(2) arranges for victims to obtain such exams free of charge to the victims; or

      `(3) reimburses victims for the cost of such exams if--

        `(A) the reimbursement covers the full cost of such exams, without any deductible requirement or limit on the amount of a reimbursement;

        `(B) the reimbursing governmental entity permits victims to apply for reimbursement for not less than one year from the date of the exam;

        `(C) the reimbursing governmental entity provides reimbursement not later than 90 days after written notification of the victim's expense; and

        `(D) the State, Indian tribal government, unit of local government, or reimbursing governmental entity provides information at the time of the exam to all victims, including victims with limited or no English proficiency, regarding how to obtain reimbursement.

`SEC. 2006. FILING COSTS FOR CRIMINAL CHARGES.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- A State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government, shall not be entitled to funds under this part unless the State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government--

      `(1) certifies that its laws, policies, and practices do not require, in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor or felony domestic violence offense, that the abused bear the costs associated with the filing of criminal charges against the domestic violence offender, or the costs associated with the issuance or service of a warrant, protection order, or witness subpoena; or

      `(2) gives the Attorney General assurances that its laws, policies and practices will be in compliance with the requirements of paragraph (1) within the later of--

        `(A) the period ending on the date on which the next session of the State legislature ends; or

        `(B) 2 years.

    `(b) REDISTRIBUTION- Funds withheld from a State, unit of local government, or Indian tribal government under subsection (a) shall be distributed to other States, units of local government, and Indian tribal government, respectively, pro rata.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 32101(b), is amended by striking the matter relating to part T and inserting the following:

`Part T--Grants To Combat Violent Crimes Against Women

      `Sec. 2001. Purpose of the program and grants.

      `Sec. 2002. State grants.

      `Sec. 2003. General definitions.

      `Sec. 2004. General terms and conditions.

      `Sec. 2005. Rape exam payments.

      `Sec. 2006. Filing costs for criminal charges.

`Part U--Transition--Effective Date--Repealer

      `Sec. 2101. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 32101(d), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and S' and inserting `S, and T'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(18) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part T--

      `(A) $26,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      `(B) $130,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(C) $145,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(D) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(E) $165,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(F) $174,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

CHAPTER 3--SAFETY FOR WOMEN IN PUBLIC TRANSIT AND PUBLIC PARKS

SEC. 40131. GRANTS FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS TO PREVENT CRIME IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION.

    (a) GENERAL PURPOSE- There is authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $10,000,000, for the Secretary of Transportation (referred to in this section as the `Secretary') to make capital grants for the prevention of crime and to increase security in existing and future public transportation systems. None of the provisions of this Act may be construed to prohibit the financing of projects under this section where law enforcement responsibilities are vested in a local public body other than the grant applicant.

    (b) GRANTS FOR LIGHTING, CAMERA SURVEILLANCE, AND SECURITY PHONES-

      (1) From the sums authorized for expenditure under this section for crime prevention, the Secretary is authorized to make grants and loans to States and local public bodies or agencies for the purpose of increasing the safety of public transportation by--

        (A) increasing lighting within or adjacent to public transportation systems, including bus stops, subway stations, parking lots, or garages;

        (B) increasing camera surveillance of areas within and adjacent to public transportation systems, including bus stops, subway stations, parking lots, or garages;

        (C) providing emergency phone lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or adjacent to public transportation systems, including bus stops, subway stations, parking lots, or garages; or

        (D) any other project intended to increase the security and safety of existing or planned public transportation systems.

      (2) From the sums authorized under this section, at least 75 percent shall be expended on projects of the type described in subsection (b)(1) (A) and (B).

    (c) REPORTING- All grants under this section are contingent upon the filing of a report with the Secretary and the Department of Justice, Office of Victims of Crime, showing crime rates in or adjacent to public transportation before, and for a 1-year period after, the capital improvement. Statistics shall be compiled on the basis of the type of crime, sex, race, ethnicity, language, and relationship of victim to the offender.

    (d) INCREASED FEDERAL SHARE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal share under this section for each capital improvement project that enhances the safety and security of public transportation systems and that is not required by law (including any other provision of this Act) shall be 90 percent of the net project cost of the project.

    (e) SPECIAL GRANTS FOR PROJECTS TO STUDY INCREASING SECURITY FOR WOMEN- From the sums authorized under this section, the Secretary shall provide grants and loans for the purpose of studying ways to reduce violent crimes against women in public transit through better design or operation of public transit systems.

    (f) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- All grants or loans provided under this section shall be subject to the same terms, conditions, requirements, and provisions applicable to grants and loans as specified in section 5321 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 40132. GRANTS FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS TO PREVENT CRIME IN NATIONAL PARKS.

    Public Law 91-383 (16 U.S.C. 1a-1 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`SEC. 13. NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM CRIME PREVENTION ASSISTANCE.

    `(a) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed $10,000,000, for the Secretary of the Interior to take all necessary actions to seek to reduce the incidence of violent crime in the National Park System.

    `(b) RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT- The Secretary shall direct the chief official responsible for law enforcement within the National Park Service to--

      `(1) compile a list of areas within the National Park System with the highest rates of violent crime;

      `(2) make recommendations concerning capital improvements, and other measures, needed within the National Park System to reduce the rates of violent crime, including the rate of sexual assault; and

      `(3) publish the information required by paragraphs (1) and (2) in the Federal Register.

    `(c) DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS- Based on the recommendations and list issued pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary shall distribute the funds authorized by subsection (a) throughout the National Park System. Priority shall be given to those areas with the highest rates of sexual assault.

    `(d) USE OF FUNDS- Funds provided under this section may be used--

      `(1) to increase lighting within or adjacent to National Park System units;

      `(2) to provide emergency phone lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or adjacent to National Park System units;

      `(3) to increase security or law enforcement personnel within or adjacent to National Park System units; or

      `(4) for any other project intended to increase the security and safety of National Park System units.'.

SEC. 40133. GRANTS FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS TO PREVENT CRIME IN PUBLIC PARKS.

    Section 6 of the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 460l-8) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(h) CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT AND OTHER PROJECTS TO REDUCE CRIME-

      `(1) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- In addition to assistance for planning projects, and in addition to the projects identified in subsection (e), and from amounts appropriated out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, the Secretary may provide financial assistance to the States, not to exceed $15,000,000, for projects or combinations thereof for the purpose of making capital improvements and other measures to increase safety in urban parks and recreation areas, including funds to--

        `(A) increase lighting within or adjacent to public parks and recreation areas;

        `(B) provide emergency phone lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or adjacent to public parks and recreation areas;

        `(C) increase security personnel within or adjacent to public parks and recreation areas; and

        `(D) fund any other project intended to increase the security and safety of public parks and recreation areas.

      `(2) ELIGIBILITY- In addition to the requirements for project approval imposed by this section, eligibility for assistance under this subsection shall be dependent upon a showing of need. In providing funds under this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to projects proposed for urban parks and recreation areas with the highest rates of crime and, in particular, to urban parks and recreation areas with the highest rates of sexual assault.

      `(3) FEDERAL SHARE- Notwithstanding subsection (c), the Secretary may provide 70 percent improvement grants for projects undertaken by any State for the purposes described in this subsection, and the remaining share of the cost shall be borne by the State.'.

CHAPTER 4--NEW EVIDENTIARY RULES

SEC. 40141. SEXUAL HISTORY IN CRIMINAL AND CIVIL CASES.

    (a) MODIFICATION OF PROPOSED AMENDMENT- The proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence that are embraced by an order entered by the Supreme Court of the United States on April 29, 1994, shall take effect on December 1, 1994, as otherwise provided by law, but with the amendment made by subsection (b).

    (b) RULE- Rule 412 of the Federal Rules of Evidence is amended to read as follows:

`Rule 412. Sex Offense Cases; Relevance of Alleged Victim's Past Sexual Behavior or Alleged Sexual Predisposition

    `(a) EVIDENCE GENERALLY INADMISSIBLE- The following evidence is not admissible in any civil or criminal proceeding involving alleged sexual misconduct except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c):

      `(1) Evidence offered to prove that any alleged victim engaged in other sexual behavior.

      `(2) Evidence offered to prove any alleged victim's sexual predisposition.

    `(b) EXCEPTIONS-

      `(1) In a criminal case, the following evidence is admissible, if otherwise admissible under these rules:

        `(A) evidence of specific instances of sexual behavior by the alleged victim offered to prove that a person other than the accused was the source of semen, injury or other physical evidence;

        `(B) evidence of specific instances of sexual behavior by the alleged victim with respect to the person accused of the sexual misconduct offered by the accused to prove consent or by the prosecution; and

        `(C) evidence the exclusion of which would violate the constitutional rights of the defendant.

      `(2) In a civil case, evidence offered to prove the sexual behavior or sexual predisposition of any alleged victim is admissible if it is otherwise admissible under these rules and its probative value substantially outweighs the danger of harm to any victim and of unfair prejudice to any party. Evidence of an alleged victim's reputation is admissible only if it has been placed in controversy by the alleged victim.

    `(c) PROCEDURE TO DETERMINE ADMISSIBILITY-

      `(1) A party intending to offer evidence under subdivision (b) must--

        `(A) file a written motion at least 14 days before trial specifically describing the evidence and stating the purpose for which it is offered unless the court, for good cause requires a different time for filing or permits filing during trial; and

        `(B) serve the motion on all parties and notify the alleged victim or, when appropriate, the alleged victim's guardian or representative.

      `(2) Before admitting evidence under this rule the court must conduct a hearing in camera and afford the victim and parties a right to attend and be heard. The motion, related papers, and the record of the hearing must be sealed and remain under seal unless the court orders otherwise.'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents for the Federal Rules of Evidence is amended by amending the item relating to rule 412 to read as follows:

      `412. Sex Offense Cases; Relevance of Alleged Victim's Past Sexual Behavior or Alleged Sexual Predisposition:

      `(a) Evidence generally inadmissible.

      `(b) Exceptions.

      `(c) Procedure to determine admissibility.'.

CHAPTER 5--ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

SEC. 40151. EDUCATION AND PREVENTION GRANTS TO REDUCE SEXUAL ASSAULTS AGAINST WOMEN.

    Part A of title XIX of the Public Health and Human Services Act (42 U.S.C. 300w et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`SEC. 1910A. USE OF ALLOTMENTS FOR RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

    `(a) PERMITTED USE- Notwithstanding section 1904(a)(1), amounts transferred by the State for use under this part may be used for rape prevention and education programs conducted by rape crisis centers or similar nongovernmental nonprofit entities for--

      `(1) educational seminars;

      `(2) the operation of hotlines;

      `(3) training programs for professionals;

      `(4) the preparation of informational materials; and

      `(5) other efforts to increase awareness of the facts about, or to help prevent, sexual assault, including efforts to increase awareness in underserved racial, ethnic, and language minority communities.

    `(b) TARGETING OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS- States providing grant monies must ensure that at least 25 percent of the monies are devoted to education programs targeted for middle school, junior high school, and high school students.

    `(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      `(1) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    `(d) LIMITATION- Funds authorized under this section may only be used for providing rape prevention and education programs.

    `(e) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `rape prevention and education' includes education and prevention efforts directed at offenses committed by offenders who are not known to the victim as well as offenders who are known to the victim.

    `(f) TERMS- The Secretary shall make allotments to each State on the basis of the population of the State, and subject to the conditions provided in this section and sections 1904 through 1909.'.

SEC. 40152. TRAINING PROGRAMS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General, after consultation with victim advocates and individuals who have expertise in treating sex offenders, shall establish criteria and develop training programs to assist probation and parole officers and other personnel who work with released sex offenders in the areas of--

      (1) case management;

      (2) supervision; and

      (3) relapse prevention.

    (b) TRAINING PROGRAMS- The Attorney General shall ensure, to the extent practicable, that training programs developed under subsection (a) are available in geographically diverse locations throughout the country.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996; and

      (2) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.

SEC. 40153. CONFIDENTIALITY OF COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN SEXUAL ASSAULT OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE VICTIMS AND THEIR COUNSELORS.

    (a) STUDY AND DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL LEGISLATION- The Attorney General shall--

      (1) study and evaluate the manner in which the States have taken measures to protect the confidentiality of communications between sexual assault or domestic violence victims and their therapists or trained counselors;

      (2) develop model legislation that will provide the maximum protection possible for the confidentiality of such communications, within any applicable constitutional limits, taking into account the following factors:

        (A) the danger that counseling programs for victims of sexual assault and domestic violence will be unable to achieve their goal of helping victims recover from the trauma associated with these crimes if there is no assurance that the records of the counseling sessions will be kept confidential;

        (B) consideration of the appropriateness of an absolute privilege for communications between victims of sexual assault or domestic violence and their therapists or trained counselors, in light of the likelihood that such an absolute privilege will provide the maximum guarantee of confidentiality but also in light of the possibility that such an absolute privilege may be held to violate the rights of criminal defendants under the Federal or State constitutions by denying them the opportunity to obtain exculpatory evidence and present it at trial; and

        (C) consideration of what limitations on the disclosure of confidential communications between victims of these crimes and their counselors, short of an absolute privilege, are most likely to ensure that the counseling programs will not be undermined, and specifically whether no such disclosure should be allowed unless, at a minimum, there has been a particularized showing by a criminal defendant of a compelling need for records of such communications, and adequate procedural safeguards are in place to prevent unnecessary or damaging disclosures; and

      (3) prepare and disseminate to State authorities the findings made and model legislation developed as a result of the study and evaluation.

    (b) REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS- Not later than the date that is 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall report to the Congress--

      (1) the findings of the study and the model legislation required by this section; and

      (2) recommendations based on the findings on the need for and appropriateness of further action by the Federal Government.

    (c) REVIEW OF FEDERAL EVIDENTIARY RULES- The Judicial Conference of the United States shall evaluate and report to Congress its views on whether the Federal Rules of Evidence should be amended, and if so, how they should be amended, to guarantee that the confidentiality of communications between sexual assault victims and their therapists or trained counselors will be adequately protected in Federal court proceedings.

SEC. 40154. INFORMATION PROGRAMS.

    The Attorney General shall compile information regarding sex offender treatment programs and ensure that information regarding community treatment programs in the community into which a convicted sex offender is released is made available to each person serving a sentence of imprisonment in a Federal penal or correctional institution for a commission of an offense under chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, or for the commission of a similar offense, including halfway houses and psychiatric institutions.

SEC. 40155. EDUCATION AND PREVENTION GRANTS TO REDUCE SEXUAL ABUSE OF RUNAWAY, HOMELESS, AND STREET YOUTH.

    Part A of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5711 et seq.) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating sections 316 and 317 as sections 317 and 318, respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after section 315 the following new section:

`GRANTS FOR PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ABUSE AND EXPLOITATION

    `SEC. 316. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants under this section to private, nonprofit agencies for street-based outreach and education, including treatment, counseling, provision of information, and referral for runaway, homeless, and street youth who have been subjected to or are at risk of being subjected to sexual abuse.

    `(b) PRIORITY- In selecting among applicants for grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall give priority to agencies that have experience in providing services to runaway, homeless, and street youth.

    `(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      `(1) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      `(3) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

    `(d) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section--

      `(1) the term `street-based outreach and education' includes education and prevention efforts directed at offenses committed by offenders who are not known to the victim as well as offenders who are known to the victim; and

      `(2) the term `street youth' means a juvenile who spends a significant amount of time on the street or in other areas of exposure to encounters that may lead to sexual abuse.'.

SEC. 40156. VICTIMS OF CHILD ABUSE PROGRAMS.

    (a) COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM-

      (1) REAUTHORIZATION- Section 218(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13014(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    `(a) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      `(1) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Section 216 of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13012) is amended by striking `this chapter' and inserting `this subtitle'.

    (b) CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND PRACTITIONERS-

      (1) REAUTHORIZATION- Section 224(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13024(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    `(a) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      `(1) $750,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $2,300,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Section 221(b) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13021(b)) is amended by striking `this chapter' and inserting `this subtitle'.

    (c) GRANTS FOR TELEVISED TESTIMONY- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended--

      (1) by amending section 1001(a)(7) (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(7)) to read as follows:

    `(7) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part N--

      `(A) $250,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(D) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(E) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.';

      (2) in section 1402 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-1) by striking `to States, for the use of States and units of local government in the States';

      (3) in section 1403 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-2)--

        (A) by inserting `or unit of local government' after `of a State';

        (B) by inserting `and' after paragraph (1);

        (C) in paragraph (2) by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting a period; and

        (D) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4);

      (4) in section 1404 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-3)--

        (A) in subsection (a)--

          (i) by striking `The Bureau' and all that follows through `determining that' and inserting `An applicant is eligible to receive a grant under this part if--';

          (ii) in paragraph (1) by striking `there is in effect in such State' and inserting `the applicant certifies and the Director determines that there is in effect in the State';

          (iii) in paragraph (2) by striking `such State law shall meet' and inserting `the applicant certifies and the Director determines that State law meets';

          (iv) by inserting `and' after subparagraph (E);

          (v) in paragraph (3)--

            (I) by inserting `the Director determines that' before `the application'; and

            (II) by striking `; and' and inserting a period;

          (vi) by striking paragraph (4);

          (vii) by striking `Each application' and inserting the following:

    `(b) Each application'; and

          (viii) by striking `the Bureau' each place it appears and inserting `the Director'; and

        (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c) and by striking `The Bureau' and inserting `The Director';

      (5) by striking section 1405 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-4);

      (6) in section 1406 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-5)--

        (A) in subsection (a)--

          (i) by striking `State which' and inserting `State or unit of local government that';

          (ii) by striking `title' and inserting `part'; and

          (iii) in paragraph (1) by striking `State'; and

        (B) in subsection (b)(1) by striking `such State' and inserting `the State and units of local government in the State';

      (7) in section 1407 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-6)--

        (A) in subsection (c)--

          (i) by striking `Each State' and all that follows through `effective audit' and inserting `Grant recipients (or private organizations with which grant recipients have contracted to provide equipment or training using grant funds) shall keep such records as the Director may require by rule to facilitate such an audit.'; and

          (ii) in paragraph (2) by striking `States which receive grants, and of units of local government which receive any part of a grant made under this part' and inserting `grant recipients (or private organizations with which grant recipients have contracted to provide equipment or training using grant funds)'; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(d) UTILIZATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR- Nothing in this part shall prohibit the utilization of any grant funds to contract with a private organization to provide equipment or training for the televising of testimony as contemplated by the application submitted by an applicant.';

      (8) by striking section 1408 (42 U.S.C. 3796aa-7); and

      (9) in the table of contents--

        (A) in the item relating to section 1405 by striking `Allocation and distribution of funds under formula grants' and inserting `(Repealed)'; and

        (B) in the item relating to section 1408 by striking `State office' and inserting `(Repealed)'.

Subtitle B--Safe Homes for Women

SEC. 40201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994'.

CHAPTER 1--NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE

SEC. 40211. GRANT FOR A NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE.

    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10401 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`SEC. 316. NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE GRANT.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may award a grant to a private, nonprofit entity to provide for the operation of a national, toll-free telephone hotline to provide information and assistance to victims of domestic violence.

    `(b) DURATION- A grant under this section may extend over a period of not more than 5 years.

    `(c) ANNUAL APPROVAL- The provision of payments under a grant under this section shall be subject to annual approval by the Secretary and subject to the availability of appropriations for each fiscal year to make the payments.

    `(d) ACTIVITIES- Funds received by an entity under this section shall be used to establish and operate a national, toll-free telephone hotline to provide information and assistance to victims of domestic violence. In establishing and operating the hotline, a private, nonprofit entity shall--

      `(1) contract with a carrier for the use of a toll-free telephone line;

      `(2) employ, train, and supervise personnel to answer incoming calls and provide counseling and referral services to callers on a 24-hour-a-day basis;

      `(3) assemble and maintain a current database of information relating to services for victims of domestic violence to which callers may be referred throughout the United States, including information on the availability of shelters that serve battered women; and

      `(4) publicize the hotline to potential users throughout the United States.

    `(e) APPLICATION- A grant may not be made under this section unless an application for such grant has been approved by the Secretary. To be approved by the Secretary under this subsection an application shall--

      `(1) contain such agreements, assurances, and information, be in such form and be submitted in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe through notice in the Federal Register;

      `(2) include a complete description of the applicant's plan for the operation of a national domestic violence hotline, including descriptions of--

        `(A) the training program for hotline personnel;

        `(B) the hiring criteria for hotline personnel;

        `(C) the methods for the creation, maintenance and updating of a resource database;

        `(D) a plan for publicizing the availability of the hotline;

        `(E) a plan for providing service to non-English speaking callers, including hotline personnel who speak Spanish; and

        `(F) a plan for facilitating access to the hotline by persons with hearing impairments;

      `(3) demonstrate that the applicant has nationally recognized expertise in the area of domestic violence and a record of high quality service to victims of domestic violence, including a demonstration of support from advocacy groups, such as domestic violence State coalitions or recognized national domestic violence groups;

      `(4) demonstrates that the applicant has a commitment to diversity, and to the provision of services to ethnic, racial, and non-English speaking minorities, in addition to older individuals and individuals with disabilities; and

      `(5) contain such other information as the Secretary may require.

    `(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

        `(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

        `(B) $400,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        `(C) $400,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        `(D) $400,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        `(E) $400,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        `(F) $400,000 for fiscal year 2000.

      `(2) AVAILABILITY- Funds authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.'.

CHAPTER 2--INTERSTATE ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 40221. INTERSTATE ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Part 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 110 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 110A--DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

      `Sec. 2261. Interstate domestic violence.

      `Sec. 2262. Interstate violation of protection order.

      `Sec. 2263. Pretrial release of defendant.

      `Sec. 2264. Restitution.

      `Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit given to protection orders.

      `Sec. 2266. Definitions.

`Sec. 2261. Interstate domestic violence

    `(a) OFFENSES-

      `(1) CROSSING A STATE LINE- A person who travels across a State line or enters or leaves Indian country with the intent to injure, harass, or intimidate that person's spouse or intimate partner, and who, in the course of or as a result of such travel, intentionally commits a crime of violence and thereby causes bodily injury to such spouse or intimate partner, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

      `(2) CAUSING THE CROSSING OF A STATE LINE- A person who causes a spouse or intimate partner to cross a State line or to enter or leave Indian country by force, coercion, duress, or fraud and, in the course or as a result of that conduct, intentionally commits a crime of violence and thereby causes bodily injury to the person's spouse or intimate partner, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

    `(b) PENALTIES- A person who violates this section shall be fined under this title, imprisoned--

      `(1) for life or any term of years, if death of the offender's spouse or intimate partner results;

      `(2) for not more than 20 years if permanent disfigurement or life threatening bodily injury to the offender's spouse or intimate partner results;

      `(3) for not more than 10 years, if serious bodily injury to the offender's spouse or intimate partner results or if the offender uses a dangerous weapon during the offense;

      `(4) as provided for the applicable conduct under chapter 109A if the offense would constitute an offense under chapter 109A (without regard to whether the offense was committed in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison); and

      `(5) for not more than 5 years, in any other case,

    or both fined and imprisoned.

`Sec. 2262. Interstate violation of protection order

    `(a) OFFENSES-

      `(1) CROSSING A STATE LINE- A person who travels across a State line or enters or leaves Indian country with the intent to engage in conduct that--

        `(A)(i) violates the portion of a protection order that involves protection against credible threats of violence, repeated harassment, or bodily injury to the person or persons for whom the protection order was issued; or

        `(ii) would violate subparagraph (A) if the conduct occurred in the jurisdiction in which the order was issued; and

        `(B) subsequently engages in such conduct,

      shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

      `(2) CAUSING THE CROSSING OF A STATE LINE- A person who causes a spouse or intimate partner to cross a State line or to enter or leave Indian country by force, coercion, duress, or fraud, and, in the course or as a result of that conduct, intentionally commits an act that injures the person's spouse or intimate partner in violation of a valid protection order issued by a State shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

    `(b) PENALTIES- A person who violates this section shall be fined under this title, imprisoned--

      `(1) for life or any term of years, if death of the offender's spouse or intimate partner results;

      `(2) for not more than 20 years if permanent disfigurement or life threatening bodily injury to the offender's spouse or intimate partner results;

      `(3) for not more than 10 years, if serious bodily injury to the offender's spouse or intimate partner results or if the offender uses a dangerous weapon during the offense;

      `(4) as provided for the applicable conduct under chapter 109A if the offense would constitute an offense under chapter 109A (without regard to whether the offense was committed in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison); and

      `(5) for not more than 5 years, in any other case,

    or both fined and imprisoned.

`Sec. 2263. Pretrial release of defendant

    `In any proceeding pursuant to section 3142 for the purpose of determining whether a defendant charged under this chapter shall be released pending trial, or for the purpose of determining conditions of such release, the alleged victim shall be given an opportunity to be heard regarding the danger posed by the defendant.

`Sec. 2264. Restitution

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 3663, and in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty authorized by law, the court shall order restitution for any offense under this chapter.

    `(b) SCOPE AND NATURE OF ORDER-

      `(1) DIRECTIONS- The order of restitution under this section shall direct that--

        `(A) the defendant pay to the victim (through the appropriate court mechanism) the full amount of the victim's losses as determined by the court, pursuant to paragraph (3); and

        `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution order by all available and reasonable means.

      `(2) ENFORCEMENT BY VICTIM- An order of restitution also may be enforced by a victim named in the order to receive the restitution in the same manner as a judgment in a civil action.

      `(3) DEFINITION- For purposes of this subsection, the term `full amount of the victim's losses' includes any costs incurred by the victim for--

        `(A) medical services relating to physical, psychiatric, or psychological care;

        `(B) physical and occupational therapy or rehabilitation;

        `(C) necessary transportation, temporary housing, and child care expenses;

        `(D) lost income;

        `(E) attorneys' fees, plus any costs incurred in obtaining a civil protection order; and

        `(F) any other losses suffered by the victim as a proximate result of the offense.

      `(4) ORDER MANDATORY- (A) The issuance of a restitution order under this section is mandatory.

      `(B) A court may not decline to issue an order under this section because of--

        `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or

        `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to, receive compensation for his or her injuries from the proceeds of insurance or any other source.

      `(C)(i) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the court may take into account the economic circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid.

      `(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `economic circumstances' includes--

        `(I) the financial resources and other assets of the defendant;

        `(II) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other income of the defendant; and

        `(III) any financial obligations of the defendant, including obligations to dependents.

      `(D) Subparagraph (A) does not apply if--

        `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for the payment of any or some portion of the amount of a restitution order in the foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of payments); and

        `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the victim's losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.

      `(5) MORE THAN 1 OFFENDER- When the court finds that more than 1 offender has contributed to the loss of a victim, the court may make each offender liable for payment of the full amount of restitution or may apportion liability among the offenders to reflect the level of contribution and economic circumstances of each offender.

      `(6) MORE THAN 1 VICTIM- When the court finds that more than 1 victim has sustained a loss requiring restitution by an offender, the court shall order full restitution of each victim but may provide for different payment schedules to reflect the economic circumstances of each victim.

      `(7) PAYMENT SCHEDULE- An order under this section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment or partial payments at specified intervals.

      `(8) SETOFF- Any amount paid to a victim under this section shall be set off against any amount later recovered as compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in--

        `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and

        `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided by the law of the State.

      `(9) EFFECT ON OTHER SOURCES OF COMPENSATION- The issuance of a restitution order shall not affect the entitlement of a victim to receive compensation with respect to a loss from insurance or any other source until the payments actually received by the victim under the restitution order fully compensate the victim for the loss.

      `(10) CONDITION OF PROBATION OR SUPERVISED RELEASE- Compliance with a restitution order issued under this section shall be a condition of any probation or supervised release of a defendant. If an offender fails to comply with a restitution order, the court may, after a hearing, revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or a term of supervised release, or hold the defendant in contempt pursuant to section 3583(e). In determining whether to revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or supervised release or hold a defendant serving a term of supervised release in contempt, the court shall consider the defendant's employment status, earning ability and financial resources, the willfulness of the defendant's failure to comply, and any other circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant's ability to comply.

    `(c) AFFIDAVIT- Within 60 days after conviction and, in any event, not later than 10 days before sentencing, the United States Attorney (or such Attorney's delegate), after consulting with the victim, shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court listing the amounts subject to restitution under this section. The affidavit shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or the delegate) and the victim. Should the victim object to any of the information included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney (or the delegate) shall advise the victim that the victim may file a separate affidavit and assist the victim in the preparation of the affidavit.

    `(d) OBJECTION- If, after the defendant has been notified of the affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to subsection (a) shall be entered in the court's restitution order. If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegate) to submit further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the victim's losses.

    `(e) ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION AND TESTIMONY- If the court concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and considering the defendant's objections, that there is a substantial reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear testimony on those questions. The privacy of any records filed, or testimony heard, pursuant to this section, shall be maintained to the greatest extent possible, and such records may be filed or testimony heard in camera.

    `(f) FINAL DETERMINATION OF LOSSES- If the victim's losses are not ascertainable 10 days before sentencing as provided in subsection (c), the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegate) shall so inform the court, and the court shall set a date for the final determination of the victim's losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing. If the victim subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have 90 days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the court for an amended restitution order. Such order may be granted only upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such losses in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.

    `(g) RESTITUTION IN ADDITION TO PUNISHMENT- An award of restitution to the victim of an offense under this chapter is not a substitute for imposition of punishment under this chapter.

`Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit given to protection orders

    `(a) FULL FAITH AND CREDIT- Any protection order issued that is consistent with subsection (b) of this section by the court of one State or Indian tribe (the issuing State or Indian tribe) shall be accorded full faith and credit by the court of another State or Indian tribe (the enforcing State or Indian tribe) and enforced as if it were the order of the enforcing State or tribe.

    `(b) PROTECTION ORDER- A protection order issued by a State or tribal court is consistent with this subsection if--

      `(1) such court has jurisdiction over the parties and matter under the law of such State or Indian tribe; and

      `(2) reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard is given to the person against whom the order is sought sufficient to protect that person's right to due process. In the case of ex parte orders, notice and opportunity to be heard must be provided within the time required by State or tribal law, and in any event within a reasonable time after the order is issued, sufficient to protect the respondent's due process rights.

    `(c) CROSS OR COUNTER PETITION- A protection order issued by a State or tribal court against one who has petitioned, filed a complaint, or otherwise filed a written pleading for protection against abuse by a spouse or intimate partner is not entitled to full faith and credit if--

      `(1) no cross or counter petition, complaint, or other written pleading was filed seeking such a protection order; or

      `(2) a cross or counter petition has been filed and the court did not make specific findings that each party was entitled to such an order.

`Sec. 2266. Definitions

    `In this chapter--

      `bodily injury' means any act, except one done in self-defense, that results in physical injury or sexual abuse.

      `Indian country' has the meaning stated in section 1151.

      `protection order' includes any injunction or other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil and criminal courts (other than support or child custody orders) whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint, petition or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.

      `spouse or intimate partner' includes--

        `(A) a spouse, a former spouse, a person who shares a child in common with the abuser, and a person who cohabits or has cohabited with the abuser as a spouse; and

        `(B) any other person similarly situated to a spouse who is protected by the domestic or family violence laws of the State in which the injury occurred or where the victim resides.

      `State' includes a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, a commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.

      `travel across State lines' does not include travel across State lines by an individual who is a member of an Indian tribe when such individual remains at all times in the territory of the Indian tribe of which the individual is a member.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The part analysis for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item for chapter 110 the following new item:

2261.'.

CHAPTER 3--ARREST POLICIES IN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CASES

SEC. 40231. ENCOURAGING ARREST POLICIES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 40121(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part U as part V;

      (2) by redesignating section 2101 as section 2201; and

      (3) by inserting after part T the following new part:

`PART U--GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES

`SEC. 2101. GRANTS.

    `(a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this part is to encourage States, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government to treat domestic violence as a serious violation of criminal law.

    `(b) GRANT AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may make grants to eligible States, Indian tribal governments, or units of local government for the following purposes:

      `(1) To implement mandatory arrest or proarrest programs and policies in police departments, including mandatory arrest programs and policies for protection order violations.

      `(2) To develop policies and training in police departments to improve tracking of cases involving domestic violence.

      `(3) To centralize and coordinate police enforcement, prosecution, or judicial responsibility for domestic violence cases in groups or units of police officers, prosecutors, or judges.

      `(4) To coordinate computer tracking systems to ensure communication between police, prosecutors, and both criminal and family courts.

      `(5) To strengthen legal advocacy service programs for victims of domestic violence.

      `(6) To educate judges in criminal and other courts about domestic violence and to improve judicial handling of such cases.

    `(c) ELIGIBILITY- Eligible grantees are States, Indian tribal governments, or units of local government that--

      `(1) certify that their laws or official policies--

        `(A) encourage or mandate arrests of domestic violence offenders based on probable cause that an offense has been committed; and

        `(B) encourage or mandate arrest of domestic violence offenders who violate the terms of a valid and outstanding protection order;

      `(2) demonstrate that their laws, policies, or practices and their training programs discourage dual arrests of offender and victim;

      `(3) certify that their laws, policies, or practices prohibit issuance of mutual restraining orders of protection except in cases where both spouses file a claim and the court makes detailed findings of fact indicating that both spouses acted primarily as aggressors and that neither spouse acted primarily in self-defense; and

      `(4) certify that their laws, policies, or practices do not require, in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor or felony domestic violence offense, that the abused bear the costs associated with the filing of criminal charges or the service of such charges on an abuser, or that the abused bear the costs associated with the issuance or service of a warrant, protection order, or witness subpoena.

`SEC. 2102. APPLICATIONS.

    `(a) APPLICATION- An eligible grantee shall submit an application to the Attorney General that--

      `(1) contains a certification by the chief executive officer of the State, Indian tribal government, or local government entity that the conditions of section 2101(c) are met or will be met within the later of--

        `(A) the period ending on the date on which the next session of the State or Indian tribal legislature ends; or

        `(B) 2 years of the date of enactment of this part;

      `(2) describes plans to further the purposes stated in section 2101(a);

      `(3) identifies the agency or office or groups of agencies or offices responsible for carrying out the program; and

      `(4) includes documentation from nonprofit, private sexual assault and domestic violence programs demonstrating their participation in developing the application, and identifying such programs in which such groups will be consulted for development and implementation.

    `(b) PRIORITY- In awarding grants under this part, the Attorney General shall give priority to applicants that--

      `(1) do not currently provide for centralized handling of cases involving domestic violence by police, prosecutors, and courts; and

      `(2) demonstrate a commitment to strong enforcement of laws, and prosecution of cases, involving domestic violence.

`SEC. 2103. REPORTS.

    `Each grantee receiving funds under this part shall submit a report to the Attorney General evaluating the effectiveness of projects developed with funds provided under this part and containing such additional information as the Attorney General may prescribe.

`SEC. 2104. REGULATIONS OR GUIDELINES.

    `Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this part, the Attorney General shall publish proposed regulations or guidelines implementing this part. Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this part, the Attorney General shall publish final regulations or guidelines implementing this part.

`SEC. 2105. DEFINITIONS.

    `For purposes of this part--

      `(1) the term `domestic violence' includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any other adult person against a victim who is protected from that person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the eligible State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government that receives a grant under this part; and

      `(2) the term `protection order' includes any injunction issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts of domestic violence, including temporary and final orders issued by civil or criminal courts (other than support or child custody orders or provisions) whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 40121(b), is amended by striking the matter relating to part U and inserting the following:

`Part U--Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies

      `Sec. 2101. Grants.

      `Sec. 2102. Applications.

      `Sec. 2103. Reports.

      `Sec. 2104. Regulations or guidelines.

      `Sec. 2105. Definitions.

`Part V--Transition--Effective Date--Repealer

      `Sec. 2201. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 40121(c), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and T' and inserting `T, and U'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(19) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part U--

      `(A) $28,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(B) $33,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      `(C) $59,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

    (d) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS-

      (1) REGULATIONS- Section 801(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3782(b)), is amended by striking `and O' and inserting `O, and U'.

      (2) DENIAL OF APPLICATION- Section 802(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3783 (b)) is amended in the first sentence by striking `or O' and inserting `O, or U'.

CHAPTER 4--SHELTER GRANTS

SEC. 40241. GRANTS FOR BATTERED WOMEN'S SHELTERS.

    Section 310(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    `(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title--

      `(1) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

CHAPTER 5--YOUTH EDUCATION

SEC. 40251. YOUTH EDUCATION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10401 et seq.), as amended by section 40211, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`SEC. 317. YOUTH EDUCATION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    `(a) GENERAL PURPOSE- For purposes of this section, the Secretary may, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, select, implement and evaluate 4 model programs for education of young people about domestic violence and violence among intimate partners.

    `(b) NATURE OF PROGRAM- The Secretary shall select, implement and evaluate separate model programs for 4 different audiences: primary schools, middle schools, secondary schools, and institutions of higher education. The model programs shall be selected, implemented, and evaluated in consultation with educational experts, legal and psychological experts on battering, and victim advocate organizations such as battered women's shelters, State coalitions and resource centers.

    `(c) REVIEW AND DISSEMINATION- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall transmit the design and evaluation of the model programs, along with a plan and cost estimate for nationwide distribution, to the relevant committees of Congress for review.

    `(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $400,000 for fiscal year 1996.'.

CHAPTER 6--COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

SEC. 40261. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10401 et seq.), as amended by section 40251, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`SEC. 318. DEMONSTRATION GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide grants to nonprofit private organizations to establish projects in local communities involving many sectors of each community to coordinate intervention and prevention of domestic violence.

    `(b) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for a grant under this section, an entity--

      `(1) shall be a nonprofit organization organized for the purpose of coordinating community projects for the intervention in and prevention of domestic violence; and

      `(2) shall include representatives of pertinent sectors of the local community, which may include--

        `(A) health care providers;

        `(B) the education community;

        `(C) the religious community;

        `(D) the justice system;

        `(E) domestic violence program advocates;

        `(F) human service entities such as State child services divisions;

        `(G) business and civic leaders; and

        `(H) other pertinent sectors.

    `(c) APPLICATIONS- An organization that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application, in such form and in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe through notice in the Federal Register, that--

      `(1) demonstrates that the applicant will serve a community leadership function, bringing together opinion leaders from each sector of the community to develop a coordinated community consensus opposing domestic violence;

      `(2) demonstrates a community action component to improve and expand current intervention and prevention strategies through increased communication and coordination among all affected sectors;

      `(3) includes a complete description of the applicant's plan for the establishment and operation of the community project, including a description of--

        `(A) the method for identification and selection of an administrative committee made up of persons knowledgeable in domestic violence to oversee the project, hire staff, assure compliance with the project outline, and secure annual evaluation of the project;

        `(B) the method for identification and selection of project staff and a project evaluator;

        `(C) the method for identification and selection of a project council consisting of representatives of the community sectors listed in subsection (b)(2);

        `(D) the method for identification and selection of a steering committee consisting of representatives of the various community sectors who will chair subcommittees of the project council focusing on each of the sectors; and

        `(E) a plan for developing outreach and public education campaigns regarding domestic violence; and

      `(4) contains such other information, agreements, and assurances as the Secretary may require.

    `(d) TERM- A grant provided under this section may extend over a period of not more than 3 fiscal years.

    `(e) CONDITIONS ON PAYMENT- Payments under a grant under this section shall be subject to--

      `(1) annual approval by the Secretary; and

      `(2) availability of appropriations.

    `(f) GEOGRAPHICAL DISPERSION- The Secretary shall award grants under this section to organizations in communities geographically dispersed throughout the country.

    `(g) USE OF GRANT MONIES-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A grant made under subsection (a) shall be used to establish and operate a community project to coordinate intervention and prevention of domestic violence.

      `(2) REQUIREMENTS- In establishing and operating a project, a nonprofit private organization shall--

        `(A) establish protocols to improve and expand domestic violence intervention and prevention strategies among all affected sectors;

        `(B) develop action plans to direct responses within each community sector that are in conjunction with development in all other sectors; and

        `(C) provide for periodic evaluation of the project with a written report and analysis to assist application of this concept in other communities.

    `(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      `(1) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1996; and

      `(2) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.

    `(i) REGULATIONS- Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall publish proposed regulations implementing this section. Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment, the Secretary shall publish final regulations implementing this section.'.

CHAPTER 7--FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES ACT AMENDMENTS

SEC. 40271. GRANTEE REPORTING.

    (a) SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION- Section 303(a)(2)(C) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)(2)(C)) is amended by inserting `and a plan to address the needs of underserved populations, including populations underserved because of ethnic, racial, cultural, language diversity or geographic isolation' after `such State'.

    (b) APPROVAL OF APPLICATION- Section 303(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(4) Upon completion of the activities funded by a grant under this subpart, the State grantee shall file a performance report with the Director explaining the activities carried out together with an assessment of the effectiveness of those activities in achieving the purposes of this subpart. A section of this performance report shall be completed by each grantee or subgrantee that performed the direct services contemplated in the application certifying performance of direct services under the grant. The Director shall suspend funding for an approved application if an applicant fails to submit an annual performance report or if the funds are expended for purposes other than those set forth under this subpart, after following the procedures set forth in paragraph (3). Federal funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, State funds.'.

SEC. 40272. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) DEFINITIONS- Section 309(5)(B) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10408(5)(B)) is amended by inserting `or other supportive services' before `by peers individually or in groups,'.

    (b) SPECIAL ISSUE RESOURCE CENTERS-

      (1) GRANTS- Section 308(a)(2) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(a)(2)) is amended by striking `six' and inserting `seven'.

      (2) FUNCTIONS- Section 308(c) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(c)) is amended--

        (A) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting `, including the issuance and enforcement of protection orders.'; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(7) Providing technical assistance and training to State domestic violence coalitions.'.

    (c) STATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITIONS- Section 311(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410(a)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5);

      (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph (1), the following new paragraph:

      `(1) working with local domestic violence programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence within the State, including--

        `(A) training and technical assistance for local programs and professionals working with victims of domestic violence;

        `(B) planning and conducting State needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services;

        `(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for the State; and

        `(D) collaborating with other governmental systems which affect battered women;';

      (3) in paragraph (2)(K), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by striking `and court officials and other professionals' and inserting `, judges, court officers and other criminal justice professionals,';

      (4) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by paragraph (1)--

        (A) by inserting `, criminal court judges,' after `family law judges,' each place it appears;

        (B) in subparagraph (F), by inserting `custody' after `temporary'; and

        (C) in subparagraph (H), by striking `supervised visitations that do not endanger victims and their children,' and inserting `supervised visitations or denial of visitation to protect against danger to victims or their children'; and

      (5) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by inserting `, including information aimed at underserved racial, ethnic or language-minority populations' before the semicolon.

CHAPTER 8--CONFIDENTIALITY FOR ABUSED PERSONS

SEC. 40281. CONFIDENTIALITY OF ABUSED PERSON'S ADDRESS.

    (a) REGULATIONS- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the United States Postal Service shall promulgate regulations to secure the confidentiality of domestic violence shelters and abused persons' addresses.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS- The regulations under subsection (a) shall require--

      (1) in the case of an individual, the presentation to an appropriate postal official of a valid, outstanding protection order; and

      (2) in the case of a domestic violence shelter, the presentation to an appropriate postal authority of proof from a State domestic violence coalition that meets the requirements of section 311 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410)) verifying that the organization is a domestic violence shelter.

    (c) DISCLOSURE FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES- The regulations under subsection (a) shall not prohibit the disclosure of addresses to State or Federal agencies for legitimate law enforcement or other governmental purposes.

    (d) EXISTING COMPILATIONS- Compilations of addresses existing at the time at which order is presented to an appropriate postal official shall be excluded from the scope of the regulations under subsection (a).

CHAPTER 9--DATA AND RESEARCH

SEC. 40291. RESEARCH AGENDA.

    (a) REQUEST FOR CONTRACT- The Attorney General shall request the National Academy of Sciences, through its National Research Council, to enter into a contract to develop a research agenda to increase the understanding and control of violence against women, including rape and domestic violence. In furtherance of the contract, the National Academy shall convene a panel of nationally recognized experts on violence against women, in the fields of law, medicine, criminal justice, and direct services to victims and experts on domestic violence in diverse, ethnic, social, and language minority communities and the social sciences. In setting the agenda, the Academy shall focus primarily on preventive, educative, social, and legal strategies, including addressing the needs of underserved populations.

    (b) DECLINATION OF REQUEST- If the National Academy of Sciences declines to conduct the study and develop a research agenda, it shall recommend a nonprofit private entity that is qualified to conduct such a study. In that case, the Attorney General shall carry out subsection (a) through the nonprofit private entity recommended by the Academy. In either case, whether the study is conducted by the National Academy of Sciences or by the nonprofit group it recommends, the funds for the contract shall be made available from sums appropriated for the conduct of research by the National Institute of Justice.

    (c) REPORT- The Attorney General shall ensure that no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the study required under subsection (a) is completed and a report describing the findings made is submitted to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 40292. STATE DATABASES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall study and report to the States and to Congress on how the States may collect centralized databases on the incidence of sexual and domestic violence offenses within a State.

    (b) CONSULTATION- In conducting its study, the Attorney General shall consult persons expert in the collection of criminal justice data, State statistical administrators, law enforcement personnel, and nonprofit nongovernmental agencies that provide direct services to victims of domestic violence. The final report shall set forth the views of the persons consulted on the recommendations.

    (c) REPORT- The Attorney General shall ensure that no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the study required under subsection (a) is completed and a report describing the findings made is submitted to the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $200,000 for fiscal year 1996.

SEC. 40293. NUMBER AND COST OF INJURIES.

    (a) STUDY- The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Centers for Disease Control Injury Control Division, shall conduct a study to obtain a national projection of the incidence of injuries resulting from domestic violence, the cost of injuries to health care facilities, and recommend health care strategies for reducing the incidence and cost of such injuries.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--$100,000 for fiscal year 1996.

CHAPTER 10--RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 40295. RURAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CHILD ABUSE ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE.

    (a) GRANTS- The Attorney General may make grants to States, Indian tribal governments, and local governments of rural States, and to other public or private entities of rural States--

      (1) to implement, expand, and establish cooperative efforts and projects between law enforcement officers, prosecutors, victim advocacy groups, and other related parties to investigate and prosecute incidents of domestic violence and child abuse;

      (2) to provide treatment and counseling to victims of domestic violence and child abuse; and

      (3) to work in cooperation with the community to develop education and prevention strategies directed toward such issues.

    (b) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `rural State' has the meaning stated in section 1501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796bb(B)).

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

        (A) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

        (C) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

      (2) ADDITIONAL FUNDING- In addition to funds received under a grant under subsection (a), a law enforcement agency may use funds received under a grant under section 103 to accomplish the objectives of this section.

Subtitle C--Civil Rights for Women

SEC. 40301. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Civil Rights Remedies for Gender-Motivated Violence Act'.

SEC. 40302. CIVIL RIGHTS.

    (a) PURPOSE- Pursuant to the affirmative power of Congress to enact this subtitle under section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, as well as under section 8 of Article I of the Constitution, it is the purpose of this subtitle to protect the civil rights of victims of gender motivated violence and to promote public safety, health, and activities affecting interstate commerce by establishing a Federal civil rights cause of action for victims of crimes of violence motivated by gender.

    (b) RIGHT TO BE FREE FROM CRIMES OF VIOLENCE- All persons within the United States shall have the right to be free from crimes of violence motivated by gender (as defined in subsection (d)).

    (c) CAUSE OF ACTION- A person (including a person who acts under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State) who commits a crime of violence motivated by gender and thus deprives another of the right declared in subsection (b) shall be liable to the party injured, in an action for the recovery of compensatory and punitive damages, injunctive and declaratory relief, and such other relief as a court may deem appropriate.

    (d) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--

      (1) the term `crime of violence motivated by gender' means a crime of violence committed because of gender or on the basis of gender, and due, at least in part, to an animus based on the victim's gender; and

      (2) the term `crime of violence' means--

        (A) an act or series of acts that would constitute a felony against the person or that would constitute a felony against property if the conduct presents a serious risk of physical injury to another, and that would come within the meaning of State or Federal offenses described in section 16 of title 18, United States Code, whether or not those acts have actually resulted in criminal charges, prosecution, or conviction and whether or not those acts were committed in the special maritime, territorial, or prison jurisdiction of the United States; and

        (B) includes an act or series of acts that would constitute a felony described in subparagraph (A) but for the relationship between the person who takes such action and the individual against whom such action is taken.

    (e) Limitation and Procedures-

      (1) LIMITATION- Nothing in this section entitles a person to a cause of action under subsection (c) for random acts of violence unrelated to gender or for acts that cannot be demonstrated, by a preponderance of the evidence, to be motivated by gender (within the meaning of subsection (d)).

      (2) NO PRIOR CRIMINAL ACTION- Nothing in this section requires a prior criminal complaint, prosecution, or conviction to establish the elements of a cause of action under subsection (c).

