AILA Doc No. 02052041 | Dated May 20, 2002
Strengthening the nation’s capacity to detain and remove criminal and other
deportable aliens is a key component of the Immigration and Naturalization
Service’s (INS) comprehensive strategy to deter illegal immigration and protect
public safety. The INS has made the apprehension, detention and removal of
illegal aliens a priority. This commitment has been backed by significant
resources devoted to detention and removal efforts.
With the passage of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) of 1996, Congress expanded the number of crimes that made people subject to removal. It also eliminated INS’ discretion to release certain aliens by requiring that virtually any non-citizen subject to removal on the basis of a criminal conviction, as well as certain categories of non-criminal aliens, be detained without bond. As a result of IIRIRA, INS is required to detain a much larger number of people.
The provisions in IIRIRA requiring long-term detention, along with the rise in sophisticated smuggling operations, and the increase in the number of criminal aliens have resulted in the need for significantly more detention space.
INS operates nine Service Processing Centers (SPCs) in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico; Batavia, New York; El Centro, California; El Paso, Texas; Florence, Arizona; Miami, Florida; Los Fresnos, Texas; San Pedro, California and New York, New York. The newest SPC, the Buffalo Federal Detention Facility, is unique because, in addition to its 300 INS beds, it has 150 beds for use by the U.S. Marshals Service.
INS augments its SPCs with seven contract detention facilities. These facilities are located in Aurora (Denver), Colorado; Houston, Texas; Laredo, Texas; Seattle, Washington; Elizabeth, New Jersey; Queens, New York; and San Diego California. INS also uses state and local jails on a reimbursable detention day basis. INS also has joint Federal facilities with the Bureau of Prisons, the Federal Detention Center in Oakdale, Louisiana, and the criminal alien contract facility in Eloy, Arizona. Of the 33 domestic INS districts, 15 have an SPC and/or a major INS contract detention facility. In addition, major expansion initiatives are underway at several SPCS.
To do this, over $600 million is spent on detention by the INS each year on detention. The average stay in an INS detention facility is approximately 29.5 days, although stays of only one day, and those of several years, also occur.
In November 2000, the INS issued its Detention Operations Manual. This manual of standards and procedures is being implemented at all INS direct and contract facilities.
|Alphabetical List of Detention Facilities||Located in (State)
||Overseen by INS
|Aguadilla Service Processing Center||Puerto Rico||San Juan District|
|Buffalo Federal Detention Center||New York||Buffalo District|
|Denver Contract Detention Facility||Colorado||Denver District|
|El Centro Service Processing Center||California||San Diego District|
|Elizabeth Contract Detention Facility||New Jersey||Newark District|
|El Paso Service Processing Center||Texas||El Paso District|
|Florence Service Processing Center||Arizona||Phoenix District|
|Houston Contract Detention Facility||Texas||Houston District|
|Krome Service Processing Center||Florida||Miami District|
|Laredo Contract Detention Facility||Texas||San Antonio District|
|Queens Contract Detention Facility||New York||New York District|
|Port Isabel Service Processing Center||Texas||Harlingen District|
|San Diego Contract Detention Facility||California||San Diego District|
|San Pedro Service Processing Center||California||Los Angeles District|
|Seattle Contract Detention Facility||Washington||Seattle District|
|Varick Service Processing Center||New York||New York District|
Cite as AILA Doc. No. 02052041.