For pre-2017 blog posts, please visit the Think Immigration website.

Blog: Think Immigration

Think Immigration: Why Immigration Lawyers Shouldn’t Do Math

AILA Media Advocacy Committee Member Sandra Feist shares the math behind where the H-1B fees have been going, supporting more than $5 billion in training and scholarships in STEM fields for Americans and making a huge difference to researchers and educators alike.
AILA Doc. No. 19061933

Think Immigration: President Trump’s “Remain in Mexico” Program Is an Assault on Human Rights

AILA member Isabel Duarte describes a recent immigration court hearing she witnessed with families impacted by the “Remain in Mexico” or “Migrant Protection Protocols” policy, showing how the program harms families and is an assault on human rights and due process.
AILA Doc. No. 19061280

Think Immigration: Immigration Attorneys, It’s Time to Add a Whole New Section to Your Client Screening Sheets

In this blog post, AILA member and ACLU MN Policy Counsel Julia Decker highlights recent changes to social media information collection and the serious civil liberties implications and chilling effect the collection will have.
AILA Doc. No. 19060703

Think Immigration: AILA Bylaws Amendments! Now That I’ve Got Your Attention…

In this blog post, AILA Treasurer Jeremy McKinney urges AILA members to vote on a set of bylaws amendments, writing that while most of them aren't Earth-shattering, there are amendments that would provide much needed "structure, formality, risk management, and most importantly, due process."
AILA Doc. No. 19060335

Think Immigration: Let’s Break Down the “Perpetual Foreigner” Stereotype

In this blog post, part of the AILA Diversity & Inclusion series, committee member Olivia Lee explores her own family's history and urges all of us to break down the "perpetual foreigner" stereotype that can divide us.
AILA Doc. No. 190524

Think Immigration: The Fight on Behalf of Transgender Asylum Seekers Detained in Pearsall

AILA Senior Counsel of Pro Bono Program Jocelyn Dyer highlights recent wins for transgender asylum seekers detained in Pearsall as part of the Immigration Justice Campaign and urges readers to get involved to help more detained immigrants get a fair day in court.
AILA Doc. No. 19051504

Think Immigration: Advocacy in Action: Congress Demands Answers from USCIS

In this blog post, AILA Media Advocacy Committee Member Fiona McEntee reflects on NDA 2019 and the successful effort to have Congress hold USCIS accountable for crisis-level processing delays.
AILA Doc. No. 19051333

Think Immigration: But the Royal Baby Actually Is a U.S. Citizen…

AILA member John Manley explains why the citizenship of the new British royal baby is even a question, and highlights some of the complexities of U.S. immigration law.
AILA Doc. No. 19050831

Think Immigration: A Spotlight of Misinformation

AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson details recent misinformation from the president about the border, immigrants, and asylum seekers, and notes, “Sadly, the Trump administration’s border enforcement strategy remains largely unchanged even as the nature of the challenge has changed dramatically.”
AILA Doc. No. 19050735

Think Immigration: Michelle Angela Ortiz: Illuminating Injustice Through Art

AILA Senior Legal Editor Rizwan Hassan highlights a visual artist and community educator, Michelle Angela Ortiz, who has brought attention to families detained in Berks, PA, writing "we must use whatever skills and talents we have at our disposal to battle the injustices we see."
AILA Doc. No. 19050600

Think Immigration: USCIS Acknowledges That Its Own Policies Compound Case Processing Delays

AILA Policy Counsel Jason Boyd highlights data from a recent USCIS response to Congress, noting evidence that “USCIS policies are undermining the agency’s statutory mandate to efficiently process applications and petitions for immigration benefits” and calling for USCIS to be held to account.
AILA Doc. No. 19043031

Think Immigration: A New Resource on Immigration Law: AILA Law Journal Is Live!

In this blog post, AILA President Anastasia Tonello announces the inaugural edition of the AILA Law Journal, highlighting the articles and themes within the seven pieces and inviting articles for future editions.
AILA Doc. No. 19042671

Think Immigration: “What Do You Mean I’m Not a U.S. Citizen?”