      (3) CONCURRENT JURISDICTION- The Federal and State courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over actions brought pursuant to this subtitle.

      (4) SUPPLEMENTAL JURISDICTION- Neither section 1367 of title 28, United States Code, nor subsection (c) of this section shall be construed, by reason of a claim arising under such subsection, to confer on the courts of the United States jurisdiction over any State law claim seeking the establishment of a divorce, alimony, equitable distribution of marital property, or child custody decree.

      (5) LIMITATION ON REMOVAL- Section 1445 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(d) A civil action in any State court arising under section 40302 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 may not be removed to any district court of the United States.'.

SEC. 40303. ATTORNEY'S FEES.

    Section 722 of the Revised Statutes (42 U.S.C. 1988) is amended in the last sentence--

      (1) by striking `or' after `Public Law 92-318,'; and

      (2) by inserting `, or section 40302 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994,' after `1964'.

SEC. 40304. SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING PROTECTION OF THE PRIVACY OF RAPE VICTIMS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that news media, law enforcement officers, and other persons should exercise restraint and respect a rape victim's privacy by not disclosing the victim's identity to the general public or facilitating such disclosure without the consent of the victim.

Subtitle D--Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act

SEC. 40401. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994'.

CHAPTER 1--EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN STATE COURTS

SEC. 40411. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    The State Justice Institute may award grants for the purpose of developing, testing, presenting, and disseminating model programs to be used by States (as defined in section 202 of the State Justice Institute Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10701)) in training judges and court personnel in the laws of the States and by Indian tribes in training tribal judges and court personnel in the laws of the tribes on rape, sexual assault, domestic violence, and other crimes of violence motivated by the victim's gender.

SEC. 40412. TRAINING PROVIDED BY GRANTS.

    Training provided pursuant to grants made under this subtitle may include current information, existing studies, or current data on--

      (1) the nature and incidence of rape and sexual assault by strangers and nonstrangers, marital rape, and incest;

      (2) the underreporting of rape, sexual assault, and child sexual abuse;

      (3) the physical, psychological, and economic impact of rape and sexual assault on the victim, the costs to society, and the implications for sentencing;

      (4) the psychology of sex offenders, their high rate of recidivism, and the implications for sentencing;

      (5) the historical evolution of laws and attitudes on rape and sexual assault;

      (6) sex stereotyping of female and male victims of rape and sexual assault, racial stereotyping of rape victims and defendants, and the impact of such stereotypes on credibility of witnesses, sentencing, and other aspects of the administration of justice;

      (7) application of rape shield laws and other limits on introduction of evidence that may subject victims to improper sex stereotyping and harassment in both rape and nonrape cases, including the need for sua sponte judicial intervention in inappropriate cross-examination;

      (8) the use of expert witness testimony on rape trauma syndrome, child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and similar issues;

      (9) the legitimate reasons why victims of rape, sexual assault, and incest may refuse to testify against a defendant;

      (10) the nature and incidence of domestic violence;

      (11) the physical, psychological, and economic impact of domestic violence on the victim, the costs to society, and the implications for court procedures and sentencing;

      (12) the psychology and self-presentation of batterers and victims and the implications for court proceedings and credibility of witnesses;

      (13) sex stereotyping of female and male victims of domestic violence, myths about presence or absence of domestic violence in certain racial, ethnic, religious, or socioeconomic groups, and their impact on the administration of justice;

      (14) historical evolution of laws and attitudes on domestic violence;

      (15) proper and improper interpretations of the defenses of self-defense and provocation, and the use of expert witness testimony on battered woman syndrome;

      (16) the likelihood of retaliation, recidivism, and escalation of violence by batterers, and the potential impact of incarceration and other meaningful sanctions for acts of domestic violence including violations of orders of protection;

      (17) economic, psychological, social and institutional reasons for victims' inability to leave the batterer, to report domestic violence or to follow through on complaints, including the influence of lack of support from police, judges, and court personnel, and the legitimate reasons why victims of domestic violence may refuse to testify against a defendant;

      (18) the need for orders of protection, and the implications of mutual orders of protection, dual arrest policies, and mediation in domestic violence cases; and

      (19) recognition of and response to gender-motivated crimes of violence other than rape, sexual assault and domestic violence, such as mass or serial murder motivated by the gender of the victims.

SEC. 40413. COOPERATION IN DEVELOPING PROGRAMS IN MAKING GRANTS UNDER THIS TITLE.

    The State Justice Institute shall ensure that model programs carried out pursuant to grants made under this subtitle are developed with the participation of law enforcement officials, public and private nonprofit victim advocates, legal experts, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and recognized experts on gender bias in the courts.

SEC. 40414. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter $600,000 for fiscal year 1996.

    (b) MODEL PROGRAMS- Of amounts appropriated under this section, the State Justice Institute shall expend not less than 40 percent on model programs regarding domestic violence and not less than 40 percent on model programs regarding rape and sexual assault.

CHAPTER 2--EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN FEDERAL COURTS

SEC. 40421. AUTHORIZATIONS OF CIRCUIT STUDIES; EDUCATION AND TRAINING GRANTS.

    (a) STUDIES- In order to gain a better understanding of the nature and the extent of gender bias in the Federal courts, the circuit judicial councils are encouraged to conduct studies of the instances, if any, of gender bias in their respective circuits and to implement recommended reforms.

    (b) MATTERS FOR EXAMINATION- The studies under subsection (a) may include an examination of the effects of gender on--

      (1) the treatment of litigants, witnesses, attorneys, jurors, and judges in the courts, including before magistrate and bankruptcy judges;

      (2) the interpretation and application of the law, both civil and criminal;

      (3) treatment of defendants in criminal cases;

      (4) treatment of victims of violent crimes in judicial proceedings;

      (5) sentencing;

      (6) sentencing alternatives and the nature of supervision of probation and parole;

      (7) appointments to committees of the Judicial Conference and the courts;

      (8) case management and court sponsored alternative dispute resolution programs;

      (9) the selection, retention, promotion, and treatment of employees;

      (10) appointment of arbitrators, experts, and special masters;

      (11) the admissibility of the victim's past sexual history in civil and criminal cases; and

      (12) the aspects of the topics listed in section 40412 that pertain to issues within the jurisdiction of the Federal courts.

    (c) CLEARINGHOUSE- The Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall act as a clearinghouse to disseminate any reports and materials issued by the gender bias task forces under subsection (a) and to respond to requests for such reports and materials. The gender bias task forces shall provide the Administrative Office of the Courts of the United States with their reports and related material.

    (d) MODEL PROGRAMS- The Federal Judicial Center, in carrying out section 620(b)(3) of title 28, United States Code, may--

      (1) include in the educational programs it presents and prepares, including the training programs for newly appointed judges, information on issues related to gender bias in the courts including such areas as are listed in subsection (a) along with such other topics as the Federal Judicial Center deems appropriate;

      (2) prepare materials necessary to implement this subsection; and

      (3) take into consideration the findings and recommendations of the studies conducted pursuant to subsection (a), and to consult with individuals and groups with relevant expertise in gender bias issues as it prepares or revises such materials.

SEC. 40422. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated--

      (1) to the Salaries and Expenses Account of the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and other Judicial Services to carry out section 40421(a) $500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) to the Federal Judicial Center to carry out section 40421(d) $100,000 for fiscal year 1996; and

      (3) to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts to carry out section 40421(c) $100,000 for fiscal year 1996.

Subtitle E--Violence Against Women Act Improvements

SEC. 40501. PRE-TRIAL DETENTION IN SEX OFFENSE CASES.

    Section 3156(a)(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (A);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting `; or'; and

      (3) by adding after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:

      `(C) any felony under chapter 109A or chapter 110.'.

SEC. 40502. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR SEX OFFENSES AGAINST VICTIMS BELOW THE AGE OF 16.

    Section 2245(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking `; and' at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting `; or'; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new subparagraph:

      `(D) the intentional touching, not through the clothing, of the genitalia of another person who has not attained the age of 16 years with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person;'.

SEC. 40503. PAYMENT OF COST OF TESTING FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES.

    (a) FOR VICTIMS IN SEX OFFENSE CASES- Section 503(c)(7) of the Victims' Rights and Restitution Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 10607(c)(7)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `The Attorney General shall provide for the payment of the cost of up to 2 anonymous and confidential tests of the victim for sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, and syphilis, during the 12 months following sexual assaults that pose a risk of transmission, and the cost of a counseling session by a medically trained professional on the accuracy of such tests and the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases to the victim as the result of the assault. A victim may waive anonymity and confidentiality of any tests paid for under this section.'.

    (b) Limited Testing of Defendants-

      (1) COURT ORDER- The victim of an offense of the type referred to in subsection (a) may obtain an order in the district court of the United States for the district in which charges are brought against the defendant charged with the offense, after notice to the defendant and an opportunity to be heard, requiring that the defendant be tested for the presence of the etiologic agent for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, and that the results of the test be communicated to the victim and the defendant. Any test result of the defendant given to the victim or the defendant must be accompanied by appropriate counseling.

      (2) SHOWING REQUIRED- To obtain an order under paragraph (1), the victim must demonstrate that--

        (A) the defendant has been charged with the offense in a State or Federal court, and if the defendant has been arrested without a warrant, a probable cause determination has been made;

        (B) the test for the etiologic agent for acquired immune deficiency syndrome is requested by the victim after appropriate counseling; and

        (C) the test would provide information necessary for the health of the victim of the alleged offense and the court determines that the alleged conduct of the defendant created a risk of transmission, as determined by the Centers for Disease Control, of the etiologic agent for acquired immune deficiency syndrome to the victim.

      (3) FOLLOW-UP TESTING- The court may order follow-up tests and counseling under paragraph (b)(1) if the initial test was negative. Such follow-up tests and counseling shall be performed at the request of the victim on dates that occur six months and twelve months following the initial test.

      (4) TERMINATION OF TESTING REQUIREMENTS- An order for follow-up testing under paragraph (3) shall be terminated if the person obtains an acquittal on, or dismissal of, all charges of the type referred to in subsection (a).

      (5) CONFIDENTIALITY OF TEST- The results of any test ordered under this subsection shall be disclosed only to the victim or, where the court deems appropriate, to the parent or legal guardian of the victim, and to the person tested. The victim may disclose the test results only to any medical professional, counselor, family member or sexual partner(s) the victim may have had since the attack. Any such individual to whom the test results are disclosed by the victim shall maintain the confidentiality of such information.

      (6) DISCLOSURE OF TEST RESULTS- The court shall issue an order to prohibit the disclosure by the victim of the results of any test performed under this subsection to anyone other than those mentioned in paragraph (5). The contents of the court proceedings and test results pursuant to this section shall be sealed. The results of such test performed on the defendant under this section shall not be used as evidence in any criminal trial.

      (7) CONTEMPT FOR DISCLOSURE- Any person who discloses the results of a test in violation of this subsection may be held in contempt of court.

    (c) PENALTIES FOR INTENTIONAL TRANSMISSION OF HIV- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the United States Sentencing Commission shall conduct a study and prepare and submit to the committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report concerning recommendations for the revision of sentencing guidelines that relate to offenses in which an HIV infected individual engages in sexual activity if the individual knows that he or she is infected with HIV and intends, through such sexual activity, to expose another to HIV.

SEC. 40504. EXTENSION AND STRENGTHENING OF RESTITUTION.

    Section 3663(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2) by inserting `including an offense under chapter 109A or chapter 110' after `an offense resulting in bodily injury to a victim';

      (2) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (3);

      (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and

      (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph:

      `(4) in any case, reimburse the victim for lost income and necessary child care, transportation, and other expenses related to participation in the investigation or prosecution of the offense or attendance at proceedings related to the offense; and'.

SEC. 40505. ENFORCEMENT OF RESTITUTION ORDERS THROUGH SUSPENSION OF FEDERAL BENEFITS.

    Section 3663 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(i)(1) A Federal agency shall immediately suspend all Federal benefits provided by the agency to the defendant, and shall terminate the defendant's eligibility for Federal benefits administered by that agency, upon receipt of a certified copy of a written judicial finding that the defendant is delinquent in making restitution in accordance with any schedule of payments or any requirement of immediate payment imposed under this section.

    `(2) Any written finding of delinquency described in paragraph (1) shall be made by a court, after a hearing, upon motion of the victim named in the order to receive the restitution or upon motion of the United States.

    `(3) A defendant found to be delinquent may subsequently seek a written finding from the court that the defendant has rectified the delinquency or that the defendant has made and will make good faith efforts to rectify the delinquency. The defendant's eligibility for Federal benefits shall be reinstated upon receipt by the agency of a certified copy of such a finding.

    `(4) In this subsection, `Federal benefit' means a grant, contract, loan, professional license, or commercial license provided by an agency of the United States.'.

SEC. 40506. NATIONAL BASELINE STUDY ON CAMPUS SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) STUDY- The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall provide for a national baseline study to examine the scope of the problem of campus sexual assaults and the effectiveness of institutional and legal policies in addressing such crimes and protecting victims. The Attorney General may utilize the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime in carrying out this section.

    (b) REPORT- Based on the study required by subsection (a) and data collected under the Student Right-To-Know and Campus Security Act (20 U.S.C. 1001 note; Public Law 101-542) and amendments made by that Act, the Attorney General shall prepare a report including an analysis of--

      (1) the number of reported allegations and estimated number of unreported allegations of campus sexual assaults, and to whom the allegations are reported (including authorities of the educational institution, sexual assault victim service entities, and local criminal authorities);

      (2) the number of campus sexual assault allegations reported to authorities of educational institutions which are reported to criminal authorities;

      (3) the number of campus sexual assault allegations that result in criminal prosecution in comparison with the number of non-campus sexual assault allegations that result in criminal prosecution;

      (4) Federal and State laws or regulations pertaining specifically to campus sexual assaults;

      (5) the adequacy of policies and practices of educational institutions in addressing campus sexual assaults and protecting victims, including consideration of--

        (A) the security measures in effect at educational institutions, such as utilization of campus police and security guards, control over access to grounds and buildings, supervision of student activities and student living arrangements, control over the consumption of alcohol by students, lighting, and the availability of escort services;

        (B) the articulation and communication to students of the institution's policies concerning sexual assaults;

        (C) policies and practices that may prevent or discourage the reporting of campus sexual assaults to local criminal authorities, or that may otherwise obstruct justice or interfere with the prosecution of perpetrators of campus sexual assaults;

        (D) the nature and availability of victim services for victims of campus sexual assaults;

        (E) the ability of educational institutions' disciplinary processes to address allegations of sexual assault adequately and fairly;

        (F) measures that are taken to ensure that victims are free of unwanted contact with alleged assailants, and disciplinary sanctions that are imposed when a sexual assault is determined to have occurred; and

        (G) the grounds on which educational institutions are subject to lawsuits based on campus sexual assaults, the resolution of these cases, and measures that can be taken to avoid the likelihood of lawsuits and civil liability;

      (6) in conjunction with the report produced by the Department of Education in coordination with institutions of education under the Student Right-To-Know and Campus Security Act (20 U.S.C. 1001 note; Public Law 101-542) and amendments made by that Act, an assessment of the policies and practices of educational institutions that are of greatest effectiveness in addressing campus sexual assaults and protecting victims, including policies and practices relating to the particular issues described in paragraph (5); and

      (7) any recommendations the Attorney General may have for reforms to address campus sexual assaults and protect victims more effectively, and any other matters that the Attorney General deems relevant to the subject of the study and report required by this section.

    (c) SUBMISSION OF REPORT- The report required by subsection (b) shall be submitted to the Congress no later than September 1, 1996.

    (d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, `campus sexual assaults' includes sexual assaults occurring at institutions of postsecondary education and sexual assaults committed against or by students or employees of such institutions.

    (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the study required by this section--$200,000 for fiscal year 1996.

SEC. 40507. REPORT ON BATTERED WOMEN'S SYNDROME.

    (a) REPORT- Not less than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall transmit to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, and the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the medical and psychological basis of `battered women's syndrome' and on the extent to which evidence of the syndrome has been considered in criminal trials.

    (b) COMPONENTS- The report under subsection (a) shall include--

      (1) medical and psychological testimony on the validity of battered women's syndrome as a psychological condition;

      (2) a compilation of State, tribal, and Federal court cases in which evidence of battered women's syndrome was offered in criminal trials; and

      (3) an assessment by State, tribal, and Federal judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys of the effects that evidence of battered women's syndrome may have in criminal trials.

SEC. 40508. REPORT ON CONFIDENTIALITY OF ADDRESSES FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) REPORT- The Attorney General shall conduct a study of the means by which abusive spouses may obtain information concerning the addresses or locations of estranged or former spouses, notwithstanding the desire of the victims to have such information withheld to avoid further exposure to abuse. Based on the study, the Attorney General shall transmit a report to Congress including--

      (1) the findings of the study concerning the means by which information concerning the addresses or locations of abused spouses may be obtained by abusers; and

      (2) analysis of the feasibility of creating effective means of protecting the confidentiality of information concerning the addresses and locations of abused spouses to protect such persons from exposure to further abuse while preserving access to such information for legitimate purposes.

    (b) USE OF COMPONENTS- The Attorney General may use the National Institute of Justice and the Office for Victims of Crime in carrying out this section.

SEC. 40509. REPORT ON RECORDKEEPING RELATING TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall complete a study of, and shall submit to Congress a report and recommendations on, problems of recordkeeping of criminal complaints involving domestic violence. The study and report shall examine--

      (1) the efforts that have been made by the Department of Justice, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to collect statistics on domestic violence; and

      (2) the feasibility of requiring that the relationship between an offender and victim be reported in Federal records of crimes of aggravated assault, rape, and other violent crimes.

Subtitle F--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

SEC. 40601. AUTHORIZING ACCESS TO FEDERAL CRIMINAL INFORMATION DATABASES.

    (a) ACCESS AND ENTRY- Section 534 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(e)(1) Information from national crime information databases consisting of identification records, criminal history records, protection orders, and wanted person records may be disseminated to civil or criminal courts for use in domestic violence or stalking cases. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to permit access to such records for any other purpose.

    `(2) Federal and State criminal justice agencies authorized to enter information into criminal information databases may include--

      `(A) arrests, convictions, and arrest warrants for stalking or domestic violence or for violations of protection orders for the protection of parties from stalking or domestic violence; and

      `(B) protection orders for the protection of persons from stalking or domestic violence, provided such orders are subject to periodic verification.

    `(3) As used in this subsection--

      `(A) the term `national crime information databases' means the National Crime Information Center and its incorporated criminal history databases, including the Interstate Identification Index; and

      `(B) the term `protection order' includes an injunction or any other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil or criminal courts (other than support or child custody orders) whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint, petition, or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.'.

    (b) RULEMAKING- The Attorney General may make rules to carry out the subsection added to section 534 of title 28, United States Code, by subsection (a), after consultation with the officials charged with managing the National Crime Information Center and the Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

SEC. 40602. GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General is authorized to provide grants to States and units of local government to improve processes for entering data regarding stalking and domestic violence into local, State, and national crime information databases.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), a State or unit of local government shall certify that it has or intends to establish a program that enters into the National Crime Information Center records of--

      (1) warrants for the arrest of persons violating protection orders intended to protect victims from stalking or domestic violence;

      (2) arrests or convictions of persons violating protection or domestic violence; and

      (3) protection orders for the protection of persons from stalking or domestic violence.

SEC. 40603. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $1,750,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (3) $2,750,000 for fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 40604. APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    An application for a grant under this subtitle shall be submitted in such form and manner, and contain such information, as the Attorney General may prescribe. In addition, applications shall include documentation showing--

      (1) the need for grant funds and that State or local funding, as the case may be, does not already cover these operations;

      (2) intended use of the grant funds, including a plan of action to increase record input; and

      (3) an estimate of expected results from the use of the grant funds.

SEC. 40605. DISBURSEMENT.

    Not later than 90 days after the receipt of an application under this subtitle, the Attorney General shall either provide grant funds or shall inform the applicant why grant funds are not being provided.

SEC. 40606. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, TRAINING, AND EVALUATIONS.

    The Attorney General may provide technical assistance and training in furtherance of the purposes of this subtitle, and may provide for the evaluation of programs that receive funds under this subtitle, in addition to any evaluation requirements that the Attorney General may prescribe for grantees. The technical assistance, training, and evaluations authorized by this section may be carried out directly by the Attorney General, or through contracts or other arrangements with other entities.

SEC. 40607. TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDGES.

    The State Justice Institute, after consultation with nationally recognized nonprofit organizations with expertise in stalking and domestic violence cases, shall conduct training programs for State (as defined in section 202 of the State Justice Institute Authorization Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10701)) and Indian tribal judges to ensure that a judge issuing an order in a stalking or domestic violence case has all available criminal history and other information, whether from State or Federal sources.

SEC. 40608. RECOMMENDATIONS ON INTRASTATE COMMUNICATION.

    The State Justice Institute, after consultation with nationally recognized nonprofit associations with expertise in data sharing among criminal justice agencies and familiarity with the issues raised in stalking and domestic violence cases, shall recommend proposals regarding how State courts may increase intrastate communication between civil and criminal courts.

SEC. 40609. INCLUSION IN NATIONAL INCIDENT-BASED REPORTING SYSTEM.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in accordance with the States, shall compile data regarding domestic violence and intimidation (including stalking) as part of the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS).

SEC. 40610. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    The Attorney General shall submit to the Congress an annual report, beginning one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, that provides information concerning the incidence of stalking and domestic violence, and evaluates the effectiveness of State antistalking efforts and legislation.

SEC. 40611. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this subtitle--

      (1) the term `national crime information databases' refers to the National Crime Information Center and its incorporated criminal history databases, including the Interstate Identification Index; and

      (2) the term `protection order' includes an injunction or any other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening acts or harassment against, or contact or communication with or physical proximity to, another person, including temporary and final orders issued by civil or criminal courts (other than support or child custody orders) whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to a complaint, petition, or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.

Subtitle G--Protections for Battered Immigrant Women and Children

SEC. 40701. ALIEN PETITIONING RIGHTS FOR IMMEDIATE RELATIVE OR SECOND PREFERENCE STATUS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 204(a)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A)--

        (A) by inserting `(i)' after `(A)',

        (B) by redesignating the second sentence as clause (ii), and

        (C) by adding at the end the following new clauses:

    `(iii) An alien who is the spouse of a citizen of the United States, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i), and who has resided in the United States with the alien's spouse may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien (and any child of the alien if such a child has not been classified under clause (iv)) under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that--

      `(I) the alien is residing in the United States, the marriage between the alien and the spouse was entered into in good faith by the alien, and during the marriage the alien or a child of the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's spouse; and

      `(II) the alien is a person whose deportation, in the opinion of the Attorney General, would result in extreme hardship to the alien or a child of the alien.

    `(iv) An alien who is the child of a citizen of the United States, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i), and who has resided in the United States with the citizen parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that--

      `(I) the alien is residing in the United States and during the period of residence with the citizen parent the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's citizen parent; and

      `(II) the alien is a person whose deportation, in the opinion of the Attorney General, would result in extreme hardship to the alien.';

      (2) in subparagraph (B)--

        (A) by inserting `(i)' after `(B)'; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following new clauses:

    `(ii) An alien who is the spouse of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible for classification under section 203(a)(2)(A), and who has resided in the United States with the alien's legal permanent resident spouse may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien (and any child of the alien if such a child has not been classified under clause (iii)) under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that the conditions described in subclauses (I) and (II) of subparagraph (A)(iii) are met with respect to the alien.

    `(iii) An alien who is the child of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, who is a person of good moral character, who is eligible for classification under section 203(a)(2)(A), and who has resided in the United States with the alien's permanent resident alien parent may file a petition with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the alien under such section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that--

      `(I) the alien is residing in the United States and during the period of residence with the permanent resident parent the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien's permanent resident parent; and

      `(II) the alien is a person whose deportation, in the opinion of the Attorney General, would result in extreme hardship to the alien.'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    `(H) In acting on petitions filed under clause (iii) or (iv) of subparagraph (A) or clause (ii) or (iii) of subparagraph (B), the Attorney General shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the petition. The determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Attorney General.'.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 204(a)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(2)) is amended--

      (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking `filed by an alien who,' and inserting `for the classification of the spouse of an alien if the alien,'; and

      (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking `by an alien whose prior marriage' and inserting `for the classification of the spouse of an alien if the prior marriage of the alien'.

    (2) Section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by striking `204(a)(1)(A)' and inserting `204(a)(1)(A)(ii)'.

    (c) SURVIVAL RIGHTS TO PETITION- Section 204 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(h) The legal termination of a marriage may not be the sole basis for revocation under section 205 of a petition filed under subsection (a)(1)(A)(iii) or a petition filed under subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii) pursuant to conditions described in subsection (a)(1)(A)(iii)(I).'.

    (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect January 1, 1995.

SEC. 40702. USE OF CREDIBLE EVIDENCE IN SPOUSAL WAIVER APPLICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 216(c)(4) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1186a(c)(4)) is amended by inserting after the second sentence the following: `In acting on applications under this paragraph, the Attorney General shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the application. The determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Attorney General.'.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act and shall apply to applications made before, on, or after such date.

SEC. 40703. SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION.

    (a) BATTERED SPOUSE OR CHILD- Section 244(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (1);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting `; or'; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:

      `(3) is deportable under any law of the United States except section 241(a)(1)(G) and the provisions specified in paragraph (2); has been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of not less than 3 years immediately preceding the date of such application; has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by a spouse or parent who is a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident (or is the parent of a child of a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident and the child has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by such citizen or permanent resident parent); and proves that during all of such time in the United States the alien was and is a person of good moral character; and is a person whose deportation would, in the opinion of the Attorney General, result in extreme hardship to the alien or the alien's parent or child.'.

    (b) CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE- Section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(g) In acting on applications under subsection (a)(3), the Attorney General shall consider any credible evidence relevant to the application. The determination of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the Attorney General.'.

TITLE V--DRUG COURTS

SEC. 50001. DRUG COURTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 40231(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part V as part W;

      (2) by redesignating section 2201 as section 2301; and

      (3) by inserting after part U the following new part:

`PART V--DRUG COURTS

`SEC. 2201. GRANT AUTHORITY.

    `The Attorney General may make grants to States, State courts, local courts, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments, acting directly or through agreements with other public or private entities, for programs that involve--

      `(1) continuing judicial supervision over offenders with substance abuse problems who are not violent offenders; and

      `(2) the integrated administration of other sanctions and services, which shall include--

        `(A) mandatory periodic testing for the use of controlled substances or other addictive substances during any period of supervised release or probation for each participant;

        `(B) substance abuse treatment for each participant;

        `(C) diversion, probation, or other supervised release involving the possibility of prosecution, confinement, or incarceration based on noncompliance with program requirements or failure to show satisfactory progress; and

        `(D) programmatic, offender management, and aftercare services such as relapse prevention, health care, education, vocational training, job placement, housing placement, and child care or other family support services for each participant who requires such services.

`SEC. 2202. PROHIBITION OF PARTICIPATION BY VIOLENT OFFENDERS.

    `The Attorney General shall--

      `(1) issue regulations and guidelines to ensure that the programs authorized in this part do not permit participation by violent offenders; and

      `(2) immediately suspend funding for any grant under this part, pending compliance, if the Attorney General finds that violent offenders are participating in any program funded under this part.

`SEC. 2203. DEFINITION.

    `In this part, `violent offender' means a person who--

      `(1) is charged with or convicted of an offense, during the course of which offense or conduct--

        `(A) the person carried, possessed, or used a firearm or dangerous weapon;

        `(B) there occurred the death of or serious bodily injury to any person; or

        `(C) there occurred the use of force against the person of another,

      without regard to whether any of the circumstances described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) is an element of the offense or conduct of which or for which the person is charged or convicted; or

      `(2) has one or more prior convictions for a felony crime of violence involving the use or attempted use of force against a person with the intent to cause death or serious bodily harm.

`SEC. 2204. ADMINISTRATION.

    `(a) CONSULTATION- The Attorney General shall consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and any other appropriate officials in carrying out this part.

    `(b) USE OF COMPONENTS- The Attorney General may utilize any component or components of the Department of Justice in carrying out this part.

    `(c) REGULATORY AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may issue regulations and guidelines necessary to carry out this part.

    `(d) APPLICATIONS- In addition to any other requirements that may be specified by the Attorney General, an application for a grant under this part shall--

      `(1) include a long-term strategy and detailed implementation plan;

      `(2) explain the applicant's inability to fund the program adequately without Federal assistance;

      `(3) certify that the Federal support provided will be used to supplement, and not supplant, State, Indian tribal, and local sources of funding that would otherwise be available;

      `(4) identify related governmental or community initiatives which complement or will be coordinated with the proposal;

      `(5) certify that there has been appropriate consultation with all affected agencies and that there will be appropriate coordination with all affected agencies in the implementation of the program;

      `(6) certify that participating offenders will be supervised by one or more designated judges with responsibility for the drug court program;

      `(7) specify plans for obtaining necessary support and continuing the proposed program following the conclusion of Federal support; and

      `(8) describe the methodology that will be used in evaluating the program.

`SEC. 2205. APPLICATIONS.

    `To request funds under this part, the chief executive or the chief justice of a State or the chief executive or chief judge of a unit of local government or Indian tribal government shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require.

`SEC. 2206. FEDERAL SHARE.

    `The Federal share of a grant made under this part may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the program described in the application submitted under section 2205 for the fiscal year for which the program receives assistance under this part, unless the Attorney General waives, wholly or in part, the requirement of a matching contribution under this section. In-kind contributions may constitute a portion of the non-Federal share of a grant.

`SEC. 2207. GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION.

    `The Attorney General shall ensure that, to the extent practicable, an equitable geographic distribution of grant awards is made.

`SEC. 2208. REPORT.

    `A State, Indian tribal government, or unit of local government that receives funds under this part during a fiscal year shall submit to the Attorney General a report in March of the following year regarding the effectiveness of this part.

`SEC. 2209. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, TRAINING, AND EVALUATION.

    `(a) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING- The Attorney General may provide technical assistance and training in furtherance of the purposes of this part.

    `(b) EVALUATIONS- In addition to any evaluation requirements that may be prescribed for grantees, the Attorney General may carry out or make arrangements for evaluations of programs that receive support under this part.

    `(c) ADMINISTRATION- The technical assistance, training, and evaluations authorized by this section may be carried out directly by the Attorney General, in collaboration with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, or through grants, contracts, or other cooperative arrangements with other entities.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 40231(b), is amended by striking the matter relating to part V and inserting the following:

`Part V--Drug Courts

      `Sec. 2201. Grant authority.

      `Sec. 2202. Prohibition of participation by violent offenders.

      `Sec. 2203. Definition.

      `Sec. 2204. Administration.

      `Sec. 2205. Applications.

      `Sec. 2206. Federal share.

      `Sec. 2207. Geographic distribution.

      `Sec. 2208. Report.

      `Sec. 2209. Technical assistance, training, and evaluation.

`Part W--Transition-Effective Date-Repealer

      `Sec. 2301. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 40231(c), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and U' and inserting `U, and V'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(20) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part V--

      `(A) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      `(B) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(C) $150,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(D) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(E) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(F) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

SEC. 50002. STUDY BY THE GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall study and assess the effectiveness and impact of grants authorized by part V of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 as added by section 50001(a) and report to Congress the results of the study on or before January 1, 1997.

    (b) DOCUMENTS AND INFORMATION- The Attorney General and grant recipients shall provide the Comptroller General with all relevant documents and information that the Comptroller General deems necessary to conduct the study under subsection (a), including the identities and criminal records of program participants.

    (c) CRITERIA- In assessing the effectiveness of the grants made under programs authorized by part V of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, the Comptroller General shall consider, among other things--

      (1) recidivism rates of program participants;

      (2) completion rates among program participants;

      (3) drug use by program participants; and

      (4) the costs of the program to the criminal justice system.

TITLE VI--DEATH PENALTY

SEC. 60001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Federal Death Penalty Act of 1994'.

SEC. 60002. CONSTITUTIONAL PROCEDURES FOR THE IMPOSITION OF THE SENTENCE OF DEATH.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Part II of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 227 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 228--DEATH SENTENCE

      `Sec.

      `3591. Sentence of death.

      `3592. Mitigating and aggravating factors to be considered in determining whether a sentence of death is justified.

      `3593. Special hearing to determine whether a sentence of death is justified.

      `3594. Imposition of a sentence of death.

      `3595. Review of a sentence of death.

      `3596. Implementation of a sentence of death.

      `3597. Use of State facilities.

      `3598. Special provisions for Indian country.

`Sec. 3591. Sentence of death

    `(a) A defendant who has been found guilty of--

      `(1) an offense described in section 794 or section 2381; or

      `(2) any other offense for which a sentence of death is provided, if the defendant, as determined beyond a reasonable doubt at the hearing under section 3593--

        `(A) intentionally killed the victim;

        `(B) intentionally inflicted serious bodily injury that resulted in the death of the victim;

        `(C) intentionally participated in an act, contemplating that the life of a person would be taken or intending that lethal force would be used in connection with a person, other than one of the participants in the offense, and the victim died as a direct result of the act; or

        `(D) intentionally and specifically engaged in an act of violence, knowing that the act created a grave risk of death to a person, other than one of the participants in the offense, such that participation in the act constituted a reckless disregard for human life and the victim died as a direct result of the act,

    shall be sentenced to death if, after consideration of the factors set forth in section 3592 in the course of a hearing held pursuant to section 3593, it is determined that imposition of a sentence of death is justified, except that no person may be sentenced to death who was less than 18 years of age at the time of the offense.

    `(b) A defendant who has been found guilty of--

      `(1) an offense referred to in section 408(c)(1) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848(c)(1)), committed as part of a continuing criminal enterprise offense under the conditions described in subsection (b) of that section which involved not less than twice the quantity of controlled substance described in subsection (b)(2)(A) or twice the gross receipts described in subsection (b)(2)(B); or

      `(2) an offense referred to in section 408(c)(1) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848(c)(1)), committed as part of a continuing criminal enterprise offense under that section, where the defendant is a principal administrator, organizer, or leader of such an enterprise, and the defendant, in order to obstruct the investigation or prosecution of the enterprise or an offense involved in the enterprise, attempts to kill or knowingly directs, advises, authorizes, or assists another to attempt to kill any public officer, juror, witness, or members of the family or household of such a person,

    shall be sentenced to death if, after consideration of the factors set forth in section 3592 in the course of a hearing held pursuant to section 3593, it is determined that imposition of a sentence of death is justified, except that no person may be sentenced to death who was less than 18 years of age at the time of the offense.

`Sec. 3592. Mitigating and aggravating factors to be considered in determining whether a sentence of death is justified

    `(a) MITIGATING FACTORS- In determining whether a sentence of death is to be imposed on a defendant, the finder of fact shall consider any mitigating factor, including the following:

      `(1) IMPAIRED CAPACITY- The defendant's capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the defendant's conduct or to conform conduct to the requirements of law was significantly impaired, regardless of whether the capacity was so impaired as to constitute a defense to the charge.

      `(2) DURESS- The defendant was under unusual and substantial duress, regardless of whether the duress was of such a degree as to constitute a defense to the charge.

      `(3) MINOR PARTICIPATION- The defendant is punishable as a principal in the offense, which was committed by another, but the defendant's participation was relatively minor, regardless of whether the participation was so minor as to constitute a defense to the charge.

      `(4) EQUALLY CULPABLE DEFENDANTS- Another defendant or defendants, equally culpable in the crime, will not be punished by death.

      `(5) NO PRIOR CRIMINAL RECORD- The defendant did not have a significant prior history of other criminal conduct.

      `(6) DISTURBANCE- The defendant committed the offense under severe mental or emotional disturbance.

      `(7) VICTIM'S CONSENT- The victim consented to the criminal conduct that resulted in the victim's death.

      `(8) OTHER FACTORS- Other factors in the defendant's background, record, or character or any other circumstance of the offense that mitigate against imposition of the death sentence.

    `(b) AGGRAVATING FACTORS FOR ESPIONAGE AND TREASON- In determining whether a sentence of death is justified for an offense described in section 3591(a)(1), the jury, or if there is no jury, the court, shall consider each of the following aggravating factors for which notice has been given and determine which, if any, exist:

      `(1) PRIOR ESPIONAGE OR TREASON OFFENSE- The defendant has previously been convicted of another offense involving espionage or treason for which a sentence of either life imprisonment or death was authorized by law.

      `(2) GRAVE RISK TO NATIONAL SECURITY- In the commission of the offense the defendant knowingly created a grave risk of substantial danger to the national security.

      `(3) GRAVE RISK OF DEATH- In the commission of the offense the defendant knowingly created a grave risk of death to another person.

    The jury, or if there is no jury, the court, may consider whether any other aggravating factor for which notice has been given exists.

    `(c) AGGRAVATING FACTORS FOR HOMICIDE- In determining whether a sentence of death is justified for an offense described in section 3591(a)(2), the jury, or if there is no jury, the court, shall consider each of the following aggravating factors for which notice has been given and determine which, if any, exist:

      `(1) DEATH DURING COMMISSION OF ANOTHER CRIME- The death, or injury resulting in death, occurred during the commission or attempted commission of, or during the immediate flight from the commission of, an offense under section 32 (destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities), section 33 (destruction of motor vehicles or motor vehicle facilities), section 36 (violence at international airports), section 351 (violence against Members of Congress, Cabinet officers, or Supreme Court Justices), an offense under section 751 (prisoners in custody of institution or officer), section 794 (gathering or delivering defense information to aid foreign government), section 844(d) (transportation of explosives in interstate commerce for certain purposes), section 844(f) (destruction of Government property by explosives), section 1118 (prisoners serving life term), section 1201 (kidnaping), section 844(i) (destruction of property affecting interstate commerce by explosives), section 1116 (killing or attempted killing of diplomats), section 1203 (hostage taking), section 1992 (wrecking trains), section 2280 (maritime violence), section 2281 (maritime platform violence), section 2332 (terrorist acts abroad against United States nationals), section 2339 (use of weapons of mass destruction), or section 2381 (treason) of this title, or section 46502 of title 49, United States Code (aircraft piracy).

      `(2) PREVIOUS CONVICTION OF VIOLENT FELONY INVOLVING FIREARM- For any offense, other than an offense for which a sentence of death is sought on the basis of section 924(c), the defendant has previously been convicted of a Federal or State offense punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year, involving the use or attempted or threatened use of a firearm (as defined in section 921) against another person.

      `(3) PREVIOUS CONVICTION OF OFFENSE FOR WHICH A SENTENCE OF DEATH OR LIFE IMPRISONMENT WAS AUTHORIZED- The defendant has previously been convicted of another Federal or State offense resulting in the death of a person, for which a sentence of life imprisonment or a sentence of death was authorized by statute.

      `(4) PREVIOUS CONVICTION OF OTHER SERIOUS OFFENSES- The defendant has previously been convicted of 2 or more Federal or State offenses, punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than 1 year, committed on different occasions, involving the infliction of, or attempted infliction of, serious bodily injury or death upon another person.

      `(5) GRAVE RISK OF DEATH TO ADDITIONAL PERSONS- The defendant, in the commission of the offense, or in escaping apprehension for the violation of the offense, knowingly created a grave risk of death to 1 or more persons in addition to the victim of the offense.

      `(6) HEINOUS, CRUEL, OR DEPRAVED MANNER OF COMMITTING OFFENSE- The defendant committed the offense in an especially heinous, cruel, or depraved manner in that it involved torture or serious physical abuse to the victim.

      `(7) PROCUREMENT OF OFFENSE BY PAYMENT- The defendant procured the commission of the offense by payment, or promise of payment, of anything of pecuniary value.

      `(8) PECUNIARY GAIN- The defendant committed the offense as consideration for the receipt, or in the expectation of the receipt, of anything of pecuniary value.

      `(9) SUBSTANTIAL PLANNING AND PREMEDITATION- The defendant committed the offense after substantial planning and premeditation to cause the death of a person or commit an act of terrorism.

      `(10) CONVICTION FOR TWO FELONY DRUG OFFENSES- The defendant has previously been convicted of 2 or more State or Federal offenses punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year, committed on different occasions, involving the distribution of a controlled substance.

      `(11) VULNERABILITY OF VICTIM- The victim was particularly vulnerable due to old age, youth, or infirmity.

      `(12) CONVICTION FOR SERIOUS FEDERAL DRUG OFFENSES- The defendant had previously been convicted of violating title II or III of the Controlled Substances Act for which a sentence of 5 or more years may be imposed or had previously been convicted of engaging in a continuing criminal enterprise.

      `(13) CONTINUING CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE INVOLVING DRUG SALES TO MINORS- The defendant committed the offense in the course of engaging in a continuing criminal enterprise in violation of section 408(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848(c)), and that violation involved the distribution of drugs to persons under the age of 21 in violation of section 418 of that Act (21 U.S.C. 859).

      `(14) HIGH PUBLIC OFFICIALS- The defendant committed the offense against--

        `(A) the President of the United States, the President-elect, the Vice President, the Vice President-elect, the Vice President-designate, or, if there is no Vice President, the officer next in order of succession to the office of the President of the United States, or any person who is acting as President under the Constitution and laws of the United States;

        `(B) a chief of state, head of government, or the political equivalent, of a foreign nation;

        `(C) a foreign official listed in section 1116(b)(3)(A), if the official is in the United States on official business; or

        `(D) a Federal public servant who is a judge, a law enforcement officer, or an employee of a United States penal or correctional institution--

          `(i) while he or she is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties;

          `(ii) because of the performance of his or her official duties; or

          `(iii) because of his or her status as a public servant.

        For purposes of this subparagraph, a `law enforcement officer' is a public servant authorized by law or by a Government agency or Congress to conduct or engage in the prevention, investigation, or prosecution or adjudication of an offense, and includes those engaged in corrections, parole, or probation functions.

      `(15) PRIOR CONVICTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR CHILD MOLESTATION- In the case of an offense under chapter 109A (sexual abuse) or chapter 110 (sexual abuse of children), the defendant has previously been convicted of a crime of sexual assault or crime of child molestation.

    The jury, or if there is no jury, the court, may consider whether any other aggravating factor for which notice has been given exists.

    `(d) AGGRAVATING FACTORS FOR DRUG OFFENSE DEATH PENALTY- In determining whether a sentence of death is justified for an offense described in section 3591(b), the jury, or if there is no jury, the court, shall consider each of the following aggravating factors for which notice has been given and determine which, if any, exist:

      `(1) PREVIOUS CONVICTION OF OFFENSE FOR WHICH A SENTENCE OF DEATH OR LIFE IMPRISONMENT WAS AUTHORIZED- The defendant has previously been convicted of another Federal or State offense resulting in the death of a person, for which a sentence of life imprisonment or death was authorized by statute.

      `(2) PREVIOUS CONVICTION OF OTHER SERIOUS OFFENSES- The defendant has previously been convicted of two or more Federal or State offenses, each punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year, committed on different occasions, involving the importation, manufacture, or distribution of a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) or the infliction of, or attempted infliction of, serious bodily injury or death upon another person.

      `(3) PREVIOUS SERIOUS DRUG FELONY CONVICTION- The defendant has previously been convicted of another Federal or State offense involving the manufacture, distribution, importation, or possession of a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) for which a sentence of five or more years of imprisonment was authorized by statute.

      `(4) USE OF FIREARM- In committing the offense, or in furtherance of a continuing criminal enterprise of which the offense was a part, the defendant used a firearm or knowingly directed, advised, authorized, or assisted another to use a firearm to threaten, intimidate, assault, or injure a person.

      `(5) DISTRIBUTION TO PERSONS UNDER 21- The offense, or a continuing criminal enterprise of which the offense was a part, involved conduct proscribed by section 418 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 859) which was committed directly by the defendant.

      `(6) DISTRIBUTION NEAR SCHOOLS- The offense, or a continuing criminal enterprise of which the offense was a part, involved conduct proscribed by section 419 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 860) which was committed directly by the defendant.

      `(7) USING MINORS IN TRAFFICKING- The offense, or a continuing criminal enterprise of which the offense was a part, involved conduct proscribed by section 420 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 861) which was committed directly by the defendant.

      `(8) LETHAL ADULTERANT- The offense involved the importation, manufacture, or distribution of a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)), mixed with a potentially lethal adulterant, and the defendant was aware of the presence of the adulterant.

    The jury, or if there is no jury, the court, may consider whether any other aggravating factor for which notice has been given exists.

`Sec. 3593. Special hearing to determine whether a sentence of death is justified

    `(a) NOTICE BY THE GOVERNMENT- If, in a case involving an offense described in section 3591, the attorney for the government believes that the circumstances of the offense are such that a sentence of death is justified under this chapter, the attorney shall, a reasonable time before the trial or before acceptance by the court of a plea of guilty, sign and file with the court, and serve on the defendant, a notice--

      `(1) stating that the government believes that the circumstances of the offense are such that, if the defendant is convicted, a sentence of death is justified under this chapter and that the government will seek the sentence of death; and

      `(2) setting forth the aggravating factor or factors that the government, if the defendant is convicted, proposes to prove as justifying a sentence of death.

    The factors for which notice is provided under this subsection may include factors concerning the effect of the offense on the victim and the victim's family, and may include oral testimony, a victim impact statement that identifies the victim of the offense and the extent and scope of the injury and loss suffered by the victim and the victim's family, and any other relevant information. The court may permit the attorney for the government to amend the notice upon a showing of good cause.

    `(b) HEARING BEFORE A COURT OR JURY- If the attorney for the government has filed a notice as required under subsection (a) and the defendant is found guilty of or pleads guilty to an offense described in section 3591, the judge who presided at the trial or before whom the guilty plea was entered, or another judge if that judge is unavailable, shall conduct a separate sentencing hearing to determine the punishment to be imposed. The hearing shall be conducted--

      `(1) before the jury that determined the defendant's guilt;

      `(2) before a jury impaneled for the purpose of the hearing if--

        `(A) the defendant was convicted upon a plea of guilty;

        `(B) the defendant was convicted after a trial before the court sitting without a jury;

        `(C) the jury that determined the defendant's guilt was discharged for good cause; or

        `(D) after initial imposition of a sentence under this section, reconsideration of the sentence under this section is necessary; or

      `(3) before the court alone, upon the motion of the defendant and with the approval of the attorney for the government.

    A jury impaneled pursuant to paragraph (2) shall consist of 12 members, unless, at any time before the conclusion of the hearing, the parties stipulate, with the approval of the court, that it shall consist of a lesser number.

    `(c) PROOF OF MITIGATING AND AGGRAVATING FACTORS- Notwithstanding rule 32(c) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, when a defendant is found guilty or pleads guilty to an offense under section 3591, no presentence report shall be prepared. At the sentencing hearing, information may be presented as to any matter relevant to the sentence, including any mitigating or aggravating factor permitted or required to be considered under section 3592. Information presented may include the trial transcript and exhibits if the hearing is held before a jury or judge not present during the trial, or at the trial judge's discretion. The defendant may present any information relevant to a mitigating factor. The government may present any information relevant to an aggravating factor for which notice has been provided under subsection (a). Information is admissible regardless of its admissibility under the rules governing admission of evidence at criminal trials except that information may be excluded if its probative value is outweighed by the danger of creating unfair prejudice, confusing the issues, or misleading the jury. The government and the defendant shall be permitted to rebut any information received at the hearing, and shall be given fair opportunity to present argument as to the adequacy of the information to establish the existence of any aggravating or mitigating factor, and as to the appropriateness in the case of imposing a sentence of death. The government shall open the argument. The defendant shall be permitted to reply. The government shall then be permitted to reply in rebuttal. The burden of establishing the existence of any aggravating factor is on the government, and is not satisfied unless the existence of such a factor is established beyond a reasonable doubt. The burden of establishing the existence of any mitigating factor is on the defendant, and is not satisfied unless the existence of such a factor is established by a preponderance of the information.

    `(d) RETURN OF SPECIAL FINDINGS- The jury, or if there is no jury, the court, shall consider all the information received during the hearing. It shall return special findings identifying any aggravating factor or factors set forth in section 3592 found to exist and any other aggravating factor for which notice has been provided under subsection (a) found to exist. A finding with respect to a mitigating factor may be made by 1 or more members of the jury, and any member of the jury who finds the existence of a mitigating factor may consider such factor established for purposes of this section regardless of the number of jurors who concur that the factor has been established. A finding with respect to any aggravating factor must be unanimous. If no aggravating factor set forth in section 3592 is found to exist, the court shall impose a sentence other than death authorized by law.

    `(e) RETURN OF A FINDING CONCERNING A SENTENCE OF DEATH- If, in the case of--

      `(1) an offense described in section 3591(a)(1), an aggravating factor required to be considered under section 3592(b) is found to exist;

      `(2) an offense described in section 3591(a)(2), an aggravating factor required to be considered under section 3592(c) is found to exist; or

      `(3) an offense described in section 3591(b), an aggravating factor required to be considered under section 3592(d) is found to exist,

    the jury, or if there is no jury, the court, shall consider whether all the aggravating factor or factors found to exist sufficiently outweigh all the mitigating factor or factors found to exist to justify a sentence of death, or, in the absence of a mitigating factor, whether the aggravating factor or factors alone are sufficient to justify a sentence of death. Based upon this consideration, the jury by unanimous vote, or if there is no jury, the court, shall recommend whether the defendant should be sentenced to death, to life imprisonment without possibility of release or some other lesser sentence.

    `(f) SPECIAL PRECAUTION TO ENSURE AGAINST DISCRIMINATION- In a hearing held before a jury, the court, prior to the return of a finding under subsection (e), shall instruct the jury that, in considering whether a sentence of death is justified, it shall not consider the race, color, religious beliefs, national origin, or sex of the defendant or of any victim and that the jury is not to recommend a sentence of death unless it has concluded that it would recommend a sentence of death for the crime in question no matter what the race, color, religious beliefs, national origin, or sex of the defendant or of any victim may be. The jury, upon return of a finding under subsection (e), shall also return to the court a certificate, signed by each juror, that consideration of the race, color, religious beliefs, national origin, or sex of the defendant or any victim was not involved in reaching his or her individual decision and that the individual juror would have made the same recommendation regarding a sentence for the crime in question no matter what the race, color, religious beliefs, national origin, or sex of the defendant or any victim may be.

`Sec. 3594. Imposition of a sentence of death

    `Upon a recommendation under section 3593(e) that the defendant should be sentenced to death or life imprisonment without possibility of release, the court shall sentence the defendant accordingly. Otherwise, the court shall impose any lesser sentence that is authorized by law. Notwithstanding any other law, if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offense is life imprisonment, the court may impose a sentence of life imprisonment without possibility of release.

`Sec. 3595. Review of a sentence of death

    `(a) APPEAL- In a case in which a sentence of death is imposed, the sentence shall be subject to review by the court of appeals upon appeal by the defendant. Notice of appeal must be filed within the time specified for the filing of a notice of appeal. An appeal under this section may be consolidated with an appeal of the judgment of conviction and shall have priority over all other cases.

    `(b) REVIEW- The court of appeals shall review the entire record in the case, including--

      `(1) the evidence submitted during the trial;

      `(2) the information submitted during the sentencing hearing;

      `(3) the procedures employed in the sentencing hearing; and

      `(4) the special findings returned under section 3593(d).

    `(c) DECISION AND DISPOSITION-

      `(1) The court of appeals shall address all substantive and procedural issues raised on the appeal of a sentence of death, and shall consider whether the sentence of death was imposed under the influence of passion, prejudice, or any other arbitrary factor and whether the evidence supports the special finding of the existence of an aggravating factor required to be considered under section 3592.

      `(2) Whenever the court of appeals finds that--

        `(A) the sentence of death was imposed under the influence of passion, prejudice, or any other arbitrary factor;

        `(B) the admissible evidence and information adduced does not support the special finding of the existence of the required aggravating factor; or

        `(C) the proceedings involved any other legal error requiring reversal of the sentence that was properly preserved for appeal under the rules of criminal procedure,

      the court shall remand the case for reconsideration under section 3593 or imposition of a sentence other than death. The court of appeals shall not reverse or vacate a sentence of death on account of any error which can be harmless, including any erroneous special finding of an aggravating factor, where the Government establishes beyond a reasonable doubt that the error was harmless.

      `(3) The court of appeals shall state in writing the reasons for its disposition of an appeal of a sentence of death under this section.

`Sec. 3596. Implementation of a sentence of death

    `(a) IN GENERAL- A person who has been sentenced to death pursuant to this chapter shall be committed to the custody of the Attorney General until exhaustion of the procedures for appeal of the judgment of conviction and for review of the sentence. When the sentence is to be implemented, the Attorney General shall release the person sentenced to death to the custody of a United States marshal, who shall supervise implementation of the sentence in the manner prescribed by the law of the State in which the sentence is imposed. If the law of the State does not provide for implementation of a sentence of death, the court shall designate another State, the law of which does provide for the implementation of a sentence of death, and the sentence shall be implemented in the latter State in the manner prescribed by such law.

    `(b) PREGNANT WOMAN- A sentence of death shall not be carried out upon a woman while she is pregnant.

    `(c) MENTAL CAPACITY- A sentence of death shall not be carried out upon a person who is mentally retarded. A sentence of death shall not be carried out upon a person who, as a result of mental disability, lacks the mental capacity to understand the death penalty and why it was imposed on that person.

`Sec. 3597. Use of State facilities

    `(a) IN GENERAL- A United States marshal charged with supervising the implementation of a sentence of death may use appropriate State or local facilities for the purpose, may use the services of an appropriate State or local official or of a person such an official employs for the purpose, and shall pay the costs thereof in an amount approved by the Attorney General.

    `(b) EXCUSE OF AN EMPLOYEE ON MORAL OR RELIGIOUS GROUNDS- No employee of any State department of corrections, the United States Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, or the United States Marshals Service, and no employee providing services to that department, bureau, or service under contract shall be required, as a condition of that employment or contractual obligation, to be in attendance at or to participate in any prosecution or execution under this section if such participation is contrary to the moral or religious convictions of the employee. In this subsection, `participation in executions' includes personal preparation of the condemned individual and the apparatus used for execution and supervision of the activities of other personnel in carrying out such activities.

`Sec. 3598. Special provisions for Indian country

    `Notwithstanding sections 1152 and 1153, no person subject to the criminal jurisdiction of an Indian tribal government shall be subject to a capital sentence under this chapter for any offense the Federal jurisdiction for which is predicated solely on Indian country (as defined in section 1151 of this title) and which has occurred within the boundaries of Indian country, unless the governing body of the tribe has elected that this chapter have effect over land and persons subject to its criminal jurisdiction.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The part analysis for part II of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 227 the following new item:

3591'.

SEC. 60003. SPECIFIC OFFENSES FOR WHICH DEATH PENALTY IS AUTHORIZED.

    (a) CONFORMING CHANGES IN TITLE 18- Title 18, United States Code, is amended as follows:

      (1) AIRCRAFT AND MOTOR VEHICLES- Section 34 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the comma after `imprisonment for life', inserting a period, and striking the remainder of the section.

      (2) ESPIONAGE- Section 794(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the period at the end of the section and inserting `, except that the sentence of death shall not be imposed unless the jury or, if there is no jury, the court, further finds that the offense resulted in the identification by a foreign power (as defined in section 101(a) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978) of an individual acting as an agent of the United States and consequently in the death of that individual, or directly concerned nuclear weaponry, military spacecraft or satellites, early warning systems, or other means of defense or retaliation against large-scale attack; war plans; communications intelligence or cryptographic information; or any other major weapons system or major element of defense strategy.'.

      (3) EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS- (A) Section 844(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `as provided in section 34 of this title'.

      (B) Section 844(f) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `as provided in section 34 of this title'.

      (C) Section 844(i) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `as provided in section 34 of this title'.

      (4) MURDER- The second undesignated paragraph of section 1111(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `Whoever is guilty of murder in the first degree shall be punished by death or by imprisonment for life;'.

      (5) KILLING OF FOREIGN OFFICIAL- Section 1116(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `any such person who is found guilty of murder in the first degree shall be sentenced to imprisonment for life, and'.

      (6) KIDNAPPING- Section 1201(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after `or for life' the following: `and, if the death of any person results, shall be punished by death or life imprisonment'.

      (7) NONMAILABLE INJURIOUS ARTICLES- The last paragraph of section 1716 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the comma after `imprisonment for life' and inserting a period and striking the remainder of the paragraph.

      (8) WRECKING TRAINS- The second to the last undesignated paragraph of section 1992 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the comma after `imprisonment for life', inserting a period, and striking the remainder of the section.

      (9) BANK ROBBERY- Section 2113(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `or punished by death if the verdict of the jury shall so direct' and inserting `or if death results shall be punished by death or life imprisonment'.

      (10) HOSTAGE TAKING- Section 1203(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after `or for life' the following: `and, if the death of any person results, shall be punished by death or life imprisonment'.

      (11) MURDER FOR HIRE- Section 1958 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `and if death results, shall be subject to imprisonment for any term of years or for life, or shall be fined not more than $50,000, or both' and inserting `and if death results, shall be punished by death or life imprisonment, or shall be fined not more than $250,000, or both'.

      (12) RACKETEERING- Section 1959(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `(1) for murder, by death or life imprisonment, or a fine of not more than $250,000, or both; and for kidnapping, by imprisonment for any term of years or for life, or a fine of not more than $250,000, or both;'.

      (13) GENOCIDE- Section 1091(b)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or imprisonment for life,' and inserting `, where death results, by death or imprisonment for life and a fine of not more than $1,000,000, or both;'.

      (14) CARJACKING- Section 2119(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the period after `both' and inserting `, or sentenced to death.'; and by striking `, possessing a firearm as defined in section 921 of this title,' and inserting `, with the intent to cause death or serious bodily harm'.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO FEDERAL AVIATION ACT OF 1954- Chapter 465 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the chapter analysis by striking `Death penalty sentencing procedure for aircraft piracy' and inserting `Repealed'; and

      (2) by striking section 46503.

SEC. 60004. APPLICABILITY TO UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    Chapter 228 of title 18, United States Code, as added by this title, shall not apply to prosecutions under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C. 801).

SEC. 60005. DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER BY A FEDERAL PRISONER.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1118. Murder by a Federal prisoner

    `(a) OFFENSE- A person who, while confined in a Federal correctional institution under a sentence for a term of life imprisonment, commits the murder of another shall be punished by death or by life imprisonment.

    `(b) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `Federal correctional institution' means any Federal prison, Federal correctional facility, Federal community program center, or Federal halfway house.

      `murder' means a first degree or second degree murder (as defined in section 1111).

      `term of life imprisonment' means a sentence for the term of natural life, a sentence commuted to natural life, an indeterminate term of a minimum of at least fifteen years and a maximum of life, or an unexecuted sentence of death.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `1118. Murder by a Federal prisoner.'.

SEC. 60006. DEATH PENALTY FOR CIVIL RIGHTS MURDERS.

    (a) CONSPIRACY AGAINST RIGHTS- Section 241 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the period at the end of the last sentence and inserting `, or may be sentenced to death.'.

    (b) DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS UNDER COLOR OF LAW- Section 242 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the period at the end of the last sentence and inserting `, or may be sentenced to death.'.

    (c) FEDERALLY PROTECTED ACTIVITIES- Section 245(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended in the matter following paragraph (5) by inserting `, or may be sentenced to death' after `or for life'.

    (d) DAMAGE TO RELIGIOUS PROPERTY; OBSTRUCTION OF THE FREE EXERCISE OF RELIGIOUS RIGHTS- Section 247(c)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `, or may be sentenced to death' after `or both'.

SEC. 60007. DEATH PENALTY FOR THE MURDER OF FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS.

    Section 1114 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `punished as provided under sections 1111 and 1112 of this title,' and inserting `punished, in the case of murder, as provided under section 1111, or, in the case of manslaughter, as provided under section 1112.'.

SEC. 60008. NEW OFFENSE FOR THE INDISCRIMINATE USE OF WEAPONS TO FURTHER DRUG CONSPIRACIES.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `Drive-By Shooting Prevention Act of 1994'.

    (b) IN GENERAL- Chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 36. Drive-by shooting

    `(a) DEFINITION- In this section, `major drug offense' means--

      `(1) a continuing criminal enterprise punishable under section 403(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848(c));

      `(2) a conspiracy to distribute controlled substances punishable under section 406 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 846) section 1013 of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Control Act (21 U.S.C. 963); or

      `(3) an offense involving major quantities of drugs and punishable under section 401(b)(1)(A) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1)(A)) or section 1010(b)(1) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960(b)(1)).

    `(b) OFFENSE AND PENALTIES- (1) A person who, in furtherance or to escape detection of a major drug offense and with the intent to intimidate, harass, injure, or maim, fires a weapon into a group of two or more persons and who, in the course of such conduct, causes grave risk to any human life shall be punished by a term of no more than 25 years, by fine under this title, or both.

    `(2) A person who, in furtherance or to escape detection of a major drug offense and with the intent to intimidate, harass, injure, or maim, fires a weapon into a group of 2 or more persons and who, in the course of such conduct, kills any person shall, if the killing--

      `(A) is a first degree murder (as defined in section 1111(a)), be punished by death or imprisonment for any term of years or for life, fined under this title, or both; or

      `(B) is a murder other than a first degree murder (as defined in section 1111(a)), be fined under this title, imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or both.'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `36. Drive-by shooting.'.

SEC. 60009. FOREIGN MURDER OF UNITED STATES NATIONALS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60005(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1119. Foreign murder of United States nationals

    `(a) DEFINITION- In this section, `national of the United States' has the meaning stated in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)).

    `(b) OFFENSE- A person who, being a national of the United States, kills or attempts to kill a national of the United States while such national is outside the United States but within the jurisdiction of another country shall be punished as provided under sections 1111, 1112, and 1113.

    `(c) LIMITATIONS ON PROSECUTION- (1) No prosecution may be instituted against any person under this section except upon the written approval of the Attorney General, the Deputy Attorney General, or an Assistant Attorney General, which function of approving prosecutions may not be delegated. No prosecution shall be approved if prosecution has been previously undertaken by a foreign country for the same conduct.

    `(2) No prosecution shall be approved under this section unless the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, determines that the conduct took place in a country in which the person is no longer present, and the country lacks the ability to lawfully secure the person's return. A determination by the Attorney General under this paragraph is not subject to judicial review.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 1117 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `or 1116' and inserting `1116, or 1119'.

    (2) The chapter analysis for chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60005(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `1119. Foreign murder of United States nationals.'.

SEC. 60010. DEATH PENALTY FOR RAPE AND CHILD MOLESTATION MURDERS.

    (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating section 2245 as section 2246; and

      (2) by inserting after section 2244 the following new section:

`Sec. 2245. Sexual abuse resulting in death

    `A person who, in the course of an offense under this chapter, engages in conduct that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- The chapter analysis for chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the item for section 2245 and inserting the following:

      `2245. Sexual abuse resulting in death.

      `2246. Definitions for chapter.'.

SEC. 60011. DEATH PENALTY FOR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN.

    Section 2251(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: `Whoever, in the course of an offense under this section, engages in conduct that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.'.

SEC. 60012. MURDER BY ESCAPED PRISONERS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60009(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1120. Murder by escaped prisoners

    `(a) DEFINITION- In this section, `Federal prison' and `term of life imprisonment' have the meanings stated in section 1118.

    `(b) OFFENSE AND PENALTY- A person, having escaped from a Federal prison where the person was confined under a sentence for a term of life imprisonment, kills another shall be punished as provided in sections 1111 and 1112.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60009(b)(2), is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `1120. Murder by escaped prisoners.'.

SEC. 60013. DEATH PENALTY FOR GUN MURDERS DURING FEDERAL CRIMES OF VIOLENCE AND DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIMES.

    Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(i) A person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (c), causes the death of a person through the use of a firearm, shall--

      `(1) if the killing is a murder (as defined in section 1111), be punished by death or by imprisonment for any term of years or for life; and

      `(2) if the killing is manslaughter (as defined in section 1112), be punished as provided in that section.'.

SEC. 60014. HOMICIDES AND ATTEMPTED HOMICIDES INVOLVING FIREARMS IN FEDERAL FACILITIES.

    Section 930 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively;

      (2) in subsection (a) by striking `(c)' and inserting `(d)'; and

      (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    `(c) A person who kills or attempts to kill any person in the course of a violation of subsection (a) or (b), or in the course of an attack on a Federal facility involving the use of a firearm or other dangerous weapon, shall be punished as provided in sections 1111, 1112, and 1113.'.

SEC. 60015. DEATH PENALTY FOR THE MURDER OF STATE OR LOCAL OFFICIALS ASSISTING FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS AND STATE CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60012(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1121. Killing persons aiding Federal investigations or State correctional officers

    `(a) Whoever intentionally kills--

      `(1) a State or local official, law enforcement officer, or other officer or employee while working with Federal law enforcement officials in furtherance of a Federal criminal investigation--

        `(A) while the victim is engaged in the performance of official duties;

        `(B) because of the performance of the victim's official duties; or

        `(C) because of the victim's status as a public servant; or

      `(2) any person assisting a Federal criminal investigation, while that assistance is being rendered and because of it,

    shall be sentenced according to the terms of section 1111, including by sentence of death or by imprisonment for life.

    `(b)(1) Whoever, in a circumstance described in paragraph (3) of this subsection, while incarcerated, intentionally kills any State correctional officer engaged in, or on account of the performance of such officer's official duties, shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment which shall not be less than 20 years, and may be sentenced to life imprisonment or death.

    `(2) As used in this section, the term, `State correctional officer' includes any officer or employee of any prison, jail, or other detention facility, operated by, or under contract to, either a State or local governmental agency, whose job responsibilities include providing for the custody of incarcerated individuals.

    `(3) The circumstance referred to in paragraph (1) is that--

      `(A) the correctional officer is engaged in transporting the incarcerated person interstate; or

      `(B) the incarcerated person is incarcerated pursuant to a conviction for an offense against the United States.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 51 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60012(b), is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `1121. Killing persons aiding Federal investigations or State correctional officers.'.

SEC. 60016. PROTECTION OF COURT OFFICERS AND JURORS.

    Section 1503 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `(a)' before `Whoever';

      (2) by striking `fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.' and inserting `punished as provided in subsection (b).';

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(b) The punishment for an offense under this section is--

      `(1) in the case of a killing, the punishment provided in sections 1111 and 1112;

      `(2) in the case of an attempted killing, or a case in which the offense was committed against a petit juror and in which a class A or B felony was charged, imprisonment for not more than 20 years, a fine under this title, or both; and

      `(3) in any other case, imprisonment for not more than 10 years, a fine under this title, or both.'; and

      (4) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1), by striking `commissioner' each place it appears and inserting `magistrate judge'.

SEC. 60017. PROHIBITION OF RETALIATORY KILLINGS OF WITNESSES, VICTIMS, AND INFORMANTS.

    Section 1513 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections (b) and (c), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after the section heading the following new subsection:

    `(a)(1) Whoever kills or attempts to kill another person with intent to retaliate against any person for--

      `(A) the attendance of a witness or party at an official proceeding, or any testimony given or any record, document, or other object produced by a witness in an official proceeding; or

      `(B) providing to a law enforcement officer any information relating to the commission or possible commission of a Federal offense or a violation of conditions of probation, parole, or release pending judicial proceedings,

    shall be punished as provided in paragraph (2).

    `(2) The punishment for an offense under this subsection is--

      `(A) in the case of a killing, the punishment provided in sections 1111 and 1112; and

      `(B) in the case of an attempt, imprisonment for not more than 20 years.'.

SEC. 60018. DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER OF FEDERAL WITNESSES.

    Section 1512(a)(2)(A) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `(A) in the case of murder (as defined in section 1111), the death penalty or imprisonment for life, and in the case of any other killing, the punishment provided in section 1112;'.

SEC. 60019. OFFENSES OF VIOLENCE AGAINST MARITIME NAVIGATION OR FIXED PLATFORMS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 111 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sections:

`Sec. 2280. Violence against maritime navigation

    `(a) OFFENSES-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A person who unlawfully and intentionally--

        `(A) seizes or exercises control over a ship by force or threat thereof or any other form of intimidation;

        `(B) performs an act of violence against a person on board a ship if that act is likely to endanger the safe navigation of that ship;

        `(C) destroys a ship or causes damage to a ship or to its cargo which is likely to endanger the safe navigation of that ship;

        `(D) places or causes to be placed on a ship, by any means whatsoever, a device or substance which is likely to destroy that ship, or cause damage to that ship or its cargo which endangers or is likely to endanger the safe navigation of that ship;

        `(E) destroys or seriously damages maritime navigational facilities or seriously interferes with their operation, if such act is likely to endanger the safe navigation of a ship;

        `(F) communicates information, knowing the information to be false and under circumstances in which such information may reasonably be believed, thereby endangering the safe navigation of a ship;

        `(G) injures or kills any person in connection with the commission or the attempted commission of any of the offenses set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (F); or

        `(H) attempts to do any act prohibited under subparagraphs (A) through (G),

      shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and if the death of any person results from conduct prohibited by this paragraph, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

      `(2) THREAT TO NAVIGATION- A person who threatens to do any act prohibited under paragraph (1) (B), (C) or (E), with apparent determination and will to carry the threat into execution, if the threatened act is likely to endanger the safe navigation of the ship in question, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    `(b) JURISDICTION- There is jurisdiction over the activity prohibited in subsection (a)--

      `(1) in the case of a covered ship, if--

        `(A) such activity is committed--

          `(i) against or on board a ship flying the flag of the United States at the time the prohibited activity is committed;

          `(ii) in the United States and the activity is not prohibited as a crime by the State in which the activity takes place; or

          `(iii) the activity takes place on a ship flying the flag of a foreign country or outside the United States, by a national of the United States or by a stateless person whose habitual residence is in the United States;

        `(B) during the commission of such activity, a national of the United States is seized, threatened, injured or killed; or

        `(C) the offender is later found in the United States after such activity is committed;

      `(2) in the case of a ship navigating or scheduled to navigate solely within the territorial sea or internal waters of a country other than the United States, if the offender is later found in the United States after such activity is committed; and

      `(3) in the case of any vessel, if such activity is committed in an attempt to compel the United States to do or abstain from doing any act.

    `(c) BAR TO PROSECUTION- It is a bar to Federal prosecution under subsection (a) for conduct that occurred within the United States that the conduct involved was during or in relation to a labor dispute, and such conduct is prohibited as a felony under the law of the State in which it was committed. For purposes of this section, the term `labor dispute' has the meaning set forth in section 2(c) of the Norris-LaGuardia Act, as amended (29 U.S.C. 113(c)).

    `(d) DELIVERY OF SUSPECTED OFFENDER- The master of a covered ship flying the flag of the United States who has reasonable grounds to believe that there is on board that ship any person who has committed an offense under Article 3 of the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation may deliver such person to the authorities of a State Party to that Convention. Before delivering such person to the authorities of another country, the master shall notify in an appropriate manner the Attorney General of the United States of the alleged offense and await instructions from the Attorney General as to what action to take. When delivering the person to a country which is a State Party to the Convention, the master shall, whenever practicable, and if possible before entering the territorial sea of such country, notify the authorities of such country of the master's intention to deliver such person and the reasons therefor. If the master delivers such person, the master shall furnish to the authorities of such country the evidence in the master's possession that pertains to the alleged offense.

    `(e) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `covered ship' means a ship that is navigating or is scheduled to navigate into, through or from waters beyond the outer limit of the territorial sea of a single country or a lateral limit of that country's territorial sea with an adjacent country.

      `national of the United States' has the meaning stated in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)).

      `territorial sea of the United States' means all waters extending seaward to 12 nautical miles from the baselines of the United States determined in accordance with international law.

      `ship' means a vessel of any type whatsoever not permanently attached to the sea-bed, including dynamically supported craft, submersibles or any other floating craft, but does not include a warship, a ship owned or operated by a government when being used as a naval auxiliary or for customs or police purposes, or a ship which has been withdrawn from navigation or laid up.

      `United States', when used in a geographical sense, includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and all territories and possessions of the United States.

`Sec. 2281. Violence against maritime fixed platforms

    `(a) OFFENSES-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- A person who unlawfully and intentionally--

        `(A) seizes or exercises control over a fixed platform by force or threat thereof or any other form of intimidation;

        `(B) performs an act of violence against a person on board a fixed platform if that act is likely to endanger its safety;

        `(C) destroys a fixed platform or causes damage to it which is likely to endanger its safety;

        `(D) places or causes to be placed on a fixed platform, by any means whatsoever, a device or substance which is likely to destroy that fixed platform or likely to endanger its safety;

        `(E) injures or kills any person in connection with the commission or the attempted commission of any of the offenses set forth in subparagraphs (A) through (D); or

        `(F) attempts to do anything prohibited under subparagraphs (A) through (E),

      shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and if death results to any person from conduct prohibited by this paragraph, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

      `(2) THREAT TO SAFETY- A person who threatens to do anything prohibited under paragraph (1) (B) or (C), with apparent determination and will to carry the threat into execution, if the threatened act is likely to endanger the safety of the fixed platform, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    `(b) JURISDICTION- There is jurisdiction over the activity prohibited in subsection (a) if--

      `(1) such activity is committed against or on board a fixed platform--

        `(A) that is located on the continental shelf of the United States;

        `(B) that is located on the continental shelf of another country, by a national of the United States or by a stateless person whose habitual residence is in the United States; or

        `(C) in an attempt to compel the United States to do or abstain from doing any act;

      `(2) during the commission of such activity against or on board a fixed platform located on a continental shelf, a national of the United States is seized, threatened, injured or killed; or

      `(3) such activity is committed against or on board a fixed platform located outside the United States and beyond the continental shelf of the United States and the offender is later found in the United States.

    `(c) BAR TO PROSECUTION- It is a bar to Federal prosecution under subsection (a) for conduct that occurred within the United States that the conduct involved was during or in relation to a labor dispute, and such conduct is prohibited as a felony under the law of the State in which it was committed. For purposes of this section, the term `labor dispute' has the meaning set forth in section 2(c) of the Norris-LaGuardia Act, as amended (29 U.S.C. 113(c)).

    `(d) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `continental shelf' means the sea-bed and subsoil of the submarine areas that extend beyond a country's territorial sea to the limits provided by customary international law as reflected in Article 76 of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea.

      `fixed platform' means an artificial island, installation or structure permanently attached to the sea-bed for the purpose of exploration or exploitation of resources or for other economic purposes.

      `national of the United States' has the meaning stated in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)).

      `territorial sea of the United States' means all waters extending seaward to 12 nautical miles from the baselines of the United States determined in accordance with international law.

      `United States', when used in a geographical sense, includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and all territories and possessions of the United States.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 111 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new items:

      `2280. Violence against maritime navigation.

      `2281. Violence against maritime fixed platforms.'.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATES- This section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the later of--

      (1) the date of the enactment of this Act; or

      (2)(A) in the case of section 2280 of title 18, United States Code, the date the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation has come into force and the United States has become a party to that Convention; and

      (B) in the case of section 2281 of title 18, United States Code, the date the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf has come into force and the United States has become a party to that Protocol.

SEC. 60020. TORTURE.

    Section 2340A(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `punished by death or' before `imprisoned for any term of years or for life.'.

SEC. 60021. VIOLENCE AT AIRPORTS SERVING INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION.

    (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60008(b), is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 37. Violence at international airports

    `(a) OFFENSE- A person who unlawfully and intentionally, using any device, substance, or weapon--

      `(1) performs an act of violence against a person at an airport serving international civil aviation that causes or is likely to cause serious bodily injury (as defined in section 1365 of this title) or death; or

      `(2) destroys or seriously damages the facilities of an airport serving international civil aviation or a civil aircraft not in service located thereon or disrupts the services of the airport,

    if such an act endangers or is likely to endanger safety at that airport, or attempts to do such an act, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and if the death of any person results from conduct prohibited by this subsection, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

    `(b) JURISDICTION- There is jurisdiction over the prohibited activity in subsection (a) if--

      `(1) the prohibited activity takes place in the United States; or

      `(2) the prohibited activity takes place outside the United States and the offender is later found in the United States.

    `(c) It is a bar to Federal prosecution under subsection (a) for conduct that occurred within the United States that the conduct involved was during or in relation to a labor dispute, and such conduct is prohibited as a felony under the law of the State in which it was committed. For purposes of this section, the term `labor dispute' has the meaning set forth in section 2(c) of the Norris-LaGuardia Act, as amended (29 U.S.C. 113(c)).

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60008(c), is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `37. Violence at international airports.'.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the later of--

      (1) the date of enactment of this Act; or

      (2) the date on which the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation, done at Montreal on 23 September 1971, has come into force and the United States has become a party to the Protocol.

SEC. 60022. TERRORIST DEATH PENALTY ACT.

    Section 2332(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code is amended to read as follows:

      `(1) if the killing is murder (as defined in section 1111(a)), be fined under this title, punished by death or imprisonment for any term of years or for life, or both;'.

SEC. 60023. WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION.

    (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 113A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2332 the following new section:

`Sec. 2332a. Use of weapons of mass destruction

    `(a) OFFENSE- A person who uses, or attempts or conspires to use, a weapon of mass destruction--

      `(1) against a national of the United States while such national is outside of the United States;

      `(2) against any person within the United States; or

      `(3) against any property that is owned, leased or used by the United States or by any department or agency of the United States, whether the property is within or outside of the United States,

    shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life, and if death results, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

    `(b) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--

      `(1) the term `national of the United States' has the meaning given in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)); and

      `(2) the term `weapon of mass destruction' means--

        `(A) any destructive device as defined in section 921 of this title;

        `(B) poison gas;

        `(C) any weapon involving a disease organism; or

        `(D) any weapon that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 113A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2332 the following:

      `2332a. Use of weapons of mass destruction.'.

SEC. 60024. ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR ALIEN SMUGGLING.

    Section 274(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324(a)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)--

        (A) by striking `(1) Any person' and inserting `(1)(A) Any person';

        (B) by striking `(A) knowing' and inserting `(i) knowing';

        (C) by striking `(B) knowing' and inserting `(ii) knowing';

        (D) by striking `(C) knowing' and inserting `(iii) knowing';

        (E) by striking `(D) encourages' and inserting `(iv) encourages';

        (F) by striking `shall be fined in accordance with title 18, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, for each alien in respect to whom any violation of this paragraph occurs' and inserting `shall be punished as provided in subparagraph (B)'; and

        (G) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    `(B) A person who violates subparagraph (A) shall, for each alien in respect to whom such a violation occurs--

      `(i) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (A)(i), be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both;

      `(ii) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (A) (ii), (iii), or (iv), be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both;

      `(iii) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (A) (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) during and in relation to which the person causes serious bodily injury (as defined in section 1365 of title 18, United States Code) to, or places in jeopardy the life of, any person, be fined under title 18, United States Code, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and

      `(iv) in the case of a violation of subparagraph (A) (i), (ii), (iii), or (iv) resulting in the death of any person, be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life, fined under title 18, United States Code, or both.'; and

      (2) in paragraph (2) by striking `or imprisoned not more than five years, or both' and inserting `or in the case of a violation of subparagraph (B)(ii), imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both; or in the case of a violation of subparagraph (B)(i) or (B)(iii), imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.'.

SEC. 60025. PROTECTION OF JURORS AND WITNESSES IN CAPITAL CASES.

    Section 3432 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period the following: `, except that such list of the veniremen and witnesses need not be furnished if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that providing the list may jeopardize the life or safety of any person'.

SEC. 60026. APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL.

    Section 3005 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `learned in the law' and all that follows through `He shall' and inserting `; and the court before which the defendant is to be tried, or a judge thereof, shall promptly, upon the defendant's request, assign 2 such counsel, of whom at least 1 shall be learned in the law applicable to capital cases, and who shall have free access to the accused at all reasonable hours. In assigning counsel under this section, the court shall consider the recommendation of the Federal Public Defender organization, or, if no such organization exists in the district, of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts. The defendant shall'.

TITLE VII--MANDATORY LIFE IMPRISONMENT FOR PERSONS CONVICTED OF CERTAIN FELONIES

SEC. 70001. MANDATORY LIFE IMPRISONMENT FOR PERSONS CONVICTED OF CERTAIN FELONIES.

    Section 3559 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b), by striking `An' and inserting `Except as provided in subsection (c), an' in lieu thereof; and

      (2) by adding the following new subsection at the end:

    `(c) Imprisonment of Certain Violent Felons-

      `(1) MANDATORY LIFE IMPRISONMENT- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person who is convicted in a court of the United States of a serious violent felony shall be sentenced to life imprisonment if--

        `(A) the person has been convicted (and those convictions have become final) on separate prior occasions in a court of the United States or of a State of--

          `(i) 2 or more serious violent felonies; or

          `(ii) one or more serious violent felonies and one or more serious drug offenses; and

        `(B) each serious violent felony or serious drug offense used as a basis for sentencing under this subsection, other than the first, was committed after the defendant's conviction of the preceding serious violent felony or serious drug offense.

      `(2) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection--

        `(A) the term `assault with intent to commit rape' means an offense that has as its elements engaging in physical contact with another person or using or brandishing a weapon against another person with intent to commit aggravated sexual abuse or sexual abuse (as described in sections 2241 and 2242);

        `(B) the term `arson' means an offense that has as its elements maliciously damaging or destroying any building, inhabited structure, vehicle, vessel, or real property by means of fire or an explosive;

        `(C) the term `extortion' means an offense that has as its elements the extraction of anything of value from another person by threatening or placing that person in fear of injury to any person or kidnapping of any person;

        `(D) the term `firearms use' means an offense that has as its elements those described in section 924(c) or 929(a), if the firearm was brandished, discharged, or otherwise used as a weapon and the crime of violence or drug trafficking crime during and relation to which the firearm was used was subject to prosecution in a court of the United States or a court of a State, or both;

        `(E) the term `kidnapping' means an offense that has as its elements the abduction, restraining, confining, or carrying away of another person by force or threat of force;

        `(F) the term `serious violent felony' means--

          `(i) a Federal or State offense, by whatever designation and wherever committed, consisting of murder (as described in section 1111); manslaughter other than involuntary manslaughter (as described in section 1112); assault with intent to commit murder (as described in section 113(a)); assault with intent to commit rape; aggravated sexual abuse and sexual abuse (as described in sections 2241 and 2242); abusive sexual contact (as described in sections 2244 (a)(1) and (a)(2)); kidnapping; aircraft piracy (as described in section 46502 of Title 49); robbery (as described in section 2111, 2113, or 2118); carjacking (as described in section 2119); extortion; arson; firearms use; or attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit any of the above offenses; and

          `(ii) any other offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of 10 years or more that has as an element the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person of another or that, by its nature, involves a substantial risk that physical force against the person of another may be used in the course of committing the offense;

        `(G) the term `State' means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and a commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States; and

        `(H) the term `serious drug offense' means--

          `(i) an offense that is punishable under section 401(b)(1)(A) or 408 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1)(A), 848) or section 1010(b)(1)(A) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960(b)(1)(A)); or

          `(ii) an offense under State law that, had the offense been prosecuted in a court of the United States, would have been punishable under section 401(b)(1)(A) or 408 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1)(A), 848) or section 1010(b)(1)(A) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960(b)(1)(A)).

      `(3) NONQUALIFYING FELONIES-

        `(A) ROBBERY IN CERTAIN CASES- Robbery, an attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit robbery; or an offense described in paragraph (2)(F)(ii) shall not serve as a basis for sentencing under this subsection if the defendant establishes by clear and convincing evidence that--

          `(i) no firearm or other dangerous weapon was used in the offense and no threat of use of a firearm or other dangerous weapon was involved in the offense; and

          `(ii) the offense did not result in death or serious bodily injury (as defined in section 1365) to any person.

        `(B) ARSON IN CERTAIN CASES- Arson shall not serve as a basis for sentencing under this subsection if the defendant establishes by clear and convincing evidence that--

          `(i) the offense posed no threat to human life; and

          `(ii) the defendant reasonably believed the offense posed no threat to human life.

      `(4) INFORMATION FILED BY UNITED STATES ATTORNEY- The provisions of section 411(a) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 851(a)) shall apply to the imposition of sentence under this subsection.

      `(5) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- This subsection shall not be construed to preclude imposition of the death penalty.

      `(6) SPECIAL PROVISION FOR INDIAN COUNTRY- No person subject to the criminal jurisdiction of an Indian tribal government shall be subject to this subsection for any offense for which Federal jurisdiction is solely predicated on Indian country (as defined in section 1151) and which occurs within the boundaries of such Indian country unless the governing body of the tribe has elected that this subsection have effect over land and persons subject to the criminal jurisdiction of the tribe.

      `(7) RESENTENCING UPON OVERTURNING OF PRIOR CONVICTION- If the conviction for a serious violent felony or serious drug offense that was a basis for sentencing under this subsection is found, pursuant to any appropriate State or Federal procedure, to be unconstitutional or is vitiated on the explicit basis of innocence, or if the convicted person is pardoned on the explicit basis of innocence, the person serving a sentence imposed under this subsection shall be resentenced to any sentence that was available at the time of the original sentencing.'.

SEC. 70002. LIMITED GRANT OF AUTHORITY TO BUREAU OF PRISONS.

    Section 3582(c)(1)(A) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) so that the margin of the matter starting with `extraordinary' and ending with `reduction' the first place it appears is indented an additional two ems;

      (2) by inserting a one-em dash after `that' the second place it appears;

      (3) by inserting a semicolon after `reduction' the first place it appears;

      (4) by indenting the first line of the matter referred to in paragraph (1) and designating that matter as clause (i); and

      (5) by inserting after such matter the following:

          `(ii) the defendant is at least 70 years of age, has served at least 30 years in prison, pursuant to a sentence imposed under section 3559(c), for the offense or offenses for which the defendant is currently imprisoned, and a determination has been made by the Director of the Bureau of Prisons that the defendant is not a danger to the safety of any other person or the community, as provided under section 3142(g);'.

TITLE VIII--APPLICABILITY OF MANDATORY MINIMUM PENALTIES IN CERTAIN CASES

SEC. 80001. LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF MANDATORY MINIMUM PENALTIES IN CERTAIN CASES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 3553 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(f) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF STATUTORY MINIMUMS IN CERTAIN CASES- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the case of an offense under section 401, 404, or 406 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841, 844, 846) or section 1010 or 1013 of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 961, 963), the court shall impose a sentence pursuant to guidelines promulgated by the United States Sentencing Commission under section 994 of title 28 without regard to any statutory minimum sentence, if the court finds at sentencing, after the Government has been afforded the opportunity to make a recommendation, that--

      `(1) the defendant does not have more than 1 criminal history point, as determined under the sentencing guidelines;

      `(2) the defendant did not use violence or credible threats of violence or possess a firearm or other dangerous weapon (or induce another participant to do so) in connection with the offense;

      `(3) the offense did not result in death or serious bodily injury to any person;

      `(4) the defendant was not an organizer, leader, manager, or supervisor of others in the offense, as determined under the sentencing guidelines and was not engaged in a continuing criminal enterprise, as defined in 21 U.S.C. 848; and

      `(5) not later than the time of the sentencing hearing, the defendant has truthfully provided to the Government all information and evidence the defendant has concerning the offense or offenses that were part of the same course of conduct or of a common scheme or plan, but the fact that the defendant has no relevant or useful other information to provide or that the Government is already aware of the information shall not preclude a determination by the court that the defendant has complied with this requirement.

    (b) SENTENCING COMMISSION AUTHORITY-

      (1) IN GENERAL- (A) The United States Sentencing Commission (referred to in this subsection as the `Commission'), under section 994(a)(1) and (p) of title 28--

        (i) shall promulgate guidelines, or amendments to guidelines, to carry out the purposes of this section and the amendment made by this section; and

        (ii) may promulgate policy statements, or amendments to policy statements, to assist in the application of this section and that amendment.

      (B) In the case of a defendant for whom the statutorily required minimum sentence is 5 years, such guidelines and amendments to guidelines issued under subparagraph (A) shall call for a guideline range in which the lowest term of imprisonment is at least 24 months.

      (2) PROCEDURES- If the Commission determines that it is necessary to do so in order that the amendments made under paragraph (1) may take effect on the effective date of the amendment made by subsection (a), the Commission may promulgate the amendments made under paragraph (1) in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 21(a) of the Sentencing Act of 1987, as though the authority under that section had not expired.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE AND APPLICATION- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to all sentences imposed on or after the 10th day beginning after the date of enactment of this Act.

TITLE IX--DRUG CONTROL

Subtitle A--Enhanced Penalties and General Provisions

SEC. 90101. ENHANCEMENT OF PENALTIES FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING IN PRISONS.

    Section 1791 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c), by inserting before `Any' the following new sentence: `Any punishment imposed under subsection (b) for a violation of this section involving a controlled substance shall be consecutive to any other sentence imposed by any court for an offense involving such a controlled substance.';

      (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A), by inserting after `a firearm or destructive device' the following: `or a controlled substance in schedule I or II, other than marijuana or a controlled substance referred to in subparagraph (C) of this subsection';

      (3) in subsection (d)(1)(B), by inserting before `ammunition,' the following: `marijuana or a controlled substance in schedule III, other than a controlled substance referred to in subparagraph (C) of this subsection,';

      (4) in subsection (d)(1)(C), by inserting `methamphetamine, its salts, isomers, and salts of its isomers,' after `a narcotic drug,';

      (5) in subsection (d)(1)(D), by inserting `(A), (B), or' before `(C)'; and

      (6) in subsection (b), by striking `(c)' each place it appears and inserting `(d)'.

SEC. 90102. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR DRUG-DEALING IN `DRUG-FREE' ZONES.

    Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend its sentencing guidelines to provide an appropriate enhancement for a defendant convicted of violating section 419 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 860).

SEC. 90103. ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR ILLEGAL DRUG USE IN FEDERAL PRISONS AND FOR SMUGGLING DRUGS INTO FEDERAL PRISONS.

    (a) DECLARATION OF POLICY- It is the policy of the Federal Government that the use or distribution of illegal drugs in the Nation's Federal prisons will not be tolerated and that such crimes shall be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

    (b) SENTENCING GUIDELINES- Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend its sentencing guidelines to appropriately enhance the penalty for a person convicted of an offense--

      (1) under section 404 of the Controlled Substances Act involving simple possession of a controlled substance within a Federal prison or other Federal detention facility; or

      (2) under section 401(b) of the Controlled Substances Act involving the smuggling of a controlled substance into a Federal prison or other Federal detention facility or the distribution or intended distribution of a controlled substance within a Federal prison or other Federal detention facility.

    (c) NO PROBATION- Notwithstanding any other law, the court shall not sentence a person convicted of an offense described in subsection (b) to probation.

SEC. 90104. CLARIFICATION OF NARCOTIC OR OTHER DANGEROUS DRUGS UNDER RICO.

    Section 1961(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `narcotic or other dangerous drugs' each place it appears and inserting `a controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act)'.

SEC. 90105. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO RECIDIVIST PENALTY PROVISIONS OF THE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT AND THE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES IMPORT AND EXPORT ACT.

    (a) Sections 401(b)(1) (B), (C), and (D) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1) (B), (C), and (D)) and sections 1010(b) (1), (2), and (3) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960(b) (1), (2), and (3)) are each amended in the sentence or sentences beginning `If any person commits' by striking `one or more prior convictions' through `have become final' and inserting `a prior conviction for a felony drug offense has become final'.

    (b) Section 1012(b) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 962(b)) is amended by striking `one or more prior convictions of him for a felony under any provision of this title or title II or other law of a State, the United States, or a foreign country relating to narcotic drugs, marihuana, or depressant or stimulant drugs, have become final' and inserting `one or more prior convictions of such person for a felony drug offense have become final'.

    (c) Section 401(b)(1)(A) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1)(A)) is amended by striking the sentence beginning `For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `felony drug offense' means'.

    (d) Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(43) The term `felony drug offense' means an offense that is punishable by imprisonment for more than one year under any law of the United States or of a State or foreign country that prohibits or restricts conduct relating to narcotic drugs, marihuana, or depressant or stimulant substances.'.

SEC. 90106. ADVERTISING.

    Section 403 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 843) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    `(c) It shall be unlawful for any person to place in any newspaper, magazine, handbill, or other publications, any written advertisement knowing that it has the purpose of seeking or offering illegally to receive, buy, or distribute a Schedule I controlled substance. As used in this section the term `advertisement' includes, in addition to its ordinary meaning, such advertisements as those for a catalog of Schedule I controlled substances and any similar written advertisement that has the purpose of seeking or offering illegally to receive, buy, or distribute a Schedule I controlled substance. The term `advertisement' does not include material which merely advocates the use of a similar material, which advocates a position or practice, and does not attempt to propose or facilitate an actual transaction in a Schedule I controlled substance.'.

SEC. 90107. VIOLENT CRIME AND DRUG EMERGENCY AREAS.

    (a) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `major violent crime or drug-related emergency' means an occasion or instance in which violent crime, drug smuggling, drug trafficking, or drug abuse violence reaches such levels, as determined by the President, that Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives, and to protect property and public health and safety.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

    (b) DECLARATION OF VIOLENT CRIME AND DRUG EMERGENCY AREAS- If a major violent crime or drug-related emergency exists throughout a State or a part of a State, the President may declare the State or part of a State to be a violent crime or drug emergency area and may take appropriate actions authorized by this section.

    (c) PROCEDURE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- A request for a declaration designating an area to be a violent crime or drug emergency area shall be made, in writing, by the chief executive officer of a State or local government, respectively (or in the case of the District of Columbia, the mayor), and shall be forwarded to the Attorney General in such form as the Attorney General may by regulation require. One or more cities, counties, States, or the District of Columbia may submit a joint request for designation as a major violent crime or drug emergency area under this subsection.

      (2) FINDING- A request made under paragraph (1) shall be based on a written finding that the major violent crime or drug-related emergency is of such severity and magnitude that Federal assistance is necessary to ensure an effective response to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety.

    (d) IRRELEVANCY OF POPULATION DENSITY- The President shall not limit declarations made under this section to highly populated centers of violent crime or drug trafficking, drug smuggling, or drug use, but shall also consider applications from governments of less populated areas where the magnitude and severity of such activities is beyond the capability of the State or local government to respond.

    (e) REQUIREMENTS- As part of a request for a declaration under this section, and as a prerequisite to Federal violent crime or drug emergency assistance under this section, the chief executive officer of a State or local government shall--

      (1) take appropriate action under State or local law and furnish information on the nature and amount of State and local resources that have been or will be committed to alleviating the major violent crime- or drug-related emergency;

      (2) submit a detailed plan outlining that government's short- and long-term plans to respond to the violent crime or drug emergency, specifying the types and levels of Federal assistance requested and including explicit goals (including quantitative goals) and timetables; and

      (3) specify how Federal assistance provided under this section is intended to achieve those goals.

    (f) REVIEW PERIOD- The Attorney General shall review a request submitted pursuant to this section, and the President shall decide whether to declare a violent crime or drug emergency area, within 30 days after receiving the request.

    (g) FEDERAL ASSISTANCE- The President may--

      (1) direct any Federal agency, with or without reimbursement, to utilize its authorities and the resources granted to it under Federal law (including personnel, equipment, supplies, facilities, financial assistance, and managerial, technical, and advisory services) in support of State and local assistance efforts; and

      (2) provide technical and advisory assistance, including communications support and law enforcement-related intelligence information.

    (h) DURATION OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Federal assistance under this section shall not be provided to a violent crime or drug emergency area for more than 1 year.

      (2) EXTENSION- The chief executive officer of a jurisdiction may apply to the President for an extension of assistance beyond 1 year. The President may extend the provision of Federal assistance for not more than an additional 180 days.

    (i) REGULATIONS- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall issue regulations to implement this section.

    (j) NO EFFECT ON EXISTING AUTHORITY- Nothing in this section shall diminish or detract from existing authority possessed by the President or Attorney General.

Subtitle B--National Narcotics Leadership Act Amendments

SEC. 90201. IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL STRATEGY.

    (a) PROGRAM BUDGET- Section 1003(c) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502(c)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), as paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraph:

    `(5) The Director shall request the head of a department or agency to include in the department's or agency's budget submission to the Office of Management and Budget funding requests for specific initiatives that are consistent with the President's priorities for the National Drug Control Strategy and certifications made pursuant to paragraph (3), and the head of the department or agency shall comply with such a request.'.

    (b) BUDGET RECOMMENDATION- Section 1003(b) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502(b)) is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (6);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(8) provide, by July 1 of each year, budget recommendations to the heads of departments and agencies with responsibilities under the National Drug Control Program, which recommendations shall apply to the second following fiscal year and address funding priorities developed in the annual National Drug Control Strategy.'.

    (c) CONTROL OF DRUG-RELATED RESOURCES- Section 1003 of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (d)--

        (A) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:

      `(2) request the head of a department or agency or program to place department, agency, or program personnel who are engaged in drug control activities on temporary detail to another department or agency in order to implement the National Drug Control Strategy, and the head of the department or agency shall comply with such a request;

        (B) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (6);

        (C) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and inserting a semicolon; and

        (D) by adding after paragraph (7) the following new paragraphs:

      `(8) except to the extent that the Director's authority under this paragraph is limited in an annual appropriations Act, transfer funds appropriated to a National Drug Control Program agency account to a different National Drug Control Program agency account in an amount that does not exceed 2 percent of the amount appropriated to either account, upon advance approval of the Committees on Appropriations of each House of Congress; and

      `(9) in order to ensure compliance with the National Drug Control Program, issue to the head of a National Drug Control Program agency a funds control notice described in subsection (f).'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    `(f) FUNDS CONTROL NOTICES- (1) A funds control notice may direct that all or part of an amount appropriated to the National Drug Control Program agency account be obligated by--

      `(A) months, fiscal year quarters, or other time periods; and

      `(B) activities, functions, projects, or object classes.