AILA member Tracie Klinke's recent experiences in practicing family immigration law helped develop the sessions for AILA's Annual Conference Family Track. Have you experienced similar situations? Join us in Orlando to learn solutions. Save $250 on the advanced registration rate through May 13.
AILA Doc. No. 19041933

Think Immigration: Americans Abroad Among Those Being Left in the Lurch by the Trump Administration

AILA member Jeremy Weber shares insights into the vital role USCIS International Operations serve and highlights how closure of those offices will negatively impact all too many Americans, their families, American businesses, and refugees.
AILA Doc. No. 19041830

Think Immigration: The Chess Prodigy and Asylum Policy

AILA member and Senior Legal Editor Rizwan Hassan writes about the recent New York State Scholastic Chess child champion Tanitoluwa Adewumi as an example of the asylum seekers and refugees who have made America great over generations, urging that we take action and call for good immigration policy.
AILA Doc. No. 19040996

Think Immigration: Lift the H-1B Cap to Benefit U.S. Employers and U.S. Workers

AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Doug Penn describes how lifting the cap on H-1B visas could "help the large and small employers who need employees with these skills to meet workforce demands, build up U.S. workforce training programs, and enhance fraud detection and prevention efforts."
AILA Doc. No. 19040296

Think Immigration: Saluting AILA’s Women Trailblazers

In this blog post for Women's History Month, the women on AILA’s Executive Committee recognize some of the many women who have played a key role in the history of the AILA.
AILA Doc. No. 19032934

Think Immigration: Despite the #MeToo Movement, Rollbacks in Protection Endanger Immigrant Women: It Is Time for #ImmigrantWomenToo

AILA member Morgan Weibel shares the importance of humanitarian protections for immigrant victims of sexual assault and violence, how they are being undermined, and the need to unite behind the move to recognize and address the plight of #ImmigrantWomenToo.
AILA Doc. No. 19032736

Think Immigration: Fourteen-Year Odyssey to Get U.S. Citizenship Back After Forced Renunciation

In this blog post, AILA member Alice Yardum-Hunter recounts the 14-year battle her client fought to regain his citizenship which he had not voluntarily renounced.
AILA Doc. No. 19032631

Think Immigration: Read All About It: ABA Report Calls for Independent Immigration Courts

Jeremy McKinney describes what he is seeing in his practice, which underscores the need for an independent immigration court, a call echoed by the American Bar Association's new report on the immigration system released March 20, 2019.
AILA Doc. No. 19032034

Think Immigration: Harnessing the Power of Social Media as an Immigration Attorney

William Stock, past AILA president and active social media user, describes some techniques and tactics for engaging on social media and harnessing the power of several digital platforms to help you develop your brand and establish yourself as a thought leader.
AILA Doc. No. 19031900

Think Immigration: The View from the Chair

In this blog post, part of the AILA Diversity & Inclusion series, Caroline Ostrom shares her experience and explains how "incorporating ways to include those with disabilities into your practice as colleagues, employees, and clients, makes business sense and is the right thing to do."
AILA Doc. No. 19031500

Think Immigration: On-the-Ground Advocacy at a Women and Children's Detention Center

Recent Dilley Pro Bono Project volunteers and AILA law student members Alex George and Carolina Solano share their experience helping mothers and children incarcerated in Texas, the impact of recent policies and decisions, and why we need to #EndFamilyDetention.
AILA Doc. No. 19031335

Think Immigration: Re-Imagine the H-1B to Match Our Economy’s Needs

New blog post from Jennifer Minear explains the impact of new policies USCIS Director Cissna recently highlighted in an op-ed, noting that "We don't need to reconfigure the logistical administration of the outdated and ill-equipped H-1B system that we have. We need to re-imagine that system..."
AILA Doc. No. 19030830

Think Immigration: “Migrant Protection Protocols” Policy is a Death Sentence for Asylum Seekers

Katie Shepherd, National Advocacy Counsel for the Immigration Justice Campaign writes about the immense harm and due process obstacles asylum seekers will face in light of the “Migrant Protection Protocols” or “Remain in Mexico” policy, and why Secretary Nielsen must immediately halt it.
AILA Doc. No. 19030535

Think Immigration: USCIS Processing Delays Soared While Application Rates Fell

AILA Policy Counsel Jason Boyd highlights newly released USCIS data and shows how the new information "has cast an even harsher glare on the agency’s well-documented failure to process its caseload in a timely fashion."
AILA Doc. No. 19030137