    `(2) An officer or employee of a National Drug Control Program agency shall not make or authorize an expenditure or obligation contrary to a funds control notice issued by the Director.

    `(3) In the case of a violation of paragraph (2) by an officer or employee of a National Drug Control Program agency, the head of the agency, upon the request of and in consultation with the Director, may subject the officer or employee to appropriate administrative discipline, including, when circumstances warrant, suspension from duty without pay or removal from office.'.

    (d) CERTIFICATION OF ADEQUACY OF BUDGET REQUEST- Section 1003(c)(3)(B) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502(c)(3)(B)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting `in whole or in part' after `adequacy of such request'; and

      (2) by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting `and, with respect to a request that is not certified as adequate to implement the objectives of the National Drug Control Strategy, include in the certification an initiative or funding level that would make the request adequate;'.

SEC. 90202. OFFICE PERSONNEL RESTRICTION.

    Section 1003 of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(f) PROHIBITION ON POLITICAL CAMPAIGNING- A Federal officer in the Office of National Drug Control Policy who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, may not participate in Federal election campaign activities, except that such an official is not prohibited by this subsection from making contributions to individual candidates.'.

SEC. 90203. NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL STRATEGY OUTCOME MEASURES.

    Section 1005(a) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1504(a)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2)(A) by inserting `and the consequences of drug abuse' after `drug abuse'; and

      (2) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:

      `(4) The Director shall include with each National Drug Control Strategy an evaluation of the effectiveness of Federal drug control during the preceding year. The evaluation shall include an assessment of Federal drug control efforts, including--

        `(A) assessment of the reduction of drug use, including estimates of drug prevalence and frequency of use as measured by national, State, and local surveys of illicit drug use and by other special studies of--

          `(i) high-risk populations, including school dropouts, the homeless and transient, arrestees, parolees, and probationers, and juvenile delinquents; and

          `(ii) drug use in the workplace and the productivity lost by such use;

        `(B) assessment of the reduction of drug availability, as measured by--

          `(i) the quantities of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana available for consumption in the United States;

          `(ii) the amount of cocaine and heroin entering the United States;

          `(iii) the number of hectares of poppy and coca cultivated and destroyed;

          `(iv) the number of metric tons of heroin and cocaine seized;

          `(v) the number of cocaine processing labs destroyed;

          `(vi) changes in the price and purity of heroin and cocaine;

          `(vii) the amount and type of controlled substances diverted from legitimate retail and wholesale sources; and

          `(viii) the effectiveness of Federal technology programs at improving drug detection capabilities at United States ports of entry;

        `(C) assessment of the reduction of the consequences of drug use and availability, which shall include estimation of--

          `(i) burdens drug users placed on hospital emergency rooms in the United States, such as the quantity of drug-related services provided;

          `(ii) the annual national health care costs of drug use, including costs associated with people becoming infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and other communicable diseases as a result of drug use;

          `(iii) the extent of drug-related crime and criminal activity; and

          `(iv) the contribution of drugs to the underground economy, as measured by the retail value of drugs sold in the United States; and

        `(D) determination of the status of drug treatment in the United States, by assessing--

          `(i) public and private treatment capacity within each State, including information on the number of treatment slots available in relation to the number actually used, including data on intravenous drug users and pregnant women;

          `(ii) the extent, within each State, to which treatment is available, on demand, to intravenous drug users and pregnant women;

          `(iii) the number of drug users the Director estimates could benefit from treatment; and

          `(iv) the success of drug treatment programs, including an assessment of the effectiveness of the mechanisms in place federally, and within each State, to determine the relative quality of substance abuse treatment programs, the qualifications of treatment personnel, and the mechanism by which patients are admitted to the most appropriate and cost effective treatment setting.

      `(5) The Director shall include with the National Drug Control Strategy required to be submitted not later than February 1, 1995, and with every second such strategy submitted thereafter--

        `(A) an assessment of the quality of current drug use measurement instruments and techniques to measure supply reduction and demand reduction activities;

        `(B) an assessment of the adequacy of the coverage of existing national drug use measurement instruments and techniques to measure the casual drug user population and groups at-risk for drug use;

        `(C) an assessment of the actions the Director shall take to correct any deficiencies and limitations identified pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B); and

        `(D) identification of the specific factors that restrict the availability of treatment services to those seeking it and proposed administrative or legislative remedies to make treatment available to those individuals.

      `(6) Federal agencies responsible for the collection or estimation of drug-related information required by the Director shall cooperate with the Director, to the fullest extent possible, to enable the Director to satisfy the requirements of sections 4 and 5.

      `(7) With each National Drug Control Strategy, the Director shall report to the President and the Congress on the Director's assessment of drug use and availability in the United States, including an estimate of the effectiveness of interdiction, treatment, prevention, law enforcement, and international programs under the National Drug Control Strategy in effect in the preceding year in reducing drug use and availability.'.

SEC. 90204. COUNTER-DRUG TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT CENTER.

    (a) DRUG ABUSE ADDICTION AND REHABILITATION CENTER- Section 1003A of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502a(c)(1)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:

        `(B) in consultation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and through interagency agreements or grants, examine addiction and rehabilitation research and the application of technology to expanding the effectiveness or availability of drug treatment;'.

    (b) ASSISTANCE FROM THE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECT AGENCY- Section 1003A of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502a) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(f) ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT TO OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY- The Director of the Advanced Research Project Agency shall, to the fullest extent possible, render assistance and support to the Office of National Drug Control Policy and its Director.'.

    (c) REPEAL AND REDESIGNATION- The National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 is amended by--

      (1) repealing section 1008 (21 U.S.C. 1505), as in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act;

      (2) redesignating section 1003A, as amended by subsection (b) of this section, as section 1008; and

      (3) moving such section, as redesignated, so as to follow section 1007.

SEC. 90205. SPECIAL FORFEITURE FUND AMENDMENTS.

    (a) DEPOSITS INTO SPECIAL FORFEITURE FUND- Section 6073 of the Asset Forfeiture Amendments Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1509) is amended to read as follows:

    `(b) DEPOSITS- There shall be deposited into the Fund the amounts specified by section 524(c)(9) of title 28, United States Code, and section 9307(g) of title 31, United States Code, and any earnings on the investments authorized by subsection (d).'.

    (b) TRANSFERS FROM DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ASSETS FORFEITURE FUND- Section 524(c)(9) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by amending subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) to read as follows:

        `(B) Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), at the end of each of fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997, the Attorney General shall transfer from the Fund not more than $100,000,000 to the Special Forfeiture Fund established by section 6073 of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988.

        `(C) Transfers under subparagraph (B) may be made only from the excess unobligated balance and may not exceed one-half of the excess unobligated balance for any year. In addition, transfers under subparagraph (B) may be made only to the extent that the sum of the transfers in a fiscal year and one-half of the unobligated balance at the beginning of that fiscal year for the Special Forfeiture Fund does not exceed $100,000,000.

        `(D) For the purpose of determining amounts available for distribution at year end for any fiscal year, `excess unobligated balance' means the unobligated balance of the Fund generated by that fiscal year's operations, less any amounts that are required to be retained in the Fund to ensure the availability of amounts in the subsequent fiscal year for purposes authorized under paragraph (1).'.

    (c) TRANSFERS FROM DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FORFEITURE FUND- Section 9703(g) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:

        `(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), at the end of each of fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997, the Secretary shall transfer from the Fund not more than $100,000,000 to the Special Forfeiture Fund established by section 6073 of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988.'; and

        (B) in subparagraph (B) by adding the following at the end: `Further, transfers under subparagraph (A) may not exceed one-half of the excess unobligated balance for a year. In addition, transfers under subparagraph (A) may be made only to the extent that the sum of the transfers in a fiscal year and one-half of the unobligated balance at the beginning of that fiscal year for the Special Forfeiture Fund does not exceed $100,000,000.'; and

      (2) in subparagraph (4)(A)--

        (A) in clause (i) by striking `(i)'; and

        (B) by striking clause (ii).

    (d) SURPLUS FUNDS- Section 6073 of the Asset Forfeiture Amendments Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1509) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), as subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    `(c) SUPER SURPLUS- (1) Any unobligated balance up to $20,000,000 remaining in the Fund on September 30 of a fiscal year shall be available to the Director, subject to paragraph (2), to transfer to, and for obligation and expenditure in connection with drug control activities of, any Federal agency or State or local entity with responsibilities under the National Drug Control Strategy.

    `(2) A transfer may be made under paragraph (1) only with the advance written approval of the Committees on Appropriations of each House of Congress.'.

SEC. 90206. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1011 of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1508) is amended by striking `4' and inserting `8'.

SEC. 90207. ADEQUATE STAFFING OF THE OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY.

    Section 1008(d)(1) of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1502(d)(1)) is amended by striking `such' and inserting `up to 75 and such additional'.

SEC. 90208. TERMINATION OF OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY.

    (a) REAUTHORIZATION- Section 1009 of the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1506) is amended by striking `the date which is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this subtitle' and inserting `September 30, 1997'.

    (b) CONTINUED EFFECTIVENESS- The National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) shall be considered not to have been repealed by operation of section 1009 of that Act, but shall remain in effect as if the amendment made by subsection (a) had been included in that Act on the date of its enactment.

TITLE X--DRUNK DRIVING PROVISIONS

SEC. 100001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Drunk Driving Child Protection Act of 1994'.

SEC. 100002. STATE LAWS APPLIED IN AREAS OF FEDERAL JURISDICTION.

    Section 13(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `For purposes' and inserting `(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and for purposes'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(2)(A) In addition to any term of imprisonment provided for operating a motor vehicle under the influence of a drug or alcohol imposed under the law of a State, territory, possession, or district, the punishment for such an offense under this section shall include an additional term of imprisonment of not more than 1 year, or if serious bodily injury of a minor is caused, not more than 5 years, or if death of a minor is caused, not more than 10 years, and an additional fine of not more than $1,000, or both, if--

      `(i) a minor (other than the offender) was present in the motor vehicle when the offense was committed; and

      `(ii) the law of the State, territory, possession, or district in which the offense occurred does not provide an additional term of imprisonment under the circumstances described in clause (i).

    `(B) For the purposes of subparagraph (A), the term `minor' means a person less than 18 years of age.'.

SEC. 100003. DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED PROSECUTION PROGRAM.

    Section 501(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3751) is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (20);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (21) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(22) programs for the prosecution of driving while intoxicated charges and the enforcement of other laws relating to alcohol use and the operation of motor vehicles.'.

TITLE XI--FIREARMS

Subtitle A--Assault Weapons

SEC. 110101. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Public Safety and Recreational Firearms Use Protection Act'.

SEC. 110102. RESTRICTION ON MANUFACTURE, TRANSFER, AND POSSESSION OF CERTAIN SEMIAUTOMATIC ASSAULT WEAPONS.

    (a) RESTRICTION- Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(v)(1) It shall be unlawful for a person to manufacture, transfer, or possess a semiautomatic assault weapon.

    `(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the possession or transfer of any semiautomatic assault weapon otherwise lawfully possessed under Federal law on the date of the enactment of this subsection.

    `(3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--

      `(A) any of the firearms, or replicas or duplicates of the firearms, specified in Appendix A to this section, as such firearms were manufactured on October 1, 1993;

      `(B) any firearm that--

        `(i) is manually operated by bolt, pump, lever, or slide action;

        `(ii) has been rendered permanently inoperable; or

        `(iii) is an antique firearm;

      `(C) any semiautomatic rifle that cannot accept a detachable magazine that holds more than 5 rounds of ammunition; or

      `(D) any semiautomatic shotgun that cannot hold more than 5 rounds of ammunition in a fixed or detachable magazine.

    The fact that a firearm is not listed in Appendix A shall not be construed to mean that paragraph (1) applies to such firearm. No firearm exempted by this subsection may be deleted from Appendix A so long as this subsection is in effect.

    `(4) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--

      `(A) the manufacture for, transfer to, or possession by the United States or a department or agency of the United States or a State or a department, agency, or political subdivision of a State, or a transfer to or possession by a law enforcement officer employed by such an entity for purposes of law enforcement (whether on or off duty);

      `(B) the transfer to a licensee under title I of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 for purposes of establishing and maintaining an on-site physical protection system and security organization required by Federal law, or possession by an employee or contractor of such licensee on-site for such purposes or off-site for purposes of licensee-authorized training or transportation of nuclear materials;

      `(C) the possession, by an individual who is retired from service with a law enforcement agency and is not otherwise prohibited from receiving a firearm, of a semiautomatic assault weapon transferred to the individual by the agency upon such retirement; or

      `(D) the manufacture, transfer, or possession of a semiautomatic assault weapon by a licensed manufacturer or licensed importer for the purposes of testing or experimentation authorized by the Secretary.'.

    (b) DEFINITION OF SEMIAUTOMATIC ASSAULT WEAPON- Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(30) The term `semiautomatic assault weapon' means--

      `(A) any of the firearms, or copies or duplicates of the firearms in any caliber, known as--

        `(i) Norinco, Mitchell, and Poly Technologies Avtomat Kalashnikovs (all models);

        `(ii) Action Arms Israeli Military Industries UZI and Galil;

        `(iii) Beretta Ar70 (SC-70);

        `(iv) Colt AR-15;

        `(v) Fabrique National FN/FAL, FN/LAR, and FNC;

        `(vi) SWD M-10, M-11, M-11/9, and M-12;

        `(vii) Steyr AUG;

        `(viii) INTRATEC TEC-9, TEC-DC9 and TEC-22; and

        `(ix) revolving cylinder shotguns, such as (or similar to) the Street Sweeper and Striker 12;

      `(B) a semiautomatic rifle that has an ability to accept a detachable magazine and has at least 2 of--

        `(i) a folding or telescoping stock;

        `(ii) a pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon;

        `(iii) a bayonet mount;

        `(iv) a flash suppressor or threaded barrel designed to accommodate a flash suppressor; and

        `(v) a grenade launcher;

      `(C) a semiautomatic pistol that has an ability to accept a detachable magazine and has at least 2 of--

        `(i) an ammunition magazine that attaches to the pistol outside of the pistol grip;

        `(ii) a threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel extender, flash suppressor, forward handgrip, or silencer;

        `(iii) a shroud that is attached to, or partially or completely encircles, the barrel and that permits the shooter to hold the firearm with the nontrigger hand without being burned;

        `(iv) a manufactured weight of 50 ounces or more when the pistol is unloaded; and

        `(v) a semiautomatic version of an automatic firearm; and

      `(D) a semiautomatic shotgun that has at least 2 of--

        `(i) a folding or telescoping stock;

        `(ii) a pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon;

        `(iii) a fixed magazine capacity in excess of 5 rounds; and

        `(iv) an ability to accept a detachable magazine.'.

    (c) PENALTIES-

      (1) VIOLATION OF SECTION 922(v)- Section 924(a)(1)(B) of such title is amended by striking `or (q) of section 922' and inserting `(r), or (v) of section 922'.

      (2) USE OR POSSESSION DURING CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME- Section 924(c)(1) of such title is amended in the first sentence by inserting `, or semiautomatic assault weapon,' after `short-barreled shotgun,'.

    (d) IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS FOR SEMIAUTOMATIC ASSAULT WEAPONS- Section 923(i) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following: `The serial number of any semiautomatic assault weapon manufactured after the date of the enactment of this sentence shall clearly show the date on which the weapon was manufactured.'.

SEC. 110103. BAN OF LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICES.

    (a) PROHIBITION- Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110102(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(w)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), it shall be unlawful for a person to transfer or possess a large capacity ammunition feeding device.

    `(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the possession or transfer of any large capacity ammunition feeding device otherwise lawfully possessed on or before the date of the enactment of this subsection.

    `(3) This subsection shall not apply to--

      `(A) the manufacture for, transfer to, or possession by the United States or a department or agency of the United States or a State or a department, agency, or political subdivision of a State, or a transfer to or possession by a law enforcement officer employed by such an entity for purposes of law enforcement (whether on or off duty);

      `(B) the transfer to a licensee under title I of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 for purposes of establishing and maintaining an on-site physical protection system and security organization required by Federal law, or possession by an employee or contractor of such licensee on-site for such purposes or off-site for purposes of licensee-authorized training or transportation of nuclear materials;

      `(C) the possession, by an individual who is retired from service with a law enforcement agency and is not otherwise prohibited from receiving ammunition, of a large capacity ammunition feeding device transferred to the individual by the agency upon such retirement; or

      `(D) the manufacture, transfer, or possession of any large capacity ammunition feeding device by a licensed manufacturer or licensed importer for the purposes of testing or experimentation authorized by the Secretary.'.

    `(4) If a person charged with violating paragraph (1) asserts that paragraph (1) does not apply to such person because of paragraph (2) or (3), the Government shall have the burden of proof to show that such paragraph (1) applies to such person. The lack of a serial number as described in section 923(i) of title 18, United States Code, shall be a presumption that the large capacity ammunition feeding device is not subject to the prohibition of possession in paragraph (1).'.

    (b) DEFINITION OF LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE- Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110102(b), is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(31) The term `large capacity ammunition feeding device'--

      `(A) means a magazine, belt, drum, feed strip, or similar device manufactured after the date of enactment of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 that has a capacity of, or that can be readily restored or converted to accept, more than 10 rounds of ammunition; but

      `(B) does not include an attached tubular device designed to accept, and capable of operating only with, .22 caliber rimfire ammunition.'.

    (c) PENALTY- Section 924(a)(1)(B) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110102(c)(1), is amended by striking `or (v)' and inserting `(v), or (w)'.

    (d) IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS FOR LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICES- Section 923(i) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110102(d) of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following: `A large capacity ammunition feeding device manufactured after the date of the enactment of this sentence shall be identified by a serial number that clearly shows that the device was manufactured or imported after the effective date of this subsection, and such other identification as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.'.

SEC. 110104. STUDY BY ATTORNEY GENERAL.

    (a) STUDY- The Attorney General shall investigate and study the effect of this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle, and in particular shall determine their impact, if any, on violent and drug trafficking crime. The study shall be conducted over a period of 18 months, commencing 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 30 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report setting forth in detail the findings and determinations made in the study under subsection (a).

SEC. 110105. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle--

      (1) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act; and

      (2) are repealed effective as of the date that is 10 years after that date.

SEC. 110106. APPENDIX A TO SECTION 922 OF TITLE 18.

    Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following appendix:

`APPENDIX A

Centerfire Rifles--Autoloaders

Centerfire Rifles--Lever & Slide

Centerfire Rifles--Bolt Action

Centerfire Rifles--Single Shot

Drillings, Combination Guns, Double Rifles

Rimfire Rifles--Autoloaders

Rimfire Rifles--Lever & Slide Action

Rimfire Rifles--Bolt Actions & Single Shots

Competition Rifles--Centerfire & Rimfire

Shotguns--Autoloaders

Shotguns--Slide Actions

Shotguns--Over/Unders

Shotguns--Side by Sides

Shotguns--Bolt Actions & Single Shots

Subtitle B--Youth Handgun Safety

SEC. 110201. PROHIBITION OF THE POSSESSION OF A HANDGUN OR AMMUNITION BY, OR THE PRIVATE TRANSFER OF A HANDGUN OR AMMUNITION TO, A JUVENILE.

    (a) OFFENSE- Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110103(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(x)(1) It shall be unlawful for a person to sell, deliver, or otherwise transfer to a person who the transferor knows or has reasonable cause to believe is a juvenile--

      `(A) a handgun; or

      `(B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a handgun.

    `(2) It shall be unlawful for any person who is a juvenile to knowingly possess--

      `(A) a handgun; or

      `(B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a handgun.

    `(3) This subsection does not apply to--

      `(A) a temporary transfer of a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile or to the possession or use of a handgun or ammunition by a juvenile if the handgun and ammunition are possessed and used by the juvenile--

        `(i) in the course of employment, in the course of ranching or farming related to activities at the residence of the juvenile (or on property used for ranching or farming at which the juvenile, with the permission of the property owner or lessee, is performing activities related to the operation of the farm or ranch), target practice, hunting, or a course of instruction in the safe and lawful use of a handgun;

        `(ii) with the prior written consent of the juvenile's parent or guardian who is not prohibited by Federal, State, or local law from possessing a firearm, except--

          `(I) during transportation by the juvenile of an unloaded handgun in a locked container directly from the place of transfer to a place at which an activity described in clause (i) is to take place and transportation by the juvenile of that handgun, unloaded and in a locked container, directly from the place at which such an activity took place to the transferor; or

          `(II) with respect to ranching or farming activities as described in clause (i), a juvenile may possess and use a handgun or ammunition with the prior written approval of the juvenile's parent or legal guardian and at the direction of an adult who is not prohibited by Federal, State or local law from possessing a firearm;

        `(iii) the juvenile has the prior written consent in the juvenile's possession at all times when a handgun is in the possession of the juvenile; and

        `(iv) in accordance with State and local law;

      `(B) a juvenile who is a member of the Armed Forces of the United States or the National Guard who possesses or is armed with a handgun in the line of duty;

      `(C) a transfer by inheritance of title (but not possession) of a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile; or

      `(D) the possession of a handgun or ammunition by a juvenile taken in defense of the juvenile or other persons against an intruder into the residence of the juvenile or a residence in which the juvenile is an invited guest.

    `(4) A handgun or ammunition, the possession of which is transferred to a juvenile in circumstances in which the transferor is not in violation of this subsection shall not be subject to permanent confiscation by the Government if its possession by the juvenile subsequently becomes unlawful because of the conduct of the juvenile, but shall be returned to the lawful owner when such handgun or ammunition is no longer required by the Government for the purposes of investigation or prosecution.

    `(5) For purposes of this subsection, the term `juvenile' means a person who is less than 18 years of age.

    `(6)(A) In a prosecution of a violation of this subsection, the court shall require the presence of a juvenile defendant's parent or legal guardian at all proceedings.

    `(B) The court may use the contempt power to enforce subparagraph (A).

    `(C) The court may excuse attendance of a parent or legal guardian of a juvenile defendant at a proceeding in a prosecution of a violation of this subsection for good cause shown.'.

    (b) PENALTIES- Section 924(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by striking `paragraph (2) or (3) of'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(5)(A)(i) A juvenile who violates section 922(x) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both, except that a juvenile described in clause (ii) shall be sentenced to probation on appropriate conditions and shall not be incarcerated unless the juvenile fails to comply with a condition of probation.

    `(ii) A juvenile is described in this clause if--

      `(I) the offense of which the juvenile is charged is possession of a handgun or ammunition in violation of section 922(x)(2); and

      `(II) the juvenile has not been convicted in any court of an offense (including an offense under section 922(x) or a similar State law, but not including any other offense consisting of conduct that if engaged in by an adult would not constitute an offense) or adjudicated as a juvenile delinquent for conduct that if engaged in by an adult would constitute an offense.

    `(B) A person other than a juvenile who knowingly violates section 922(x)--

      `(i) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both; and

      `(ii) if the person sold, delivered, or otherwise transferred a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile knowing or having reasonable cause to know that the juvenile intended to carry or otherwise possess or discharge or otherwise use the handgun or ammunition in the commission of a crime of violence, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PROVISIONS IN TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE-

      (1) SECTION 5031- Section 5031 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or a violation by such a person of section 922(x)' before the period at the end.

      (2) SECTION 5032- Section 5032 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) in the first undesignated paragraph by inserting `or (x)' after `922(p)'; and

        (B) in the fourth undesignated paragraph by inserting `or section 922(x) of this title,' before `criminal prosecution on the basis'.

    (d) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION ACT OF 1974- Section 223(a)(12)(A) of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5633(a)(12)(A)) is amended by striking `which do not constitute violations of valid court orders' and inserting `(other than an offense that constitutes a violation of a valid court order or a violation of section 922(x) of title 18, United States Code, or a similar State law).'

    (e) MODEL LAW- The Attorney General, acting through the Director of the National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, shall--

      (1) evaluate existing and proposed juvenile handgun legislation in each State;

      (2) develop model juvenile handgun legislation that is constitutional and enforceable;

      (3) prepare and disseminate to State authorities the findings made as the result of the evaluation; and

      (4) report to Congress by December 31, 1995, findings and recommendations concerning the need or appropriateness of further action by the Federal Government.

Subtitle C--Licensure

SEC. 110301. FIREARMS LICENSURE AND REGISTRATION TO REQUIRE A PHOTOGRAPH AND FINGERPRINTS.

    (a) FIREARMS LICENSURE- Section 923(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended in the second sentence by inserting `and shall include a photograph and fingerprints of the applicant' before the period.

    (b) REGISTRATION- Section 5802 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: `An individual required to register under this section shall include a photograph and fingerprints of the individual with the initial application.'.

SEC. 110302. COMPLIANCE WITH STATE AND LOCAL LAW AS A CONDITION TO LICENSE.

    Section 923(d)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (D);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

      `(F) the applicant certifies that--

        `(i) the business to be conducted under the license is not prohibited by State or local law in the place where the licensed premise is located;

        `(ii)(I) within 30 days after the application is approved the business will comply with the requirements of State and local law applicable to the conduct of the business; and

        `(II) the business will not be conducted under the license until the requirements of State and local law applicable to the business have been met; and

        `(iii) that the applicant has sent or delivered a form to be prescribed by the Secretary, to the chief law enforcement officer of the locality in which the premises are located, which indicates that the applicant intends to apply for a Federal firearms license.'.

SEC. 110303. ACTION ON FIREARMS LICENSE APPLICATION.

    Section 923(d)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `forty-five-day' and inserting `60-day'.

SEC. 110304. INSPECTION OF FIREARMS LICENSEES' INVENTORY AND RECORDS.

    Section 923(g)(1)(B)(ii) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

          `(ii) for ensuring compliance with the record keeping requirements of this chapter--

            `(I) not more than once during any 12-month period; or

            `(II) at any time with respect to records relating to a firearm involved in a criminal investigation that is traced to the licensee.'.

SEC. 110305. REPORTS OF THEFT OR LOSS OF FIREARMS.

    Section 923(g) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(6) Each licensee shall report the theft or loss of a firearm from the licensee's inventory or collection, within 48 hours after the theft or loss is discovered, to the Secretary and to the appropriate local authorities.'.

SEC. 110306. RESPONSES TO REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION.

    Section 923(g) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110405, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(7) Each licensee shall respond immediately to, and in no event later than 24 hours after the receipt of, a request by the Secretary for information contained in the records required to be kept by this chapter as may be required for determining the disposition of 1 or more firearms in the course of a bona fide criminal investigation. The requested information shall be provided orally or in writing, as the Secretary may require. The Secretary shall implement a system whereby the licensee can positively identify and establish that an individual requesting information via telephone is employed by and authorized by the agency to request such information.'.

SEC. 110307. NOTIFICATION OF NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF FIREARMS LICENSEES.

    Section 923 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

      `(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall notify the chief law enforcement officer in the appropriate State and local jurisdictions of the names and addresses of all persons in the State to whom a firearms license is issued.'.

Subtitle D--Domestic Violence

SEC. 110401. PROHIBITION AGAINST DISPOSAL OF FIREARMS TO, OR RECEIPT OF FIREARMS BY, PERSONS WHO HAVE COMMITTED DOMESTIC ABUSE.

    (a) INTIMATE PARTNER DEFINED- Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110103(b), is amended by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(32) The term `intimate partner' means, with respect to a person, the spouse of the person, a former spouse of the person, an individual who is a parent of a child of the person, and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with the person.'.

    (b) PROHIBITION AGAINST DISPOSAL OF FIREARMS- Section 922(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (6);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and inserting `; or'; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new paragraph:

      `(8) is subject to a court order that restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child, except that this paragraph shall only apply to a court order that--

        `(A) was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual notice, and at which such person had the opportunity to participate; and

        `(B)(i) includes a finding that such person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or

        `(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury.'.

    (c) PROHIBITION AGAINST RECEIPT OF FIREARMS- Section 922(g) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (6);

      (2) by inserting `or' at the end of paragraph (7); and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:

      `(8) who is subject to a court order that--

        `(A) was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual notice, and at which such person had an opportunity to participate;

        `(B) restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and

        `(C)(i) includes a finding that such person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or

        `(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury,'.

    (d) STORAGE OF FIREARMS- Section 926(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (1);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:

      `(3) regulations providing for effective receipt and secure storage of firearms relinquished by or seized from persons described in subsection (d)(8) or (g)(8) of section 922.'.

    (e) RETURN OF FIREARMS- Section 924(d)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `the seized' and inserting `or lapse of or court termination of the restraining order to which he is subject, the seized or relinquished'.

Subtitle E--Gun Crime Penalties

SEC. 110501. ENHANCED PENALTY FOR USE OF A SEMIAUTOMATIC FIREARM DURING A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR A DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME.

    (a) AMENDMENT TO SENTENCING GUIDELINES- Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend its sentencing guidelines to provide an appropriate enhancement of the punishment for a crime of violence (as defined in section 924(c)(3) of title 18, United States Code) or a drug trafficking crime (as defined in section 924(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code) if a semiautomatic firearm is involved.

    (b) SEMIAUTOMATIC FIREARM- In subsection (a), `semiautomatic firearm' means any repeating firearm that utilizes a portion of the energy of a firing cartridge to extract the fired cartridge case and chamber the next round and that requires a separate pull of the trigger to fire each cartridge.

SEC. 110502. ENHANCED PENALTY FOR SECOND OFFENSE OF USING AN EXPLOSIVE TO COMMIT A FELONY.

    Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate amendments to the sentencing guidelines to appropriately enhance penalties in a case in which a defendant convicted under section 844(h) of title 18, United States Code, has previously been convicted under that section.

SEC. 110503. SMUGGLING FIREARMS IN AID OF DRUG TRAFFICKING.

    Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 60013, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(j) A person who, with intent to engage in or to promote conduct that--

      `(1) is punishable under the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 951 et seq.), or the Maritime Drug Law Enforcement Act (46 U.S.C. App. 1901 et seq.);

      `(2) violates any law of a State relating to any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. 802); or

      `(3) constitutes a crime of violence (as defined in subsection (c)(3),

    smuggles or knowingly brings into the United States a firearm, or attempts to do so, shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.'.

SEC. 110504. THEFT OF FIREARMS AND EXPLOSIVES.

    (a) FIREARMS- Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110203(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(k) A person who steals any firearm which is moving as, or is a part of, or which has moved in, interstate or foreign commerce shall be imprisoned for not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.'.

    (b) EXPLOSIVES- Section 844 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(k) A person who steals any explosives materials which are moving as, or are a part of, or which have moved in, interstate or foreign commerce shall be imprisoned for not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.'.

SEC. 110505. REVOCATION OF SUPERVISED RELEASE AFTER IMPRISONMENT.

    Section 3583 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (d) by striking `possess illegal controlled substances' and inserting `unlawfully possess a controlled substance';

      (2) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking `person' each place such term appears in such subsection and inserting `defendant'; and

        (B) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:

      `(3) revoke a term of supervised release, and require the defendant to serve in prison all or part of the term of supervised release authorized by statute for the offense that resulted in such term of supervised release without credit for time previously served on postrelease supervision, if the court, pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure applicable to revocation of probation or supervised release, finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant violated a condition of supervised release, except that a defendant whose term is revoked under this paragraph may not be required to serve more than 5 years in prison if the offense that resulted in the term of supervised release is a class A felony, more than 3 years in prison if such offense is a class B felony, more than 2 years in prison if such offense is a class C or D felony, or more than one year in any other case; or'; and

      (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    `(g) MANDATORY REVOCATION FOR POSSESSION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE OR FIREARM OR FOR REFUSAL TO COMPLY WITH DRUG TESTING- If the defendant--

      `(1) possesses a controlled substance in violation of the condition set forth in subsection (d);

      `(2) possesses a firearm, as such term is defined in section 921 of this title, in violation of Federal law, or otherwise violates a condition of supervised release prohibiting the defendant from possessing a firearm; or

      `(3) refuses to comply with drug testing imposed as a condition of supervised release;

    the court shall revoke the term of supervised release and require the defendant to serve a term of imprisonment not to exceed the maximum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (e)(3).

    `(h) SUPERVISED RELEASE FOLLOWING REVOCATION- When a term of supervised release is revoked and the defendant is required to serve a term of imprisonment that is less than the maximum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (e)(3), the court may include a requirement that the defendant be placed on a term of supervised release after imprisonment. The length of such a term of supervised release shall not exceed the term of supervised release authorized by statute for the offense that resulted in the original term of supervised release, less any term of imprisonment that was imposed upon revocation of supervised release.

    `(i) DELAYED REVOCATION- The power of the court to revoke a term of supervised release for violation of a condition of supervised release, and to order the defendant to serve a term of imprisonment and, subject to the limitations in subsection (h), a further term of supervised release, extends beyond the expiration of the term of supervised release for any period reasonably necessary for the adjudication of matters arising before its expiration if, before its expiration, a warrant or summons has been issued on the basis of an allegation of such a violation.'.

SEC. 110506. REVOCATION OF PROBATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 3565(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2) by striking `impose any other sentence that was available under subchapter A at the time of the initial sentencing' and inserting `resentence the defendant under subchapter A'; and

      (2) by striking the last sentence.

    (b) MANDATORY REVOCATION- Section 3565(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    `(b) MANDATORY REVOCATION FOR POSSESSION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE OR FIREARM OR REFUSAL TO COMPLY WITH DRUG TESTING- If the defendant--

      `(1) possesses a controlled substance in violation of the condition set forth in section 3563(a)(3);

      `(2) possesses a firearm, as such term is defined in section 921 of this title, in violation of Federal law, or otherwise violates a condition of probation prohibiting the defendant from possessing a firearm; or

      `(3) refuses to comply with drug testing, thereby violating the condition imposed by section 3563(a)(4),

    the court shall revoke the sentence of probation and resentence the defendant under subchapter A to a sentence that includes a term of imprisonment.'.

SEC. 110507. INCREASED PENALTY FOR KNOWINGLY MAKING FALSE, MATERIAL STATEMENT IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACQUISITION OF A FIREARM FROM A LICENSED DEALER.

    Section 924(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B) by striking `(a)(6),'; and

      (2) in subsection (a)(2) by inserting `(a)(6),' after `subsections'.

SEC. 110508. POSSESSION OF EXPLOSIVES BY FELONS AND OTHERS.

    Section 842(i) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or possess' after `to receive'.

SEC. 110509. SUMMARY DESTRUCTION OF EXPLOSIVES SUBJECT TO FORFEITURE.

    Section 844(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `(1)' after `(c)'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

    `(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of the seizure of any explosive materials for any offense for which the materials would be subject to forfeiture in which it would be impracticable or unsafe to remove the materials to a place of storage or would be unsafe to store them, the seizing officer may destroy the explosive materials forthwith. Any destruction under this paragraph shall be in the presence of at least 1 credible witness. The seizing officer shall make a report of the seizure and take samples as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.

    `(3) Within 60 days after any destruction made pursuant to paragraph (2), the owner of (including any person having an interest in) the property so destroyed may make application to the Secretary for reimbursement of the value of the property. If the claimant establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary that--

      `(A) the property has not been used or involved in a violation of law; or

      `(B) any unlawful involvement or use of the property was without the claimant's knowledge, consent, or willful blindness,

    the Secretary shall make an allowance to the claimant not exceeding the value of the property destroyed.'.

SEC. 110510. ELIMINATION OF OUTMODED LANGUAGE RELATING TO PAROLE.

    (a) SECTION 924(e)(1) OF TITLE 18- Section 924(e)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `, and such person shall not be eligible for parole with respect to the sentence imposed under this subsection'.

    (b) SECTION 924(c)(1) OF TITLE 18- Section 924(c)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `No person sentenced under this subsection shall be eligible for parole during the term of imprisonment imposed under this subsection.'.

SEC. 110511. PROHIBITION AGAINST TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING STOLEN FIREARMS WHICH HAVE MOVED IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE.

    Section 922(j) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    `(j) It shall be unlawful for any person to receive, possess, conceal, store, barter, sell, or dispose of any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, or pledge or accept as security for a loan any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, which is moving as, which is a part of, which constitutes, or which has been shipped or transported in, interstate or foreign commerce, either before or after it was stolen, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the firearm or ammunition was stolen.'.

SEC. 110512. USING A FIREARM IN THE COMMISSION OF COUNTERFEITING OR FORGERY.

    Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend its sentencing guidelines to provide an appropriate enhancement of the punishment for a defendant convicted of a felony under chapter 25 of title 18, United States Code, if the defendant used or carried a firearm (as defined in section 921(a)(3) of title 18, United States Code) during and in relation to the felony.

SEC. 110513. ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR FIREARMS POSSESSION BY VIOLENT FELONS AND SERIOUS DRUG OFFENDERS.

    Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend its sentencing guidelines to--

      (1) appropriately enhance penalties in cases in which a defendant convicted under section 922(g) of title 18, United States Code, has 1 prior conviction by any court referred to in section 922(g)(1) of title 18 for a violent felony (as defined in section 924(e)(2)(B) of that title) or a serious drug offense (as defined in section 924(e)(2)(A) of that title); and

      (2) appropriately enhance penalties in cases in which such a defendant has 2 prior convictions for a violent felony (as so defined) or a serious drug offense (as so defined).

SEC. 110514. RECEIPT OF FIREARMS BY NONRESIDENT.

    Section 922(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (7);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (8) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(9) for any person, other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, who does not reside in any State to receive any firearms unless such receipt is for lawful sporting purposes.'.

SEC. 110515. THEFT OF FIREARMS OR EXPLOSIVES FROM LICENSEE.

    (a) FIREARMS- Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110504(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(l) A person who steals any firearm from a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

    (b) EXPLOSIVES- Section 844 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110204(b), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(l) A person who steals any explosive material from a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer, or from any permittee shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

SEC. 110516. DISPOSING OF EXPLOSIVES TO PROHIBITED PERSONS.

    Section 842(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `licensee' and inserting `person'.

SEC. 110517. INCREASED PENALTY FOR INTERSTATE GUN TRAFFICKING.

    Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110515(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(m) A person who, with the intent to engage in conduct that constitutes a violation of section 922(a)(1)(A), travels from any State or foreign country into any other State and acquires, or attempts to acquire, a firearm in such other State in furtherance of such purpose shall be imprisoned for not more than 10 years.'.

SEC. 110518. FIREARMS AND EXPLOSIVES CONSPIRACY.

    (a) FIREARMS- Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110517(a), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(n) A person who conspires to commit an offense under subsection (c) shall be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, fined under this title, or both; and if the firearm is a machinegun or destructive device, or is equipped with a firearm silencer or muffler, shall be imprisoned for any term of years or life.'.

    (b) EXPLOSIVES- Section 844 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 110515(b), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(m) A person who conspires to commit an offense under subsection (h) shall be imprisoned for any term of years not exceeding 20, fined under this title, or both.

SEC. 110519. DEFINITION OF ARMOR PIERCING AMMUNITION.

    Section 921(a)(17) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by revising subparagraph (B) and adding a new subparagraph (C) to read as follows:

      `(B) The term `armor piercing ammunition' means--

        `(i) a projectile or projectile core which may be used in a handgun and which is constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other substances) from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted uranium; or

        `(ii) a full jacketed projectile larger than .22 caliber designed and intended for use in a handgun and whose jacket has a weight of more than 25 percent of the total weight of the projectile.

      `(C) The term `armor piercing ammunition' does not include shotgun shot required by Federal or State environmental or game regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible projectile designed for target shooting, a projectile which the Secretary finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the Secretary finds is intended to be used for industrial purposes, including a charge used in an oil and gas well perforating device.'.

TITLE XII--TERRORISM

SEC. 120001. EXTENSION OF THE STATUTE OF LIMITATION FOR CERTAIN TERRORISM OFFENSES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 213 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 3285 the following new section:

`Sec. 3286. Extension of statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses

    `Notwithstanding section 3282, no person shall be prosecuted, tried, or punished for any offense involving a violation of section 32 (aircraft destruction), section 36 (airport violence), section 112 (assaults upon diplomats), section 351 (crimes against Congressmen or Cabinet officers), section 1116 (crimes against diplomats), section 1203 (hostage taking), section 1361 (willful injury to government property), section 1751 (crimes against the President), section 2280 (maritime violence), section 2281 (maritime platform violence), section 2331 (terrorist acts abroad against United States nationals), section 2339 (use of weapons of mass destruction), or section 2340A (torture) of this title or section 46502, 46504, 46505, or 46506 of title 49, unless the indictment is found or the information is instituted within 8 years after the offense was committed.'.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not apply to any offense committed more than 5 years prior to the date of enactment of this Act.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 213 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3285 the following new item:

      `3286. Extension of statute of limitation for certain terrorism offenses.'.

SEC. 120002. JURISDICTION OVER CRIMES AGAINST UNITED STATES NATIONALS ON CERTAIN FOREIGN SHIPS.

    Section 7 of title 18, United States Code (relating to the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States), is amended by inserting at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

    `(8) To the extent permitted by international law, any foreign vessel during a voyage having a scheduled departure from or arrival in the United States with respect to an offense committed by or against a national of the United States.'.

SEC. 120003. COUNTERFEITING UNITED STATES CURRENCY ABROAD.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 25 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding before section 471 the following new section:

`Sec. 470. Counterfeit acts committed outside the United States

    `A person who, outside the United States, engages in the act of--

      `(1) making, dealing, or possessing any counterfeit obligation or other security of the United States; or

      `(2) making, dealing, or possessing any plate, stone, or other thing, or any part thereof, used to counterfeit such obligation or security,

    if such act would constitute a violation of section 471, 473, or 474 if committed within the United States, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS-

      (1) CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The chapter analysis for chapter 25 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding before section 471 the following new item:

      `470. Counterfeit acts committed outside the United States.'.

      (2) PART ANALYSIS- The part analysis for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by amending the item for chapter 25 to read as follows:

470'.

SEC. 120004. SENTENCING GUIDELINES INCREASE FOR TERRORIST CRIMES.

    The United States Sentencing Commission is directed to amend its sentencing guidelines to provide an appropriate enhancement for any felony, whether committed within or outside the United States, that involves or is intended to promote international terrorism, unless such involvement or intent is itself an element of the crime.

SEC. 120005. PROVIDING MATERIAL SUPPORT TO TERRORISTS.

    (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 113A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding the following new section:

`Sec. 2339A. Providing material support to terrorists

    `(a) DEFINITION- In this section, `material support or resources' means currency or other financial securities, financial services, lodging, training, safehouses, false documentation or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical assets, but does not include humanitarian assistance to persons not directly involved in such violations.

    `(b) OFFENSE- A person who, within the United States, provides material support or resources or conceals or disguises the nature, location, source, or ownership of material support or resources, knowing or intending that they are to be used in preparation for, or in carrying out, a violation of section 32, 36, 351, 844 (f) or (i), 1114, 1116, 1203, 1361, 1363, 1751, 2280, 2281, 2331, or 2339 of this title or section 46502 of title 49, or in preparation for or carrying out the concealment of an escape from the commission of any such violation, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

    `(c) INVESTIGATIONS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Within the United States, an investigation may be initiated or continued under this section only when facts reasonably indicate that--

        `(A) in the case of an individual, the individual knowingly or intentionally engages, has engaged, or is about to engage in the violation of this or any other Federal criminal law; and

        `(B) in the case of a group of individuals, the group knowingly or intentionally engages, has engaged, or is about to engage in the violation of this or any other Federal criminal law.

      `(2) ACTIVITIES PROTECTED BY THE FIRST AMENDMENT- An investigation may not be initiated or continued under this section based on activities protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution, including expressions of support or the provision of financial support for the nonviolent political, religious, philosophical, or ideological goals or beliefs of any person or group.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 113A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding the following new item:

      `2339A. Providing material support to terrorists.'.

TITLE XIII--CRIMINAL ALIENS AND IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 130001. ENHANCEMENT OF PENALTIES FOR FAILING TO DEPART, OR REENTERING, AFTER FINAL ORDER OF DEPORTATION.

    (a) FAILURE TO DEPART- Section 242(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1252(e)) is amended--

      (1) by striking `paragraph (2), (3), or (4) of' the first time it appears; and

      (2) by striking `shall be imprisoned not more than ten years' and inserting `shall be imprisoned not more than four years, or shall be imprisoned not more than ten years if the alien is a member of any of the classes described in paragraph (1)(E), (2), (3), or (4) of section 241(a).'.

    (b) REENTRY- Section 276(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1326(b)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)--

        (A) by inserting after `commission of' the following: `three or more misdemeanors involving drugs, crimes against the person, or both, or'; and

        (B) by striking `5' and inserting `10';

      (2) in paragraph (2), by striking `15' and inserting `20'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following sentence:

    `For the purposes of this subsection, the term `deportation' includes any agreement in which an alien stipulates to deportation during a criminal trial under either Federal or State law.'.

SEC. 130002. CRIMINAL ALIEN TRACKING CENTER.

    (a) OPERATION- The Attorney General shall, under the authority of section 242(a)(3)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1252(a)(3)(A)), operate a criminal alien tracking center.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $3,400,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $3,600,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $3,700,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $3,800,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $3,900,000 for fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 130003. ALIEN WITNESS COOPERATION AND COUNTERTERROR- ISM INFORMATION.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW NONIMMIGRANT CLASSIFICATION- Section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (Q),

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (R) and inserting `; or', and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

      `(S) subject to section 214(j), an alien--

        `(i) who the Attorney General determines--

          `(I) is in possession of critical reliable information concerning a criminal organization or enterprise;

          `(II) is willing to supply or has supplied such information to Federal or State law enforcement authorities or a Federal or State court; and

          `(III) whose presence in the United States the Attorney General determines is essential to the success of an authorized criminal investigation or the successful prosecution of an individual involved in the criminal organization or enterprise; or

        `(ii) who the Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly determine--

          `(I) is in possession of critical reliable information concerning a terrorist organization, enterprise, or operation;

          `(II) is willing to supply or has supplied such information to Federal law enforcement authorities or a Federal court;

          `(III) will be or has been placed in danger as a result of providing such information; and

          `(IV) is eligible to receive a reward under section 36(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956,

      and, if the Attorney General (or with respect to clause (ii), the Secretary of State and the Attorney General jointly) considers it to be appropriate, the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and parents of an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) if accompanying, or following to join, the alien.'.

    (b) CONDITIONS OF ENTRY-

      (1) WAIVER OF GROUNDS FOR EXCLUSION- Section 212(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)) is amended by inserting at the beginning the following new paragraph:

    `(1) The Attorney General shall determine whether a ground for exclusion exists with respect to a nonimmigrant described in section 101(a)(15)(S). The Attorney General, in the Attorney General's discretion, may waive the application of subsection (a) (other than paragraph (3)(E)) in the case of a nonimmigrant described in section 101(a)(15)(S), if the Attorney General considers it to be in the national interest to do so. Nothing in this section shall be regarded as prohibiting the Immigration and Naturalization Service from instituting deportation proceedings against an alien admitted as a nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15)(S) for conduct committed after the alien's admission into the United States, or for conduct or a condition that was not disclosed to the Attorney General prior to the alien's admission as a nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15)(S).'.

      (2) NUMERICAL LIMITATIONS; PERIOD OF ADMISSION; ETC- Section 214 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(j)(1) The number of aliens who may be provided a visa as nonimmigrants under section 101(a)(15)(S)(i) in any fiscal year may not exceed 100. The number of aliens who may be provided a visa as nonimmigrants under section 101(a)(15)(S)(ii) in any fiscal year may not exceed 25.

    `(2) No alien may be admitted into the United States as such a nonimmigrant more than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this subsection.

    `(3) The period of admission of an alien as such a nonimmigrant may not exceed 3 years. Such period may not be extended by the Attorney General.

    `(4) As a condition for the admission, and continued stay in lawful status, of such a nonimmigrant, the nonimmigrant--

      `(A) shall report not less often than quarterly to the Attorney General such information concerning the alien's whereabouts and activities as the Attorney General may require;

      `(B) may not be convicted of any criminal offense punishable by a term of imprisonment of 1 year or more after the date of such admission;

      `(C) must have executed a form that waives the nonimmigrant's right to contest, other than on the basis of an application for withholding of deportation, any action for deportation of the alien instituted before the alien obtains lawful permanent resident status; and

      `(D) shall abide by any other condition, limitation, or restriction imposed by the Attorney General.

    `(5) The Attorney General shall submit a report annually to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate concerning--

      `(A) the number of such nonimmigrants admitted;

      `(B) the number of successful criminal prosecutions or investigations resulting from cooperation of such aliens;

      `(C) the number of terrorist acts prevented or frustrated resulting from cooperation of such aliens;

      `(D) the number of such nonimmigrants whose admission or cooperation has not resulted in successful criminal prosecution or investigation or the prevention or frustration of a terrorist act; and

      `(E) the number of such nonimmigrants who have failed to report quarterly (as required under paragraph (4)) or who have been convicted of crimes in the United States after the date of their admission as such a nonimmigrant.'.

      (3) PROHIBITION OF CHANGE OF STATUS- Section 248(1) of the Immigration and Naturalization Act (8 U.S.C. 1258(1)) is amended by striking `or (K)' and inserting `(K), or (S)'.

    (c) ADJUSTMENT TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(i)(1) If, in the opinion of the Attorney General--

      `(A) a nonimmigrant admitted into the United States under section 101(a)(15)(S)(i) has supplied information described in subclause (I) of such section; and

      `(B) the provision of such information has substantially contributed to the success of an authorized criminal investigation or the prosecution of an individual described in subclause (III) of that section,

    the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien (and the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and parents of the alien if admitted under that section) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien is not described in section 212(a)(3)(E).

    `(2) If, in the sole discretion of the Attorney General--

      `(A) a nonimmigrant admitted into the United States under section 101(a)(15)(S)(ii) has supplied information described in subclause (I) of such section, and

      `(B) the provision of such information has substantially contributed to--

        `(i) the prevention or frustration of an act of terrorism against a United States person or United States property, or

        `(ii) the success of an authorized criminal investigation of, or the prosecution of, an individual involved in such an act of terrorism, and

      `(C) the nonimmigrant has received a reward under section 36(a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956,

    the Attorney General may adjust the status of the alien (and the spouse, married and unmarried sons and daughters, and parents of the alien if admitted under such section) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien is not described in section 212(a)(3)(E).

    `(3) Upon the approval of adjustment of status under paragraphs (1) or (2), the Attorney General shall record the alien's lawful admission for permanent residence as of the date of such approval and the Secretary of State shall reduce by one the number of visas authorized to be issued under sections 201(d) and 203(b)(4) for the fiscal year then current.'.

      (2) EXCLUSIVE MEANS OF ADJUSTMENT- Section 245(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255(c)) is amended by striking `or' before `(4)' and by inserting before the period at the end the following: `; or (5) an alien who was admitted as a nonimmigrant described in section 101(a)(15)(S)'.

    (d) EXTENSION OF PERIOD OF DEPORTATION FOR CONVICTION OF A CRIME- Section 241(a)(2)(A)(i)(I) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1251(a)(2)(A)(i)(I)) is amended by inserting `(or 10 years in the case of an alien provided lawful permanent resident status under section 245(i))' after `five years'.

SEC. 130004. DEPORTATION PROCEDURES FOR CERTAIN CRIMINAL ALIENS WHO ARE NOT PERMANENT RESIDENTS.

    (a) ELIMINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE HEARING FOR CERTAIN CRIMINAL ALIENS- Section 242A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1252a) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(b) DEPORTATION OF ALIENS WHO ARE NOT PERMANENT RESIDENTS-

      `(1) The Attorney General may, in the case of an alien described in paragraph (2), determine the deportability of such alien under section 241(a)(2)(A)(iii) (relating to conviction of an aggravated felony) and issue an order of deportation pursuant to the procedures set forth in this subsection or section 242(b).

      `(2) An alien is described in this paragraph if the alien--

        `(A) was not lawfully admitted for permanent residence at the time at which proceedings under this section commenced; and

        `(B) is not eligible for any relief from deportation under this Act.

      `(3) The Attorney General may not execute any order described in paragraph (1) until 30 calendar days have passed from the date that such order was issued, unless waived by the alien, in order that the alien has an opportunity to apply for judicial review under section 106.

      `(4) Proceedings before the Attorney General under this subsection shall be in accordance with such regulations as the Attorney General shall prescribe. The Attorney General shall provide that--

        `(A) the alien is given reasonable notice of the charges and of the opportunity described in subparagraph (C);

        `(B) the alien shall have the privilege of being represented (at no expense to the government) by such counsel, authorized to practice in such proccedings, as the alien shall choose;

        `(C) the alien has a reasonable opportunity to inspect the evidence and rebut the charges;

        `(D) the determination of deportability is supported by clear, convincing, and unequivocal evidence and a record is maintained for judicial review; and

        `(E) the final order of deportation is not entered by the same person who issues the charges.'.

    (b) LIMITED JUDICIAL REVIEW- Section 106 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1105a) is amended--

      (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by inserting `or pursuant to section 242A' after `under section 242(b)';

      (2) in subsection (a)(1) and subsection (a)(3), by inserting `(including an alien described in section 242A)' after `aggravated felony'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(d)(1) A petition for review or for habeas corpus on behalf of an alien against whom a final order of deportation has been issued pursuant to section 242A(b) may challenge only--

      `(A) whether the alien is in fact the alien described in the order;

      `(B) whether the alien is in fact an alien described in section 242A(b)(2);

      `(C) whether the alien has been convicted of an aggravated felony and such conviction has become final; and

      `(D) whether the alien was afforded the procedures required by section 242A(b)(5).

    `(2) No court shall have jurisdiction to review any issue other than an issue described in paragraph (1).'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- Section 242A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1252a) is amended--

      (1) by amending the heading to read as follows:

`EXPEDITED DEPORTATION OF ALIENS CONVICTED OF COMMITTING AGGRAVATED FELONIES';

      (2) in subsection (a), as designated prior to enactment of this Act, by striking `(a) IN GENERAL- ' and inserting the following:

    `(a) DEPORTATION OF CRIMINAL ALIENS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- ';

      (3) in subsection (b), as designated prior to enactment of this Act, by striking `(b) IMPLEMENTATION- ' and inserting `(2) IMPLEMENTATION- ';

      (4) by striking subsection (c);

      (5) in subsection (d)--

        (A) by striking `(d) EXPEDITED PROCEEDINGS- (1)' and inserting `(3) EXPEDITED PROCEEDINGS- (A)'; and

        (B) by striking `(2)' and inserting `(B)'; and

      (6) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking `(e) REVIEW- (1)' and inserting `(4) REVIEW- (A)';

        (B) by striking the second sentence; and

        (C) by striking `(2)' and inserting `(B)'.

    (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall apply to all aliens against whom deportation proceedings are initiated after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 130005. EXPEDITIOUS DEPORTATION FOR DENIED ASYLUM APPLICANTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may provide for the expeditious adjudication of asylum claims and the expeditious deportation of asylum applicants whose applications have been finally denied, unless the applicant remains in an otherwise valid nonimmigrant status.

    (b) EMPLOYMENT AUTHORIZATION- Section 208 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1158) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(e) An applicant for asylum is not entitled to employment authorization except as may be provided by regulation in the discretion of the Attorney General.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $64,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $93,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (4) $91,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 130006. IMPROVING BORDER CONTROLS.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated for the Immigration and Naturalization Service to increase the resources for the Border Patrol, the Inspections Program, and the Deportation Branch to apprehend illegal aliens who attempt clandestine entry into the United States or entry into the United States with fraudulent documents or who remain in the country after their nonimmigrant visas expire--

      (1) $228,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $204,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (4) $58,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

Of the sums authorized in this section, all necessary funds shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, be allocated to increase the number of agent positions (and necessary support personnel positions) in the Border Patrol by not less than 1,000 full-time equivalent positions in each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 beyond the number funded as of October 1, 1994.

    (b) REPORT- By September 30, 1996 and September 30, 1998, the Attorney General shall report to the Congress on the programs described in this section. The report shall include an evaluation of the programs, an outcome-based measurement of performance, and an analysis of the cost effectiveness of the additional resources provided under this Act.

SEC. 130007. EXPANDED SPECIAL DEPORTATION PROCEEDINGS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Attorney General may expand the program authorized by section 242A(d) and 242(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to ensure that such aliens are immediately deportable upon their release from incarceration.

    (b) DETENTION AND REMOVAL OF CRIMINAL ALIENS- Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Attorney General may--

      (1) construct or contract for the construction of 2 Immigration and Naturalization Service Processing Centers to detain criminal aliens; and

      (2) provide for the detention and removal of such aliens.

    (c) REPORT- By September 30, 1996, and September 30, 1998 the Attorney General shall report to the Congress on the programs referred to in subsections (a) and (b). The report shall include an evaluation of the programs, an outcome-based measurement of performance, and an analysis of the cost effectiveness of the additional resources provided under this Act.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $54,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $49,000,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (4) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 130008. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CERTAIN ASSISTANCE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsection (b) and notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General, in the discretion of the Attorney General, may accept, hold, administer, and utilize gifts of property and services (which may not include cash assistance) from State and local governments for the purpose of assisting the Immigration and Naturalization Service in the transportation of deportable aliens who are arrested for misdemeanor or felony crimes under State or Federal law and who are either unlawfully within the United States or willing to submit to voluntary departure under safeguards. Any property acquired pursuant to this section shall be acquired in the name of the United States.

    (b) LIMITATION- The Attorney General shall terminate or rescind the exercise of the authority under subsection (a) if the Attorney General determines that the exercise of such authority has resulted in discrimination by law enforcement officials on the basis of race, color, or national origin.

SEC. 130009. PASSPORT AND VISA OFFENSES PENALTIES IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 75 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in section 1541 by striking `not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than one year' and inserting `under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years';

      (2) in each of sections 1542, 1543, and 1544 by striking `not more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than five years' and inserting `under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years';

      (3) in section 1545 by striking `not more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than three years' and inserting `under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years';

      (4) in section 1546(a) by striking `five years' and inserting `10 years';

      (5) in section 1546(b) by striking `in accordance with this title, or imprisoned not more than two years' and inserting `under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years'; and

      (6) by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 1547. Alternative imprisonment maximum for certain offenses

    `Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the maximum term of imprisonment that may be imposed for an offense under this chapter (other than an offense under section 1545)--

      `(1) if committed to facilitate a drug trafficking crime (as defined in 929(a)) is 15 years; and

      `(2) if committed to facilitate an act of international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) is 20 years.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 75 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `1547. Alternative imprisonment maximum for certain offenses.'.

SEC. 130010. ASYLUM.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Senate finds that--

      (1) in the last decade applications for asylum have greatly exceeded the original 5,000 annual limit provided in the Refugee Act of 1980, with more than 150,000 asylum applications filed in fiscal year 1993, and the backlog of cases growing to 340,000;

      (2) this flood of asylum claims has swamped the system, creating delays in the processing of applications of up to several years;

      (3) the delay in processing asylum claims due to the overwhelming numbers has contributed to numerous problems, including--

        (A) an abuse of the asylum laws by fraudulent applicants whose primary interest is obtaining work authority in the United States while their claim languishes in the backlogged asylum processing system;

        (B) the growth of alien smuggling operations, often involving organized crime;

        (C) a drain on limited resources resulting from the high cost of processing frivolous asylum claims through our multilayered system; and

        (D) an erosion of public support for asylum, which is a treaty obligation.

      (4) asylum, a safe haven protection for aliens abroad who cannot return home, has been perverted by some aliens who use asylum claims to circumvent our immigration and refugee laws and procedures; and

      (5) a comprehensive revision of our asylum law and procedures is required to address these problems.

    (b) POLICY- It is the sense of the Senate that--

      (1) asylum is a process intended to protect aliens in the United States who cannot safely return home;

      (2) persons outside their country of nationality who have a well-founded fear of persecution if they return should apply for refugee status at one of our refugee processing offices abroad; and

      (3) the immigration, refugee and asylum laws of the United States should be reformed to provide--

        (A) a procedure for the expeditious exclusion of any asylum applicant who arrives at a port-of-entry with fraudulent documents, or no documents, and makes a noncredible claim of asylum; and

        (B) the immigration, refugee and asylum laws of the United States should be reformed to provide for a streamlined affirmative asylum processing system for asylum applicants who make their application after they have entered the United States.

TITLE XIV--YOUTH VIOLENCE

SEC. 140001. PROSECUTION AS ADULTS OF CERTAIN JUVENILES FOR CRIMES OF VIOLENCE.

    The 4th undesignated paragraph of section 5032 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `; however' and inserting `. In the application of the preceding sentence, if the crime of violence is an offense under section 113(a), 113(b), 113(c), 1111, 1113, or, if the juvenile possessed a firearm during the offense, section 2111, 2113, 2241(a), or 2241(c), `thirteen' shall be substituted for `fifteen' and `thirteenth' shall be substituted for `fifteenth'. Notwithstanding sections 1152 and 1153, no person subject to the criminal jurisdiction of an Indian tribal government shall be subject to the preceding sentence for any offense the Federal jurisdiction for which is predicated solely on Indian country (as defined in section 1151), and which has occurred within the boundaries of such Indian country, unless the governing body of the tribe has elected that the preceding sentence have effect over land and persons subject to its criminal jurisdiction. However'.

SEC. 140002. COMMENCEMENT OF JUVENILE PROCEEDING.

    Section 5032 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `Any proceedings against a juvenile under this chapter or as an adult shall not be commenced until' and inserting `A juvenile shall not be transferred to adult prosecution nor shall a hearing be held under section 5037 (disposition after a finding of juvenile delinquency) until'.

SEC. 140003. SEPARATION OF JUVENILE FROM ADULT OFFENDERS.

    Section 5039 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `, whether pursuant to an adjudication of delinquency or conviction for an offense,' after `committed' the first place it appears.

SEC. 140004. BINDOVER SYSTEM FOR CERTAIN VIOLENT JUVENILES.

    Section 501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3751), as amended by section 100003, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (21);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (22) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(23) programs that address the need for effective bindover systems for the prosecution of violent 16- and 17-year-old juveniles in courts with jurisdiction over adults for the crimes of--

        `(A) murder in the first degree;

        `(B) murder in the second degree;

        `(C) attempted murder;

        `(D) armed robbery when armed with a firearm;

        `(E) aggravated battery or assault when armed with a firearm;

        `(F) criminal sexual penetration when armed with a firearm; and

        `(G) drive-by shootings as described in section 36 of title 18, United States Code.'.

SEC. 140005. AMENDMENT CONCERNING RECORDS OF CRIMES COMMITTED BY JUVENILES.

Section 5038 of title 18, United States Code, is amended in subsection (f) by adding `or whenever a juvenille has been found guilty of committing an act after his 13th birthday which if committed by an adult would be an offense described in the second sentence of the fourth paragraph of section 5032 of this title,' after `title 21,'.

SEC. 140006. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR EMPLOYING CHILDREN TO DISTRIBUTE DRUGS NEAR SCHOOLS AND PLAYGROUNDS.

    Section 419 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 860) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    `(c) Notwithstanding any other law, any person at least 21 years of age who knowingly and intentionally--

      `(1) employs, hires, uses, persuades, induces, entices, or coerces a person under 18 years of age to violate this section; or

      `(2) employs, hires, uses, persuades, induces, entices, or coerces a person under 18 years of age to assist in avoiding detection or apprehension for any offense under this section by any Federal, State, or local law enforcement official,

    is punishable by a term of imprisonment, a fine, or both, up to triple those authorized by section 401.'.

SEC. 140007. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR TRAVEL ACT CRIMES INVOLVING VIOLENCE AND CONSPIRACY TO COMMIT CONTRACT KILLINGS.

    (a) TRAVEL ACT PENALTIES- Section 1952(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `and thereafter performs or attempts to perform any of the acts specified in subparagraphs (1), (2), and (3), shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both.' and inserting `and thereafter performs or attempts to perform--

      `(A) an act described in paragraph (1) or (3) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both; or

      `(B) an act described in paragraph (2) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both, and if death results shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life.'.

    (b) MURDER CONSPIRACY PENALTIES- Section 1958(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or who conspires to do so' before `shall be fined' the first place it appears.

SEC. 140008. SOLICITATION OF MINOR TO COMMIT CRIME.

    (a) DIRECTIVE TO SENTENCING COMMISSION- (1) The United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate guidelines or amend existing guidelines to provide that a defendant 21 years of age or older who has been convicted of an offense shall receive an appropriate sentence enhancement if the defendant involved a minor in the commission of the offense.

    (2) The Commission shall provide that the guideline enhancement promulgated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall apply for any offense in relation to which the defendant has solicited, procured, recruited, counseled, encouraged, trained, directed, commanded, intimidated, or otherwise used or attempted to use any person less than 18 years of age with the intent that the minor would commit a Federal offense.

    (b) RELEVANT CONSIDERATIONS- In implementing the directive in subsection (a), the Sentencing Commission shall consider--

      (1) the severity of the crime that the defendant intended the minor to commit;

      (2) the number of minors that the defendant used or attempted to use in relation to the offense;

      (3) the fact that involving a minor in a crime of violence is frequently of even greater seriousness than involving a minor in a drug trafficking offense, for which the guidelines already provide a two-level enhancement; and

      (4) the possible relevance of the proximity in age between the offender and the minor(s) involved in the offense.

TITLE XV--CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

SEC. 150001. CRIMINAL STREET GANGS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 25 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 26--CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

`Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs

    `(a) DEFINITIONS-

      `conviction' includes a finding, under State or Federal law, that a person has committed an act of juvenile delinquency involving a violent or controlled substances felony.

      `criminal street gang' means an ongoing group, club, organization, or association of 5 or more persons--

        `(A) that has as 1 of its primary purposes the commission of 1 or more of the criminal offenses described in subsection (c);

        `(B) the members of which engage, or have engaged within the past 5 years, in a continuing series of offenses described in subsection (c); and

        `(C) the activities of which affect interstate or foreign commerce.

    `(b) PENALTY- The sentence of a person convicted of an offense described in subsection (c) shall be increased by up to 10 years if the offense is committed under the circumstances described in subsection (d).

    `(c) OFFENSES- The offenses described in this section are--

      `(1) a Federal felony involving a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) for which the maximum penalty is not less than 5 years;

      `(2) a Federal felony crime of violence that has as an element the use or attempted use of physical force against the person of another; and

      `(3) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in paragraph (1) or (2).

    `(d) CIRCUMSTANCES- The circumstances described in this section are that the offense described in subsection (c) was committed by a person who--

      `(1) participates in a criminal street gang with knowledge that its members engage in or have engaged in a continuing series of offenses described in subsection (c);

      `(2) intends to promote or further the felonious activities of the criminal street gang or maintain or increase his or her position in the gang; and

      `(3) has been convicted within the past 5 years for--

        `(A) an offense described in subsection (c);

        `(B) a State offense--

          `(i) involving a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) for which the maximum penalty is not less than 5 years' imprisonment; or

          `(ii) that is a felony crime of violence that has as an element the use or attempted use of physical force against the person of another;

        `(C) any Federal or State felony offense that by its nature involves a substantial risk that physical force against the person of another may be used in the course of committing the offense; or

        `(D) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The part analysis for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 25 the following new item:

521'.

SEC. 150002. ADULT PROSECUTION OF SERIOUS JUVENILE OFFENDERS.

    Section 5032 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the first undesignated paragraph by striking `922(p)' and inserting `924(b), (g), or (h)';

      (2) in the fourth undesignated paragraph by inserting `or in section 924(b), (g), or (h) of this title,' before `criminal prosecution' the first place it appears; and

      (3) in the fifth undesignated paragraph by adding at the end the following: `In considering the nature of the offense, as required by this paragraph, the court shall consider the extent to which the juvenile played a leadership role in an organization, or otherwise influenced other persons to take part in criminal activities, involving the use or distribution of controlled substances or firearms. Such a factor, if found to exist, shall weigh in favor of a transfer to adult status, but the absence of this factor shall not preclude such a transfer.'.

SEC. 150003. ADDITION OF ANTI-GANG BYRNE GRANT FUNDING OBJECTIVE.

    Section 501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3751(4)), as amended by section 140004, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (22);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (23) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(24) law enforcement and prevention programs relating to gangs, or to youth who are involved or at risk of involvement in gangs.'.

SEC. 150006. MENTORING PROGRAM.

    Section 288C of part G of title II of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 is amended to read as follows:

`REGULATIONS AND GUIDELINES

    `SEC. 288C. (a) PROGRAM GUIDELINES- The Administrator shall issue program guidelines to implement this part. The program guidelines shall be effective only after a period for public notice and comment.

    `(b) MODEL SCREENING GUIDELINES- The Administrator shall develop and distribute to program participants specific model guidelines for the screening of prospective program mentors.'.

SEC. 150007. JUVENILE ANTI-DRUG AND ANTI-GANG GRANTS IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED LOW-INCOME HOUSING.

    Grants authorized in this Act to reduce or prevent juvenile drug and gang-related activity in `public housing' may be used for such purposes in federally assisted, low-income housing.

SEC. 150008. GANG INVESTIGATION COORDINATION AND INFORMATION COLLECTION.

    (a) COORDINATION- The Attorney General (or the Attorney General's designee), in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary's designee), shall develop a national strategy to coordinate gang-related investigations by Federal law enforcement agencies.

    (b) DATA COLLECTION- The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall acquire and collect information on incidents of gang violence for inclusion in an annual uniform crime report.

    (c) REPORT- The Attorney General shall prepare a report on national gang violence outlining the strategy developed under subsection (a) to be submitted to the President and Congress by January 1, 1996.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.

SEC. 150009. MULTIJURISDICTIONAL GANG TASK FORCES.

    Section 504(f) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended by inserting `victims assistance programs, or multijurisdictional gang task forces' after `drug task forces'.

TITLE XVI--CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

SEC. 160001. PENALTIES FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAFFICKING IN CHILD PORNOGRAPHY.

    (a) IMPORT RELATED OFFENSE- Chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 2258. Production of sexually explicit depictions of a minor for importation into the United States

    `(a) USE OF MINOR- A person who, outside the United States, employs, uses, persuades, induces, entices, or coerces any minor to engage in, or who has a minor assist any other person to engage in, or who transports any minor with the intent that the minor engage in any sexually explicit conduct for the purpose of producing any visual depiction of such conduct, intending that the visual depiction will be imported into the United States or into waters within 12 miles of the coast of the United States, shall be punished as provided in subsection (c).

    `(b) USE OF VISUAL DEPICTION- A person who, outside the United States, knowingly receives, transports, ships, distributes, sells, or possesses with intent to transport, ship, sell, or distribute any visual depiction of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct (if the production of the visual depiction involved the use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct), intending that the visual depiction will be imported into the United States or into waters within a distance of 12 miles of the coast of the United States, shall be punished as provided in subsection (c).

    `(c) PENALTIES- A person who violates subsection (a) or (b), or conspires or attempts to do so--

      `(1) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both; and

      `(2) if the person has a prior conviction under this chapter or chapter 109A, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT-

      (1) CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The chapter analysis for chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `2258. Production of sexually explicit depictions of a minor for importation into the United States.'.

      (2) FINE PROVISIONS- Section 2251(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking `not more than $100,000, or' and inserting `under this title,';

        (B) by striking `not more than $200,000, or' and inserting `under this title,'; and

        (C) by striking `not more than $250,000' and inserting `under this title'.

    (c) SECTION 2251 PENALTY ENHANCEMENT- Section 2251(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `this section' the second place it appears and inserting `this chapter or chapter 109A'.

    (d) SECTION 2252 PENALTY ENHANCEMENT- Section 2252(b)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `this section' and inserting `this chapter or chapter 109A'.

    (e) CONSPIRACY AND ATTEMPT- Sections 2251(d) and 2252(b) of title 18, United States Code, are each amended by inserting `, or attempts or conspires to violate,' after `violates' each place it appears.

    (f) RICO AMENDMENT- Section 1961(l) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `2251-2252' and inserting `2251, 2251A, 2252, and 2258'.

    (g) TRANSPORTATION OF MINORS- Section 2423 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `(a) Whoever' and inserting `(a) TRANSPORTATION WITH INTENT TO ENGAGE IN CRIMINAL SEXUAL ACTIVITY- A person who'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(b) TRAVEL WITH INTENT TO ENGAGE IN SEXUAL ACT WITH A JUVENILE- A person who travels in interstate commerce, or conspires to do so, or a United States citizen or an alien admitted for permanent residence in the United States who travels in foreign commerce, or conspires to do so, for the purpose of engaging in any sexual act (as defined in section 2245) with a person under 18 years of age that would be in violation of chapter 109A if the sexual act occurred in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

SEC. 160002. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING STATE LEGISLATION REGARDING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY.

    It is the sense of the Congress that each State that has not yet done so should enact legislation prohibiting the production, distribution, receipt, or simple possession of materials depicting a person under 18 years of age engaging in sexually explicit conduct (as defined in section 2256 of title 18, United States Code) and providing for a maximum imprisonment of at least 1 year and for the forfeiture of assets used in the commission or support of, or gained from, such offenses.

SEC. 160003. CONFIRMATION OF INTENT OF CONGRESS IN ENACTING SECTIONS 2252 AND 2256 OF TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) DECLARATION- The Congress declares that in enacting sections 2252 and 2256 of title 18, United States Code, it was and is the intent of Congress that--

      (1) the scope of `exhibition of the genitals or pubic area' in section 2256(2)(E), in the definition of `sexually explicit conduct', is not limited to nude exhibitions or exhibitions in which the outlines of those areas were discernible through clothing; and

      (2) the requirements in section 2252(a) (1)(A), (2)(A), (3)(B)(i), and (4)(B)(i) that the production of a visual depiction involve the use of a minor engaging in `sexually explicit conduct' of the kind described in section 2256(2)(E) are satisfied if a person photographs a minor in such a way as to exhibit the child in a lascivious manner.

    (b) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that in filing its brief in United States v. Knox, No. 92-1183, and thereby depriving the United States Supreme Court of the adverseness necessary for full and fair presentation of the issues arising in the case, the Department of Justice did not accurately reflect the intent of Congress in arguing that `the videotapes in [the Knox case] constitute `lascivious exhibition[s] of the genitals or pubic area' only if those body parts are visible in the tapes and the minors posed or acted lasciviously.'.

TITLE XVII--CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN

Subtitle A--Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act

SEC. 170101. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL-

      (1) STATE GUIDELINES- The Attorney General shall establish guidelines for State programs that require--

        (A) a person who is convicted of a criminal offense against a victim who is a minor or who is convicted of a sexually violent offense to register a current address with a designated State law enforcement agency for the time period specified in subparagraph (A) of subsection (b)(6); and

        (B) a person who is a sexually violent predator to register a current address with a designated State law enforcement agency unless such requirement is terminated under subparagraph (B) of subsection (b)(6).

      (2) COURT DETERMINATION- A determination that a person is a sexually violent predator and a determination that a person is no longer a sexually violent predator shall be made by the sentencing court after receiving a report by a State board composed of experts in the field of the behavior and treatment of sexual offenders.

      (3) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

        (A) The term `criminal offense against a victim who is a minor' means any criminal offense that consists of--

          (i) kidnapping of a minor, except by a parent;

          (ii) false imprisonment of a minor, except by a parent;

          (iii) criminal sexual conduct toward a minor;

          (iv) solicitation of a minor to engage in sexual conduct;

          (v) use of a minor in a sexual performance;

          (vi) solicitation of a minor to practice prostitution;

          (vii) any conduct that by its nature is a sexual offense against a minor; or

          (viii) an attempt to commit an offense described in any of clauses (i) through (vii), if the State--

            (I) makes such an attempt a criminal offense; and

            (II) chooses to include such an offense in those which are criminal offenses against a victim who is a minor for the purposes of this section.

        For purposes of this subparagraph conduct which is criminal only because of the age of the victim shall not be considered a criminal offense if the perpetrator is 18 years of age or younger.

        (B) The term `sexually violent offense' means any criminal offense that consists of aggravated sexual abuse or sexual abuse (as described in sections 2241 and 2242 of title 18, United States Code, or as described in the State criminal code) or an offense that has as its elements engaging in physical contact with another person with intent to commit aggravated sexual abuse or sexual abuse (as described in such sections of title 18, United States Code, or as described in the State criminal code).

        (C) The term `sexually violent predator' means a person who has been convicted of a sexually violent offense and who suffers from a mental abnormality or personality disorder that makes the person likely to engage in predatory sexually violent offenses.

        (D) The term `mental abnormality' means a congenital or acquired condition of a person that affects the emotional or volitional capacity of the person in a manner that predisposes that person to the commission of criminal sexual acts to a degree that makes the person a menace to the health and safety of other persons.

        (E) The term `predatory' means an act directed at a stranger, or a person with whom a relationship has been established or promoted for the primary purpose of victimization.

    (b) REGISTRATION REQUIREMENT UPON RELEASE, PAROLE, SUPERVISED RELEASE, OR PROBATION- An approved State registration program established under this section shall contain the following elements:

      (1) DUTY OF STATE PRISON OFFICIAL OR COURT-

        (A) If a person who is required to register under this section is released from prison, or placed on parole, supervised release, or probation, a State prison officer, or in the case of probation, the court, shall--

          (i) inform the person of the duty to register and obtain the information required for such registration;

          (ii) inform the person that if the person changes residence address, the person shall give the new address to a designated State law enforcement agency in writing within 10 days;

          (iii) inform the person that if the person changes residence to another State, the person shall register the new address with the law enforcement agency with whom the person last registered, and the person is also required to register with a designated law enforcement agency in the new State not later than 10 days after establishing residence in the new State, if the new State has a registration requirement;

          (iv) obtain fingerprints and a photograph of the person if these have not already been obtained in connection with the offense that triggers registration; and

          (v) require the person to read and sign a form stating that the duty of the person to register under this section has been explained.

        (B) In addition to the requirements of subparagraph (A), for a person required to register under subparagraph (B) of subsection (a)(1), the State prison officer or the court, as the case may be, shall obtain the name of the person, identifying factors, anticipated future residence, offense history, and documentation of any treatment received for the mental abnormality or personality disorder of the person.

      (2) TRANSFER OF INFORMATION TO STATE AND THE FBI- The officer, or in the case of a person placed on probation, the court, shall, within 3 days after receipt of information described in paragraph (1), forward it to a designated State law enforcement agency. The State law enforcement agency shall immediately enter the information into the appropriate State law enforcement record system and notify the appropriate law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the person expects to reside. The State law enforcement agency shall also immediately transmit the conviction data and fingerprints to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

      (3) VERIFICATION-

        (A) For a person required to register under subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(1), on each anniversary of the person's initial registration date during the period in which the person is required to register under this section the following applies:

          (i) The designated State law enforcement agency shall mail a nonforwardable verification form to the last reported address of the person.

          (ii) The person shall mail the verification form to the designated State law enforcement agency within 10 days after receipt of the form.

          (iii) The verification form shall be signed by the person, and state that the person still resides at the address last reported to the designated State law enforcement agency.

          (iv) If the person fails to mail the verification form to the designated State law enforcement agency within 10 days after receipt of the form, the person shall be in violation of this section unless the person proves that the person has not changed the residence address.

        (B) The provisions of subparagraph (A) shall be applied to a person required to register under subparagraph (B) of subsection (a)(1), except that such person must verify the registration every 90 days after the date of the initial release or commencement of parole.

      (4) NOTIFICATION OF LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES OF CHANGES IN ADDRESS- A change of address by a person required to register under this section reported to the designated State law enforcement agency shall be immediately reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the person is residing. The designated law enforcement agency shall, if the person changes residence to another State, notify the law enforcement agency with which the person must register in the new State, if the new State has a registration requirement.

      (5) REGISTRATION FOR CHANGE OF ADDRESS TO ANOTHER STATE- A person who has been convicted of an offense which requires registration under this section shall register the new address with a designated law enforcement agency in another State to which the person moves not later than 10 days after such person establishes residence in the new State, if the new State has a registration requirement.

      (6) LENGTH OF REGISTRATION-

        (A) A person required to register under subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(1) shall continue to comply with this section until 10 years have elapsed since the person was released from prison, placed on parole, supervised release, or probation.

        (B) The requirement of a person to register under subparagraph (B) of subsection (a)(1) shall terminate upon a determination, made in accordance with paragraph (2) of subsection (a), that the person no longer suffers from a mental abnormality or personality disorder that would make the person likely to engage in a predatory sexually violent offense.

    (c) PENALTY- A person required to register under a State program established pursuant to this section who knowingly fails to so register and keep such registration current shall be subject to criminal penalties in any State in which the person has so failed.

    (d) RELEASE OF INFORMATION- The information collected under a State registration program shall be treated as private data expect that--

      (1) such information may be disclosed to law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes;

      (2) such information may be disclosed to government agencies conducting confidential background checks; and

      (3) the designated State law enforcement agency and any local law enforcement agency authorized by the State agency may release relevant information that is necessary to protect the public concerning a specific person required to register under this section, except that the identity of a victim of an offense that requires registration under this section shall not be released.

    (e) IMMUNITY FOR GOOD FAITH CONDUCT- Law enforcement agencies, employees of law enforcement agencies, and State officials shall be immune from liability for good faith conduct under this section.

    (f) COMPLIANCE-

      (1) COMPLIANCE DATE- Each State shall have not more than 3 years from the date of enactment of this Act in which to implement this section, except that the Attorney General may grant an additional 2 years to a State that is making good faith efforts to implement this section.

      (2) INELIGIBILITY FOR FUNDS-

        (A) A State that fails to implement the program as described in this section shall not receive 10 percent of the funds that would otherwise be allocated to the State under section 506 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3765).

        (B) REALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Any funds that are not allocated for failure to comply with this section shall be reallocated to States that comply with this section.

Subtitle B--Assaults Against Children

SEC. 170201. ASSAULTS AGAINST CHILDREN.

    (a) SIMPLE ASSAULT- Section 113(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `, or if the victim of the assault is an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both' before the period.

    (b) ASSAULTS RESULTING IN SUBSTANTIAL BODILY INJURY- Section 113 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      `(7) Assault resulting in substantial bodily injury to an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 5 years, or both.'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AND STYLISTIC CHANGES TO SECTION 113- Section 113 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (b), by striking `of not more than $3,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (2) in paragraph (c), by striking `of not more than $1,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (3) in paragraph (d), by striking `of not more than $500' and inserting `under this title';

      (4) by modifying the left margin of each of paragraphs (a) through (f) so that they are indented 2 ems;

      (5) by redesignating paragraphs (a) through (f) as paragraphs (1) through (6); and

      (6) by inserting `(a)' before `Whoever'.

    (d) DEFINITIONS- Section 113 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(b) As used in this subsection--

      `(1) the term `substantial bodily injury' means bodily injury which involves--

        `(A) a temporary but substantial disfigurement; or

        `(B) a temporary but substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member, organ, or mental faculty; and

      `(2) the term `serious bodily injury' has the meaning given that term in section 1365 of this title.'.

    (e) ASSAULTS IN INDIAN COUNTRY- Section 1153(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `(as defined in section 1365 of this title), an assault against an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years' after `serious bodily injury'.

Subtitle C--Missing and Exploited Children

SEC. 170301. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Morgan P. Hardiman Task Force on Missing and Exploited Children Act'.

SEC. 170302. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to establish a task force comprised of law enforcement officers from pertinent Federal agencies to work with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (referred to as the `Center') and coordinate the provision of Federal law enforcement resources to assist State and local authorities in investigating the most difficult cases of missing and exploited children.

SEC. 170303. ESTABLISHMENT OF TASK FORCE.

    Title IV of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5771 et seq.) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating sections 407 and 408 as sections 408 and 409, respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after section 406 the following new section:

`TASK FORCE

    `SEC. 407. (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established a Missing and Exploited Children's Task Force (referred to as the `Task Force').

    `(b) MEMBERSHIP-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Task Force shall include at least 2 members from each of--

        `(A) the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

        `(B) the Secret Service;

        `(C) the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;

        `(D) the United States Customs Service;

        `(E) the Postal Inspection Service;

        `(F) the United States Marshals Service; and

        `(G) the Drug Enforcement Administration.

      `(2) CHIEF- A representative of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (in addition to the members of the Task Force selected under paragraph (1)(A)) shall act as chief of the Task Force.

      `(3) SELECTION- (A) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall select the chief of the Task Force.

      `(B) The heads of the agencies described in paragraph (1) shall submit to the chief of the Task Force a list of at least 5 prospective Task Force members, and the chief shall select 2, or such greater number as may be agreeable to an agency head, as Task Force members.

      `(4) PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS- The members of the Task Force shall be law enforcement personnel selected for their expertise that would enable them to assist in the investigation of cases of missing and exploited children.

      `(5) STATUS- A member of the Task Force shall remain an employee of his or her respective agency for all purposes (including the purpose of performance review), and his or her service on the Task Force shall be without interruption or loss of civil service privilege or status and shall be on a nonreimbursable basis.

      `(6) PERIOD OF SERVICE- (A) Subject to subparagraph (B), 1 member from each agency shall initially serve a 1-year term, and the other member from the same agency shall serve a 1-year term, and may be selected to a renewal of service for 1 additional year; thereafter, each new member to serve on the Task Force shall serve for a 2-year period with the member's term of service beginning and ending in alternate years with the other member from the same agency; the period of service for the chief of the Task Force shall be 3 years.

      `(B) The chief of the Task Force may at any time request the head of an agency described in paragraph (1) to submit a list of 5 prospective Task Force members to replace a member of the Task Force, for the purpose of maintaining a Task Force membership that will be able to meet the demands of its caseload.

    `(c) SUPPORT-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator of the General Services Administration, in coordination with the heads of the agencies described in subsection (b)(1), shall provide the Task Force office space and administrative and support services, such office space to be in close proximity to the office of the Center, so as to enable the Task Force to coordinate its activities with that of the Center on a day-to-day basis.

      `(2) LEGAL GUIDANCE- The Attorney General shall assign an attorney to provide legal guidance, as needed, to members of the Task Force.

    `(d) PURPOSE-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The purpose of the Task Force shall be to make available the combined resources and expertise of the agencies described in paragraph (1) to assist State and local governments in the most difficult missing and exploited child cases nationwide, as identified by the chief of the Task Force from time to time, in consultation with the Center, and as many additional cases as resources permit, including the provision of assistance to State and local investigators on location in the field.

      `(2) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The role of the Task Force in any investigation shall be to provide advice and technical assistance and to make available the resources of the agencies described in subsection (b)(1); the Task Force shall not take a leadership role in any such investigation.

    `(e) CROSS-DESIGNATION OF TASK FORCE MEMBERS- The Attorney General may cross-designate the members of the Task Force with jurisdiction to enforce Federal law related to child abduction to the extent necessary to accomplish the purposes of this section.'.

TITLE XVIII--RURAL CRIME

Subtitle A--Drug Trafficking in Rural Areas

SEC. 180101. AUTHORIZATIONS FOR RURAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a)(9) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended to read as follows:

    `(9) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part O--

      `(A) $24,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(C) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(D) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(E) $66,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

    (b) AMENDMENT TO BASE ALLOCATION- Section 1501(a)(2)(A) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended by striking `$100,000' and inserting `$250,000'.

    (c) CLARIFICATION- Section 1501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 3796bb(b)) is amended by inserting `, based on the decennial census of 1990 through fiscal year 1997' before the period.

SEC. 180102. RURAL CRIME AND DRUG ENFORCEMENT TASK FORCES.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Attorney General, in consultation with the Governors, mayors, and chief executive officers of State and local law enforcement agencies, may establish a Rural Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force in judicial districts that encompass significant rural lands. Assets seized as a result of investigations initiated by a Rural Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force and forfeited under Federal law shall be used, consistent with the guidelines on equitable sharing established by the Attorney General and of the Secretary of the Treasury, primarily to enhance the operations of the task force and its participating State and local law enforcement agencies.

    (b) TASK FORCE MEMBERSHIP- The Task Forces established under subsection (a) shall be carried out under policies and procedures established by the Attorney General. The Attorney General may deputize State and local law enforcement officers and may cross-designate up to 100 Federal law enforcement officers, when necessary to undertake investigations pursuant to section 503(a) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 873(a)) or offenses punishable by a term of imprisonment of 10 years or more under title 18, United States Code. The task forces--

      (1) shall include representatives from--

        (A) State and local law enforcement agencies;

        (B) the office of the United States Attorney for the judicial district; and

        (C) the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the United States Marshals Service; and

      (2) may include representatives of other Federal law enforcement agencies, such as the United States Customs Service, United States Park Police, United States Forest Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, and Bureau of Land Management.

SEC. 180103. RURAL DRUG ENFORCEMENT TRAINING.

    (a) SPECIALIZED TRAINING FOR RURAL OFFICERS- The Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center shall develop a specialized course of instruction devoted to training law enforcement officers from rural agencies in the investigation of drug trafficking and related crimes.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsection (a)--

      (1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 180104. MORE AGENTS FOR THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for the hiring of additional Drug Enforcement Administration agents--

      (1) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle B--Drug Free Truck Stops and Safety Rest Areas

SEC. 180201. DRUG FREE TRUCK STOPS AND SAFETY REST AREAS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `Drug Free Truck Stop Act'.

    (b) AMENDMENT TO CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Part D of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 408 the following new section:

`transportation safety offenses

    `SEC. 409. (a) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `safety rest area' means a roadside facility with parking facilities for the rest or other needs of motorists.

      `truck stop' means a facility (including any parking lot appurtenant thereto) that--

        `(A) has the capacity to provide fuel or service, or both, to any commercial motor vehicle (as defined in section 31301 of title 49, United States Code), operating in commerce (as defined in that section); and

        `(B) is located within 2,500 feet of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways or the Federal-Aid Primary System.

    `(b) FIRST OFFENSE- A person who violates section 401(a)(1) or section 416 by distributing or possessing with intent to distribute a controlled substance in or on, or within 1,000 feet of, a truck stop or safety rest area is (except as provided in subsection (b)) subject to--

      `(1) twice the maximum punishment authorized by section 401(b); and

      `(2) twice any term of supervised release authorized by section 401(b) for a first offense.

    `(c) SUBSEQUENT OFFENSE- A person who violates section 401(a)(1) or section 416 by distributing or possessing with intent to distribute a controlled substance in or on, or within 1,000 feet of, a truck stop or a safety rest area after a prior conviction or convictions under subsection (a) have become final is subject to--

      `(1) 3 times the maximum punishment authorized by section 401(b); and

      `(2) 3 times any term of supervised release authorized by section 401(b) for a first offense.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS-

        (A) CROSS REFERENCE- Section 401(b) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)) is amended by inserting `409,' before `418,' each place it appears.

        (B) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 is amended by striking the item relating to section 409 and inserting the following new item:

      `Sec. 409. Transportation safety offenses.'.

    (c) SENTENCING GUIDELINES- Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, and section 21 of the Sentencing Act of 1987 (28 U.S.C. 994 note), the United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate guidelines, or shall amend existing guidelines, to provide an appropriate enhancement of punishment for a defendant convicted of violating section 409 of the Controlled Substances Act, as added by subsection (b).

Subtitle C--Sense of Congress Regarding Funding for Rural Areas

SEC. 180301. FUNDING FOR RURAL AREAS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--

      (1) the Attorney General should ensure that funding for programs authorized by the provisions of this Act and amendments made by this Act is distributed in such a manner that rural areas continue to receive comparable support for their broad-based crime fighting initiatives;

      (2) rural communities should not receive less funding than they received in fiscal year 1994 for anti-crime initiatives as a result of any legislative or administrative actions; and

      (3) to the maximum extent possible, funding for the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Program should be maintained at its fiscal year 1994 level.

TITLE XIX--FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

SEC. 190001. FEDERAL JUDICIARY AND FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY-

      FEDERAL JUDICIARY- There are authorized to be appropriated for the activities of the Federal Judiciary to help meet the increased demands for judicial activities, including supervised release, pre-trial and probation services, that will result from enactment into law of this Act--

        (A) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE- There is authorized to be appropriated for the activities and agencies of the Department of Justice, in addition to sums authorized elsewhere in this section, to help meet the increased demands for Department of Justice activities that will result from enactment into law of this Act--

        (A) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $39,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION- There is authorized to be appropriated for the activities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to help meet the increased demands for Federal Bureau of Investigation activities that will result from enactment into law of this Act--

        (A) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS- There is authorized to be appropriated for the account Department of Justice, Legal Activities, `Salaries and expenses, United States Attorneys', to help meet the increased demands for litigation and related activities which will result from enactment into law of this Act--

        (A) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

(e) AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY- There is authorized to be appropriated for the activities of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, the United States Customs Service, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the Criminal Investigation Division of the Internal Revenue Service, and the United States Secret Service to help meet the increased demands for Department of the Treasury activities that will result from enactment into law of this Act--

        (A) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

        (B) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (C) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (D) $110,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (E) $125,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (F) $125,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

TITLE XX--POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS TRAINING AND EDUCATION

Subtitle A--Police Corps

SEC. 200101. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Police Corps Act'.

SEC. 200102. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this subtitle are to--

      (1) address violent crime by increasing the number of police with advanced education and training on community patrol; and

      (2) provide educational assistance to law enforcement personnel and to students who possess a sincere interest in public service in the form of law enforcement.

SEC. 200103. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `academic year' means a traditional academic year beginning in August or September and ending in the following May or June.

      `dependent child' means a natural or adopted child or stepchild of a law enforcement officer who at the time of the officer's death--

        (A) was no more than 21 years old; or

        (B) if older than 21 years, was in fact dependent on the child's parents for at least one-half of the child's support (excluding educational expenses), as determined by the Director.

      `Director' means the Director of the Office of the Police Corps and Law Enforcement Education appointed under section 200104.

      `educational expenses' means expenses that are directly attributable to--

        (A) a course of education leading to the award of the baccalaureate degree in legal- or criminal justice-related studies; or

        (B) a course of graduate study legal or criminal justice studies following award of a baccalaureate degree,

      including the cost of tuition, fees, books, supplies, transportation, room and board and miscellaneous expenses.

      `institution of higher education' has the meaning stated in the first sentence of section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)).

      `participant' means a participant in the Police Corps program selected pursuant to section 200106.

      `State' means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

      `State Police Corps program' means a State police corps program that meets the requirements of section 200110.

SEC. 200104. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF THE POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION.

    There is established in the Department of Justice, under the general authority of the Attorney General, an Office of the Police Corps and Law Enforcement Education.

SEC. 200105. DESIGNATION OF LEAD AGENCY AND SUBMISSION OF STATE PLAN.

    (a) LEAD AGENCY- A State that desires to participate in the Police Corps program under this subtitle shall designate a lead agency that will be responsible for--

      (1) submitting to the Director a State plan described in subsection (b); and

      (2) administering the program in the State.

    (b) STATE PLANS- A State plan shall--

      (1) contain assurances that the lead agency shall work in cooperation with the local law enforcement liaisons, representatives of police labor organizations and police management organizations, and other appropriate State and local agencies to develop and implement interagency agreements designed to carry out the program;

      (2) contain assurances that the State shall advertise the assistance available under this subtitle;

      (3) contain assurances that the State shall screen and select law enforcement personnel for participation in the program; and

      (4) meet the requirements of section 200110.

SEC. 200106. SCHOLARSHIP ASSISTANCE.

    (a) SCHOLARSHIPS AUTHORIZED- (1) The Director may award scholarships to participants who agree to work in a State or local police force in accordance with agreements entered into pursuant to subsection (d).

    (2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), each scholarship payment made under this section for each academic year shall not exceed--

      (i) $7,500; or

      (ii) the cost of the educational expenses related to attending an institution of higher education.

    (B) In the case of a participant who is pursuing a course of educational study during substantially an entire calendar year, the amount of scholarship payments made during such year shall not exceed $10,000.

    (C) The total amount of scholarship assistance received by any one student under this section shall not exceed $30,000.

    (3) Recipients of scholarship assistance under this section shall continue to receive such scholarship payments only during such periods as the Director finds that the recipient is maintaining satisfactory progress as determined by the institution of higher education the recipient is attending.

    (4)(A) The Director shall make scholarship payments under this section directly to the institution of higher education that the student is attending.

    (B) Each institution of higher education receiving a payment on behalf of a participant pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall remit to such student any funds in excess of the costs of tuition, fees, and room and board payable to the institution.

    (b) REIMBURSEMENT AUTHORIZED- (1) The Director may make payments to a participant to reimburse such participant for the costs of educational expenses if the student agrees to work in a State or local police force in accordance with the agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (d).

    (2)(A) Each payment made pursuant to paragraph (1) for each academic year of study shall not exceed--

      (i) $7,500; or

      (ii) the cost of educational expenses related to attending an institution of higher education.

    (B) In the case of a participant who is pursuing a course of educational study during substantially an entire calendar year, the amount of scholarship payments made during such year shall not exceed $10,000.

    (C) The total amount of payments made pursuant to subparagraph (A) to any 1 student shall not exceed $30,000.

    (c) USE OF SCHOLARSHIP- Scholarships awarded under this subsection shall only be used to attend a 4-year institution of higher education, except that--

      (1) scholarships may be used for graduate and professional study; and

      (2) if a participant has enrolled in the program upon or after transfer to a 4-year institution of higher education, the Director may reimburse the participant for the participant's prior educational expenses.

    (d) AGREEMENT- (1)(A) Each participant receiving a scholarship or a payment under this section shall enter into an agreement with the Director.