Think Immigration: Black Immigrant History is Part of Black History Month

In this blog post, part of the AILA Diversity & Inclusion series, AILA Second Vice President Allen Orr recognizes Black History Month, shares important research and analysis, and writes, "In the drive for immigration reform, black immigrants must not be forgotten or left out of the equation."
AILA Doc. No. 19022695

Think Immigration: Shining Some FOIA Light on the Immigration Courts

AILA Senior Policy Counsel Laura Lynch describes an EOIR memo, obtained via FOIA by AILA and the American Immigration Council, which lays out a plan, purportedly to lessen the immigration court backlog but that has done the opposite, bloating the backlog and undermining due process.
AILA Doc. No. 19022132

Think Immigration: America’s Seasonal Worker Visa Program Desperately Needs an Update

In this blog post, AILA member Adam Greenberg describes the H-2B visa program and the significant obstacles employers face trying to bring in seasonal workers, including artificially low caps on the number of visas, and technical problems like the iCERT system failing in early January.
AILA Doc. No. 19022033

Think Immigration: Governing with Blinders On

AILA Executive Director Benjamin Johnson describes how the border security debate ignores how border enforcement "works in the real world" and highlights how our "immigration system is very much out of step with economic and social reality."
AILA Doc. No. 19021931

Think Immigration: Tool Time: What You Need to Sue the Government

AILA member Lori Chesser describes how business immigration law experts may want to explore litigation as an option for clients and highlights her recent win along with some useful AILA resources.
AILA Doc. No. 19021230

Think Immigration: AILA Stands with Our Members Against Government Retaliation

In this blog post, AILA President-Elect Marketa Lindt and AILA Treasurer Jeremy McKinney describe recent troubling events which could impact access to counsel for asylum seekers at the border and avow "We stand with our members...We stand ready to fight."
AILA Doc. No. 19021100

Think Immigration: Agency Delays Enact the Administration’s Immigration Agenda

AILA member Sandra Feist highlights another brick in the Trump administration's "invisible wall" relating to delays and obstacles to I-751 petitioners and the significant impact those delays can have on immigrants who "got in line" and their families as well.
AILA Doc. No. 19020634

Think Immigration: Matter of A-B-: Case Updates, Current Trends, and Suggested Strategies

AILA Asylum and Refugee Committee Chair and author of AILA’s Asylum Primer Dree Collopy describes Matter of A-B- and its potential impact on asylum law and previews an upcoming webinar on the topic that is open to interested practitioners.
AILA Doc. No. 19013135

Think Immigration: AILA Analysis Reveals Crisis-Level Delays in USCIS Case Processing

In this blog post, AILA Policy Counsel Jason Boyd shares key points from AILA's recently released policy brief and explains how USCIS processing delays have reached crisis levels under the Trump administration.
AILA Doc. No. 19013071

Think Immigration: End the Shutdown and Secure the Border Act: What's Wrong with the Trump-McConnell Bill

AILA member Sabrina Damast highlights the damaging provisions in the bill supported by the administration to end the shutdown which would negatively impact Dreamers, TPS recipients, and asylum seekers.
AILA Doc. No. 19012470

Think Immigration: Go to Tijuana. Go Now.

AILA members Kara Lynum and Christina Brown describe volunteering at the border with asylum seekers who were being denied entry by CBP officials despite the presence of two congressional members – they urge other AILA members and the public to take action as well!
AILA Doc. No. 19011643

Think Immigration: Unintended Consequences

In this blog post, AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Matthew Maiona highlights the unintended consequences of the shutdown, including a halt to the E-Verify program which allows U.S. employers to check the eligibility of applicants to work.
AILA Doc. No. 19010800

Think Immigration: Serious About Border Security?

AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson takes a look at the real dangers to U.S. border security, writing "Were the president serious about border security, he would focus his administration's attention and resources on the transnational criminal cartels who deal drugs, run guns, and launder money."
AILA Doc. No. 19010433

Think Immigration: See Your Successes – the Justice Campaign’s Year in Numbers

Justice Campaign Director Karen Lucas reflects on the difficulties and triumphs of 2018, writing that because of the amazing work of volunteers, the campaign “will enter 2019 with something that cannot and will not be deterred by anti-immigrant executive actions and rhetoric: hope."
AILA Doc. No. 18122674

Think Immigration: Take Action – Comment on the H-1B Proposed Rule

AILA President-Elect Marketa Lindt urges AILA members to use AILA's Take Action tool to comment on the proposed H-1B rule, writing "this is an issue on which we as AILA members need to be heard."
AILA Doc. No. 18122108

Think Immigration: AILA Teams Up with the ACLU and Others to Tear Down Barriers to Access to Counsel

In this blog post, AILA Executive Director Benjamin Johnson describes the lawsuit, filed December 14, 2018, which AILA joined as plaintiff, in response to ICE and Geo Group creating unlawful barriers to attorney-client communications.
AILA Doc. No. 18121734

Think Immigration: Proposed H-1B Policy Creates New Uncertainty for American Employers

In this blog post, AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Sandra Feist explains what the proposed H-1B rule would really mean for American employers and encourages a different path forward, in which "a more flexible, responsive visa program for professionals" is developed.
AILA Doc. No. 18120508

Think Immigration: Protect the American Dream – Comment on the Public Charge Rule

AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson describes the proposed "public charge" rule and urges readers to submit a comment about how the rule would negatively impact America, writing "for the health and well-being of our society as a whole, we must resist this rule and all of its implications."
AILA Doc. No. 18120403

Think Immigration: USCIS’s New Policy is a Boon to Abusers and Traffickers

Christie Popp shares her experiences working with immigrant victims and witnesses of crimes and highlights how the new USCIS NTA policy for VAWA, U- and T-visas will hinder law enforcement efforts and cause harm, not only to applicants, but to their families and communities as well.
AILA Doc. No. 18112801

Think Immigration: A Dozen Years of PERM – A Practitioner’s Perspective

In this blog post, AILA member and PERM expert Ceridwen Koski offers insights into how the PERM landscape has changed over the past dozen years and what AILA members can do to prepare themselves to meet their clients’ needs.
AILA Doc. No. 18112032

Think Immigration: Ellis Island – A Window to our Past and Future

AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Doug Penn visited Ellis Island and the ruins of the country's first public health hospital there; he urges all of us, "as you live and work, try to see your life from the perspective of Ellis Island - and live up to that statue in the harbor."
AILA Doc. No. 18111938

Think Immigration: TPS Holders Impacted by Immigration Scams

AILA member Anna Gallagher highlights the importance of avoiding scams and getting qualified counsel in an uncertain immigration environment, particularly those individuals who hold Temporary Protected Status (TPS).
AILA Doc. No. 18111630

Think Immigration: Serving Those Who Serve Our Country

As we reflect on Veterans Day, this blog post offers insights into the impact of immigration law on members of the military and their families and encourages AILA members to "help a service member by bringing immigration legal expertise and a caring heart to bear on these important cases."
AILA Doc. No. 18111271

Think Immigration: Reality vs. Rhetoric – Why Are People Fleeing to the United States?

In this blog post, AILA Board of Governors member Ally Bolour describes the country conditions in Central America, and involvement therein by the United States government over decades, that have led to refugees seeking protection.
AILA Doc. No. 18110940

Think Immigration: Representing the Separated

AILA member Teresa Messer shares the story of a father and son separated by the government who she was able to help and the impact taking that case had on her and her client; she also shares links to resources and opportunities to help.
AILA Doc. No. 18110730

Think Immigration: On Election Day…Vote for All of Us

AILA Executive Director Benjamin Johnson urges everyone eligible to vote and to participate in the #MyImmigrantHistory campaign, writing, “Tomorrow is a chance to exercise our rights as Americans, and to vote not just for our issue but for a future that all Americans can see themselves in.”
AILA Doc. No. 18110532

Think Immigration: The #MyImmigrantHistory Campaign - We Invite You to Share Your Story!