    (B) An agreement under subparagraph (A) shall contain assurances that the participant shall--

      (i) after successful completion of a baccalaureate program and training as prescribed in section 200108, work for 4 years in a State or local police force without there having arisen sufficient cause for the participant's dismissal under the rules applicable to members of the police force of which the participant is a member;

      (ii) complete satisfactorily--

        (I) an educational course of study and receipt of a baccalaureate degree (in the case of undergraduate study) or the reward of credit to the participant for having completed one or more graduate courses (in the case of graduate study); and

        (II) Police Corps training and certification by the Director that the participant has met such performance standards as may be established pursuant to section 200108; and

      (iii) repay all of the scholarship or payment received plus interest at the rate of 10 percent if the conditions of clauses (i) and (ii) are not complied with.

    (2)(A) A recipient of a scholarship or payment under this section shall not be considered to be in violation of the agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph (1) if the recipient--

      (i) dies; or

      (ii) becomes permanently and totally disabled as established by the sworn affidavit of a qualified physician.

    (B) If a scholarship recipient is unable to comply with the repayment provision set forth in paragraph (1)(B)(ii) because of a physical or emotional disability or for good cause as determined by the Director, the Director may substitute community service in a form prescribed by the Director for the required repayment.

    (C) The Director shall expeditiously seek repayment from a participant who violates an agreement described in paragraph (1).

    (e) DEPENDENT CHILD- A dependent child of a law enforcement officer--

      (1) who is a member of a State or local police force or is a Federal criminal investigator or uniformed police officer,

      (2) who is not a participant in the Police Corps program, but

      (3) who serves in a State for which the Director has approved a Police Corps plan, and

      (4) who is killed in the course of performing police duties,

    shall be entitled to the scholarship assistance authorized in this section for any course of study in any accredited institution of higher education. Such dependent child shall not incur any repayment obligation in exchange for the scholarship assistance provided in this section.

    (f) APPLICATION- Each participant desiring a scholarship or payment under this section shall submit an application as prescribed by the Director in such manner and accompanied by such information as the Director may reasonably require.

SEC. 200107. SELECTION OF PARTICIPANTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Participants in State Police Corps programs shall be selected on a competitive basis by each State under regulations prescribed by the Director.

    (b) SELECTION CRITERIA AND QUALIFICATIONS- (1) In order to participate in a State Police Corps program, a participant shall--

      (A) be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States;

      (B) meet the requirements for admission as a trainee of the State or local police force to which the participant will be assigned pursuant to section 200110(5), including achievement of satisfactory scores on any applicable examination, except that failure to meet the age requirement for a trainee of the State or local police shall not disqualify the applicant if the applicant will be of sufficient age upon completing an undergraduate course of study;

      (C) possess the necessary mental and physical capabilities and emotional characteristics to discharge effectively the duties of a law enforcement officer;

      (D) be of good character and demonstrate sincere motivation and dedication to law enforcement and public service;

      (E) in the case of an undergraduate, agree in writing that the participant will complete an educational course of study leading to the award of a baccalaureate degree and will then accept an appointment and complete 4 years of service as an officer in the State police or in a local police department within the State;

      (F) in the case of a participant desiring to undertake or continue graduate study, agree in writing that the participant will accept an appointment and complete 4 years of service as an officer in the State police or in a local police department within the State before undertaking or continuing graduate study;

      (G) contract, with the consent of the participant's parent or guardian if the participant is a minor, to serve for 4 years as an officer in the State police or in a local police department, if an appointment is offered; and

      (H) except as provided in paragraph (2), be without previous law enforcement experience.

    (2)(A) Until the date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act, up to 10 percent of the applicants accepted into the Police Corps program may be persons who--

      (i) have had some law enforcement experience; and

      (ii) have demonstrated special leadership potential and dedication to law enforcement.

    (B)(i) The prior period of law enforcement of a participant selected pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall not be counted toward satisfaction of the participant's 4-year service obligation under section 200109, and such a participant shall be subject to the same benefits and obligations under this subtitle as other participants, including those stated in section (b)(1) (E) and (F).

    (ii) Clause (i) shall not be construed to preclude counting a participant's previous period of law enforcement experience for purposes other than satisfaction of the requirements of section 200109, such as for purposes of determining such a participant's pay and other benefits, rank, and tenure.

    (3) It is the intent of this subtitle that there shall be no more than 20,000 participants in each graduating class. The Director shall approve State plans providing in the aggregate for such enrollment of applicants as shall assure, as nearly as possible, annual graduating classes of 20,000. In a year in which applications are received in a number greater than that which will produce, in the judgment of the Director, a graduating class of more than 20,000, the Director shall, in deciding which applications to grant, give preference to those who will be participating in State plans that provide law enforcement personnel to areas of greatest need.

    (c) RECRUITMENT OF MINORITIES- Each State participating in the Police Corps program shall make special efforts to seek and recruit applicants from among members of all racial, ethnic or gender groups. This subsection does not authorize an exception from the competitive standards for admission established pursuant to subsections (a) and (b).

    (d) ENROLLMENT OF APPLICANT- (1) An applicant shall be accepted into a State Police Corps program on the condition that the applicant will be matriculated in, or accepted for admission at, a 4-year institution of higher education--

      (A) as a full-time student in an undergraduate program; or

      (B) for purposes of taking a graduate course.

    (2) If the applicant is not matriculated or accepted as set forth in paragraph (1), the applicant's acceptance in the program shall be revoked.

    (e) LEAVE OF ABSENCE- (1) A participant in a State Police Corps program who requests a leave of absence from educational study, training or service for a period not to exceed 1 year (or 18 months in the aggregate in the event of multiple requests) due to temporary physical or emotional disability shall be granted such leave of absence by the State.

    (2) A participant who requests a leave of absence from educational study, training or service for a period not to exceed 1 year (or 18 months in the aggregate in the event of multiple requests) for any reason other than those listed in paragraph (1) may be granted such leave of absence by the State.

    (3) A participant who requests a leave of absence from educational study or training for a period not to exceed 30 months to serve on an official church mission may be granted such leave of absence.

    (f) ADMISSION OF APPLICANTS- An applicant may be admitted into a State Police Corps program either before commencement of or during the applicant's course of educational study.

SEC. 200108. POLICE CORPS TRAINING.

    (a) IN GENERAL- (1) The Director shall establish programs of training for Police Corps participants. Such programs may be carried out at up to 3 training centers established for this purpose and administered by the Director, or by contracting with existing State training facilities. The Director shall contract with a State training facility upon request of such facility if the Director determines that such facility offers a course of training substantially equivalent to the Police Corps training program described in this subtitle.

    (2) The Director may enter into contracts with individuals, institutions of learning, and government agencies (including State and local police forces) to obtain the services of persons qualified to participate in and contribute to the training process.

    (3) The Director may enter into agreements with agencies of the Federal Government to utilize on a reimbursable basis space in Federal buildings and other resources.

    (4) The Director may authorize such expenditures as are necessary for the effective maintenance of the training centers, including purchases of supplies, uniforms, and educational materials, and the provision of subsistence, quarters, and medical care to participants.

    (b) TRAINING SESSIONS- A participant in a State Police Corps program shall attend two 8-week training sessions at a training center, one during the summer following completion of sophomore year and one during the summer following completion of junior year. If a participant enters the program after sophomore year, the participant shall complete 16 weeks of training at times determined by the Director.

    (c) FURTHER TRAINING- The 16 weeks of Police Corps training authorized in this section is intended to serve as basic law enforcement training but not to exclude further training of participants by the State and local authorities to which they will be assigned. Each State plan approved by the Director under section 10 shall include assurances that following completion of a participant's course of education each participant shall receive appropriate additional training by the State or local authority to which the participant is assigned. The time spent by a participant in such additional training, but not the time spent in Police Corps training, shall be counted toward fulfillment of the participant's 4-year service obligation.

    (d) COURSE OF TRAINING- The training sessions at training centers established under this section shall be designed to provide basic law enforcement training, including vigorous physical and mental training to teach participants self-discipline and organizational loyalty and to impart knowledge and understanding of legal processes and law enforcement.

    (e) EVALUATION OF PARTICIPANTS- A participant shall be evaluated during training for mental, physical, and emotional fitness, and shall be required to meet performance standards prescribed by the Director at the conclusion of each training session in order to remain in the Police Corps program.

    (f) STIPEND- The Director shall pay participants in training sessions a stipend of $250 a week during training.

SEC. 200109. SERVICE OBLIGATION.

    (a) SWEARING IN- Upon satisfactory completion of the participant's course of education and training program established in section 200108 and meeting the requirements of the police force to which the participant is assigned, a participant shall be sworn in as a member of the police force to which the participant is assigned pursuant to the State Police Corps plan, and shall serve for 4 years as a member of that police force.

    (b) RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES- A participant shall have all of the rights and responsibilities of and shall be subject to all rules and regulations applicable to other members of the police force of which the participant is a member, including those contained in applicable agreements with labor organizations and those provided by State and local law.

    (c) DISCIPLINE- If the police force of which the participant is a member subjects the participant to discipline such as would preclude the participant's completing 4 years of service, and result in denial of educational assistance under section 200106, the Director may, upon a showing of good cause, permit the participant to complete the service obligation in an equivalent alternative law enforcement service and, if such service is satisfactorily completed, section 200106(d)(1)(B)(iii) shall not apply.

    (d) LAYOFFS- If the police force of which the participant is a member lays off the participant such as would preclude the participant's completing 4 years of service, and result in denial of educational assistance under section 200106, the Director may permit the participant to complete the service obligation in an equivalent alternative law enforcement service and, if such service is satisfactorily completed, section 200106(d)(1)(B)(iii) shall not apply.

SEC. 200110. STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS.

    A State Police Corps plan shall--

      (1) provide for the screening and selection of participants in accordance with the criteria set out in section 200107;

      (2) state procedures governing the assignment of participants in the Police Corps program to State and local police forces (no more than 10 percent of all the participants assigned in each year by each State to be assigned to a statewide police force or forces);

      (3) provide that participants shall be assigned to those geographic areas in which--

        (A) there is the greatest need for additional law enforcement personnel; and

        (B) the participants will be used most effectively;

      (4) provide that to the extent consistent with paragraph (3), a participant shall be assigned to an area near the participant's home or such other place as the participant may request;

      (5) provide that to the extent feasible, a participant's assignment shall be made at the time the participant is accepted into the program, subject to change--

        (A) prior to commencement of a participant's fourth year of undergraduate study, under such circumstances as the plan may specify; and

        (B) from commencement of a participant's fourth year of undergraduate study until completion of 4 years of police service by participant, only for compelling reasons or to meet the needs of the State Police Corps program and only with the consent of the participant;

      (6) provide that no participant shall be assigned to serve with a local police force--

        (A) whose size has declined by more than 5 percent since June 21, 1989; or

        (B) which has members who have been laid off but not retired;

      (7) provide that participants shall be placed and to the extent feasible kept on community and preventive patrol;

      (8) ensure that participants will receive effective training and leadership;

      (9) provide that the State may decline to offer a participant an appointment following completion of Federal training, or may remove a participant from the Police Corps program at any time, only for good cause (including failure to make satisfactory progress in a course of educational study) and after following reasonable review procedures stated in the plan; and

      (10) provide that a participant shall, while serving as a member of a police force, be compensated at the same rate of pay and benefits and enjoy the same rights under applicable agreements with labor organizations and under State and local law as other police officers of the same rank and tenure in the police force of which the participant is a member.

SEC. 200111. ASSISTANCE TO STATES AND LOCALITIES EMPLOYING POLICE CORPS OFFICERS.

    Each jurisdiction directly employing Police Corps participants during the 4-year term of service prescribed by section 200109 shall receive $10,000 on account of each such participant at the completion of each such year of service, but--

      (1) no such payment shall be made on account of service in any State or local police force--

        (A) whose average size, in the year for which payment is to be made, not counting Police Corps participants assigned under section 106, has declined more than 2 percent since January 1, 1993; or

        (B) which has members who have been laid off but not retired; and

      (2) no such payment shall be made on account of any Police Corps participant for years of service after the completion of the term of service prescribed in section 200109.

SEC. 200112. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle $20,000 for each of the fiscal years 1996 through 2000.

SEC. 200113. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than April 1 of each year, the Director shall submit a report to the Attorney General, the President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the President of the Senate.

    (b) CONTENTS- A report under subsection (a) shall--

      (1) state the number of current and past participants in the Police Corps program, broken down according to the levels of educational study in which they are engaged and years of service they have served on police forces (including service following completion of the 4-year service obligation);

      (2) describe the geographic, racial, and gender dispersion of participants in the Police Corps program; and

      (3) describe the progress of the Police Corps program and make recommendations for changes in the program.

Subtitle B--Law Enforcement Scholarship Program

SEC. 200201. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Law Enforcement Scholarships and Recruitment Act'.

SEC. 200202. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle--

      `Director' means the Director of the Office of the Police Corps and Law Enforcement Education appointed under section 200104.

      `educational expenses' means expenses that are directly attributable to--

        (A) a course of education leading to the award of an associate degree;

        (B) a course of education leading to the award of a baccalaureate degree; or

        (C) a course of graduate study following award of a baccalaureate degree,

      including the cost of tuition, fees, books, supplies, and related expenses.

      `institution of higher education' has the meaning stated in the first sentence of section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)).

      `law enforcement position' means employment as an officer in a State or local police force, or correctional institution.

      `State' means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 200203. ALLOTMENT.

    From amounts appropriated under section 200210, the Director shall allot--

      (1) 80 percent of such amounts to States on the basis of the number of law enforcement officers in each State compared to the number of law enforcement officers in all States; and

      (2) 20 percent of such amounts to States on the basis of the shortage of law enforcement personnel and the need for assistance under this subtitle in the State compared to the shortage of law enforcement personnel and the need for assistance under this subtitle in all States.

SEC. 200204. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

    (a) USE OF ALLOTMENT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- A State that receives an allotment pursuant to section 200203 shall use the allotment to pay the Federal share of the costs of--

        (A) awarding scholarships to in-service law enforcement personnel to enable such personnel to seek further education; and

        (B) providing--

          (i) full-time employment in summer; or

          (ii) part-time (not to exceed 20 hours per week) employment for a period not to exceed 1 year.

      (2) EMPLOYMENT- The employment described in paragraph (1)(B)--

        (A) shall be provided by State and local law enforcement agencies for students who are juniors or seniors in high school or are enrolled in an institution of higher education and who demonstrate an interest in undertaking a career in law enforcement;

        (B) shall not be in a law enforcement position; and

        (C) shall consist of performing meaningful tasks that inform students of the nature of the tasks performed by law enforcement agencies.

    (b) PAYMENTS; FEDERAL SHARE; NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

      (1) PAYMENTS- Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Director shall pay to each State that receives an allotment under section 200203 the Federal share of the cost of the activities described in the application submitted pursuant to section 200203.

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share shall not exceed 60 percent.

      (3) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The non-Federal share of the cost of scholarships and student employment provided under this subtitle shall be supplied from sources other than the Federal Government.

    (c) RESPONSIBILITIES OF DIRECTOR- The Director shall be responsible for the administration of the programs conducted pursuant to this subtitle and shall, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary Education, issue rules to implement this subtitle.

    (d) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- A State that receives an allotment under section 200203 may reserve not more than 8 percent of the allotment for administrative expenses.

    (e) SPECIAL RULE- A State that receives an allotment under section 200203 shall ensure that each scholarship recipient under this subtitle be compensated at the same rate of pay and benefits and enjoy the same rights under applicable agreements with labor organizations and under State and local law as other law enforcement personnel of the same rank and tenure in the office of which the scholarship recipient is a member.

    (f) SUPPLEMENTATION OF FUNDING- Funds received under this subtitle shall only be used to supplement, and not to supplant, Federal, State, or local efforts for recruitment and education of law enforcement personnel.

SEC. 200205. SCHOLARSHIPS.

    (a) PERIOD OF AWARD- Scholarships awarded under this subtitle shall be for a period of 1 academic year.

    (b) USE OF SCHOLARSHIPS- Each individual awarded a scholarship under this subtitle may use the scholarship for educational expenses at an institution of higher education.

SEC. 200206. ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) SCHOLARSHIPS- A person shall be eligible to receive a scholarship under this subtitle if the person has been employed in law enforcement for the 2-year period immediately preceding the date on which assistance is sought.

    (b) INELIGIBILITY FOR STUDENT EMPLOYMENT- A person who has been employed as a law enforcement officer is ineligible to participate in a student employment program carried out under this subtitle.

SEC. 200207. STATE APPLICATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Each State desiring an allotment under section 200203 shall submit an application to the Director at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Director may reasonably require.

    (b) CONTENTS- An application under subsection (a) shall--

      (1) describe the scholarship program and the student employment program for which assistance under this subtitle is sought;

      (2) contain assurances that the lead agency will work in cooperation with the local law enforcement liaisons, representatives of police labor organizations and police management organizations, and other appropriate State and local agencies to develop and implement interagency agreements designed to carry out this subtitle;

      (3) contain assurances that the State will advertise the scholarship assistance and student employment it will provide under this subtitle and that the State will use such programs to enhance recruitment efforts;

      (4) contain assurances that the State will screen and select law enforcement personnel for participation in the scholarship program under this subtitle;

      (5) contain assurances that under such student employment program the State will screen and select, for participation in such program, students who have an interest in undertaking a career in law enforcement;

      (6) contain assurances that under such scholarship program the State will make scholarship payments to institutions of higher education on behalf of persons who receive scholarships under this subtitle;

      (7) with respect to such student employment program, identify--

        (A) the employment tasks that students will be assigned to perform;

        (B) the compensation that students will be paid to perform such tasks; and

        (C) the training that students will receive as part of their participation in the program;

      (8) identify model curriculum and existing programs designed to meet the educational and professional needs of law enforcement personnel; and

      (9) contain assurances that the State will promote cooperative agreements with educational and law enforcement agencies to enhance law enforcement personnel recruitment efforts in institutions of higher education.

SEC. 200208. LOCAL APPLICATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- A person who desires a scholarship or employment under this subtitle shall submit an application to the State at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the State may reasonably require.

    (b) CONTENTS- An application under subsection (a) shall describe--

      (1) the academic courses for which a scholarship is sought; or

      (2) the location and duration of employment that is sought.

    (c) PRIORITY- In awarding scholarships and providing student employment under this subtitle, each State shall give priority to applications from persons who are--

      (1) members of racial, ethnic, or gender groups whose representation in the law enforcement agencies within the State is substantially less than in the population eligible for employment in law enforcement in the State;

      (2) pursuing an undergraduate degree; and

      (3) not receiving financial assistance under the Higher Education Act of 1965.

SEC. 200209. SCHOLARSHIP AGREEMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- A person who receives a scholarship under this subtitle shall enter into an agreement with the Director.

    (b) CONTENTS- An agreement described in subsection (a) shall--

      (1) provide assurances that the scholarship recipient will work in a law enforcement position in the State that awarded the scholarship in accordance with the service obligation described in subsection (c) after completion of the scholarship recipient's academic courses leading to an associate, bachelor, or graduate degree;

      (2) provide assurances that the scholarship recipient will repay the entire scholarship in accordance with such terms and conditions as the Director shall prescribe if the requirements of the agreement are not complied with, unless the scholarship recipient--

        (A) dies;

        (B) becomes physically or emotionally disabled, as established by the sworn affidavit of a qualified physician; or

        (C) has been discharged in bankruptcy; and

      (3) set forth the terms and conditions under which the scholarship recipient may seek employment in the field of law enforcement in a State other than the State that awarded the scholarship.

    (c) SERVICE OBLIGATION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), a person who receives a scholarship under this subtitle shall work in a law enforcement position in the State that awarded the scholarship for a period of 1 month for each credit hour for which funds are received under the scholarship.

      (2) SPECIAL RULE- For purposes of satisfying the requirement of paragraph (1), a scholarship recipient shall work in a law enforcement position in the State that awarded the scholarship for not less than 6 months but shall not be required to work in such a position for more than 2 years.

SEC. 200210. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle--

      (1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

    (b) USES OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated under subsection (a) for a fiscal year--

      (1) 80 percent shall be available to provide scholarships described in section 200204(a)(1)(A); and

      (2) 20 percent shall be available to provide employment described in sections 200204(a)(1)(B) and 200204(a)(2).

TITLE XXI--STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

Subtitle A--Byrne Program

SEC. 210101. EXTENSION OF BYRNE GRANT FUNDING.

    There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 1995 through 2000 such sums as may be necessary to carry out the programs under parts D and E of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, of which the following amounts may be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund:

      (1) $580,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;

      (2) $130,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (3) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (4) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (5) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (6) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle B--Law Enforcement Family Support

SEC. 210201. LAW ENFORCEMENT FAMILY SUPPORT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 50001(a), is amended--

      (1) by redesignating part W as part X;

      (2) by redesignating section 2301 as 2401; and

      (3) by inserting after part V the following new part:

`PART W--FAMILY SUPPORT

`SEC. 2301. DUTIES.

    `The Attorney General shall--

      `(1) establish guidelines and oversee the implementation of family-friendly policies within law enforcement-related offices and divisions in the Department of Justice;

      `(2) study the effects of stress on law enforcement personnel and family well-being and disseminate the findings of such studies to Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, related organizations, and other interested parties;

      `(3) identify and evaluate model programs that provide support services to law enforcement personnel and families;

      `(4) provide technical assistance and training programs to develop stress reduction and family support to State and local law enforcement agencies;

      `(5) collect and disseminate information regarding family support, stress reduction, and psychological services to Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, law enforcement-related organizations, and other interested entities; and

      `(6) determine issues to be researched by the Department of Justice and by grant recipients.

`SEC. 2302. GENERAL AUTHORIZATION.

    `The Attorney General may make grants to States and local law enforcement agencies and to organizations representing State or local law enforcement personnel to provide family support services to law enforcement personnel.

`SEC. 2303. USES OF FUNDS.

    `(a) IN GENERAL- A State or local law enforcement agency or organization that receives a grant under this Act shall use amounts provided under the grant to establish or improve training and support programs for law enforcement personnel.

    `(b) REQUIRED ACTIVITIES- A law enforcement agency or organization that receives funds under this part shall provide at least one of the following services:

      `(1) Counseling for law enforcement family members.

      `(2) Child care on a 24-hour basis.

      `(3) Marital and adolescent support groups.

      `(4) Stress reduction programs.

      `(5) Stress education for law enforcement recruits and families.

      `(6) Technical assistance and training programs to support any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5).

    `(c) OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES- A law enforcement agency or organization that receives funds under this part may provide the following services:

      `(1) Post-shooting debriefing for officers and their spouses.

      `(2) Group therapy.

      `(3) Hypertension clinics.

      `(4) Critical incident response on a 24-hour basis.

      `(5) Law enforcement family crisis telephone services on a 24-hour basis.

      `(6) Counseling for law enforcement personnel exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus.

      `(7) Counseling for peers.

      `(8) Counseling for families of personnel killed in the line of duty.

      `(9) Seminars regarding alcohol, drug use, gambling, and overeating.

      `(10) Technical assistance and training to support any or all of the services described in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9).

`SEC. 2304. APPLICATIONS.

    `A law enforcement agency or organization desiring to receive a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General an application at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require. Such application shall--

      `(1) certify that the law enforcement agency shall match all Federal funds with an equal amount of cash or in-kind goods or services from other non-Federal sources;

      `(2) include a statement from the highest ranking law enforcement official from the State or locality or from the highest ranking official from the organization applying for the grant that attests to the need and intended use of services to be provided with grant funds; and

      `(3) assure that the Attorney General or the Comptroller General of the United States shall have access to all records related to the receipt and use of grant funds received under this part.

`SEC. 2305. AWARD OF GRANTS; LIMITATION.

    `(a) GRANT DISTRIBUTION- In approving grants under this part, the Attorney General shall assure an equitable distribution of assistance among the States, among urban and rural areas of the United States, and among urban and rural areas of a State.

    `(b) DURATION- The Attorney General may award a grant each fiscal year, not to exceed $100,000 to a State or local law enforcement agency or $250,000 to a law enforcement organization for a period not to exceed 5 years. In any application from a State or local law enforcement agency or organization for a grant to continue a program for the second, third, fourth, or fifth fiscal year following the first fiscal year in which a grant was awarded to such agency, the Attorney General shall review the progress made toward meeting the objectives of the program. The Attorney General may refuse to award a grant if the Attorney General finds sufficient progress has not been made toward meeting such objectives, but only after affording the applicant notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

    `(c) LIMITATION- Not more than 5 percent of grant funds received by a State or a local law enforcement agency or organization may be used for administrative purposes.

`SEC. 2306. DISCRETIONARY RESEARCH GRANTS.

    `The Attorney General may reserve 10 percent of funds to award research grants to a State or local law enforcement agency or organization to study issues of importance in the law enforcement field as determined by the Attorney General.

`SEC. 2307. REPORTS.

    `A State or local law enforcement agency or organization that receives a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General an annual report that includes--

      `(1) program descriptions;

      `(2) the number of staff employed to administer programs;

      `(3) the number of individuals who participated in programs; and

      `(4) an evaluation of the effectiveness of grant programs.

`SEC. 2308. DEFINITIONS.

    `For purposes of this part--

      `(1) the term `family-friendly policy' means a policy to promote or improve the morale and well being of law enforcement personnel and their families; and

      `(2) the term `law enforcement personnel' means individuals employed by Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 50001(b), is amended by striking the matter relating to part V and inserting the following:

`Part W--Family Support

      `Sec. 2301. Duties.

      `Sec. 2302. General authorization.

      `Sec. 2303. Uses of funds.

      `Sec. 2304. Applications.

      `Sec. 2305. Award of grants; limitation.

      `Sec. 2306. Discretionary research grants.

      `Sec. 2307. Reports.

      `Sec. 2308. Definitions.

`Part V--Transition-Effective Date-Repeals

      `Sec. 2301. Continuation of rules, authorities, and privileges.'.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 50001(c), is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `and V' and inserting `V, and W'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(21) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part W--

      `(1) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $7,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

Subtitle C--DNA Identification

SEC. 210301. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `DNA Identification Act of 1994'.

SEC. 210302. FUNDING TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY AND AVAILABILITY OF DNA ANALYSES FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT IDENTIFICATION PURPOSES.

    (a) DRUG CONTROL AND SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT GRANT PROGRAM- Section 501(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3751(b)) as amended by section 150003, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (23);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (24) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(25) developing or improving in a forensic laboratory a capability to analyze deoxyribonucleic acid (hereinafter in this title referred to as `DNA') for identification purposes.'.

    (b) STATE APPLICATIONS- Section 503(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3753(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(12) If any part of funds received from a grant made under this part is to be used to develop or improve a DNA analysis capability in a forensic laboratory, a certification that--

        `(A) DNA analyses performed at such laboratory will satisfy or exceed then current standards for a quality assurance program for DNA analysis, issued by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 210303 of the DNA Identification Act of 1994;

        `(B) DNA samples obtained by, and DNA analyses performed at, such laboratory will be accessible only--

          `(i) to criminal justice agencies for law enforcement identification purposes;

          `(ii) in judicial proceedings, if otherwise admissible pursuant to applicable statutes or rules;

          `(iii) for criminal defense purposes, to a defendant, who shall have access to samples and analyses performed in connection with the case in which such defendant is charged; or

          `(iv) if personally identifiable information is removed, for a population statistics database, for identification research and protocol development purposes, or for quality control purposes; and

        `(C) such laboratory, and each analyst performing DNA analyses at such laboratory, will undergo, at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days, external proficiency testing by a DNA proficiency testing program meeting the standards issued under section 210303 of the DNA Identification Act of 1994.'.

    (c) DNA IDENTIFICATION GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 210201(a), is amended--

        (A) by redesignating part X as part Y;

        (B) by redesignating section 2401 as section 2501; and

        (C) by inserting after part W the following new part:

`PART X--DNA IDENTIFICATION GRANTS

`SEC. 2401. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    `The Attorney General may make funds available under this part to States and units of local government, or combinations thereof, to carry out all or a substantial part of a program or project intended to develop or improve the capability to analyze deoxyribonucleic acid (referred to in this part as `DNA') in a forensic laboratory.

`SEC. 2402. APPLICATIONS.

    `To request a grant under this part, the chief executive officer of a State or unit of local government shall submit an application in such form as the Attorney General may require.

`SEC. 2403. APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    `No grant may be made under this part unless an application has been submitted to the Attorney General in which the applicant certifies that--

      `(1) DNA analyses performed at the laboratory will satisfy or exceed then current standards for a quality assurance program for DNA analysis issued by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 210303 of the DNA Identification Act of 1994.

      `(2) DNA samples obtained by and DNA analyses performed at the laboratory shall be made available only--

        `(A) to criminal justice agencies for law enforcement identification purposes;

        `(B) in judicial proceedings, if otherwise admissible pursuant to applicable statutes or rules;

        `(C) for criminal defense purposes, to a defendant, who shall have access to samples and analyses performed in connection with the case in which the defendant is charged; or

        `(D) if personally identifiable information is removed, for a population statistics database, for identification research and protocol development purposes, or for quality control purposes; and

      `(3) the laboratory and each analyst performing DNA analyses at the laboratory shall undergo, at regular intervals not exceeding 180 days, external proficiency testing by a DNA proficiency testing program that meets the standards issued under section 210303 of the DNA Identification Act of 1994.

`SEC. 2404. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    `(a) REGULATION AUTHORITY- The Attorney General may promulgate guidelines, regulations, and procedures, as necessary to carry out the purposes of this part, including limitations on the number of awards made during each fiscal year, the submission and review of applications, selection criteria, and the extension or continuation of awards.

    `(b) AWARD AUTHORITY- The Attorney General shall have final authority over all funds awarded under this part.

    `(c) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- To assist and measure the effectiveness and performance of programs and activities funded under this part, the Attorney General may provide technical assistance as required.

`SEC. 2405. RESTRICTIONS ON USE OF FUNDS.

    `(a) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement made under this part may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the project described in the application submitted for the fiscal year for which the project receives assistance.

    `(b) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- A State or unit of local government may not use more than 10 percent of the funds it receives from this part for administrative expenses.

`SEC. 2406. REPORTS.

    `(a) REPORTS TO ATTORNEY GENERAL- Each State or unit of local government which receives a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General, for each year in which funds from a grant received under this part is expended, a report at such time and in such manner as the Attorney General may reasonably require which contains--

      `(1) a summary of the activities carried out under the grant and an assessment of whether such activities are meeting the needs identified in the application submitted under section 2402; and

      `(2) such other information as the Attorney General may require.

    `(b) REPORTS TO CONGRESS- Not later than 90 days after the end of each fiscal year for which grants are made under this part, the Attorney General shall submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate, a report that includes--

      `(1) the aggregate amount of grants made under this part to each State or unit of local government for such fiscal year; and

      `(2) a summary of the information provided in compliance with subsection (a)(1).

`SEC. 2407. EXPENDITURE RECORDS.

    `(a) RECORDS- Each State or unit of local government which receives a grant under this part shall keep records as the Attorney General may require to facilitate an effective audit.

    `(b) ACCESS- The Attorney General, the Comptroller General, or their designated agents shall have access, for the purpose of audit and examination, to any books, documents, and records of States and units of local government which receive grants made under this part if, in the opinion of the Attorney General, the Comptroller General, or their designated agents, such books, documents, and records are related to the receipt or use of any such grant.'.

      (2) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section 210201(b), is amended by striking the matter relating to part X and inserting the following:

`Part X--DNA Identification Grants

      `Sec. 2401. Grant authorization.

      `Sec. 2402. Applications.

      `Sec. 2403. Application requirements.

      `Sec. 2404. Administrative provisions.

      `Sec. 2405. Restrictions on use of funds.

      `Sec. 2406. Reports.

      `Sec. 2407. Expenditure records.

`Part Y--Transition-Effective Date-Repealer

      `Sec. 2501. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.'.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1001 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793), as amended by section 210201(c), is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (3) by striking `and W' and inserting `W, and X'; and

        (B) adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(22) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part X--

      `(1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      `(2) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      `(3) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      `(4) $13,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      `(5) $17,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.'.

      (4) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date that is 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 210303. QUALITY ASSURANCE AND PROFICIENCY TESTING STANDARDS.

    (a) PUBLICATION OF QUALITY ASSURANCE AND PROFICIENCY TESTING STANDARDS- (1)(A) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall appoint an advisory board on DNA quality assurance methods from among nominations proposed by the head of the National Academy of Sciences and professional societies of crime laboratory officials.

    (B) The advisory board shall include as members scientists from State, local, and private forensic laboratories, molecular geneticists and population geneticists not affiliated with a forensic laboratory, and a representative from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

    (C) The advisory board shall develop, and if appropriate, periodically revise, recommended standards for quality assurance, including standards for testing the proficiency of forensic laboratories, and forensic analysts, in conducting analyses of DNA.

    (2) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, after taking into consideration such recommended standards, shall issue (and revise from time to time) standards for quality assurance, including standards for testing the proficiency of forensic laboratories, and forensic analysts, in conducting analyses of DNA.

    (3) The standards described in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall specify criteria for quality assurance and proficiency tests to be applied to the various types of DNA analyses used by forensic laboratories. The standards shall also include a system for grading proficiency testing performance to determine whether a laboratory is performing acceptably.

    (4) Until such time as the advisory board has made recommendations to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Director has acted upon those recommendations, the quality assurance guidelines adopted by the technical working group on DNA analysis methods shall be deemed the Director's standards for purposes of this section.

    (b) ADMINISTRATION OF THE ADVISORY BOARD- (1) For administrative purposes, the advisory board appointed under subsection (a) shall be considered an advisory board to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    (2) Section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply with respect to the advisory board appointed under subsection (a).

    (3) The DNA advisory board established under this section shall be separate and distinct from any other advisory board administered by the FBI, and is to be administered separately.

    (4) The board shall cease to exist on the date 5 years after the initial appointments are made to the board, unless the existence of the board is extended by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

    (c) PROFICIENCY TESTING PROGRAM- (1) Not later than 1 year after the effective date of this Act, the Director of the National Institute of Justice shall certify to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House and Senate that--

      (A) the Institute has entered into a contract with, or made a grant to, an appropriate entity for establishing, or has taken other appropriate action to ensure that there is established, not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, a blind external proficiency testing program for DNA analyses, which shall be available to public and private laboratories performing forensic DNA analyses;

      (B) a blind external proficiency testing program for DNA analyses is already readily available to public and private laboratories performing forensic DNA analyses; or

      (C) it is not feasible to have blind external testing for DNA forensic analyses.

    (2) As used in this subsection, the term `blind external proficiency test' means a test that is presented to a forensic laboratory through a second agency and appears to the analysts to involve routine evidence.

    (3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General shall make available to the Director of the National Institute of Justice during the first fiscal year in which funds are distributed under this subtitle up to $250,000 from the funds available under part X of Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 210304. INDEX TO FACILITATE LAW ENFORCEMENT EXCHANGE OF DNA IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF INDEX- The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may establish an index of--

      (1) DNA identification records of persons convicted of crimes;

      (2) analyses of DNA samples recovered from crime scenes; and

      (3) analyses of DNA samples recovered from unidentified human remains.

    (b) INFORMATION- The index described in subsection (a) shall include only information on DNA identification records and DNA analyses that are--

      (1) based on analyses performed by or on behalf of a criminal justice agency in accordance with publicly available standards that satisfy or exceed the guidelines for a quality assurance program for DNA analysis, issued by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 210303;

      (2) prepared by laboratories, and DNA analysts, that undergo, at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days, external proficiency testing by a DNA proficiency testing program meeting the standards issued under section 210303; and

      (3) maintained by Federal, State, and local criminal justice agencies pursuant to rules that allow disclosure of stored DNA samples and DNA analyses only--

        (A) to criminal justice agencies for law enforcement identification purposes;

        (B) in judicial proceedings, if otherwise admissible pursuant to applicable statutes or rules;

        (C) for criminal defense purposes, to a defendant, who shall have access to samples and analyses performed in connection with the case in which such defendant is charged; or

        (D) if personally identifiable information is removed, for a population statistics database, for identification research and protocol development purposes, or for quality control purposes.

    (c) FAILURE TO COMPLY- Access to the index established by this section is subject to cancellation if the quality control and privacy requirements described in subsection (b) are not met.

SEC. 210305. FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.

    (a) PROFICIENCY TESTING REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) GENERALLY- (A) Personnel at the Federal Bureau of Investigation who perform DNA analyses shall undergo, at regular intervals of not to exceed 180 days, external proficiency testing by a DNA proficiency testing program meeting the standards issued under section 210303.

      (B) Within 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall arrange for periodic blind external tests to determine the proficiency of DNA analysis performed at the Federal Bureau of Investigation laboratory.

      (C) In this paragraph, `blind external test' means a test that is presented to the laboratory through a second agency and appears to the analysts to involve routine evidence.

      (2) REPORT- For 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House and Senate an annual report on the results of each of the tests described in paragraph (1).

    (b) PRIVACY PROTECTION STANDARDS-

      (1) GENERALLY- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the results of DNA tests performed for a Federal law enforcement agency for law enforcement purposes may be disclosed only--

        (A) to criminal justice agencies for law enforcement identification purposes;

        (B) in judicial proceedings, if otherwise admissible pursuant to applicable statues or rules; and

        (C) for criminal defense purposes, to a defendant, who shall have access to samples and analyses performed in connection with the case in which such defendant is charged.

      (2) EXCEPTION- If personally identifiable information is removed, test results may be disclosed for a population statistics database, for identification research and protocol development purposes, or for quality control purposes.

    (c) CRIMINAL PENALTY- (1) A person who--

      (A) by virtue of employment or official position, has possession of, or access to, individually identifiable DNA information indexed in a database created or maintained by any Federal law enforcement agency; and

      (B) knowingly discloses such information in any manner to any person or agency not authorized to receive it,

    shall be fined not more than $100,000.

    (2) A person who, without authorization, knowingly obtains DNA samples or individually identifiable DNA information indexed in a database created or maintained by any Federal law enforcement agency shall be fined not more than $100,000.

SEC. 210306. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Federal Bureau of Investigation to carry out sections 210303, 210304, and 210305--

      (1) $5,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

Subtitle D--Police Pattern or Practice

SEC. 210401. CAUSE OF ACTION.

    (a) UNLAWFUL CONDUCT- It shall be unlawful for any governmental authority, or any agent thereof, or any person acting on behalf of a governmental authority, to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct by law enforcement officers or by officials or employees of any governmental agency with responsibility for the administration of juvenile justice or the incarceration of juveniles that deprives persons of rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States.

    (b) CIVIL ACTION BY ATTORNEY GENERAL- Whenever the Attorney General has reasonable cause to believe that a violation of paragraph (1) has occurred, the Attorney General, for or in the name of the United States, may in a civil action obtain appropriate equitable and declaratory relief to eliminate the pattern or practice.

SEC. 210402. DATA ON USE OF EXCESSIVE FORCE.

    (a) ATTORNEY GENERAL TO COLLECT- The Attorney General shall, through appropriate means, acquire data about the use of excessive force by law enforcement officers.

    (b) LIMITATION ON USE OF DATA- Data acquired under this section shall be used only for research or statistical purposes and may not contain any information that may reveal the identity of the victim or any law enforcement officer.

    (c) ANNUAL SUMMARY- The Attorney General shall publish an annual summary of the data acquired under this section.

Subtitle E--Improved Training and Technical Automation

SEC. 210501. IMPROVED TRAINING AND TECHNICAL AUTOMATION.

    (a) GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, make grants to State, Indian tribal, and local criminal justice agencies and to nonprofit organizations for the purposes of improving criminal justice agency efficiency through computerized automation and technological improvements.

      (2) TYPES OF PROGRAMS- Grants under this section may include programs to--

        (A) increase use of mobile digital terminals;

        (B) improve communications systems, such as computer-aided dispatch and incident reporting systems;

        (C) accomplish paper-flow reduction;

        (D) establish or improve ballistics identification programs;

        (E) increase the application of automated fingerprint identification systems and their communications on an interstate and intrastate basis; and

        (F) improve computerized collection of criminal records.

      (3) FUNDING- No funds under this subtitle may be used to implement any cryptographic or digital telephony programs.

    (b) TRAINING AND INVESTIGATIVE ASSISTANCE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations--

        (A) expand and improve investigative and managerial training courses for State, Indian tribal, and local law enforcement agencies; and

        (B) develop and implement, on a pilot basis with no more than 10 participating cities, an intelligent information system that gathers, integrates, organizes, and analyzes information in active support of investigations by Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies of violent serial crimes.

      (2) IMPROVEMENT OF FACILITIES- The improvement described in subsection (a) shall include improvements of the training facilities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation Academy at Quantico, Virginia.

      (3) INTELLIGENT INFORMATION SYSTEM- The intelligent information system described in paragraph (1)(B) shall be developed and implemented by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and shall utilize the resources of the Violent Criminal Apprehension Program.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated--

      (1) to carry out subsection (a)--

        (A) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $23,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $23,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $24,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

      (2) to carry out subsection (b)(1)--

        (A) $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $6,000,000 for fiscal year 2000; and

      (3) to carry out subsection (b)(2)--

        $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.

    (d) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `Indian tribe' means a tribe, band, pueblo, nation, or other organized group or community of Indians, including an Alaska Native village (as defined in or established under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

      `State' means a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands.

Subtitle F--Other State and Local Aid

SEC. 210601. REAUTHORIZATION OF OFFICE OF JUSTICE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by striking `1993 and 1994' and inserting `1994 and 1995';

      (2) in paragraph (2) by striking `1993 and 1994' and inserting `1994 and 1995';

      (3) in paragraph (3) by striking `1993 and 1994' and inserting `1994 and 1995';

      (4) in paragraph (5) by striking `1993 and 1994' and inserting `1994 and 1995';

      (5) in paragraph (6) by inserting `and 1995' after `1994';

      (6) in paragraph (7) by striking `1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994,' and inserting `1994 and 1995';

      (7) in paragraph (8) by inserting `and 1995' after `1994'; and

      (8) in paragraph (9) by inserting `and 1995' after `1994'.

SEC. 210602. FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO EASE THE INCREASED BURDENS ON STATE COURT SYSTEMS RESULTING FROM ENACTMENT OF THIS ACT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriation, make grants for States and units of local government to pay the costs of providing increased resources for courts, prosecutors, public defenders, and other criminal justice participants as necessary to meet the increased demands for judicial activities resulting from the provisions of this Act and amendments made by this Act.

    (b) APPLICATIONS- In carrying out this section, the Attorney General may make grants to, or enter into contracts with public or private agencies, institutions, or organizations or individuals to carry out any purpose specified in this section. The Attorney General shall have final authority over all funds awarded under this section.

    (c) RECORDS- Each recipient that receives a grant under this section shall keep such records as the Attorney General may require to facilitate an effective audit.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $23,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

      (3) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (4) $32,000,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

      (5) $35,000,000 for fiscal year 2000,

    to remain available for obligation until expended.

SEC. 210603. AVAILABILITY OF VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND TO FUND ACTIVITIES AUTHORIZED BY THE BRADY HANDGUN VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACT AND THE NATIONAL CHILD PROTECTION ACT OF 1993.

    (a) APPROPRIATIONS- Of the amounts authorized in Sections 103(k) and 106(b)(2) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) and in section 4(b) of the National Child Protection Act of 1993 (42 U.S.C. 5119b(b)), a total of $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 may be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established by this Act.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Sections 103(k) and 106(b) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) are each amended by striking `, which may be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund,'.

TITLE XXII--MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION

SEC. 220001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act'.

SEC. 220002. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Attorney General shall develop, in cooperation with the States, a national voluntary motor vehicle theft prevention program (in this section referred to as the `program') under which--

      (1) the owner of a motor vehicle may voluntarily sign a consent form with a participating State or locality in which the motor vehicle owner--

        (A) states that the vehicle is not normally operated under certain specified conditions; and

        (B) agrees to--

          (i) display program decals or devices on the owner's vehicle; and

          (ii) permit law enforcement officials in any State to stop the motor vehicle and take reasonable steps to determine whether the vehicle is being operated by or with the permission of the owner, if the vehicle is being operated under the specified conditions; and

      (2) participating States and localities authorize law enforcement officials in the State or locality to stop motor vehicles displaying program decals or devices under specified conditions and take reasonable steps to determine whether the vehicle is being operated by or with the permission of the owner.

    (b) Uniform Decal or Device Designs-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The motor vehicle theft prevention program developed pursuant to this section shall include a uniform design or designs for decals or other devices to be displayed by motor vehicles participating in the program.

      (2) TYPE OF DESIGN- The uniform design shall--

        (A) be highly visible; and

        (B) explicitly state that the motor vehicle to which it is affixed may be stopped under the specified conditions without additional grounds for establishing a reasonable suspicion that the vehicle is being operated unlawfully.

    (c) VOLUNTARY CONSENT FORM- The voluntary consent form used to enroll in the program shall--

      (1) clearly state that participation in the program is voluntary;

      (2) clearly explain that participation in the program means that, if the participating vehicle is being operated under the specified conditions, law enforcement officials may stop the vehicle and take reasonable steps to determine whether it is being operated by or with the consent of the owner, even if the law enforcement officials have no other basis for believing that the vehicle is being operated unlawfully;

      (3) include an express statement that the vehicle is not normally operated under the specified conditions and that the operation of the vehicle under those conditions would provide sufficient grounds for a prudent law enforcement officer to reasonably believe that the vehicle was not being operated by or with the consent of the owner; and

      (4) include any additional information that the Attorney General may reasonably require.

    (d) SPECIFIED CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH STOPS MAY BE AUTHORIZED-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall promulgate rules establishing the conditions under which participating motor vehicles may be authorized to be stopped under this section. These conditions may not be based on race, creed, color, national origin, gender, or age. These conditions may include--

        (A) the operation of the vehicle during certain hours of the day; or

        (B) the operation of the vehicle under other circumstances that would provide a sufficient basis for establishing a reasonable suspicion that the vehicle was not being operated by the owner, or with the consent of the owner.

      (2) MORE THAN ONE SET OF CONDITIONS- The Attorney General may establish more than one set of conditions under which participating motor vehicles may be stopped. If more than one set of conditions is established, a separate consent form and a separate design for program decals or devices shall be established for each set of conditions. The Attorney General may choose to satisfy the requirement of a separate design for program decals or devices under this paragraph by the use of a design color that is clearly distinguishable from other design colors.

      (3) NO NEW CONDITIONS WITHOUT CONSENT- After the program has begun, the conditions under which a vehicle may be stopped if affixed with a certain decal or device design may not be expanded without the consent of the owner.

      (4) LIMITED PARTICIPATION BY STATES AND LOCALITIES- A State or locality need not authorize the stopping of motor vehicles under all sets of conditions specified under the program in order to participate in the program.

    (e) MOTOR VEHICLES FOR HIRE-

      (1) NOTIFICATION TO LESSEES- Any person who is in the business of renting or leasing motor vehicles and who rents or leases a motor vehicle on which a program decal or device is affixed shall, prior to transferring possession of the vehicle, notify the person to whom the motor vehicle is rented or leased about the program.

      (2) TYPE OF NOTICE- The notice required by this subsection shall--

        (A) be in writing;

        (B) be in a prominent format to be determined by the Attorney General; and

        (C) explain the possibility that if the motor vehicle is operated under the specified conditions, the vehicle may be stopped by law enforcement officials even if the officials have no other basis for believing that the vehicle is being operated unlawfully.

      (3) FINE FOR FAILURE TO PROVIDE NOTICE- Failure to provide proper notice under this subsection shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed $5,000.

    (f) NOTIFICATION OF POLICE- As a condition of participating in the program, a State or locality must agree to take reasonable steps to ensure that law enforcement officials throughout the State or locality are familiar with the program, and with the conditions under which motor vehicles may be stopped under the program.

    (g) REGULATIONS- The Attorney General shall promulgate regulations to implement this section.

    (h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to carry out this section.

      (1) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $1,700,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (3) $1,800,000 for fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 220003. ALTERING OR REMOVING MOTOR VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS.

    (a) BASIC OFFENSE- Subsection (a) of section 511 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    `(a) A person who--

      `(1) knowingly removes, obliterates, tampers with, or alters an identification number for a motor vehicle or motor vehicle part; or

      `(2) with intent to further the theft of a motor vehicle, knowingly removes, obliterates, tampers with, or alters a decal or device affixed to a motor vehicle pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act,

    shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.'.

    (b) EXCEPTED PERSONS- Paragraph (2) of section 511(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' after the semicolon in subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

        `(D) a person who removes, obliterates, tampers with, or alters a decal or device affixed to a motor vehicle pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act, if that person is the owner of the motor vehicle, or is authorized to remove, obliterate, tamper with or alter the decal or device by--

          `(i) the owner or his authorized agent;

          `(ii) applicable State or local law; or

          `(iii) regulations promulgated by the Attorney General to implement the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act.'.