AILA President Anastasia Tonello shares her #MyImmigrantHistory story as part of AILA's campaign to highlight why the public charge rule is shortsighted and would harm the country and encourages others to share their own #MyImmigrantHistory story on social media and with AILA.
AILA Doc. No. 18110171

Think Immigration: A Second Chance at Asylum for Indonesian Families

In this blog post, AILA member and Immigration Justice Campaign volunteer Lisa Modecker shares how she was able to successfully reopen the case of Mr. and Mrs. Sombah, Indonesian Christians at risk of deportation back to danger in their home country after years of refuge in the United States.
AILA Doc. No. 18102970

Think Immigration: Inclusion Requires Us to Be Proactive

In the second blog post from the AILA Diversity and Inclusion Committee, AILA member Christian Montesinos shares a discriminatory experience he had with USCIS and urges AILA members and the public to be proactive about "inclusion and thrive in the lush landscape of diversity."
AILA Doc. No. 18102303

Think Immigration: The Detective Work of Asylum Cases: How Surgeons Can Help

In this blog post, AILA member and Immigration Justice Campaign volunteer Nikki Lyons describes how working with medical experts, particularly surgeons, can offer a way to corroborate details of an asylum seeker's case based on wounds and scars left from persecution.

Think Immigration: Terrible and Terrifying: Marriage Interviews Become Another Cog in the Deportation Machine

AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson highlights the growing number of cases where ICE seizes people during the marriage interview component of their immigration application process, an interview required to pursue the legal status which would protect them.
AILA Doc. No. 18101830

Think Immigration: Proposed Public Charge Rule Spreads Panic, But Would Fail at Cutting Costs

In this blog post, AILA member Ruby Powers highlights the newly published proposed "public charge" rule and its potential negative impact on clients and communities while describing how the public and AILA members can engage on this important issue by commenting on the proposed rule.
AILA Doc. No. 18101105

Think Immigration: Exploring All the Options – EB-5 in This Era of Uncertainty

In this blog post, past AILA president and EB-5 expert Bernard Wolfsdorf highlights some of the important information and innovative ideas that will be shared at the upcoming AILA & IIUSA EB-5 Industry Forum and reminds readers that the early-bird registration option ends this Wednesday!
AILA Doc. No. 18100805

Think Immigration: A Resurgence of Hope for Many TPS Holders

Jason Boyd, AILA Policy Counsel, offers insights into the preliminary injunction granted in Ramos v. Nielsen, offering TPS holders from El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Sudan, and their families hope in a very uncertain time.
AILA Doc. No. 18100431

Think Immigration: Justice Cannot Be Carried Out on an Assembly Line

AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson issues a call to action, sharing comments from NAIJ president Ashley Tabaddor and advocating for an independent immigration court system, free from political pressure by any administration.
AILA Doc. No. 18100104

Think Immigration: How to Manage Your Practice in the Shifting Employment-Based Landscape

AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Sandra Feist shares how she has handled the growing uncertainty in employment-based immigration law practice and offers some useful advice for other practitioners.
AILA Doc. No. 18092539

Think Immigration: Together, A Firestorm of Support

In this blog post, AILA staff members Reid Trautz, Erin Lynum, and former AILA intern Jiedine I. A. Phanbuh highlight the importance of engaging community to support immigrants and work towards fair immigration policy.
AILA Doc. No. 18091434

Think Immigration: Why Representation Matters Within the Immigration Bar Itself

In this blog post, AILA member Sarah Pitney shares the importance of diversity and inclusion in the immigration bar by describing how one panelist in particular at the 2017 AILA Conference in New Orleans showed how her “professional community valued the presence of its LGBT+ members.”
AILA Doc. No. 18090742

Think Immigration: Little Ease - Undocumented in America 2018

AILA member Margaret O'Donnell describes changes being made to immigration policy that negatively impact American families, offering a real client example to highlight how uncertain the future has become.
AILA Doc. No. 18082900

Think Immigration: Join the Fight to Restore USCIS’s Mission and Ensure Immigration Court Independence!