    (c) DEFINITION- Section 511 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following:

    `(d) For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, the term `tampers with' includes covering a program decal or device affixed to a motor vehicle pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act for the purpose of obstructing its visibility.'.

    (d) UNAUTHORIZED APPLICATION OF A DECAL OR DEVICE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 25 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after section 511 the following new section:

`Sec. 511A. Unauthorized application of theft prevention decal or device

    `(a) Whoever affixes to a motor vehicle a theft prevention decal or other device, or a replica thereof, unless authorized to do so pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act, shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $1,000.

    `(b) For purposes of this section, the term `theft prevention decal or device' means a decal or other device designed in accordance with a uniform design for such devices developed pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Act.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 25 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to section 511 the following new item:

      `511A. Unauthorized application of theft prevention decal or device.'.

TITLE XXIII--VICTIMS OF CRIME

Subtitle A--Victims of Crime

SEC. 230101. VICTIM'S RIGHT OF ALLOCUTION IN SENTENCING.

    (a) MODIFICATION OF PROPOSED AMENDMENTS- The proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure which are embraced by an order entered by the Supreme Court of the United States on April 29, 1994, shall take effect on December 1, 1994, as otherwise provided by law, but with the following amendments:

    (b) IN GENERAL- Rule 32 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure is amended by--

      (1) striking `and' following the semicolon in subdivision (c)(3)(C);

      (2) striking the period at the end of subdivision (c)(3)(D) and inserting `; and';

      (3) inserting after subdivision (c)(3)(D) the following:

        `(E) if sentence is to be imposed for a crime of violence or sexual abuse, address the victim personally if the victim is present at the sentencing hearing and determine if the victim wishes to make a statement or present any information in relation to the sentence.';

      (4) in subdivision (c)(3)(D), striking `equivalent opportunity' and inserting in lieu thereof `opportunity equivalent to that of the defendant's counsel';

      (5) in the last sentence of subdivision (c)(4), striking `and (D)' and inserting `(D), and (E)';

      (6) in the last sentence of subdivision (c)(4), inserting `the victim,' before `or the attorney for the Government.'; and

      (7) adding at the end the following:

    `(f) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this rule--

      `(1) `victim' means any individual against whom an offense has been committed for which a sentence is to be imposed, but the right of allocution under subdivision (c)(3)(E) may be exercised instead by--

        `(A) a parent or legal guardian if the victim is below the age of eighteen years or incompetent; or

        `(B) one or more family members or relatives designated by the court if the victim is deceased or incapacitated;

      if such person or persons are present at the sentencing hearing, regardless of whether the victim is present; and

      `(2) `crime of violence or sexual abuse' means a crime that involved the use or attempted or threatened use of physical force against the person or property of another, or a crime under chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code.'.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (b) shall become effective on December 1, 1994.

SEC. 230102. SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING THE RIGHT OF A VICTIM OF A VIOLENT CRIME OR SEXUAL ABUSE TO SPEAK AT AN OFFENDER'S SENTENCING HEARING AND ANY PAROLE HEARING.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--

      (1) the law of a State should provide for a victim's right of allocution at a sentencing hearing and at any parole hearing if the offender has been convicted of a crime of violence or sexual abuse;

      (2) such a victim should have an opportunity equivalent to the opportunity accorded to the offender to address the sentencing court or parole board and to present information in relation to the sentence imposed or to the early release of the offender; and

      (3) if the victim is not able to or chooses not to testify at a sentencing hearing or parole hearing, the victim's parents, legal guardian, or family members should have the right to address the court or board.

Subtitle B--Crime Victims' Fund

SEC. 230201. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR COSTS AND GRANTS.

    (a) GENERALLY- Section 1402(d) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10601(d)) is amended by--

      (1) striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

      `(2) the next $10,000,000 deposited in the Fund shall be available for grants under section 1404A.';

      (2) striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:

      `(3) Of the remaining amount deposited in the Fund in a particular fiscal year--

        `(A) 48.5 percent shall be available for grants under section 1403;

        `(B) 48.5 percent shall be available for grants under section 1404(a); and

        `(C) 3 percent shall be available for grants under section 1404(c).';

      (3) striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

      `(4) The Director may retain any portion of the Fund that was deposited during a fiscal year that is in excess of 110 percent of the total amount deposited in the Fund during the preceding fiscal year as a reserve for use in a year in which the Fund falls below the amount available in the previous year. Such reserve may not exceed $20,000,000.'; and

      (4) striking paragraph (5).

(b) CONFORMING CROSS REFERENCE- Section 1402(g)(1) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10601(g)(1)) is amended by striking `(d)(2)(D)' and inserting `(d)(2)'.

SEC. 230202. RELATIONSHIP OF CRIME VICTIM COMPENSATION TO CERTAIN FEDERAL PROGRAMS.

    Section 1403 of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10602) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(e) Notwithstanding any other law, if the compensation paid by an eligible crime victim compensation program would cover costs that a Federal program, or a federally financed State or local program, would otherwise pay,--

      `(1) such crime victim compensation program shall not pay that compensation; and

      `(2) the other program shall make its payments without regard to the existence of the crime victim compensation program.'.

SEC. 230203. ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS FOR CRIME VICTIM COMPENSATION.

    (a) CREATION OF EXCEPTION- The final sentence of section 1403(a)(1) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10602(a)(1)) is amended by striking `A grant' and inserting `Except as provided in paragraph (3), a grant'.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS OF EXCEPTION- Section 1403(a) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10602(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    `(3) Not more than 5 percent of a grant made under this section may be used for the administration of the State crime victim compensation program receiving the grant.'.

SEC. 230204. GRANTS FOR DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.

    Section 1404(c)(1)(A) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603(c)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting `demonstration projects and' before `training'.

SEC. 230205. ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS FOR CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE.

    (a) CREATION OF EXCEPTION- Section 1404(b)(2) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603(b)(2)) is amended by striking `An eligible' and inserting `Except as provided in paragraph (3), an eligible'.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS OF EXCEPTION- Section 1404(b) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(3) Not more than 5 percent of sums received under subsection (a) may be used for the administration of the State crime victim assistance program receiving such sums.'.

SEC. 230206. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

    Section 1407 of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10604) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(h) Each entity receiving sums made available under this Act for administrative purposes shall certify that such sums will not be used to supplant State or local funds, but will be used to increase the amount of such funds that would, in the absence of Federal funds, be made available for these purposes.'.

SEC. 230207. CHANGE OF DUE DATE FOR REQUIRED REPORT.

    Section 1407(g) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10604(g)) is amended by striking `and on December 31 every two years thereafter', and inserting `and on June 30 every two years thereafter'.

SEC. 230208. AMENDMENT OF THE VICTIMS OF CRIME ACT.

    Section 1404(a)(5)(B) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603(a)(5)(B)) is amended to read as follows:

      `(B) $200,000 thereafter.'.

TITLE XXIV--PROTECTIONS FOR THE ELDERLY

SEC. 240001. MISSING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE PATIENT ALERT PROGRAM.

    (a) GRANT- The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, award a grant to an eligible organization to assist the organization in paying for the costs of planning, designing, establishing, and operating a Missing Alzheimer's Disease Patient Alert Program, which shall be a locally based, proactive program to protect and locate missing patients with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.

    (b) APPLICATION- To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), an organization shall submit an application to the Attorney General at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Attorney General may require, including, at a minimum, an assurance that the organization will obtain and use assistance from private nonprofit organizations to support the program.

    (c) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATION- The Attorney General shall award the grant described in subsection (a) to a national voluntary organization that has a direct link to patients, and families of patients, with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      (1) $900,000 for fiscal year 1996;

      (2) $900,000 for fiscal year 1997; and

      (3) $900,000 for fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 240002. CRIMES AGAINST THE ELDERLY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Pursuant to its authority under the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 and section 21 of the Sentencing Act of 1987 (including its authority to amend the sentencing guidelines and policy statements) and its authority to make such amendments on an emergency basis, the United States Sentencing Commission shall ensure that the applicable guideline range for a defendant convicted of a crime of violence against an elderly victim is sufficiently stringent to deter such a crime, to protect the public from additional crimes of such a defendant, and to adequately reflect the heinous nature of such an offense.

    (b) CRITERIA- In carrying out subsection (a), the United States Sentencing Commission shall ensure that--

      (1) the guidelines provide for increasingly severe punishment for a defendant commensurate with the degree of physical harm caused to the elderly victim;

      (2) the guidelines take appropriate account of the vulnerability of the victim; and

      (3) the guidelines provide enhanced punishment for a defendant convicted of a crime of violence against an elderly victim who has previously been convicted of a crime of violence against an elderly victim, regardless of whether the conviction occurred in Federal or State court.

    (c) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `crime of violence' means an offense under section 113, 114, 1111, 1112, 1113, 1117, 2241, 2242, or 2244 of title 18, United States Code.

      `elderly victim' means a victim who is 65 years of age or older at the time of an offense.

TITLE XXV--SENIOR CITIZENS AGAINST MARKETING SCAMS

SEC. 250001. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Senior Citizens Against Marketing Scams Act of 1994'.

SEC. 250002. ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR TELEMARKETING FRAUD.

    (a) OFFENSE- Part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating chapter 113A as chapter 113B; and

      (2) by inserting after chapter 113 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 113A--TELEMARKETING FRAUD

`Sec.

      `2325. Definition.

      `2326. Enhanced penalties.

      `2327. Mandatory restitution.

`Sec. 2325. Definition

    `In this chapter, `telemarketing'--

      `(1) means a plan, program, promotion, or campaign that is conducted to induce--

        `(A) purchases of goods or services; or

        `(B) participation in a contest or sweepstakes,

      by use of 1 or more interstate telephone calls initiated either by a person who is conducting the plan, program, promotion, or campaign or by a prospective purchaser or contest or sweepstakes participant; but

      `(2) does not include the solicitation of sales through the mailing of a catalog that--

        `(A) contains a written description or illustration of the goods or services offered for sale;

        `(B) includes the business address of the seller;

        `(C) includes multiple pages of written material or illustration; and

        `(D) has been issued not less frequently than once a year,

      if the person making the solicitation does not solicit customers by telephone but only receives calls initiated by customers in response to the catalog and during those calls takes orders without further solicitation.

`Sec. 2326. Enhanced penalties

    `A person who is convicted of an offense under section 1028, 1029, 1341, 1342, 1343, or 1344 in connection with the conduct of telemarketing--

      `(1) may be imprisoned for a term of up to 5 years in addition to any term of imprisonment imposed under any of those sections, respectively; and

      `(2) in the case of an offense under any of those sections that--

        `(A) victimized ten or more persons over the age of 55; or

        `(B) targeted persons over the age of 55,

      may be imprisoned for a term of up to 10 years in addition to any term of imprisonment imposed under any of those sections, respectively.

`Sec. 2327. Mandatory restitution

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 3663, and in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty authorized by law, the court shall order restitution for any offense under this chapter.

    `(b) SCOPE AND NATURE OF ORDER-

      `(1) DIRECTIONS- The order of restitution under this section shall direct that--

        `(A) the defendant pay to the victim (through the appropriate court mechanism) the full amount of the victim's losses as determined by the court, pursuant to paragraph (3); and

        `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution order by all available and reasonable means.

      `(2) ENFORCEMENT BY VICTIM- An order of restitution may be enforced by a victim named in the order to receive the restitution as well as by the United States Attorney, in the same manner as a judgment in a civil action.

      `(3) DEFINITION- For purposes of this subsection, the term `full amount of the victim's losses' means all losses suffered by the victim as a proximate result of the offense.

      `(4) ORDER MANDATORY- (A) The issuance of a restitution order under this section is mandatory.

      `(B) A court may not decline to issue an order under this section because of--

        `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or

        `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to, receive compensation for his or her injuries from the proceeds of insurance or any other source.

      `(C)(i) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the court may take into account the economic circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid.

      `(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term `economic circumstances' includes--

        `(I) the financial resources and other assets of the defendant;

        `(II) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other income of the defendant; and

        `(III) any financial obligations of the defendant, including obligations to dependents.

      `(D) Subparagraph (A) does not apply if--

        `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for the payment of any or some portion of the amount of a restitution order in the foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of payments); and

        `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the victim's losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.

      `(5) MORE THAN 1 OFFENDER- When the court finds that more than 1 offender has contributed to the loss of a victim, the court may make each offender liable for payment of the full amount of restitution or may apportion liability among the offenders to reflect the level of contribution and economic circumstances of each offender.

      `(6) MORE THAN 1 VICTIM- When the court finds that more than 1 victim has sustained a loss requiring restitution by an offender, the court shall order full restitution of each victim but may provide for different payment schedules to reflect the economic circumstances of each victim.

      `(7) PAYMENT SCHEDULE- An order under this section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment or partial payments at specified intervals.

      `(8) SETOFF- Any amount paid to a victim under this section shall be set off against any amount later recovered as compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in--

        `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and

        `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided by the law of the State.

      `(9) EFFECT ON OTHER SOURCES OF COMPENSATION- The issuance of a restitution order shall not affect the entitlement of a victim to receive compensation with respect to a loss from insurance or any other source until the payments actually received by the victim under the restitution order fully compensate the victim for the loss.

      `(10) CONDITION OF PROBATION OR SUPERVISED RELEASE- Compliance with a restitution issued under this section shall be a condition of any probation or supervised release of a defendant. The court may revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or a term of supervised release, hold the defendant in contempt pursuant to section 3583(e), or suspend the offender's eligibility for any grant, contract, loan, professional license, or commercial license provided by an agency of the United States or with appropriated funds of the United States if the defendant fails to comply with the order. In determining whether to revoke probation or a term of supervised release, modify the terms or conditions of probation or supervised release or hold a defendant serving a term of supervised release in contempt, the court shall consider the defendant's employment status, earning ability and financial resources, the willfulness of the defendant's failure to comply, and any other circumstances that may have a bearing on the defendant's ability to comply.

    `(c) PROOF OF CLAIM-

      `(1) AFFIDAVIT- Within 60 days after conviction and, in any event, not later than 10 days prior to sentencing, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee), after consulting with the victim, shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court listing the amounts subject to restitution under this section. The affidavit shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) and the victim. Should the victim object to any of the information included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall advise the victim that the victim may file a separate affidavit and shall provide the victim with an affidavit form which may be used to do so.

      `(2) OBJECTION- If, after the defendant has been notified of the affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be entered in the court's restitution order. If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) to submit further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the victim's losses.

      `(3) ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION AND TESTIMONY- If the court concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and considering the defendant's objections, that there is a substantial reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear testimony on those questions. The privacy of any records filed, or testimony heard, pursuant to this section shall be maintained to the greatest extent possible, and such records may be filed or testimony heard in camera.

      `(4) FINAL DETERMINATION OF LOSSES- If the victim's losses are not ascertainable by the date that is 10 days prior to sentencing as provided in paragraph (1), the United States Attorney (or the United States Attorney's delegee) shall so inform the court, and the court shall set a date for the final determination of the victim's losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing. If the victim subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have 60 days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the court for an amended restitution order. Such order may be granted only upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such losses in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.

    `(d) MODIFICATION OF ORDER- A victim or the offender may petition the court at any time to modify a restitution order as appropriate in view of a change in the economic circumstances of the offender.

    `(e) REFERENCE TO MAGISTRATE OR SPECIAL MASTER- The court may refer any issue arising in connection with a proposed order of restitution to a magistrate or special master for proposed findings of fact and recommendations as to disposition, subject to a de novo determination of the issue by the court.

    `(f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `victim' includes the individual harmed as a result of a commission of a crime under this chapter, including, in the case of a victim who is incompetent, incapacitated, or deceased, the legal guardian of the victim or representative of the victim's estate, another family member, or any other person appointed as suitable by the court, but in no event shall the defendant be named as such representative or guardian.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS-

      (1) PART ANALYSIS- The part analysis for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to chapter 113A and inserting the following:

2325

2331'.

      (2) CHAPTER 113B- The chapter heading for chapter 113B of title 18, United States Code, as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended to read as follows:

`CHAPTER 113B--TERRORISM'.

SEC. 250003. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR FRAUD AGAINST OLDER VICTIMS.

    (a) REVIEW- The United States Sentencing Commission shall review and, if necessary, amend the sentencing guidelines to ensure that victim related adjustments for fraud offenses against older victims over the age of 55 are adequate.

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Sentencing Commission shall report to Congress the result of its review under subsection (a).

SEC. 250004. REWARDS FOR INFORMATION LEADING TO PROSECUTION AND CONVICTION.

    Section 3059 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(c)(1) In special circumstances and in the Attorney General's sole discretion, the Attorney General may make a payment of up to $10,000 to a person who furnishes information unknown to the Government relating to a possible prosecution under section 2326 which results in a conviction.

    `(2) A person is not eligible for a payment under paragraph (1) if--

      `(A) the person is a current or former officer or employee of a Federal, State, or local government agency or instrumentality who furnishes information discovered or gathered in the course of government employment;

      `(B) the person knowingly participated in the offense;

      `(C) the information furnished by the person consists of an allegation or transaction that has been disclosed to the public--

        `(i) in a criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding;

        `(ii) in a congressional, administrative, or General Accounting Office report, hearing, audit, or investigation; or

        `(iii) by the news media, unless the person is the original source of the information; or

      `(D) when, in the judgment of the Attorney General, it appears that a person whose illegal activities are being prosecuted or investigated could benefit from the award.

    `(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(C)(iii), the term `original source' means a person who has direct and independent knowledge of the information that is furnished and has voluntarily provided the information to the Government prior to disclosure by the news media.

    `(4) Neither the failure of the Attorney General to authorize a payment under paragraph (1) nor the amount authorized shall be subject to judicial review.'.

SEC. 250005. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of carrying out this Act and the amendments made by this Act--

      (1) for the Federal Bureau of Investigation to hire, equip, and train special agents and support staff to investigate telemarketing fraud cases--

        (A) $750,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $1,800,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $1,950,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      (2) to hire, equip, and train Department of Justice attorneys, assistant United States Attorneys, and support staff to prosecute telemarketing fraud cases--

        (A) $250,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $500,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $500,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $600,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $650,000 for fiscal year 2000; and

      (3) for the Department of Justice to conduct, in cooperation with State and local law enforcement agencies and senior citizen advocacy organizations, public awareness and prevention initiatives for senior citizens, such as seminars and training--

        (A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996;

        (B) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1997;

        (C) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

        (D) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1999; and

        (E) $2,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 250006. BROADENING APPLICATION OF MAIL FRAUD STATUTE.

    Section 1341 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `or deposits or causes to be deposited any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by any private or commercial interstate carrier,' after `Postal Service,'; and

      (2) by inserting `or such carrier' after `causes to be delivered by mail'.

SEC. 250007. FRAUD AND RELATED ACTIVITY IN CONNECTION WITH ACCESS DEVICES.

    Section 1029 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (3); and

        (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraphs:

      `(5) knowingly and with intent to defraud effects transactions, with 1 or more access devices issued to another person or persons, to receive payment or any other thing of value during any 1-year period the aggregate value of which is equal to or greater than $1,000;

      `(6) without the authorization of the issuer of the access device, knowingly and with intent to defraud solicits a person for the purpose of--

        `(A) offering an access device; or

        `(B) selling information regarding or an application to obtain an access device; or

      `(7) without the authorization of the credit card system member or its agent, knowingly and with intent to defraud causes or arranges for another person to present to the member or its agent, for payment, 1 or more evidences or records of transactions made by an access device;';

      (2) in subsection (c)(1) by striking `(a)(2) or (a)(3)' and inserting `(a) (2), (3), (5), (6), or (7)'; and

      (3) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (5);

        (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting `; and'; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(7) the term `credit card system member' means a financial institution or other entity that is a member of a credit card system, including an entity, whether affiliated with or identical to the credit card issuer, that is the sole member of a credit card system.'.

SEC. 250008. INFORMATION NETWORK.

    (a) HOTLINE- The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, establish a national toll-free hotline for the purpose of--

      (1) providing general information on telemarketing fraud to interested persons; and

      (2) gathering information related to possible violations of this Act.

    (b) ACTION ON INFORMATION GATHERED- The Attorney General shall work in cooperation with the Federal Trade Commission to ensure that information gathered through the hotline shall be acted on in an appropriate manner.

TITLE XXVI--COMMISSION MEMBERSHIP AND APPOINTMENT

SEC. 260001. COMMISSION MEMBERSHIP AND APPOINTMENT.

    (a) MEMBERSHIP- Section 211(B)(f) of Public Law 101-515 (104 Stat. 2123) is amended to read as follows:

    `(f) NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall be composed of 29 members as follows:

        `(A) Nine individuals appointed from national law enforcement organizations representing law enforcement officers, of whom--

          `(i) two shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

          `(ii) two shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate;

          `(iii) two shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives;

          `(iv) two shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; and

          `(v) one shall be appointed by the President.

        `(B) Nine individuals appointed from national law enforcement organizations representing law enforcement management, of whom--

          `(i) two shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

          `(ii) two shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate;

          `(iii) two shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives;

          `(iv) two shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; and

          `(v) one shall be appointed by the President.

        `(C) Two individuals appointed with academic expertise regarding law enforcement issues, of whom--

          `(i) one shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate; and

          `(ii) one shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

        `(D) Two Members of the House of Representatives, appointed by the Speaker and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

        `(E) Two Members of the Senate, appointed by the majority leader and the minority leader of the Senate.

        `(F) One individual from the Department of Justice, appointed by the President.

        `(G) Two individuals representing a State or local governmental entity, such as a Governor, mayor, or State attorney general, to be appointed jointly by the majority leader and the minority leader of the Senate.

        `(H) Two individuals representing a State or local governmental entity, such as a Governor, mayor, or State attorney general, to be appointed jointly by the Speaker and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

      `(2) COMPTROLLER GENERAL- The Comptroller General shall serve in an advisory capacity and shall oversee the methodology and approve of the Commission study.

      `(3) CHAIRPERSON- Upon their appointment the members of the Commission shall select one of their number to act as chairperson.

      `(4) APPOINTMENT DATE- Members of the Commission shall be appointed no later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act.'.

    (b) REPORT- Section 211(B)(p) of Public Law 101-515 (104 Stat. 2124) is amended by striking `the expiration' and all that follows through `this Act,' and inserting `March 31, 1996,'.

    (c) REIMBURSEMENT-

      (1) Section 211(B)(i) of Public Law 101-515 (104 Stat. 2124) is amended by striking `non-reimbursable' and inserting `a reimbursable'.

      (2) Section 211(b)(j) of Public Law 101-515 (104 Stat. 2124) is amended by adding after `Commission' the following: `, on a reimbursable basis,'.

SEC. 260002. CONFORMING AMENDMENT.

    Section 3404(a) of Public Law 101-647 (42 U.S.C. 3721 note) is repealed.

TITLE XXVII--PRESIDENTIAL SUMMIT ON VIOLENCE AND NATIONAL COMMISSION ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL

SEC. 270001. PRESIDENTIAL SUMMIT.

    Congress calls on the President to convene a national summit on violence in America prior to convening the Commission established under this title.

SEC. 270002. ESTABLISHMENT; COMMITTEES AND TASK FORCES; REPRESENTATION.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT AND APPOINTMENT OF MEMBERS- There is established a commission to be known as the `National Commission on Crime Control and Prevention'. The Commission shall be composed of 28 members appointed as follows:

      (1) 10 persons by the President, not more than 6 of whom shall be of the same major political party.

      (2) 9 persons by the President pro tempore of the Senate, 5 of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the Majority Leader of the Senate and the chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, and 4 of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the Minority Leader of the Senate and the ranking minority member of the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

      (3) 9 persons appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, in consultation with the chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, and 4 of whom shall be appointed on the recommendation of the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, in consultation with the ranking member of the Committee on the Judiciary.

    (b) COMMITTEES AND TASK FORCES- The Commission shall establish committees or task forces from among its members for the examination of specific subject areas and the carrying out of other functions or responsibilities of the Commission, including committees or task forces for the examination of the subject areas of crime and violence generally, the causes of the demand for drugs, violence in schools, and violence against women, as described in subsections (b) through (e) of section 270004.

    (c) REPRESENTATION- (1) At least 1 member of the Commission appointed by the President, at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, and at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall be persons well-qualified to participate in the Commission's examination of the subject area of crime and violence generally, with education, training, expertise, or experience in such areas as law enforcement, law, sociology, psychology, social work, and ethnography and urban poverty (including health care, housing, education, and employment).

    (2) At least 1 member of the Commission appointed by the President, at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, and at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall be persons well-qualified to participate in the Commission's examination of the subject area of the causes of the demand for drugs, with education, training, expertise, or experience in such areas as addiction, biomedicine, sociology, psychology, law, and ethnography and urban poverty (including health care, housing, education, and employment).

    (3) At least 1 member of the Commission appointed by the President, at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, and at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall be persons well-qualified to participate in the Commission's examination of the subject area of violence in schools, with education, training, expertise, or experience in such areas as law enforcement, education, school governance policy and teaching, law, sociology, psychology, and ethnography and urban poverty (including health care, housing, education, and employment).

    (4) At least 1 member of the Commission appointed by the President, at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, and at least 2 members of the Commission appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall be persons well-qualified to participate in the Commission's examination of the subject area of violence against women, as survivors of violence, or as persons with education, training, expertise, or experience in such areas as law enforcement, law, judicial administration, prosecution, defense, victim services or advocacy in sexual assault or domestic violence cases (including medical services and counseling), and protection of victims' rights.

SEC. 270003. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of the Commission are as follows:

      (1) To develop a comprehensive proposal for preventing and controlling crime and violence in the United States, including cost estimates for implementing any recommendations made by the Commission.

      (2) To bring attention to successful models and programs in crime prevention and crime control.

      (3) To reach out beyond the traditional criminal justice community for ideas for controlling and preventing crime.

      (4) To recommend improvements in the coordination of local, State, Federal, and international crime control and prevention efforts, including efforts relating to crime near international borders.

      (5) To make a comprehensive study of the economic and social factors leading to or contributing to crime and violence, including the causes of illicit drug use and other substance abuse, and to develop specific proposals for legislative and administrative actions to reduce crime and violence and the factors that contribute to it.

      (6) To recommend means of utilizing criminal justice resources as effectively as possible, including targeting finite correctional facility space to the most serious and violent offenders, and considering increased use of intermediate sanctions for offenders who can be dealt with adequately by such means.

      (7) To examine distinctive crime problems and the impact of crime on members of minority groups, Indians living on reservations, and other groups defined by race, ethnicity, religion, age, disability, or other characteristics, and to recommend specific responses to the distinctive crime problems of such groups.

      (8) To examine the problem of sexual assaults, domestic violence, and other criminal and unlawful acts that particularly affect women, and to recommend Federal, State, and local strategies for more effectively preventing and punishing such crimes and acts.

      (9) To examine the treatment of victims in Federal, State, and local criminal justice systems, and to develop recommendations to enhance and protect the rights of victims.

      (10) To examine the ability of Federal, State, and local criminal justice systems to administer criminal law and criminal sanctions impartially without discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or other legally proscribed grounds, and to make recommendations for correcting any deficiencies in the impartial administration of justice on these grounds.

      (11) To examine the nature, scope, causes, and complexities of violence in schools and to recommend a comprehensive response to that problem.

SEC. 270004. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMISSION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The responsibilities of the Commission shall include such study and consultation as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes set forth in section 270003, including the specific measures described in subsections (b) through (e) in relation to the subject areas addressed in those subsections.

    (b) CRIME AND VIOLENCE GENERALLY- In addressing the subject of crime and violence generally, the activities of the Commission shall include the following:

      (1) Reviewing the effectiveness of traditional criminal justice approaches in preventing and controlling crime and violence.

      (2) Examining the impact that changes in Federal and State law have had in controlling crime and violence.

      (3) Examining the impact of changes in Federal immigration laws and policies and increased development and growth along United States international borders on crime and violence in the United States, particularly among the Nation's youth.

      (4) Examining the problem of youth gangs and providing recommendations as to how to reduce youth involvement in violent crime.

      (5) Examining the extent to which the use of dangerous weapons in the commission of crime has contributed to violence and murder in the United States.

      (6) Convening field hearings in various regions of the country to receive testimony from a cross section of criminal justice professionals, business leaders, elected officials, medical doctors, and other persons who wish to participate.

      (7) Reviewing all segments of the Nation's criminal justice systems, including the law enforcement, prosecution, defense, judicial, and corrections components in developing the crime control and prevention proposal.

    (c) CAUSES OF THE DEMAND FOR DRUGS- In addressing the subject of the causes of the demand for drugs, the activities of the Commission shall include the following:

      (1) Examining the root causes of illicit drug use and abuse in the United States, including by compiling existing research regarding those root causes, and including consideration of the following factors:

        (A) The characteristics of potential illicit drug users and abusers or drug traffickers, including age and social, economic, and educational backgrounds.

        (B) Environmental factors that contribute to illicit drug use and abuse, including the correlation between unemployment, poverty, and homelessness and drug experimentation and abuse.

        (C) The effects of substance use and abuse by a relative or friend in contributing to the likelihood and desire of an individual to experiment with illicit drugs.

        (D) Aspects of, and changes in cultural values, attitudes and traditions that contribute to illicit drug use and abuse.

        (E) The physiological and psychological factors that contribute to the desire for illicit drugs.

      (2) Evaluating Federal, State, and local laws and policies on the prevention of drug abuse, control of unlawful production, distribution and use of controlled substances, and the efficacy of sentencing policies with regard to those laws.

      (3) Analyzing the allocation of resources among interdiction of controlled substances entering the United States, enforcement of Federal laws relating to the unlawful production, distribution, and use of controlled substances, education with regard to and the prevention of the unlawful use of controlled substances, and treatment and rehabilitation of drug abusers.

      (4) Analyzing current treatment and rehabilitation methods and making recommendations for improvements.

      (5) Identifying any existing gaps in drug abuse policy that result from the lack of attention to the root causes of drug abuse.

      (6) Assessing the needs of government at all levels for resources and policies for reducing the overall desire of individuals to experiment with and abuse illicit drugs.

      (7) Making recommendations regarding necessary improvements in policies for reducing the use of illicit drugs in the United States.

    (d) VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS- In addressing the subject of violence in schools, the activities of the Commission shall include the following:

      (1) Defining the causes of violence in schools.

      (2) Defining the scope of the national problem of violence in schools.

      (3) Providing statistics and data on the problem of violence in schools on a State-by-State basis.

      (4) Investigating the problem of youth gangs and their relation to violence in schools and providing recommendations on how to reduce youth involvement in violent crime in schools.

      (5) Examining the extent to which dangerous weapons have contributed to violence and murder in schools.

      (6) Exploring the extent to which the school environment has contributed to violence in schools.

      (7) Reviewing the effectiveness of current approaches in preventing violence in schools.

    (e) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN- In addressing the subject of sexual assault, domestic violence, and other criminal and unlawful acts that particularly affect women, the activities of the Commission shall include the following:

      (1) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, current law enforcement efforts at the Federal, State, and local levels to reduce the incidence of such crimes and acts, and to punish those responsible for such crimes and acts.

      (2) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, the responsiveness of prosecutors and courts to such crimes and acts.

      (3) Evaluating the adequacy of rules of evidence, practice, and procedure to ensure the effective prosecution and conviction of perpetrators of such crimes and acts and to protect victims of such crimes and acts from abuse in legal proceedings, making recommendations, where necessary, to improve those rules.

      (4) Evaluating the adequacy of pretrial release, sentencing, incarceration, and post-conviction release in relation to such crimes and acts.

      (5) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, the adequacy of Federal and State laws on sexual assault and the need for a more uniform statutory response to sex offenses, including sexual assaults and other sex offenses committed by offenders who are known or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

      (6) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, the adequacy of Federal and State laws on domestic violence and the need for a more uniform statutory response to domestic violence.

      (7) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, the adequacy of current education, prevention, and protective services for victims of such crimes and acts.

      (8) Assessing the issuance, formulation, and enforcement of protective orders, whether or not related to a criminal proceeding, and making recommendations for their more effective use in domestic violence and stalking cases.

      (9) Assessing the problem of stalking and recommending effective means of response to the problem.

      (10) Evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations regarding, programs for public awareness and public dissemination of information to prevent such crimes and acts.

      (11) Evaluating the treatment of victims of such crimes and acts in Federal, State, and local criminal justice systems, and making recommendations designed to improve such treatment.

SEC. 270005. ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS.

    (a) CHAIR- The President shall designate a member of the Commission to chair the Commission.

    (b) NO ADDITIONAL PAY OR BENEFITS; PER DIEM- Members of the Commission shall receive no pay or benefits by reason of their service on the Commission, but shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

    (c) VACANCIES- Vacancies on the Commission shall be filled in the same manner as initial appointments.

    (d) MEETINGS OPEN TO THE PUBLIC- The Commission shall be considered to be an agency for the purposes of section 552b of title 5, United States Code, relating to the requirement that meetings of Federal agencies be open to the public.

SEC. 270006. STAFF AND SUPPORT SERVICES.

    (a) DIRECTOR- With the approval of the Commission, the chairperson shall appoint a staff director for the Commission.

    (b) STAFF- With the approval of the Commission, the staff director may appoint and fix the compensation of staff personnel for the Commission.

    (c) CIVIL SERVICE LAWS- The staff of the Commission shall be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service. Staff compensation may be set without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of that title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, but in no event shall any such personnel be compensated at a rate greater than the rate of basic pay for level ES-4 of the Senior Executive Service Schedule under section 5382 of that title. The staff director shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay for level V of the Executive Schedule.

(d) CONSULTANTS- With the approval of the Commission, the staff director may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

    (e) STAFF OF FEDERAL AGENCIES- Upon the request of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency may detail, on a reimbursable basis, personnel of that agency to the Commission to assist in carrying out its duties.

    (f) PHYSICAL FACILITIES- The Administrator of the General Service Administration shall provide suitable office space for the operation of the Commission. The facilities shall serve as the headquarters of the Commission and shall include all necessary equipment and incidentals required for proper functioning.

SEC. 270007. POWERS.

    (a) HEARINGS- For the purposes of carrying out this title, the Commission may conduct such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Commission considers appropriate. The Commission may administer oaths before the Commission.

    (b) DELEGATION- Any committee, task force, member, or agent, of the Commission may, if authorized by the Commission, take any action that the Commission is authorized to take under this title.

    (c) ACCESS TO INFORMATION- The Commission may request directly from any Federal agency or entity in the executive or legislative branch such information as is needed to carry out its functions.

    (d) MAIL- The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other Federal agencies.

SEC. 270008. REPORT; TERMINATION.

    Not later than 2 years after the date on which the Commission is fully constituted under section 270001, the Commission shall submit a detailed report to the Congress and the President containing its findings and recommendations. The Commission shall terminate 30 days after the submission of its report.

SEC. 270009. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title--

      (1) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.

TITLE XXVIII--SENTENCING PROVISIONS

SEC. 280001. IMPOSITION OF SENTENCE.

    Section 3553(a)(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `(4) the kinds of sentence and the sentencing range established for--

        `(A) the applicable category of offense committed by the applicable category of defendant as set forth in the guidelines issued by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to section 994(a)(1) of title 28, United States Code, and that are in effect on the date the defendant is sentenced; or

        `(B) in the case of a violation of probation or supervised release, the applicable guidelines or policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to section 994(a)(3) of title 28, United States Code;'.

SEC. 280002. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT TO MANDATORY CONDITIONS OF PROBATION.

    Section 3563(a)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `possess illegal controlled substances' and inserting `unlawfully possess a controlled substance'.

SEC. 280003. DIRECTION TO UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION REGARDING SENTENCING ENHANCEMENTS FOR HATE CRIMES.

    (a) DEFINITION- In this section, `hate crime' means a crime in which the defendant intentionally selects a victim, or in the case of a property crime, the property that is the object of the crime, because of the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person.

    (b) SENTENCING ENHANCEMENT- Pursuant to section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate guidelines or amend existing guidelines to provide sentencing enhancements of not less than 3 offense levels for offenses that the finder of fact at trial determines beyond a reasonable doubt are hate crimes. In carrying out this section, the United States Sentencing Commission shall ensure that there is reasonable consistency with other guidelines, avoid duplicative punishments for substantially the same offense, and take into account any mitigating circumstances that might justify exceptions.

SEC. 280004. AUTHORIZATION OF PROBATION FOR PETTY OFFENSES IN CERTAIN CASES.

    Section 3561(a)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `that is not a petty offense' before the period.

SEC. 280005. FULL-TIME VICE CHAIRS OF THE UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF POSITIONS- Section 991 (a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the second sentence by striking the period and inserting `and three of whom shall be designated by the President as Vice Chairs.';

      (2) in the fourth sentence by striking the period and inserting `, and of the three Vice Chairs, no more than two shall be members of the same political party.'; and

      (3) in the sixth sentence by striking `Chairman' and inserting `Chair, Vice Chairs,'.

    (b) TERMS AND COMPENSATION- Section 992(c) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by amending the first sentence to read as follows: `The Chair and Vice Chairs of the Commission shall hold full-time positions and shall be compensated during their terms of office at the annual rate at which judges of the United States courts of appeals are compensated.';

      (2) in the second sentence by striking 'Chairman' and inserting `Chair and Vice Chairs'; and

      (3) in the third sentence by striking `Chairman' and inserting `Chair and Vice Chairs,'.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- Chapter 58 of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `Chairman' each place it appears and inserting `Chair';

      (2) in the fifth sentence of section 991(a) by striking `his' and inserting `the Attorney General's';

      (3) in the fourth sentence of section 992(c) by striking `his' and inserting `the judge's';

      (4) in section 994(i)(2) by striking `he' and inserting `the defendant' and striking `his' and inserting `the defendant's'; and

      (5) in section 996(a) by striking `him' and inserting `the Staff Director'.

SEC. 280006. COCAINE PENALTY STUDY.

    Not later than December 31, 1994, the United States Sentencing Commission shall submit a report to Congress on issues relating to sentences applicable to offenses involving the possession or distribution of all forms of cocaine. The report shall address the differences in penalty levels that apply to different forms of cocaine and include any recommendations that the Commission may have for retention or modification of such differences in penalty levels.

TITLE XXIX--COMPUTER CRIME

SEC. 290001. COMPUTER ABUSE AMENDMENTS ACT OF 1994.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This subtitle may be cited as the `Computer Abuse Amendments Act of 1994'.

    (b) PROHIBITION- Section 1030(a)(5) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `(5)(A) through means of a computer used in interstate commerce or communications, knowingly causes the transmission of a program, information, code, or command to a computer or computer system if--

        `(i) the person causing the transmission intends that such transmission will--

          `(I) damage, or cause damage to, a computer, computer system, network, information, data, or program; or

          `(II) withhold or deny, or cause the withholding or denial, of the use of a computer, computer services, system or network, information, data or program; and

        `(ii) the transmission of the harmful component of the program, information, code, or command--

          `(I) occurred without the authorization of the persons or entities who own or are responsible for the computer system receiving the program, information, code, or command; and

          `(II)(aa) causes loss or damage to one or more other persons of value aggregating $1,000 or more during any 1-year period; or

          `(bb) modifies or impairs, or potentially modifies or impairs, the medical examination, medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical care of one or more individuals; or

      `(B) through means of a computer used in interstate commerce or communication, knowingly causes the transmission of a program, information, code, or command to a computer or computer system--

        `(i) with reckless disregard of a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the transmission will--

          `(I) damage, or cause damage to, a computer, computer system, network, information, data or program; or

          `(II) withhold or deny or cause the withholding or denial of the use of a computer, computer services, system, network, information, data or program; and

        `(ii) if the transmission of the harmful component of the program, information, code, or command--

          `(I) occurred without the authorization of the persons or entities who own or are responsible for the computer system receiving the program, information, code, or command; and

          `(II)(aa) causes loss or damage to one or more other persons of a value aggregating $1,000 or more during any 1-year period; or

          `(bb) modifies or impairs, or potentially modifies or impairs, the medical examination, medical diagnosis, medical treatment, or medical care of one or more individuals;'.

    (c) PENALTY- Section 1030(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2)(B) by striking `and' after the semicolon;

      (2) in paragraph (3)(A) by inserting `(A)' after `(a)(5)';

      (3) in paragraph (3)(B) by striking the period at the end thereof and inserting `; and'; and

      (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(4) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both, in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(5)(B).'.

    (d) CIVIL ACTION- Section 1030 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:

    `(g) Any person who suffers damage or loss by reason of a violation of the section, other than a violation of subsection (a)(5)(B), may maintain a civil action against the violator to obtain compensatory damages and injunctive relief or other equitable relief. Damages for violations of any subsection other than subsection (a)(5)(A)(ii)(II)(bb) or (a)(5)(B)(ii)(II)(bb) are limited to economic damages. No action may be brought under this subsection unless such action is begun within 2 years of the date of the act complained of or the date of the discovery of the damage.'.

    (e) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Section 1030 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(h) The Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury shall report to the Congress annually, during the first 3 years following the date of the enactment of this subsection, concerning investigations and prosecutions under section 1030(a)(5) of title 18, United States Code.'.

    (f) PROHIBITION- Section 1030(a)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `adversely' before `affects the use of the Government's operation of such computer'.

TITLE XXX--PROTECTION OF PRIVACY OF INFORMATION IN STATE MOTOR VEHICLE RECORDS

SEC. 300001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994'.

SEC. 300002. PROHIBITION ON RELEASE AND USE OF CERTAIN PERSONAL INFORMATION FROM STATE MOTOR VEHICLE RECORDS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 121 the following new chapter:

`CHAPTER 123--PROHIBITION ON RELEASE AND USE OF CERTAIN PERSONAL INFORMATION FROM STATE MOTOR VEHICLE RECORDS

`Sec. 2721. Prohibition on release and use of certain personal information from State motor vehicle records

    `(a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subsection (b), a State department of motor vehicles, and any officer, employee, or contractor, thereof, shall not knowingly disclose or otherwise make available to any person or entity personal information about any individual obtained by the department in connection with a motor vehicle record.

    `(b) PERMISSIBLE USES- Personal information referred to in subsection (a) shall be disclosed for use in connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft, motor vehicle emissions, motor vehicle product alterations, recalls, or advisories, performance monitoring of motor vehicles and dealers by motor vehicle manufacturers, and removal of non-owner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers to carry out the purposes of the Automobile Information Disclosure Act, the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Saving Act, the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, the Anti-Car Theft Act of 1992, and the Clean Air Act, and may be disclosed as follows:

      `(1) For use by any government agency, including any court or law enforcement agency, in carrying out its functions, or any private person or entity acting on behalf of a Federal, State, or local agency in carrying out its functions.

      `(2) For use in connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft; motor vehicle emissions; motor vehicle product alterations, recalls, or advisories; performance monitoring of motor vehicles, motor vehicle parts and dealers; motor vehicle market research activities, including survey research; and removal of non-owner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers.

      `(3) For use in the normal course of business by a legitimate business or its agents, employees, or contractors, but only--

        `(A) to verify the accuracy of personal information submitted by the individual to the business or its agents, employees, or contractors; and

        `(B) if such information as so submitted is not correct or is no longer correct, to obtain the correct information, but only for the purposes of preventing fraud by, pursuing legal remedies against, or recovering on a debt or security interest against, the individual.

      `(4) For use in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, or arbitral proceeding in any Federal, State, or local court or agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, investigation in anticipation of litigation, and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of a Federal, State, or local court.

      `(5) For use in research activities, and for use in producing statistical reports, so long as the personal information is not published, redisclosed, or used to contact individuals.

      `(6) For use by any insurer or insurance support organization, or by a self-insured entity, or its agents, employees, or contractors, in connection with claims investigation activities, antifraud activities, rating or underwriting.

      `(7) For use in providing notice to the owners of towed or impounded vehicles.

      `(8) For use by any licensed private investigative agency or licensed security service for any purpose permitted under this subsection.

      `(9) For use by an employer or its agent or insurer to obtain or verify information relating to a holder of a commercial driver's license that is required under the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (49 U.S.C. App. 2710 et seq.).

      `(10) For use in connection with the operation of private toll transportation facilities.

      `(11) For any other use in response to requests for individual motor vehicle records if the motor vehicle department has provided in a clear and conspicuous manner on forms for issuance or renewal of operator's permits, titles, registrations, or identification cards, notice that personal information collected by the department may be disclosed to any business or person, and has provided in a clear and conspicuous manner on such forms an opportunity to prohibit such disclosures.

      `(12) For bulk distribution for surveys, marketing or solicitations if the motor vehicle department has implemented methods and procedures to ensure that--

        `(A) individuals are provided an opportunity, in a clear and conspicuous manner, to prohibit such uses; and

        `(B) the information will be used, rented, or sold solely for bulk distribution for surveys, marketing, and solicitations, and that surveys, marketing, and solicitations will not be directed at those individuals who have requested in a timely fashion that they not be directed at them.

      `(13) For use by any requester, if the requester demonstrates it has obtained the written consent of the individual to whom the information pertains.

      `(14) For any other use specifically authorized under the law of the State that holds the record, if such use is related to the operation of a motor vehicle or public safety.

    `(c) RESALE OR REDISCLOSURE- An authorized recipient of personal information (except a recipient under subsection (b)(11) or (12)) may resell or redisclose the information only for a use permitted under subsection (b) (but not for uses under subsection (b) (11) or (12)). An authorized recipient under subsection (b)(11) may resell or redisclose personal information for any purpose. An authorized recipient under subsection (b)(12) may resell or redisclose personal information pursuant to subsection (b)(12). Any authorized recipient (except a recipient under subsection (b)(11)) that resells or rediscloses personal information covered by this title must keep for a period of 5 years records identifying each person or entity that receives information and the permitted purpose for which the information will be used and must make such records available to the motor vehicle department upon request.

    `(d) WAIVER PROCEDURES- A State motor vehicle department may establish and carry out procedures under which the department or its agents, upon receiving a request for personal information that does not fall within one of the exceptions in subsection (b), may mail a copy of the request to the individual about whom the information was requested, informing such individual of the request, together with a statement to the effect that the information will not be released unless the individual waives such individual's right to privacy under this section.

`Sec. 2722. Additional unlawful acts

    `(a) PROCUREMENT FOR UNLAWFUL PURPOSE- It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to obtain or disclose personal information, from a motor vehicle record, for any use not permitted under section 2721(b) of this title.

    `(b) FALSE REPRESENTATION- It shall be unlawful for any person to make false representation to obtain any personal information from an individual's motor vehicle record.

`Sec. 2723. Penalties

    `(a) CRIMINAL FINE- A person who knowingly violates this chapter shall be fined under this title.

    `(b) VIOLATIONS BY STATE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES- Any State department of motor vehicles that has a policy or practice of substantial noncompliance with this chapter shall be subject to a civil penalty imposed by the Attorney General of not more than $5,000 a day for each day of substantial noncompliance.

`Sec. 2724. Civil action

    `(a) CAUSE OF ACTION- A person who knowingly obtains, discloses or uses personal information, from a motor vehicle record, for a purpose not permitted under this chapter shall be liable to the individual to whom the information pertains, who may bring a civil action in a United States district court.

    `(b) REMEDIES- The court may award--

      `(1) actual damages, but not less than liquidated damages in the amount of $2,500;

      `(2) punitive damages upon proof of willful or reckless disregard of the law;

      `(3) reasonable attorneys' fees and other litigation costs reasonably incurred; and

      `(4) such other preliminary and equitable relief as the court determines to be appropriate.

`Sec. 2725. Definitions

    `In this chapter--

      `(1)`motor vehicle record' means any record that pertains to a motor vehicle operator's permit, motor vehicle title, motor vehicle registration, or identification card issued by a department of motor vehicles;

      `(2)`person' means an individual, organization or entity, but does not include a State or agency thereof; and

      `(3)`personal information' means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's photograph, social security number, driver identification number, name, address (but not the 5-digit zip code), telephone number, and medical or disability information, but does not include information on vehicular accidents, driving violations, and driver's status.'.

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of parts at the beginning of part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

2271'

SEC. 300003. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    The amendments made by section 300002 shall become effective on the date that is 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act. After the effective date, if a State has implemented a procedure under section 2721(b) (11) and (12) of title 18, United States Code, as added by section 2902, for prohibiting disclosures or uses of personal information, and the procedure otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (b) (11) and (12), the State shall be in compliance with subsection (b) (11) and (12) even if the procedure is not available to individuals until they renew their license, title, registration or identification card, so long as the State provides some other procedure for individuals to contact the State on their own initiative to prohibit such uses or disclosures. Prior to the effective date, personal information covered by the amendment made by section 300002 may be released consistent with State law or practice.

TITLE XXXI--VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND

SEC. 310001. CREATION OF VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND.

    (a) VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND- There is established a separate account in the Treasury, known as the `Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund' (referred to in this section as the `Fund') into which shall be transferred, in accordance with subsection (b), savings realized from implementation of section 5 of the Federal Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994 (5 U.S.C. 3101 note; Public Law 103-226).