In this blog post, AILA Media Advocacy Committee member Katie Sarreshteh highlights AILA's August Campaign and urges members to help AILA's efforts "to realign USCIS with its congressional mandate and ensure judicial independence in our immigration courts."
AILA Doc. No. 18082400

Think Immigration: The Government’s Use of Coercion on Separated Parents

In this blog post, Immigration Justice Campaign National Advocacy Counsel Katie Shepherd describes the government’s use of coercion on separated parents and the complaint AILA and the Council filed with DHS to draw attention to this illegal and unconstitutional practice.
AILA Doc. No. 18082303

Think Immigration: Call to Arms - Don’t Let USCIS Get Away with It, Again

AILA First Vice President Jennifer Minear explains what the newly finalized unlawful presence changes will mean for students and exchange visitors and urges AILA members and the public to not allow this policy, and its inevitable consequences, if implemented, to go unnoticed.
AILA Doc. No. 18081770

Think Immigration: The Repercussions of How the Administration Has Handled Matter of Castro-Tum

AILA Member Matthew Archambeault who served as Friend of the Court in the Matter of Castro-Tum describes the case and its repercussions, and offers suggestions for how to advocate and urge Congress to act on the immense and obvious need for an independent immigration court.
AILA Doc. No. 18081402

Think Immigration: New Partners in the Fight for Due Process

Karen Lucas, Director of the Immigration Justice Campaign in which AILA and the Council are partnered, describes new ways the campaign is meeting the needs of detained immigrants, including a recent partnership with Save the Children.
AILA Doc. No. 18081034

Think Immigration: Amendment Blocking the Implementation of Matter of A-B- Puts a Dent in the Deportation Machine

In this blog, Alyson Sincavage, Senior Policy Counsel at AILA, writes about an amendment blocking the implementation of Matter of A-B-, passed in last week's appropriations bill.
AILA Doc. No. 18080376

Think Immigration: Stop DHS from Holding Children Hostage

In this blog post, AILA Executive Director Ben Johnson addresses the family separation crisis and calls on DHS to stop holding children hostage.
AILA Doc. No. 18080370

Think Immigration: Tearing Families Apart in More Ways Than One

In this blog post, AILA member Ally Bolour highlights how the use of Ryan White Care Act (RWCA) funds for the family separation policy could have an impact on low-income families seeking treatment for HIV.
AILA Doc. No. 18073083

Think Immigration: Supporting and Funding Immigration Services Is Particularly Vital Now

Jennifer Burk, an AILA member from the Northern California Chapter, shares highlights from the recent pro bono clinic at the AILA Annual Conference, urging AILA members to get involved and leverage their expertise to help change lives.
AILA Doc. No. 18073061

Think Immigration: Witnessing the Destruction in the Wake of Administration Border Policies

Katie Shepherd, National Advocacy Counsel for the Immigration Justice Campaign, describes the meetings she had with detained parents who had been traumatically separated from their children and needlessly incarcerated in West Texas, highlighting the urgent need for volunteer attorneys.

Think Immigration: The President’s Proposal to Eliminate Due Process at the Border

In this blog post, AILA Policy Counsel Jason Boyd highlights recent tweets from the president that attack due process for asylum seekers and explains how and why, if implemented, such changes would violate U.S. asylum laws.
AILA Doc. No. 18071636

Think Immigration: Despite the Supreme Court’s Decision, the Fight Against the Muslim Ban Will Continue

In this blog post, AILA member Sima Alizadeh highlights the recent SCOTUS decision in Trump v. Hawaii and what it will mean for individuals and families, urging readers to keep up the fight, contact Congress, and keep attention on the hardship the ban continues to cause.
AILA Doc. No. 18071202

Think Immigration: AILA Will Not Tolerate ICE Assaults on Our Members Who Fight for Justice Every Day

AILA President Anastasia Tonello shares information about the harm ICE officers caused Andrea Martinez, an AILA member from the MO-KS Chapter, and advises members to be vigilant in this toxic environment.
AILA Doc. No. 18070536

Think Immigration: A Victory for Due Process

AILA Policy Counsel Jason Boyd highlights the potential impact of the Supreme Court's decision in Pereira v. Sessions as it relates to information required on a Notice to Appear.
AILA Doc. No. 18062737

Think Immigration: Tearing Down the Wall and Building Bridges

This blog post is adapted from the president's installation speech given by Anastasia Tonello, June 14, 2018, in San Francisco in which she shares her message to AILA members and goals for her presidential year.
AILA Doc. No. 18062203

Think Immigration: Dismantling the “Invisible Wall” Against Legal Immigration, Brick by Brick

In this blog post, AILA Associate Director of Government Relations Diane Rish shares information about AILA's new report documenting the Trump administration's "Invisible Wall" of policies against legal immigration and how AILA members and the public can work together to tear the wall down.
AILA Doc. No. 18032105