    (b) TRANSFERS INTO THE FUND- On the first day of the following fiscal years (or as soon thereafter as possible for fiscal year 1995), the following amounts shall be transferred from the general fund to the Fund--

      (1) for fiscal year 1995, $2,423,000,000;

      (2) for fiscal year 1996, $4,287,000,000;

      (3) for fiscal year 1997, $5,000,000,000;

      (4) for fiscal year 1998, $5,500,000,000;

      (5) for fiscal year 1999, $6,500,000,000; and

      (6) for fiscal year 2000, $6,500,000,000.

    (c) APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE FUND- (1) Amounts in the Fund may be appropriated exclusively for the purposes authorized in this Act and for those expenses authorized by any Act enacted before this Act that are expressly qualified for expenditure from the Fund.

    (2) Amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) and outlays flowing from such appropriations shall not be taken into account for purposes of any budget enforcement procedures under the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 except section 251A of that Act as added by subsection (g), or for purposes of section 605(b) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. Amounts of new budget authority and outlays under paragraph (1) that are included in concurrent resolutions on the budget shall not be taken into account for purposes of sections 601(b), 606(b), and 606(c) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, or for purposes of section 24 of House Concurrent Resolution 218 (One Hundred Third Congress).

    (d) LISTING OF THE FUND AMONG GOVERNMENT TRUST FUNDS- Section 1321(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(91) Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund.'.

    (e) REQUIREMENT FOR THE PRESIDENT TO REPORT ANNUALLY ON THE STATUS OF THE TRUST FUND- Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

      `(30) information about the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, including a separate statement of amounts in that Trust Fund.

      `(31) an analysis displaying, by agency, proposed reductions in full-time equivalent positions compared to the current year's level in order to comply with section 5 of the Federal Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994.'.

    (f) ALLOCATION AND SUBALLOCATION OF AMOUNTS IN THE FUND-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 602(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking `and' at the end of clause (ii), by striking the semicolon and inserting a comma at the end of clause (iii), and by adding after clause (iii) the following:

          `(iv) new budget authority from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, and

          `(v) outlays from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund;';

        (B) in paragraph (2) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (B) and by adding after subparagraph (C) the following:

        `(D) new budget authority from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund; and

        `(E) outlays from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund;'; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(4) NO DOUBLE COUNTING- Amounts allocated among committees under clause (iv) or (v) of paragraph (1)(A) or under subparagraph (D) or (E) of paragraph (2) shall not be included within any other allocation under that paragraph.'.

      (2) FISCAL YEAR 1995- The chairman of the Committee on the Budget shall submit to the House of Representatives or the Senate, as the case may be, appropriately revised allocations under clauses (iv) and (v) of paragraph (1)(A) or subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (2) of section 602(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 for fiscal year 1995 to carry out subsection (b)(1).

    (g) VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND SEQUESTRATION-

      (1) SEQUESTRATION- Part C of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 is amended by adding after section 251 the following new section:

`SEC. 251A. SEQUESTRATION WITH RESPECT TO VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND.

    `(a) SEQUESTRATION- Within 15 days after Congress adjourns to end a session, there shall be a sequestration to eliminate any budgetary excess in the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund as described in subsection (b).

    `(b) ELIMINATING A BUDGETARY EXCESS-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided by paragraph (2), appropriations from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund shall be reduced by a uniform percentage necessary to eliminate any amount by which estimated outlays in the budget year from the Fund exceed the following levels of outlays:

        `(A) For fiscal year 1995, $703,000,000.

        `(B) For fiscal year 1996, $2,334,000,000.

        `(C) For fiscal year 1997, $3,936,000,000.

        `(D) For fiscal year 1998, $4,904,000,000.

      For fiscal year 1999, the comparable level for budgetary purposes shall be deemed to be $5,639,000,000. For fiscal year 2000, the comparable level for budgetary purposes shall be deemed to be $6,225,000,000.

      `(2) SPECIAL OUTLAY ALLOWANCE- If estimated outlays from the Fund for a fiscal year exceed the level specified in paragraph (1) for that year, that level shall be increased by the lesser of that excess or 0.5 percent of that level.

    `(c) LOOK-BACK- If, after June 30, an appropriation for the fiscal year in progress is enacted that causes a budgetary excess in the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund as described in subsection (b) for that year (after taking into account any sequestration of amounts under this section), the level set forth in subsection (b) for the next fiscal year shall be reduced by the amount of that excess.

    `(d) WITHIN-SESSION SEQUESTRATION- If an appropriation for a fiscal year in progress is enacted (after Congress adjourns to end the session for the budget year and before July 1 of that fiscal year) that causes a budgetary excess in the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund as described in subsection (b) for that year (after taking into account any prior sequestration of amounts under this section), 15 days later there shall be a sequestration to eliminate that excess following the procedures set forth in subsection (b).

    `(e) PART-YEAR APPROPRIATIONS AND OMB ESTIMATES- Paragraphs (4) and (7) of section 251(a) shall apply to appropriations from, and sequestration of amounts appropriated from, the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund under this section in the same manner as those paragraphs apply to discretionary appropriations and sequestrations under that section.'.

      (2) REPORTS- Section 254(g) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 is amended by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively, and by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph:

      `(4) REPORTS ON SEQUESTRATION TO REDUCE THE VIOLENT CRIME REDUCTION TRUST FUND- The final reports shall set forth for the budget year estimates for each of the following:

        `(A) The amount of budget authority appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund and outlays resulting from those appropriations.

        `(B) The sequestration percentage and reductions, if any, required under section 251A.'.

SEC. 310002. CONFORMING REDUCTION IN DISCRETIONARY SPENDING LIMITS.

    Upon enactment of this Act, the discretionary spending limits set forth in section 601(a)(2) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 665(a)(2)) (as adjusted in conformance with section 251 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, and in the Senate, with section 24 of House Concurrent Resolution 218 (103d Congress)) for fiscal years 1995 through 1998 are reduced as follows:

      (1) for fiscal year 1995, for the discretionary category: $2,423,000,000 in new budget authority and $703,000,000 in outlays;

      (2) for fiscal year 1996, for the discretionary category: $4,287,000,000 in new budget authority and $2,334,000,000 in outlays;

      (3) for fiscal year 1997, for the discretionary category: $5,000,000,000 in new budget authority and $3,936,000,000 in outlays; and

      (4) for fiscal year 1998, for the discretionary category: $5,500,000,000 in new budget authority and $4,904,000,000 in outlays.

    For fiscal year 1999, the comparable amount for budgetary purposes shall be deemed to be $6,500,000,000 in new budget authority and $5,639,000,000 in outlays. For fiscal year 2000, the comparable amount for budgetary purposes shall be deemed to be $6,500,000,000 in new budget authority and $6,225,000,000 in outlays.

SEC. 310003. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS FOR WHICH THE FULL AMOUNT AUTHORIZED IS NOT APPROPRIATED.

    If, in making an appropriation under any provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act that authorizes the making of an appropriation for a certain purpose for a certain fiscal year in a certain amount, the Congress makes an appropriation for that purpose for that fiscal year in a lesser amount, that provision or amendment shall be considered to authorize the making of appropriations for that purpose for later fiscal years in an amount equal to the difference between the amount authorized to be appropriated and the amount that has been appropriated.

SEC. 310004. FLEXIBILITY IN MAKING OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT- In the making of appropriations under any provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act that authorizes the making of an appropriation for a Federal law enforcement program for a certain fiscal year in a certain amount out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed 10 percent of that amount is authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for any other Federal law enforcement program for which appropriations are authorized by any other Federal law enforcement provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act. The aggregate reduction in the authorization for any particular Federal law enforcement program may not exceed 10 percent of the total amount authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund for that program in this Act or amendment made by this Act.

    (b) STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT- In the making of appropriations under any provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act that authorizes the making of an appropriation for a State and local law enforcement program for a certain fiscal year in a certain amount out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed 10 percent of that amount is authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for any other State and local law enforcement program for which appropriations are authorized by any other State and local law enforcement provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act. The aggregate reduction in the authorization for any particular State and local law enforcement program may not exceed 10 percent of the total amount authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund for that program in this Act or amendment made by this Act.

    (c) PREVENTION- In the making of appropriations under any provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act that authorizes the making of an appropriation for a prevention program for a certain fiscal year in a certain amount out of the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund, not to exceed 10 percent of that amount is authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for any other prevention program for which appropriations are authorized by any other prevention provision of this Act or amendment made by this Act. The aggregate reduction in the authorization for any particular prevention program may not exceed 10 percent of the total amount authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund for that program in this Act or amendment made by this Act.

    (d) DEFINITIONS- In this section--`Federal law enforcement program' means a program authorized in any of the following sections:

      (1) section 190001(a);

      (2) section 190001(b);

      (3) section 190001(c);

      (4) section 190001(d);

      (5) section 190001(e);

      (6) section 320925;

      (7) section 150008;

      (8) section 220002;

      (9) section 130002;

      (10) section 130005;

      (11) section 130006;

      (12) section 130007;

      (13) section 250005;

      (14) sections 210303-210306;

      (15) section 180104; and

      (16) section 270009.

`State and local law enforcement program' means a program authorized in any of the following sections:

      (1) sections 10001-10003;

      (2) section 210201;

      (3) section 210603;

      (4) section 180101;

      (5) section 180103;

      (6) sections 31701-31708;

      (7) section 210602;

      (8) sections 30801-30802;

      (9) section 210302;

      (10) section 210501;

      (11) section 210101;

      (12) section 320930;

      (13) sections 20101-20109;

      (14) section 20301;

      (15) section 32201; and

      (16) section 20201.

`prevention program' means a program authorized in any of the following sections:

      (1) section 50001;

      (2) sections 30101-30104;

      (3) sections 30201-30208;

      (4) sections 30301-30307;

      (5) sections 30401-30403;

      (6) sections 30701-30702;

      (7) sections 31001-31002;

      (8) sections 31101-31133;

      (9) sections 31501-31505;

      (10) sections 31901-31922;

      (11) section 32001;

      (12) section 32101;

      (13) section 32401;

      (14) section 40114;

      (15) section 40121;

      (16) section 40151;

      (17) section 40152;

      (18) section 40155;

      (19) section 40156;

      (20) section 40211;

      (21) section 40231;

      (22) section 40241;

      (23) section 40251;

      (24) section 40261;

      (25) section 40292;

      (26) section 40293;

      (27) section 40295;

      (28) sections 40411-40414;

      (29) sections 40421-40422;

      (30) section 40506;

      (31) sections 40601-40611; and

      (32) section 24001.

TITLE XXXII--MISCELLANEOUS

Subtitle A--Increases in Penalties

SEC. 320101. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR ASSAULT.

    (a) CERTAIN OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES- Section 111 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a) by inserting `, where the acts in violation of this section constitute only simple assault, be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both, and in all other cases,' after `shall'; and

      (2) in subsection (b) by inserting `or inflicts bodily injury' after `weapon'.

    (b) FOREIGN OFFICIALS, OFFICIAL GUESTS, AND INTERNATIONALLY PROTECTED PERSONS- Section 112(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `not more than $5,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (2) by inserting `, or inflicts bodily injury,' after `weapon'; and

      (3) by striking `not more than $10,000' and inserting `under this title'.

    (c) MARITIME AND TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION- Section 113 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c)--

        (A) by striking `of not more than $1,000' and inserting `under this title'; and

        (B) by striking `five' and inserting `ten'; and

      (2) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking `of not more than $300' and inserting `under this title'; and

        (B) by striking `three' and inserting `six'.

    (d) CONGRESS, CABINET, OR SUPREME COURT- Section 351(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `not more than $5,000,' and inserting `under this title,';

      (2) by inserting `the assault involved in the use of a dangerous weapon, or' after `if';

      (3) by striking `not more than $10,000' and inserting `under this title'; and

      (4) by striking `for'.

    (e) PRESIDENT AND PRESIDENT'S STAFF- Section 1751(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `not more than $10,000,' both places it appears and inserting `under this title,';

      (2) by striking `not more than $5,000,' and inserting `under this title,'; and

      (3) by inserting `the assault involved the use of a dangerous weapon, or' after `if'.

SEC. 320102. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR MANSLAUGHTER.

    Section 1112 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)--

        (A) by inserting `fined under this title or' after `shall be' in the first undesignated paragraph; and

        (B) by inserting `, or both' after `years';

      (2) by striking `not more than $1,000' and inserting `under this title'; and

      (3) by striking `three' and inserting `six'.

SEC. 320103. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR CIVIL RIGHTS VIOLATIONS.

    (a) CONSPIRACY AGAINST RIGHTS- Section 241 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `not more than $10,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (2) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill' after `results';

      (3) by striking `subject to imprisonment' and inserting `fined under this title or imprisoned'; and

      (4) by inserting `, or both' after `life'.

    (b) DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS- Section 242 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `not more than $1,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (2) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include the use, attempted use, or threatened use of a dangerous weapon, explosives, or fire,' after `bodily injury results';

      (3) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill, shall be fined under this title, or' after `death results';

      (4) by striking `shall be subject to imprisonment' and inserting `imprisoned'; and

      (5) by inserting `, or both' after `life'.

    (c) FEDERALLY PROTECTED ACTIVITIES- Section 245(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended in the matter following paragraph (5)--

      (1) by striking `not more than $1,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (2) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include the use, attempted use, or threatened use of a dangerous weapon, explosives, or fire' after `bodily injury results;

      (3) by striking `not more than $10,000' and inserting `under this title';

      (4) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill,' after `death results';

      (5) by striking `subject to imprisonment' and inserting `fined under this title or imprisoned'; and

      (6) by inserting `, or both' after `life'.

    (d) DAMAGE TO RELIGIOUS PROPERTY- Section 247 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c)(1) by inserting `from acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill' after `death results';

      (2) in subsection (c)(2)--

        (A) by striking `serious'; and

        (B) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include the use, attempted use, or threatened use of a dangerous weapon, explosives, or fire' after `bodily injury results'; and

      (3) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:

    `(e) As used in this section, the term `religious property' means any church, synagogue, mosque, religious cemetery, or other religious property.'.

    (e) FAIR HOUSING ACT- Section 901 of the Fair Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 3631) is amended--

      (1) in the caption by striking `bodily injury; death;';

      (2) by striking `not more than $1,000,' and inserting `under this title';

      (3) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include the use, attempted use, or threatened use of a dangerous weapon, explosives, or fire' after `bodily injury results';

      (4) by striking `not more than $10,000,' and inserting `under this title';

      (5) by inserting `from the acts committed in violation of this section or if such acts include kidnapping or an attempt to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or an attempt to commit aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill,' after `death results';

      (6) by striking `subject to imprisonment' and inserting `fined under this title or imprisoned'; and

      (7) by inserting `, or both' after `life'.

SEC. 320104. PENALTIES FOR TRAFFICKING IN COUNTERFEIT GOODS AND SERVICES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 2320(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the first sentence--

        (A) by striking `$250,000 or imprisoned not more than five years' and inserting `$2,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 10 years'; and

        (B) by striking `$1,000,000' and inserting `$5,000,000'; and

      (2) in the second sentence--

        (A) by striking `$1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than fifteen years' and inserting `$5,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 20 years'; and

        (B) by striking `$5,000,000' and inserting `$15,000,000'.

    (b) LAUNDERING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS- Section 1956(c)(7)(D) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `or section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement),' and inserting `section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement), or section 2320 (relating to trafficking in counterfeit goods and services),'.

SEC. 320105. INCREASED PENALTY FOR CONSPIRACY TO COMMIT MURDER FOR HIRE.

    Section 1958(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or who conspires to do so' before `shall be fined' the first place it appears.

SEC. 320106. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR ARSON.

    Section 844 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (f)--

        (A) by striking `not more than ten years, or fined not more than $10,000' and inserting `not more than 20 years, fined the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed,'; and

        (B) by striking `not more than twenty years, or fined not more than $10,000' and inserting `not more than 40 years, fined the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed,';

      (2) in subsection (h)--

        (A) in the first sentence by striking `five years' and inserting `5 years but not more than 15 years'; and

        (B) in the second sentence by striking `ten years' and inserting `10 years but not more than 25 years'; and

      (3) in subsection (i)--

        (A) by striking `not more than ten years or fined not more than $10,000' and inserting `not more than 20 years, fined the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed,'; and

        (B) by striking `not more than twenty years or fined not more than $20,000' and inserting `not more than 40 years, fined the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed,'.

SEC. 320107. INCREASED PENALTIES FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING NEAR PUBLIC HOUSING.

    Section 419 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 860) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a) by striking `playground, or within' and inserting `playground, or housing facility owned by a public housing authority, or within'; and

      (2) in subsection (b) by striking `playground, or within' and inserting `playground, or housing facility owned by a public housing authority, or within'.

SEC. 320108. TASK FORCE AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES RELATING TO THE INTRODUCTION OF NONINDIGENOUS SPECIES.

    (a) TASK FORCE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General is authorized to convene a law enforcement task force in Hawaii to facilitate the prosecution of violations of Federal laws, and laws of the State of Hawaii, relating to the wrongful conveyance, sale, or introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species.

      (2) MEMBERSHIP- (A) The task force shall be composed of representatives of--

        (i) the Office of the United States Attorney for the District of Hawaii;

        (ii) the United States Customs Service;

        (iii) the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service;

        (iv) the Fish and Wildlife Service;

        (v) the National Park Service;

        (vi) the United States Forest Service;

        (vii) the Military Customs Inspection Office of the Department of Defense;

        (viii) the United States Postal Service;

        (ix) the office of the Attorney General of the State of Hawaii;

        (x) the Hawaii Department of Agriculture;

        (xi) the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources; and

        (xii) such other individuals as the Attorney General deems appropriate.

      (B) The Attorney General shall, to the extent practicable, select individuals to serve on the task force who have experience with the enforcement of laws relating to the wrongful conveyance, sale, or introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species.

      (3) DUTIES- The task force shall--

        (A) facilitate the prosecution of violations of Federal and State laws relating to the conveyance, sale, or introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species into Hawaii; and

        (B) make recommendations on ways to strengthen Federal and State laws and law enforcement strategies designed to prevent the introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species.

      (4) REPORT- The task force shall report to the Attorney General, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of the Interior, and to the Committee on the Judiciary and Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary, Committee on Agriculture, and Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives on--

        (A) the progress of its enforcement efforts; and

        (B) the adequacy of existing Federal laws and laws of the State of Hawaii that relate to the introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species.

      Thereafter, the task force shall make such reports as the task force deems appropriate.

      (5) CONSULTATION- The task force shall consult with Hawaii agricultural interests and representatives of Hawaii conservation organizations about methods of preventing the wrongful conveyance, sale, or introduction of nonindigenous plant and animal species into Hawaii.

    (b) CRIMINAL PENALTY-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 83 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1716C the following new section:

`Sec. 1716D. Nonmailable injurious animals, plant pests, plants, and illegally taken fish, wildlife, and plants

    `A person who knowingly deposits for mailing or delivery, or knowingly causes to be delivered by mail, according to the direction thereon, or at any place at which it is directed to be delivered by the person to whom it is addressed, anything that section 3015 of title 39 declares to be nonmailable matter shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.'.

      (2) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 83 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1716C the following new item:

      `1716D. Nonmailable injurious animals, plant pests, plants, and illegally taken fish, wildlife, and plants.'.

SEC. 320109. MILITARY MEDALS AND DECORATIONS.

    Section 704 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `Whoever' and inserting (a) IN GENERAL- Whoever';

      (2) by striking `not more than $250' and inserting `under this title'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(b) CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- If a decoration or medal involved in an offense under subsection (a) is a Congressional Medal of Honor, in lieu of the punishment provided in that subsection, the offender shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.

      `(2) DEFINITIONS- (A) As used in subsection (a) with respect to a Congressional Medal of Honor, `sells' includes trades, barters, or exchanges for anything of value.

      `(B) As used in this subsection, `Congressional Medal of Honor' means a medal awarded under section 3741 of title 10.'.

Subtitle B--Extension of Protection of Civil Rights Statutes

SEC. 320201. EXTENSION OF PROTECTION OF CIVIL RIGHTS STATUTES.

    (a) CONSPIRACY AGAINST RIGHTS- Section 241 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `inhabitant of' and inserting `person in'.

    (b) DEPRIVATION OF RIGHTS UNDER COLOR OF LAW- Section 242 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `inhabitant of' and inserting `person in'; and

      (2) by striking `such inhabitant' and inserting `such person'.

Subtitle C--Audit and Report

SEC. 320301. AUDIT REQUIREMENT FOR STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSET FORFEITURE FUNDS.

    (a) STATE REQUIREMENT- Section 524(c)(7) of title 28, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `(7)(A) The Fund shall be subject to annual audit by the Comptroller General.

      `(B) The Attorney General shall require that any State or local law enforcement agency receiving funds conduct an annual audit detailing the uses and expenses to which the funds were dedicated and the amount used for each use or expense and report the results of the audit to the Attorney General.'.

    (b) INCLUSION IN ATTORNEY GENERAL'S REPORT- Section 524(c)(6)(C) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following flush sentence: `The report should also contain all annual audit reports from State and local law enforcement agencies required to be reported to the Attorney General under subparagraph (B) of paragraph (7).'.

SEC. 320302. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON ADMINISTRATIVE AND CONTRACTING EXPENSES.

    Section 524(c)(6) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting `; and'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

      `(D) a report for such fiscal year containing a description of the administrative and contracting expenses paid from the Fund under paragraph (1)(A).'.

Subtitle D--Coordination

SEC. 320401. COORDINATION OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION PROGRAMS.

    The Attorney General shall consult with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services in establishing and carrying out the substance abuse treatment and prevention components of the programs authorized under this Act, to assure coordination of programs, eliminate duplication of efforts and enhance the effectiveness of such services.

Subtitle E--Gambling

SEC. 320501. CLARIFYING AMENDMENT REGARDING SCOPE OF PROHIBITION AGAINST GAMBLING ON SHIPS IN INTERNATIONAL WATERS.

    The paragraph of section 1081 of title 18, United States Code, defining the term `gambling ship' is amended by adding at the end the following: `Such term does not include a vessel with respect to gambling aboard such vessel beyond the territorial waters of the United States during a covered voyage (as defined in section 4472 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as in effect on January 1, 1994).'.

Subtitle F--White Collar Crime Amendments

SEC. 320601. RECEIVING THE PROCEEDS OF EXTORTION OR KIDNAPPING.

    (a) PROCEEDS OF EXTORTION- Chapter 41 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 880. Receiving the proceeds of extortion

    `A person who receives, possesses, conceals, or disposes of any money or other property which was obtained from the commission of any offense under this chapter that is punishable by imprisonment for more than 1 year, knowing the same to have been unlawfully obtained, shall be imprisoned not more than 3 years, fined under this title, or both.'; and

      (2) in the table of sections, by adding at the end the following new item:

      `880. Receiving the proceeds of extortion.'.

    (b) RANSOM MONEY- Section 1202 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by designating the existing matter as subsection `(a)'; and

      (2) by adding the following new subsections:

    `(b) A person who transports, transmits, or transfers in interstate or foreign commerce any proceeds of a kidnapping punishable under State law by imprisonment for more than 1 year, or receives, possesses, conceals, or disposes of any such proceeds after they have crossed a State or United States boundary, knowing the proceeds to have been unlawfully obtained, shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.

    `(c) For purposes of this section, the term `State' has the meaning set forth in section 245(d) of this title.'.

SEC. 320602. RECEIVING THE PROCEEDS OF A POSTAL ROBBERY.

    Section 2114 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `whoever' and inserting:

    `(a) ASSAULT- A person who'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(b) RECEIPT, POSSESSION, CONCEALMENT, OR DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY- A person who receives, possesses, conceals, or disposes of any money or other property that has been obtained in violation of this section, knowing the same to have been unlawfully obtained, shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.'.

SEC. 320603. CRIMES BY OR AFFECTING PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF INSURANCE WHOSE ACTIVITIES AFFECT INTERSTATE COMMERCE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 47 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sections:

`Sec. 1033. Crimes by or affecting persons engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce

    `(a)(1) Whoever is engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce and knowingly, with the intent to deceive, makes any false material statement or report or willfully and materially overvalues any land, property or security--

      `(A) in connection with any financial reports or documents presented to any insurance regulatory official or agency or an agent or examiner appointed by such official or agency to examine the affairs of such person, and

      `(B) for the purpose of influencing the actions of such official or agency or such an appointed agent or examiner,

    shall be punished as provided in paragraph (2).

    `(2) The punishment for an offense under paragraph (1) is a fine as established under this title or imprisonment for not more than 10 years, or both, except that the term of imprisonment shall be not more than 15 years if the statement or report or overvaluing of land, property, or security jeopardized the safety and soundness of an insurer and was a significant cause of such insurer being placed in conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation by an appropriate court.

    `(b)(1) Whoever--

      `(A) acting as, or being an officer, director, agent, or employee of, any person engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce, or

      `(B) is engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce or is involved (other than as an insured or beneficiary under a policy of insurance) in a transaction relating to the conduct of affairs of such a business,

    willfully embezzles, abstracts, purloins, or misappropriates any of the moneys, funds, premiums, credits, or other property of such person so engaged shall be punished as provided in paragraph (2).

    `(2) The punishment for an offense under paragraph (1) is a fine as provided under this title or imprisonment for not more than 10 years, or both, except that if such embezzlement, abstraction, purloining, or misappropriation described in paragraph (1) jeopardized the safety and soundness of an insurer and was a significant cause of such insurer being placed in conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation by an appropriate court, such imprisonment shall be not more than 15 years. If the amount or value so embezzled, abstracted, purloined, or misappropriated does not exceed $5,000, whoever violates paragraph (1) shall be fined as provided in this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

    `(c)(1) Whoever is engaged in the business of insurance and whose activities affect interstate commerce or is involved (other than as an insured or beneficiary under a policy of insurance) in a transaction relating to the conduct of affairs of such a business, knowingly makes any false entry of material fact in any book, report, or statement of such person engaged in the business of insurance with intent to deceive any person, including any officer, employee, or agent of such person engaged in the business of insurance, any insurance regulatory official or agency, or any agent or examiner appointed by such official or agency to examine the affairs of such person, about the financial condition or solvency of such business shall be punished as provided in paragraph (2).

    `(2) The punishment for an offense under paragraph (1) is a fine as provided under this title or imprisonment for not more than 10 years, or both, except that if the false entry in any book, report, or statement of such person jeopardized the safety and soundness of an insurer and was a significant cause of such insurer being placed in conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation by an appropriate court, such imprisonment shall be not more than 15 years.

    `(d) Whoever, by threats or force or by any threatening letter or communication, corruptly influences, obstructs, or impedes or endeavors corruptly to influence, obstruct, or impede the due and proper administration of the law under which any proceeding involving the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce is pending before any insurance regulatory official or agency or any agent or examiner appointed by such official or agency to examine the affairs of a person engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce, shall be fined as provided in this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

    `(e)(1)(A) Any individual who has been convicted of any criminal felony involving dishonesty or a breach of trust, or who has been convicted of an offense under this section, and who willfully engages in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce or participates in such business, shall be fined as provided in this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    `(B) Any individual who is engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce and who willfully permits the participation described in subparagraph (A) shall be fined as provided in this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    `(2) A person described in paragraph (1)(A) may engage in the business of insurance or participate in such business if such person has the written consent of any insurance regulatory official authorized to regulate the insurer, which consent specifically refers to this subsection.

    `(f) As used in this section--

      `(1) the term `business of insurance' means--

        `(A) the writing of insurance, or

        `(B) the reinsuring of risks,

      by an insurer, including all acts necessary or incidental to such writing or reinsuring and the activities of persons who act as, or are, officers, directors, agents, or employees of insurers or who are other persons authorized to act on behalf of such persons;

      `(2) the term `insurer' means any entity the business activity of which is the writing of insurance or the reinsuring of risks, and includes any person who acts as, or is, an officer, director, agent, or employee of that business;

      `(3) the term `interstate commerce' means--

        `(A) commerce within the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States;

        `(B) all commerce between any point in the State, territory, possession, or the District of Columbia and any point outside thereof;

        `(C) all commerce between points within the same State through any place outside such State; or

        `(D) all other commerce over which the United States has jurisdiction; and

      `(4) the term `State' includes any State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

`Sec. 1034. Civil penalties and injunctions for violations of section 1033

    `(a) The Attorney General may bring a civil action in the appropriate United States district court against any person who engages in conduct constituting an offense under section 1033 and, upon proof of such conduct by a preponderance of the evidence, such person shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $50,000 for each violation or the amount of compensation which the person received or offered for the prohibited conduct, whichever amount is greater. If the offense has contributed to the decision of a court of appropriate jurisdiction to issue an order directing the conservation, rehabilitation, or liquidation of an insurer, such penalty shall be remitted to the appropriate regulatory official for the benefit of the policyholders, claimants, and creditors of such insurer. The imposition of a civil penalty under this subsection does not preclude any other criminal or civil statutory, common law, or administrative remedy, which is available by law to the United States or any other person.

    `(b) If the Attorney General has reason to believe that a person is engaged in conduct constituting an offense under section 1033, the Attorney General may petition an appropriate United States district court for an order prohibiting that person from engaging in such conduct. The court may issue an order prohibiting that person from engaging in such conduct if the court finds that the conduct constitutes such an offense. The filing of a petition under this section does not preclude any other remedy which is available by law to the United States or any other person.'.

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections for chapter 47 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new items:

      `1033. Crimes by or affecting persons engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce.

      `1034. Civil penalties and injunctions for violations of section 1033.'.

SEC. 320604. MISCELLANEOUS AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) TAMPERING WITH INSURANCE REGULATORY PROCEEDINGS- Section 1515(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by inserting `or' at the end of subparagraph (C); and

      (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new subparagraph:

        `(D) a proceeding involving the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce before any insurance regulatory official or agency or any agent or examiner appointed by such official or agency to examine the affairs of any person engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce; or'.

    (b) LIMITATIONS- Section 3293 of such title is amended by inserting `1033,' after `1014,'.

    (c) OBSTRUCTION OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS- Section 1510 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(d)(1) Whoever--

      `(A) acting as, or being, an officer, director, agent or employee of a person engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce, or

      `(B) is engaged in the business of insurance whose activities affect interstate commerce or is involved (other than as an insured or beneficiary under a policy of insurance) in a transaction relating to the conduct of affairs of such a business,

    with intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding, directly or indirectly notifies any other person about the existence or contents of a subpoena for records of that person engaged in such business or information that has been furnished to a Federal grand jury in response to that subpoena, shall be fined as provided by this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

    `(2) As used in paragraph (1), the term `subpoena for records' means a Federal grand jury subpoena for records that has been served relating to a violation of, or a conspiracy to violate, section 1033 of this title.'.

SEC. 320605. FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE ACT AMENDMENT.

    Section 19(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1829(a)) is amended in paragraph (2)(A)(i)(I)--

      (1) by striking `or 1956'; and

      (2) by inserting `1517, 1956, or 1957'.

SEC. 320606. FEDERAL CREDIT UNION ACT AMENDMENTS.

    Section 205(d) of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1785(d)) is amended to read as follows:

    `(d) PROHIBITION-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Except with prior written consent of the Board--

        `(A) any person who has been convicted of any criminal offense involving dishonesty or a breach of trust, or has agreed to enter into a pretrial diversion or similar program in connection with a prosecution for such offense, may not--

          `(i) become, or continue as, an institution-affiliated party with respect to any insured credit union; or

          `(ii) otherwise participate, directly or indirectly, in the conduct of the affairs of any insured credit union; and

        `(B) any insured credit union may not permit any person referred to in subparagraph (A) to engage in any conduct or continue any relationship prohibited under such subparagraph.

      `(2) MINIMUM 10-YEAR PROHIBITION PERIOD FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- If the offense referred to in paragraph (1)(A) in connection with any person referred to in such paragraph is--

          `(i) an offense under--

            `(I) section 215, 656, 657, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1014, 1032, 1344, 1517, 1956, or 1957 of title 18, United States Code; or

            `(II) section 1341 or 1343 of such title which affects any financial institution (as defined in section 20 of such title); or

          `(ii) the offense of conspiring to commit any such offense,

        the Board may not consent to any exception to the application of paragraph (1) to such person during the 10-year period beginning on the date the conviction or the agreement of the person becomes final.

        `(B) EXCEPTION BY ORDER OF SENTENCING COURT-

          `(i) IN GENERAL- On motion of the Board, the court in which the conviction or the agreement of a person referred to in subparagraph (A) has been entered may grant an exception to the application of paragraph (1) to such person if granting the exception is in the interest of justice.

          `(ii) PERIOD FOR FILING- A motion may be filed under clause (i) at any time during the 10-year period described in subparagraph (A) with regard to the person on whose behalf such motion is made.

      `(3) PENALTY- Whoever knowingly violates paragraph (1) or (2) shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 for each day such prohibition is violated or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.'.

SEC. 320607. ADDITION OF PREDICATE OFFENSES TO FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS REWARDS STATUTE.

    Section 3059A of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `225,' after `215';

      (2) by striking `or' before `1344'; and

      (3) by inserting `, or 1517' after `1344'.

SEC. 320608. DEFINITION OF `SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION' FOR PURPOSES OF THE OFFENSE OF BANK ROBBERY AND RELATED OFFENSES.

    Section 2113 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    `(h) As used in this section, the term `savings and loan association' means--

      `(1) a Federal savings association or State savings association (as defined in section 3(b) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(b))) having accounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and

      `(2) a corporation described in section 3(b)(1)(C) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(b)(1)(C)) that is operating under the laws of the United States.'.

SEC. 320609. DEFINITION OF 1-YEAR PERIOD FOR PURPOSES OF THE OFFENSE OF OBSTRUCTION OF A FEDERAL AUDIT.

    Section 1516(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `section the term' and inserting `section--

      `(1) the term';

      (2) by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      `(2) the term `in any 1 year period' has the meaning given to the term `in any one-year period' in section 666.'.

Subtitle G--Safer Streets and Neighborhoods

SEC. 320701. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Safer Streets and Neighborhoods Act of 1994'.

SEC. 320702. LIMITATION ON GRANT DISTRIBUTION.

    (a) AMENDMENT- Section 510(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3760(b)) is amended by inserting `non-Federal' after `with'.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 1994.

Subtitle H--Recreational Hunting Safety

SEC. 320801. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the `Recreational Hunting Safety and Preservation Act of 1994'.

SEC. 320802. OBSTRUCTION OF A LAWFUL HUNT.

    It is a violation of this section intentionally to engage in any physical conduct that significantly hinders a lawful hunt.

SEC. 320803. CIVIL PENALTIES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- A person who violates section 320802 shall be assessed a civil penalty in an amount computed under subsection (b).

    (b) COMPUTATION OF PENALTY- The penalty shall be--

      (1) not more than $10,000, if the violation involved the use of force or violence, or the threatened use of force or violence, against the person or property of another person; and

      (2) not more than $5,000 for any other violation.

    (c) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PENALTIES- The penalties established by this section shall be in addition to other criminal or civil penalties that may be levied against the person as a result of an activity in violation of section 320802.

    (d) PROCEDURE- Upon receipt of--

      (1) a written complaint from an officer, employee, or agent of the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, or other Federal agency that a person violated section 320802; or

      (2) a sworn affidavit from an individual and a determination by the Secretary that the statement contains sufficient factual allegations to create a reasonable belief that a violation of section 320802 has occurred;

    the Secretary may request the Attorney General of the United States to institute a civil action for the imposition and collection of the civil penalty under this section.

    (e) USE OF PENALTY MONEY COLLECTED- After deduction of costs attributable to collection, money collected from penalties shall be--

      (1) deposited into the trust fund established pursuant to the Act entitled `An Act to provide that the United States shall aid the States in wildlife-restoration projects, and for other purposes', approved September 2, 1937 (16 U.S.C. 669) (commonly known as the `Pitman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act'), to support the activities authorized by such Act and undertaken by State wildlife management agencies; or

      (2) used in such other manner as the Secretary determines will enhance the funding and implementation of--

        (A) the North American Waterfowl Management Plan signed by the Secretary of the Interior and the Minister of Environment for Canada in May 1986; or

        (B) a similar program that the Secretary determines will enhance wildlife management--

          (i) on Federal lands; or

          (ii) on private or State-owned lands when the efforts will also provide a benefit to wildlife management objectives on Federal lands.

SEC. 320804. OTHER RELIEF.

    Injunctive relief against a violation of section 320802 may be sought by--

      (1) the head of a State agency with jurisdiction over fish or wildlife management;

      (2) the Attorney General of the United States; or

      (3) any person who is or would be adversely affected by the violation.

SEC. 320805. RELATIONSHIP TO STATE AND LOCAL LAW AND CIVIL ACTIONS.

    This subtitle does not preempt a State law or local ordinance that provides for civil or criminal penalties for conduct that violates this subtitle.

SEC. 320806. REGULATIONS.

    The Secretary may issue such regulations as are necessary to carry out this subtitle.

SEC. 320807. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to impair a right guaranteed to a person under the first article of amendment to the Constitution or limit any legal remedy for forceful interference with a person's lawful participation in speech or peaceful assembly.

SEC. 320808. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this subtitle:

      (1) FEDERAL LANDS- The term `Federal lands' means--

        (A) national forests;

        (B) public lands;

        (C) national parks; and

        (D) wildlife refuges.

      (2) LAWFUL HUNT- The term `lawful hunt' means the taking or harvesting (or attempted taking or harvesting) of wildlife or fish, on Federal lands, which--

        (A) is lawful under the laws applicable in the place it occurs; and

        (B) does not infringe upon a right of an owner of private property.

      (3) NATIONAL FOREST- The term `national forest' means lands included in the National Forest System (as defined in section 11(a) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1609(a))).

      (4) NATIONAL PARK- The term `national park' means lands and waters included in the National Park System (as defined in section 2(a) of the Act entitled `An Act to facilitate the management of the National Park System and miscellaneous areas administered in connection with that system, and for other purposes', approved August 8, 1953 (16 U.S.C. 1c(a))).

      (5) PUBLIC LANDS- The term `public lands' has the same meaning as is provided in section 103(e) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1702(e)).

      (6) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means--

        (A) the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to national forests; and

        (B) the Secretary of the Interior with respect to--

          (i) public lands;

          (ii) national parks; and

          (iii) wildlife refuges.

      (7) WILDLIFE REFUGE- The term `wildlife refuge' means lands and waters included in the National Wildlife Refuge System (as established by section 4 of the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd)).

      (8) CONDUCT- The term `conduct' does not include speech protected by the first article of amendment to the Constitution.

Subtitle I--Other Provisions

SEC. 320901. WIRETAPS.

    Section 2511(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (c);

      (2) by inserting `or' at the end of paragraph (d); and

      (3) by adding after paragraph (d) the following new paragraph:

      `(e)(i) intentionally discloses, or endeavors to disclose, to any other person the contents of any wire, oral, or electronic communication, intercepted by means authorized by sections 2511(2)(A)(ii), 2511(b)-(c), 2511(e), 2516, and 2518 of this subchapter, (ii) knowing or having reason to know that the information was obtained through the interception of such a communication in connection with a criminal investigation, (iii) having obtained or received the information in connection with a criminal investigation, and (iv) with intent to improperly obstruct, impede, or interfere with a duly authorized criminal investigation,'.

SEC. 320902. THEFT OF MAJOR ARTWORK.

    (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 31 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 668. Theft of major artwork

    `(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      `museum' means an organized and permanent institution, the activities of which affect interstate or foreign commerce, that--

        `(A) is situated in the United States;

        `(B) is established for an essentially educational or aesthetic purpose;

        `(C) has a professional staff; and

        `(D) owns, utilizes, and cares for tangible objects that are exhibited to the public on a regular schedule.

      `object of cultural heritage' means an object that is--

        `(A) over 100 years old and worth in excess of $5,000; or

        `(B) worth at least $100,000.'.

    `(b) OFFENSES- A person who--

      `(1) steals or obtains by fraud from the care, custody, or control of a museum any object of cultural heritage; or

      `(2) knowing that an object of cultural heritage has been stolen or obtained by fraud, if in fact the object was stolen or obtained from the care, custody, or control of a museum (whether or not that fact is known to the person), receives, conceals, exhibits, or disposes of the object,

    shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

    (b) PERIOD OF LIMITATION- Chapter 213 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 3294. Theft of major artwork

    `No person shall be prosecuted, tried, or punished for a violation of or conspiracy to violate section 668 unless the indictment is returned or the information is filed within 20 years after the commission of the offense.'.

    (d) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS-

      (1) CHAPTER 31- The chapter analysis for chapter 31 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `668. Theft of major artwork.'.

      (2) CHAPTER 213- The chapter analysis for chapter 213 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `3294. Theft of major artwork.'.

SEC. 320903. ADDITION OF ATTEMPTED ROBBERY, KIDNAPPING, SMUGGLING, AND PROPERTY DAMAGE OFFENSES TO ELIMINATE INCONSISTENCIES AND GAPS IN COVERAGE.

    (a) ROBBERY AND BURGLARY- (1) Section 2111 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or attempts to take' after `takes'.

    (2) Section 2112 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or attempts to rob' after `robs'.

    (3) Section 2114 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or attempts to rob' after `robs'.

    (b) KIDNAPPING- Section 1201(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `Whoever attempts to violate subsection (a)(4) or (a)(5)' and inserting `Whoever attempts to violate subsection (a)'.

    (c) SMUGGLING- Section 545 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or attempts to smuggle or clandestinely introduce' after `smuggles, or clandestinely introduces'.

    (d) MALICIOUS MISCHIEF- (1) Section 1361 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (A) by inserting `or attempts to commit any of the foregoing offenses' before `shall be punished', and

      (B) by inserting `or attempted damage' after `damage' each place it appears.

    (2) Section 1362 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or attempts willfully or maliciously to injure or destroy' after `willfully or maliciously injures or destroys'.

    (3) Section 1366 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (A) by inserting `or attempts to damage' after `damages' each place it appears;

      (B) by inserting `or attempts to cause' after `causes'; and

      (C) by inserting `or would if the attempted offense had been completed have exceeded' after `exceeds' each place it appears.

SEC. 320904. GUN-FREE SCHOOL ZONES.

    Section 922(q) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after `(q)' the following new paragraph:

    `(1) The Congress finds and declares that--

      `(A) crime, particularly crime involving drugs and guns, is a pervasive, nationwide problem;

      `(B) crime at the local level is exacerbated by the interstate movement of drugs, guns, and criminal gangs;

      `(C) firearms and ammunition move easily in interstate commerce and have been found in increasing numbers in and around schools, as documented in numerous hearings in both the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives and Judiciary Committee of the Senate;

      `(D) in fact, even before the sale of a firearm, the gun, its component parts, ammunition, and the raw materials from which they are made have considerably moved in interstate commerce;

      `(E) while criminals freely move from State to State, ordinary citizens and foreign visitors may fear to travel to or through certain parts of the country due to concern about violent crime and gun violence, and parents may decline to send their children to school for the same reason;

      `(F) the occurrence of violent crime in school zones has resulted in a decline in the quality of education in our country;

      `(G) this decline in the quality of education has an adverse impact on interstate commerce and the foreign commerce of the United States;

      `(H) States, localities, and school systems find it almost impossible to handle gun-related crime by themselves; even States, localities, and school systems that have made strong efforts to prevent, detect, and punish gun-related crime find their efforts unavailing due in part to the failure or inability of other States or localities to take strong measures; and

      `(I) Congress has power, under the interstate commerce clause and other provisions of the Constitution, to enact measures to ensure the integrity and safety of the Nation's schools by enactment of this subsection.'.

SEC. 320905. INTERSTATE WAGERING.

    Section 1301 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or, being engaged in the business of procuring for a person in 1 State such a ticket, chance, share, or interest in a lottery, gift, enterprise or similar scheme conducted by another State (unless that business is permitted under an agreement between the States in question or appropriate authorities of those States), knowingly transmits in interstate or foreign commerce information to be used for the purpose of procuring such a ticket, chance, share, or interest;' after `scheme;'.

SEC. 320906. SENSE OF CONGRESS WITH RESPECT TO VIOLENCE AGAINST TRUCKERS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--

      (1) when there is Federal jurisdiction, Federal authorities should prosecute to the fullest extent of the law murders, rapes, burglaries, kidnappings and assaults committed against commercial truckers; and

      (2) appropriate Federal agencies should acknowledge this problem and place a priority on evaluating how best to prevent these crimes and apprehend those involved, and continue to coordinate their activities with multi-jurisdictional authorities to combat violent crimes committed against truckers.

SEC. 320907. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING A STUDY ON OUT-OF-WEDLOCK BIRTHS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--

      (1) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the National Center for Health Statistics, should prepare an analysis of the causes of the increase in out-of-wedlock births, and determine whether there is any historical precedent for such increase, as well as any equivalent among foreign nations, and

      (2) the Secretary of Health and Human Services should report to Congress within 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act on the Secretary's analysis of the out-of-wedlock problem and its causes, as well as possible remedial measures that could be taken.

SEC. 320908. SENSE OF THE SENATE REGARDING THE ROLE OF THE UNITED NATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME CONTROL.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--

      (1) the United States should encourage the development of a United Nations Convention on Organized Crime; and

      (2) the United Nations should--

        (A) provide significant additional resources to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice;

        (B) consider an expansion of the Commission's role and authority; and

        (C) seek a cohesive approach to the international organized crime problem.

SEC. 320909. OPTIONAL VENUE FOR ESPIONAGE AND RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 211 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 3238 the following new section:

`Sec. 3239. Optional venue for espionage and related offenses

    `The trial for any offense involving a violation, begun or committed upon the high seas or elsewhere out of the jurisdiction of any particular State or district, of--

      `(1) section 793, 794, 798, or section 1030(a)(1) of this title;

      `(2) section 601 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 421); or

      `(3) section 4(b) or 4(c) of the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 783 (b) or (c));

    may be in the District of Columbia or in any other district authorized by law.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The item relating to section 3239 in the table of sections of chapter 211 of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

      `3239. Optional venue for espionage and related offenses.'.

SEC. 320910. UNDERCOVER OPERATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

-`Sec. 21. Stolen or counterfeit nature of property for certain crimes defined

    `(a) Wherever in this title it is an element of an offense that--

      `(1) any property was embezzled, robbed, stolen, converted, taken, altered, counterfeited, falsely made, forged, or obliterated; and

      `(2) the defendant knew that the property was of such character;

    such element may be established by proof that the defendant, after or as a result of an official representation as to the nature of the property, believed the property to be embezzled, robbed, stolen, converted, taken, altered, counterfeited, falsely made, forged, or obliterated.

    `(b) For purposes of this section, the term `official representation' means any representation made by a Federal law enforcement officer (as defined in section 115) or by another person at the direction or with the approval of such an officer.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections of chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

      `21. Stolen or counterfeit nature of property for certain crimes defined.'.

SEC. 320911. MISUSE OF INITIALS `DEA'.

    (a) AMENDMENT- Section 709 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the thirteenth unnumbered paragraph by striking `words--' and inserting `words; or'; and

      (2) by inserting after the thirteenth unnumbered paragraph the following new paragraph:

    `A person who, except with the written permission of the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, knowingly uses the words `Drug Enforcement Administration' or the initials `DEA' or any colorable imitation of such words or initials, in connection with any advertisement, circular, book, pamphlet, software or other publication, play, motion picture, broadcast, telecast, or other production, in a manner reasonably calculated to convey the impression that such advertisement, circular, book, pamphlet, software or other publication, play, motion picture, broadcast, telecast, or other production is approved, endorsed, or authorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration;'.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall become effective on the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 320912. DEFINITION OF LIVESTOCK.

    Section 2311 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the second paragraph relating to the definition of `cattle' the following new paragraph:

    `livestock' means any domestic animals raised for home use, consumption, or profit, such as horses, pigs, llamas, goats, fowl, sheep, buffalo, and cattle, or the carcasses thereof.'.

SEC. 320913. ASSET FORFEITURE.

    (a) AMENDMENT- Section 524(c)(1) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subparagraph (H) as subparagraph (I); and

      (2) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new subparagraph:

    `(H) the payment of State and local property taxes on forfeited real property that accrued between the date of the violation giving rise to the forfeiture and the date of the forfeiture order; and'.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENT- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to all claims pending at the time of or commenced subsequent to the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 320914. CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF A `COURT OF THE UNITED STATES' TO INCLUDE THE DISTRICT COURTS FOR GUAM, THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

`Sec. 23. Court of the United States defined

    `As used in this title, except where otherwise expressly provided the term `court of the United States' includes the District Court of Guam, the District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands, and the District Court of the Virgin Islands.'.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The chapter analysis for chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following ne